Stephen G Oliver's research while affiliated with University of Cambridge and other places

Publications (699)

Article
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By integrating phylogenomic and comparative analyses of 1104 high-quality genome sequences, we identify the core proteins and the lineage-specific fingerprint proteins of the various evolutionary clusters (clades/groups/species) of the Bacillus genus. As fingerprints, we denote those core proteins of a certain lineage that are present only in that...
Preprint
We describe construction of the 660 kilobase synthetic yeast chromosome XI (synXI) and reveal how synthetic redesign of non-coding DNA elements impact the cell. To aid construction from synthesized 5 to 10 kilobase DNA fragments, we implemented CRISPR-based methods for synthetic crossovers in vivo and used these methods in an extensive process of b...
Article
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The current production of a number of commodity chemicals relies on the exploitation of fossil fuels and hence has an irreversible impact on the environment. Biotechnological processes offer an attractive alternative by enabling the manufacturing of chemicals by genetically modified microorganisms. However, this alternative approach poses some impo...
Article
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In order to gain a deeper understanding of the recently emerged and highly divergent Omicron variant of concern (VoC), a study of amino acid substitution (AAS) patterns was performed and compared with those of the other four successful variants of concern (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta) and one closely related variant of interest (VoI—Lambda). The Spik...
Article
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Coronaviruses (CoVs) constitute a large and diverse subfamily of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses. They are found in many mammals and birds and have great importance for the health of humans and farm animals. The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, as well as many previous epidemics in humans that were of zoonotic origin, highlights the importan...
Article
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PomBase (www.pombase.org), the model organism database (MOD) for the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, supports research within and beyond the S. pombe community by integrating and presenting genetic, molecular, and cell biological knowledge into intuitive displays and comprehensive data collections. With new content, novel query capabilitie...
Article
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The routes of uptake and efflux should be considered when developing new drugs so that they can effectively address their intracellular targets. As a general rule, drugs appear to enter cells via protein carriers that normally carry nutrients or metabolites. A previously developed pipeline that searched for drug transporters using Saccharomyces cer...
Article
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Coronaviruses (CoVs) have very large RNA viral genomes with a distinct genomic architecture of core and accessory open reading frames (ORFs). It is of utmost importance to understand their patterns and limits of homologous and non-homologous recombination, because such events may affect the emergence of novel CoV strains, alter their host range, in...
Preprint
Full-text available
PomBase (www.pombase.org), the model organism database (MOD) for the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe , supports research within and beyond the S. pombe community by integrating and presenting genetic, molecular, and cell biological knowledge into intuitive displays and comprehensive data collections. With new content, novel query capabiliti...
Article
Full-text available
The Gene Ontology Consortium (GOC) provides the most comprehensive resource currently available for computable knowledge regarding the functions of genes and gene products. Here, we report the advances of the consortium over the past two years. The new GO-CAM annotation framework was notably improved, and we formalized the model with a computationa...
Article
Full-text available
The Gene Ontology Consortium (GOC) provides the most comprehensive resource currently available for computable knowledge regarding the functions of genes and gene products. Here, we report the advances of the consortium over the past two years. The new GO-CAM annotation framework was notably improved, and we formalized the model with a computationa...
Article
Despite the availability of large amount of data in bioprocess databases, little has been done for its retrospective analysis for process improvement. Historic bioprocess data is multivariate time-series, and due to its inherent nature, is incompatible with a variety of statistical methods employed in data analysis resulting in the lack of a tailor...
Chapter
This paper introduces fnyzer, a Python package for the analysis of Flexible Nets (FNs). FNs is a modelling formalism for dynamical systems that can accommodate a number of uncertain parameters, and that is particularly well suited to model the different types of networks arising in systems biology. fnyzer offers different types of analysis, can han...
Article
Current research on systems and synthetic biology relies heavily on mathematical models of the systems under study. The usefulness of such models depends on the quantity and quality of biological data, and on the availability of appropriate modelling formalisms that can gather and accommodate such data so that they can be exploited properly. Given...
Article
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The Pseudomonas genus includes many species living in diverse environments and hosts. It is important to understand which are the major evolutionary groups and what are the genomic/proteomic components they have in common or are unique. Towards this goal, we analyzed 494 complete Pseudomonas proteomes and identified 297 core-orthologues. The subseq...
Chapter
Research on yeast has produced a plethora of tools and resources that have been central to the progress of systems biology. This chapter reviews these resources, explains the innovations that have been made since the first edition of this book, and introduces the constituent chapters of the current edition. The value of these resources not only in...
Chapter
The subcellular localization of proteins is a posttranslational modification of paramount importance. The ability to study subcellular and organelle proteomes improves our understanding of cellular homeostasis and cellular dynamics. In this chapter, we describe a protocol for the unbiased and high-throughput study of protein subcellular localizatio...
Article
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We provide the first high-throughput analysis of the properties and functional role of Low Complexity Regions (LCRs) in more than 1500 prokaryotic and phage proteomes. We observe that, contrary to a widespread belief based on older and sparse data, LCRs actually have a significant, persistent and highly conserved presence and role in many and diver...
