Susan Leigh Star's research while affiliated with Cambridge College and other places

Publications (97)

Article
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Este artigo mobiliza algumas ferramentas e perspectivas da etnografia para tencionar questões metodológicas no estudo das infraestruturas. Sendo ao mesmo tempo relacionais e ecológicas, as infraestruturas tem significados diferentes para os diferentes grupos. Além disso, elas funcionam equalizando ações, ferramentas e ambiente construído, todos asp...
Article
Cet article aborde des questions méthodologiques concernant l’étude des infrastructures à l’aide de certains outils et approches de l’ethnographie. La notion d’infrastructure est à la fois relationnelle et écologique. Une infrastructure n’a pas la même signification pour tous les groupes. Elle fait partie de l’équilibre entre actions, outils et env...
Chapter
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Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Susan Leigh Stars (1954-2010) Werk bewegt sich zwischen Infrastrukturforschung, Sozialtheorie, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ökologie und Feminismus. Die wegweisenden historischen und ethnografischen Texte der US-amerikanischen Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologin liegen mit diesem Band erstmals gesammelt auf Deutsch vor. Ihre Arbeiten zu Grenzobjekten,...
Article
Computers and information technology have over the past 50 years moved from being a social and engineering form which ‘impacted’ society to being core to our social fabric – much as we cannot study an ecosystem without considering water supply, so we cannot study any part of society without considering the flow of bits and bytes. The richly texture...
Article
There are three components to boundary objects as outlined in the original 1989 article. Interpretive flexibility, the structure of informatic and work process needs and arrangements, and, finally, the dynamic between ill-structured and more tailored uses of the objects. Much of the use of the concept has concentrated on the aspect of interpretive...
Article
Full-text available
STEPS TOWARD AN ECOLOGY OF INFRASTRUCTURE : DESIGN AND ACCESS FOR LARGE INFORMATION SPACES We analyze a large-scale custom software effort, the Worm Community System (WCS), a collaborative system designed for a geographically dispersed community of geneticists. There were complex challenges in creating this infrastructural tool, ranging from simple...
Article
THIS IS NOT A BOUNDARY-OBJECT. REFLECTIONS ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CONCEPT. There are three components to boundary objects as outlined in the original 1989 article (Star and Griesemer). Interpretive flexibility, the structure of informatic and work process needs and arrangements, and, finally, the dynamic between ill-structured and more tailored uses...
Article
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World Bank, Knowledge for Development Program Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/61201/1/Jackson et al, Extending African Knowledge Infrastructures (March 2008).pdf
Chapter
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Extensive review of the origin and history of social worlds theory, including the perspective that theory and methods operate as a package (not methods in service to theory). A comprehensive list of the vocabulary of social worlds and references to each study that introduced each term. Also a brief introduction to Clarke's situational analysis, whi...
Article
Residual categories are those which cannot be formally represented within a given classification system. We examine the forms that residuality takes within our information systems today, and explore some silences which form around those inhabiting particular residual categories. We argue that there is significant ethical and political work to be do...
Article
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This article examines the dynamics of anomalies as part of scientific work. Several types of anomaly are identified: mistakes, artifacts, fraud, and discovery; and typical trajectories for artifacts are described: the establishment of suspected artifacts, changes from unacceptable to acceptable, changes in significance, visibility, and means of con...
Chapter
Wissenschaftliches Problemlösen ist ein gutes Beispiel für routinemäßig erfolgreiche kooperative Arbeit und eine gute Testumgebung für eine Reihe verteilter Systeme computergestützter kooperativer Arbeit (computer-supported cooperative work, CSCW), die zur Unterstützung derartiger Kooperationen entworfen werden. Dieser Aufsatz beginnt mit einer the...
Article
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Participation in classroom settings decreases with class size and di-versity, thus creating passive modes of learning, due to feelings of shyness, peer pressure, and the like. Computing technology can help by creating a "safe haven" for student participation, but the successful introduction of tools into the class-room, already a dynamic and tool-r...
