Tad M. Schmaltz's research while affiliated with Concordia University–Ann Arbor and other places

Publications (29)

Article
In this article, I consider Descartes’ enigmatic claim that we must assert that the material world is indefinite rather than infinite. The focus here is on the discussion of this claim in Descartes’ late correspondence with More. One puzzle that emerges from this correspondence is that Descartes insists to More that we are not in a position to deny...
Article
This paper compares the development of the notion of continuous quantity in the work of Francisco Suárez and René Descartes. The discussion begins with a consideration of Suárez’s rejection of the view – common to ‘realists’ such as Thomas Aquinas and ‘nominalists’ such as William of Ockham – that quantity is inseparable from the extension of mater...
Chapter
This chapter is a re-consideration of the powerful set of objections to the Cartesian theory of mind that Princess Elisabeth offered in her 1643–49 correspondence with Descartes. Much of the scholarly discussion of this correspondence has focused on Elisabeth’s initial criticisms of Descartes’ views of mind–body interaction and union, and has prese...
Article
A collection of fifty essays on Descartes and his influence in the seventeenth century. The first section is devoted to various aspects of Descartes’s philosophy (biography, epistemology, metaphysics, natural philosophy (science), mathematics, philosophical theology, etc.). The second section is devoted to Descartes’s influence, especially Cartesia...
Article
I address two questions prompted by the discussion in Roger Ariew's Descartes and the First Cartesians. The first is whether the sort of scholasticization of Cartesianism to which First Cartesians draws attention is merely a matter of packaging, or whether it indicates rather a substantive connection between Cartesianism and Aristotelian scholastic...
Chapter
This is a consideration of the connection of L’Homme to two very different forms of early modern Dutch Cartesianism. On the one hand, this work was central to a dispute between Descartes and his former disciple, Henricus Regius. In particular, Descartes charged that Regius had plagiarized L’Homme in order to distance himself from a form of Cartesia...
Chapter
The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon is the definitive reference source on René Descartes, 'the father of modern philosophy' and arguably among the most important philosophers of all time. Examining the full range of Descartes' achievements and legacy, it includes 256 in-depth entries that explain key concepts relating to his thought. Cumulatively they...
Chapter
The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon is the definitive reference source on René Descartes, 'the father of modern philosophy' and arguably among the most important philosophers of all time. Examining the full range of Descartes' achievements and legacy, it includes 256 in-depth entries that explain key concepts relating to his thought. Cumulatively they...
Chapter
The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon is the definitive reference source on René Descartes, 'the father of modern philosophy' and arguably among the most important philosophers of all time. Examining the full range of Descartes' achievements and legacy, it includes 256 in-depth entries that explain key concepts relating to his thought. Cumulatively they...
Chapter
The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon is the definitive reference source on René Descartes, 'the father of modern philosophy' and arguably among the most important philosophers of all time. Examining the full range of Descartes' achievements and legacy, it includes 256 in-depth entries that explain key concepts relating to his thought. Cumulatively they...
Chapter
The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon is the definitive reference source on René Descartes, 'the father of modern philosophy' and arguably among the most important philosophers of all time. Examining the full range of Descartes' achievements and legacy, it includes 256 in-depth entries that explain key concepts relating to his thought. Cumulatively they...
Chapter
The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon is the definitive reference source on René Descartes, 'the father of modern philosophy' and arguably among the most important philosophers of all time. Examining the full range of Descartes' achievements and legacy, it includes 256 in-depth entries that explain key concepts relating to his thought. Cumulatively they...
Article
Galileo and Descartes were on the front lines of the defense of Copernicanism against theological objections that took on special importance during the seventeenth century. Galileo attempted to overcome opposition to Copernicanism within the Catholic Church by offering a demonstration of this theory that appeals to the fact that the double motion o...
Article
I consider a somewhat obscure but important feature of Descartes's physics that concerns the notion of the "force of rest." Contrary to a prominent occasionalist interpretation of Descartes's physics, I argue that Descartes himself attributes real forces to resting bodies. I also take his account of rest to conflict with the view that God conserves...
Article
Martial Gueroult (1891–1976) Belonged to a remarkable generation of French scholars of early modern philosophy, in general, and of Descartes’s thought, in particular. This cohort includes such notable figures as Étienne Gilson (1884–1978), Jean Laporte (1a886–1948), Henri Gouhier (1898–1994), Ferdinand Alquié (1908–85), and Geneviève Rodis-Lewis (1...
Article
Receptions of Descartes is a collection of work by an international group of authors that focuses on the various ways in which Descartes was interpreted, defended and criticized in early modern Europe. The book is divided into five sections, the first four of which focus on Descartes' reception in specific French, Dutch, Italian and English context...
Article
As Part of the Celebration of the Fiftieth anniversary of the initial publication of the Journal of the History of Philosophy, I would like to reflect a bit on my experiences at JHP during my time as editor (2003–10), as well as to address some historiographical questions concerning the field of the history of philosophy, which it is the mission of...
Article
This article examines the transition from causes to laws in research during the early modern period in Europe. It discusses Stillman Drake's claim that the search for causes of events in nature that guided science from the time of Aristotle was superseded at the dawn of modern science starting with the work of Galileo. However, there are complicati...
Article
abstractIn this article I explore Leibniz's claim in the Theodicy that on the essential points Malebranche's theodicy “reduces to” his own view. This judgment may seem to be warranted given that both thinkers emphasize that evils are justified by the fact that they follow from the simple and uniform laws that govern that world which is worthy of di...
Chapter
epistemologist;cartesian scholarship;metaphysics;eternal truths;immanuel kant
Article
This book is a systematic study of Descartes's theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument here is that even though Descartes offered a dualistic ontology that differs radically from what we find in scholasticism, his views on causation were pr...
Article
There is considerable debate among scholars over whether Descartes allowed for genuine body–body interaction. I begin by considering Michael Della Rocca’s recent claim that Descartes accepted such interaction, and that his doctrine of the creation of the eternal truths indicates how this interaction could be acceptable to him. Though I agree that D...
Article
Preface A note on citation and translation List of abbreviations Introduction: radical Cartesianism in context Part I. Robert Desgabets: 1. Desgabets's Considerations, Arnauld and Cartesianism Part II. Three Radical Doctrines: 2. The creation doctrine: indefectible material substance and God 3. The intentionality doctrine: ideas and extra-mental ob...