Article
Participation in classroom settings decreases with class size and diversity, thus creating passive modes of learning, due to feelings of shyness, peer pressure, and the like. Computing technology can help by creating a "safe haven" for student participation, but the successful introduction of tools into the classroom, already a dynamic and tool-ric...
Article
By bringing together science studies, information science and ethnographic fieldwork in interdisciplinary research the author argues for the relevance of ethnographic practices when studying information systems as infrastructures of communication. Ethnographic fieldwork focuses attention on fringes and materialities of infrastructures and renders t...
Article
In order to ensure the reliability of our coding, the research design called for an 'inter-rater reliability check' once every two months. We learned to loathe these checks; we knew that the coding system was inadequate in terms of reliability and that our choice of categories was optional, subjective and largely according to our sense of what an i...
Article
Introduction: The Problem of Electronic Community q I live on the net. q The Internet is a new nation. q The laboratory of the 21 st century has no walls and no boundaries, but is a virtual community. q We are all Netizens now. q Electronic communication has revolutionized the way science is done. Those of us studying the use of electronic media ar...
Article
This article is a methodological think piece about the ways in which classifications (and standards) impinge in myriad ways on our daily lives. We argue that although they are frequently invisible to us, they are highly political and ethically charged. We suggest 4 principles garnered from our own research and that of others that can together be us...
Article
How users meet infrastructure is a key practical, methodological challenge for digital library design. This article presents research conducted by the Social Science Team of the federally funded Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI) project at the University of Illinois. Data were collected from potential and actual users of the DLI testbed—containing...
Article
Digital Libraries (DLs) are social as well as technological entities. Their purpose is to help people do knowledge work, to carry knowledge processes across space and time. DLs are designed, used, and evaluated in a context of work and community. And DLs interact with this context, changing and being changed by it. Effective DLs must be designed an...
Article
This article asks methodological questions about studying infrastructure with some of the tools and perspectives of ethnography. Infrastructure is both relational and ecologicaltextemdashit means different things to different groups and it is part of the balance of action, tools, and the built environment, inseparable from them. It also is frequent...
Article
This article asks methodological questions about studying infrastructure with some of the tools and perspectives of ethnography. infrastructure is both relational and ecological-it means different things to different groups and it is part of the balance of action tools, and the built environment, inseparable from them. It also is frequently mundane...
Article
No work is inherently either visible or invisible. We always “see” work through a selection of indicators: straining muscles, finished artifacts, a changed state of affairs. The indicators change with context, and that context becomes a negotiation about the relationship between visible and invisible work. With shifts in industrial practice these n...
Article
No work is inherently either visible or invisible. We always “see” work through a selection of indicators: straining muscles, finished artifacts, a changed state of affairs. The indicators change with context, and that context becomes a negotiation about the relationship between visible and invisible work. With shifts in industrial practice these n...
Conference Paper
Through an analysis of information systems in medical communities - notably the development of the International Classification of Diseases and the design of a Nursing Interventions Classification scheme - we argue that community systems designers necessarily build for multiple social worlds simultaneously. So doing, we argue, they make a series of...
Article
The experience of a long-term chronic illness weaves together problems in biography, the body, and the cultural and organizational meanings of the disease. Time meets infrastructure; experience meets classification. We present here a close reading of two studies of tuberculosis: Thomas Mann's novel The Magic Mountain and Julius Roth's empirical wor...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze a large-scale custom software effort, the Worm Community System (WCS), a collaborative system designed for a geographically dispersed community of geneticists. There were complex challenges in creating this infrastructural tool, ranging from simple lack of resources to complex organizational and intellectual communication failures and tr...
Article
Reviews literature on digital libraries (DLs) by examining its conceptions; concepts related to social informatics; researchers exploring DL social informatics; methods of DL design; social aspects of DL infrastructure and use; and research approaches to DL social informatics. Presents questions for further research and discusses social and technol...
Article
This paper describes an evolving classification system for understanding the nature of nursing work, the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) developed at the University of Iowa. We describe the balancing act inherent in maximizing three dimensions of the system: comparability, control and visibility. As part of a series of studies on the rel...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the initial phases of a large-scale custom software effort, the Worm Community System (WCS), a collaborative system designed for a geographically dispersed community of geneticists. Despite high user satisfaction with the system and interface, and extensive user feedback and analysis, many users experienced difficulties in signi...
Article
The paper summarizes recent work on organizations, artificial intelligence systems, human-computer interaction, etc., which emphasizes thesituated, distributed, andfluid nature of social systems. This contrasts with the traditional way of writing and thinking about social systems which sees them as disembodied, ideal, formal notions of thought. The...
Chapter
The brain is a troubling object for sociologists. This chapter was written at a time in which sociologists are reexamining topics such as the body, material culture, and the nature of intelligence. We speak easily of the body in a Foucauldian sense as laced through with discourses, constituted intersubjectively, a true body politic with a sociology...
Conference Paper
The idea of supporting cooperative work by means of computer systems raises, inter alia, the problem of how to model cooperative work and incorporate such models in computer systems as an infrastructure of the work organization. Cooperative work arrangements ...
Conference Paper
Presents a case study of the development and evolution of an organizational decision support system (ODSS) over a long period of time and wide geographical area. It uses the design of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) to address issues of organizational decision-making in large, dispersed organizations. Special attention is paid to...
Article
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This article analyzes the strategies and means by which universalist claims about human nature become successful in science. Of specific interest are the conditions under which claims of this sort are taken to be inherently superior to those which are particularistic or context-specific (a hierarchy of values which we term "universality bias"). We...
Conference Paper
It is noted that the effort to construct organizational decision support systems (ODSS) is new to the field of information systems but draws heavily on previous experience with decision support systems (DSS) and group decision support systems (GDSS). The conceptual foundations of this new venture are not well established, but the most logical appro...
Article
Scientific work is heterogeneous, requiring many different actors and viewpoints. It also requires cooperation. The two create tension between divergent viewpoints and the need for generalizable findings. We present a model of how one group of actors managed this tension. It draws on the work of amateurs, professionals, administrators and others co...
Article
Objets fronti_re = s'adaptent pour prendre en compte plusieurs points de vue et maintenir une identité entre eux Cet espace de travail se construit grâce à des objets-frontières tels que des systèmes de classification, qui relient entre eux les concepts communs et les rôles sociaux divergents de chaque groupe professionnel. Les objet-frontière cont...
Article
Full-text available
Every office is an open system, and the products of office work are the result of decentralized negotiations. Changing patterns of task organization and alliance inevitably give rise to inconsistent knowledge bases and procedures. This implies that there are no globally correct answers to problems addressed by OISs. Rather, systems must deal with m...
Article
Full-text available
Every office is an open system, and the products of office work are the result of decentralized negotiations. Changing patterns of task organization and alliance inevitably give rise to inconsistent knowledge bases and procedures. This implies that there are no globally correct answers to problems addressed by OISs. Rather, systems must deal with m...
Article
Existe una edición impresa con el título: Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences

Citations

... Nous voudrions, enfin, ouvrir la conclusion sur d'autres réflexions. Les productions expertes de l'OEDT, qui ont su faire oublier le travail d'articulation qui a en partie contribué à les générer, constituent donc des équipements cognitifs « silencieux » (Bowker et Star, 1997 ;1999) inclinant les réflexions, les interactions et les négociations que nourrissent d'autres catégories d'« experts », situés dans d'autres positions, plus politiques, à l'intérieur des institutions européennes, et défendant plus manifestement les intérêts des États qu'ils représentent. La disponibilité de nombreuses informations et expertises légitimes n'a cependant pas érodé l'acuité des dynamiques de pouvoir qui s'épanouissent dans ces arènes européennes ; elle l'a déplacée. ...
... The pattern of collaboration often involves tiered responsibility, including what historians and sociologists identify as invisible labor (Shapin 1989;Star and Strauss 1999). In recent decades, scholars have revealed how regularly men in authoritative positions whose accomplishments were well recognized even as informal acknowledgment was accorded sparingly to wives and assistants, overshadowed participation by women in science, consciously or not (Rossiter 1982;Pycior 1996;Lykknes 2012). ...