Citations

... One source of such apparent tensions is found in the causal principle formulated in the Third Meditation. It was amply discussed in the recent literature ( [2], [4], [6], [8], [9], [19], [20], [25], [28], [33], [34], [35], [37], [38], [40], [41], [44], [48], [49]), and I explored a number of possible ways to deal with the tensions elsewhere [47]; so we will not consider this issue here. Instead, we will focus on three other objections that purport to reveal incoherence in Descartes's views about substances and their interaction. ...
... Allen (2018) described health education and, more specifically, sexuality education, as managing "student bodies and the messiness of their sexuality" (Allen, 2018, p. 1). Given the lasting legacy of Cartesian thinking (Paechter, 2004;Schmaltz, 2004;N. Smith & Taylor, 2005), the mind is often conceptualized as the ghost within the machine that controls the body. ...
... For Descartes, bodies are individuated by relative motion so that "if the division into parts occurs simply in our thoughts there is no resulting change" (AT 8A, 52; CSM 1, 232). Furthermore, and pace recent papers by Lennon (2007) and Schmaltz (2009) it is unclear why the real distinction among the parts of extension should threaten either the substantiality of extension itself or the doctrine that the parts of extension are mutually interdependent. On the first issue, there is no good Cartesian reason (I know of) to deny substantiality to something that has really distinct or substantial parts. ...
... Well, the apologue is about this: the future of the discipline is at stake (Schmalz 2012), and the wayt og oi sc ross-cultural ( Schogimen 2016). "Al ast new frontier of intellectual history at the end of the twentieth century" has been the effort "to understand cultures not onlyp ast but alsoa lien" (Kelley 2002,3 03). ...
... Como a querela em si tem importância, para além dos estudos cartesianos, existem trabalhos específicos sobre ela, como sua continuidade nos debates de Deleuze, Foucault, Derrida, entra outros. Para se aprofundar nessa questão recomendamos a leitura de Peden (2011), Macherey (2014, Schmaltz (2014), Ribeiro (2016) e Laerke (2020). 23 "Ces prétendus historiens ne témoignent guère que de leur incompréhension de ce qu'est la philosophie, négligent cette sorte de dimension verticale par laquelle l'homme entre en contact avec la vérité, oublient que le projet du philosophe est de se dégager de l'histoire, et de la juger au lieu de la mecanicista e externa ao sistema. ...
... For a survey of the problem see Hattab 2000. On the more general questions of body–body causation (and hence the problem of forces in Descartes's physics ) see Pessin 2003; Schmaltz 2003; Freddoso 1991. On the laws of collisions and forces in Descartes's physics see Slowick 2002; Jalobeanu 2006b. ...
... Esto último no lleva aparejado el que Malebranche descuide el orden de la creación y la naturaleza, pues, como bien señala H. Gouhier, para Malebranche la naturaleza de los filósofos representa la más bella apología de la religión cristiana 58 . Si bien el orden de la naturaleza y de la gracia se rigen por los mismos criterios y parámetros en su desenvolvimiento ordinario, estos tienen causas distintas: el primero se remonta a la Larmore estrecha el cerco al apuntar que, "lejos de reducirse a las mismas consecuencias prácticas, [las teodiceas de Leibniz y Malebranche] descansan sobre concepciones del todo incompatibles a propósito de la racionalidad moral de la acción divina" 64 . En efecto, en el Traité el teólogo francés admite que "Dios podría haber hecho, sin ningún problema de la interacción entre cuerpo y alma-según la cual la conexión entre ambas agencias es posibilitada por la intervención permanente de Dios sobre el alma-pasa por admitir las objeciones que le planteó el teólogo jansenista Antoine Arnauld tratando de reconvertir su teoría de las "voliciones generales" en una teoría de las voliciones particulares que comparten rasgos generales (NADLER, S. "Occasionalism and General Will in Malebranche". ...