... Dans les large technical systems, le système sociotechnique se déploie et se stabilise parallèlement à la mise en invisibilité et à la normalisation de l'infrastructure, autrement dit sa mise en boîte-noire. Les travaux développés par Star (1999Star ( , 2018 dans le courant des Science and Technology Studies proposent de mettre en avant l'infrastructuring (l'infrastructure en train de se faire) par une approche relationnelle de l'infrastructure. Elle explique que « l'infrastructure est un concept fondamentalement relationnel, qui acquiert sa réalité par rapport aux pratiques organisées » (Star 2018 : paragr. ...
... Zugleich benennen sie, wie spontane Rekonfigurationen sozialer Ordnung und die Anerkennung multipler Identitäten in einer ‚Klassifikationsgesellschaft' funktionieren sollen, wenn sie abschließend schreiben: "Die einzige gute Klassifikation ist eine lebendige Klassifikation." 15 iii Workarounds als notwendige Improvisation Sorting Things Out ist ohne Zweifel eine Studie über Bürokratie und bürokratische Ordnung, wobei diese von Bowker und Star stets als sichtbare und unsichtbare Arbeitspraxis und medial-organisatorische Gestaltungsaufgabe aufgefasst werden. Da in jeder Informationsverarbeitung registrierende und identifizierende Techniken angewandt werden -und anthropologisch mit Mary Douglas von einer fortwährenden Orientierung ...
... As an ironic reaction to Simon's 1973 paper "The structure of ill-structured problems", Susan Leigh Star titled her 1989 paper on distributed problem solving "The Structure of Ill-Structured Solutions" (Star, 1989;Star, 2017). As ill-structured solutions in distributed problem solving, Star characterized so-called boundary objects. ...
... This became her book Regions of the Mind: Brain Research and the Quest for Scientific Certainty , one of the classic early lab studies in STS, only recently gaining deserved attention. While still a student, working at Tremont Research Institute, she collaborated with Karl Hewitt at MIT's artificial intelligence lab around issues of doing scientific community electronically (Star 1988a) and wrote on interactionism and STS (Fujimura, Star, and Gerson 1987). In 1986, she was a Summer Fellow with Gail Hornstein on a project on ''universality biases'' at the Center for the Advanced Study of the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University as part of the Institute on the History of Social Scientific Inquiry (Hornstein and Star 1990). ...
... Allen (2014) has highlighted the importance of invisible work in health care in her empirical study on nursing work in hospitals. She argues that nursing work is more than direct patient care; much of the work nurses do is bodily work and invisible yet crucial to enabling smooth (hospital) care processes [see also Timmermans et al. (2012)]. Additionally, Allen (2014) shows how individual disease trajectories can be unpredictable as patients with comorbidities and multifarious needs-to which nurses adapt daily care practices-are a poor fit with standardized systems (Allen, 2014, 9). ...
... To be part of the airplane assemblage, however, demands that passengers subject their bodies' needs to the vehicle's rules. In Star's (2004) terms, we find "cooperation without consent" here, accomplished in a sophisticated interaction between passengers, flight attendants, material infrastructure, and explicit rules. In a way, this is continued when the passenger finally sleeps. ...
... Up concept as a boundary object. "[Boundary object] is an analytic concept of those scientific objects which both inhabit several intersecting social worlds […] and satisfy the informational requirements of each of them" [30]. This hybrid status is evident in the description of the Pop. ...
... The use of mobile apps in Malaysia to manage COVID-19 has substantiated Malaysia's initiatives for digitalisation by digitisation and digital transformation. This took place by coupling functions with the healthcare sector in pandemic management, such as the interoperability of systems automation, communication and internet technologies, using the current advancements in technologies emerging from advances in Information Science and Technology (IST), which served as an interdisciplinary science during the early years of computers' introduction, leading to the digital shift in the 1960s [17]. ...