Article
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There is a growing interest in mining and handling of big data, which has been rapidly accumulating in the repositories of bioprocess industries. Biopharmaceutical industries are no exception; the implementation of advanced process control strategies based on multivariate monitoring techniques in biopharmaceutical production gave rise to the genera...
Article
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The modeling of dynamic systems is frequently hampered by a limited knowledge of the system to be modeled and by the difficulty of acquiring accurate data. This often results in a number of uncertain system parameters that are hard to incorporate into a mathematical model. Thus, there is a need for modeling formalisms that can accommodate all avail...
Article
Adrenodoxin reductase, a widely conserved mitochondrial P450 protein, catalyses essential steps in steroid hormone biosynthesis and is highly expressed in the adrenal cortex. The yeast adrenodoxin reductase homolog, Arh1p, is involved in cytoplasmic and mitochondrial iron homeostasis and is required for activity of enzymes containing an Fe-S cluste...
Article
The modeling and analysis of complex dynamic systems, such as those in manufacturing, logistics and biology, require powerful analysis methods for their study and optimization. A significant modeling and analysis challenge posed by both, artificial and natural systems, is the existence of uncertain parameters. Flexible Nets is a novel modeling form...
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This mini-review considers the idea that guanylate nucleotide energy charge acts as an integrative signal for the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotic cells and discusses possible routes for that signal’s transduction. Gene expression is intimately linked with cell nutrition and diverse signaling systems serve to coordinate the synthesis of...
Article
The correct subcellular localization of proteins is vital for cellular function and the study of this process at the systems level will therefore enrich our understanding of the roles of proteins within the cell. Multiple methods are available for the study of protein subcellular localization, including fluorescence microscopy, organelle cataloging...
Article
A number of artificial and natural systems can be modeled as hybrid models in which continuous and discrete variables interact. Such hybrid models are usually challenging to analyze and control due to the computational complexity associated with existing methods. In this paper, the novel modeling formalism of Guarded Flexible Nets (GFNs) is propose...
Article
Topological analysis of large networks, which focus on a specific biological process or on related biological processes, where functional coherence exists among the interacting members, may provide a wealth of insight into cellular functionality. This work presents an unbiased systems approach to analyze genetic, transcriptional regulatory and phys...
Article
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The first decade of genome sequencing stimulated an explosion in the characterization of unknown proteins. More recently, the pace of functional discovery has slowed, leaving around 20% of the proteins even in well-studied model organisms without informative descriptions of their biological roles. Remarkably, many uncharacterized proteins are conse...
Article
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Without a scale‐down model for perfusion, high resource demand makes cell line screening or process development challenging; therefore potentially successful cell lines or perfusion processes are unrealised and their ability untapped. We present here the re‐functioning of a high capacity microscale system that is typically employed in fed‐batch pro...
Article
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Subcellular protein localisation is essential for the mechanisms that govern cellular homeostasis. The ability to understand processes leading to this phenomenon will therefore enhance our understanding of cellular function. Here we review recent developments in this field with regard to mass spectrometry, fluorescence microscopy and computational...
Preprint
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Three related mycobacteria are the cause of widespread infections in man and are the focus of intense research and drug-discovery efforts in the face of growing antimicrobial resistance. Mycobacterium tuberculosis , the causative agent of tuberculosis, is currently one of the top ten causes of death in the world according to WHO; M . abscessus , a...
Article
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This paper investigates whether, independently of the supply of any specific nutrient, gene transcription responds to the energy status of the cell by monitoring ATP and GTP levels. Short pathways for the inducible and futile consumption of ATP or GTP were engineered into the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae , and the effect of an increased demand fo...
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106035.].
Article
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The biologics sector has amassed a wealth of data in the past three decades, in line with the bioprocess development and manufacturing guidelines, and analysis of these data with precision is expected to reveal behavioural patterns in cell populations that can be used for making predictions on how future culture processes might behave. The historic...
Book
This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with a look at the latest advances in techniques to study yeast and its core set of interactions, modules, architectures, and network dynamics that are common in all eukaryotes. The chapters in this book are organized into Four Parts: Part One provides readers with an update on the developm...
Article
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Metabolic networks adapt to changes in their environment by modulating the activity of their enzymes and transporters; often by changing their abundance. Understanding such quantitative changes can shed light onto how metabolic adaptation works, or how it can fail and lead to a metabolically dysfunctional state. We propose a strategy to quantify me...
Data
Supplementary material. An illustrative example showing the processing of an image using TAMMiCol, and further analysis of the statistics used. (PDF)
Article
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Many microbes are studied by examining colony morphology via two-dimensional top-down images. The quantification of such images typically requires each pixel to be labelled as belonging to either the colony or background, producing a binary image. While this may be achieved manually for a single colony, this process is infeasible for large datasets...
Data
TAMMiCol source code. Source code for TAMMiCol written in MATLAB. (ZIP)
Data
Test data. Sample images from a single colony for processing by TAMMiCol. (ZIP)
Article
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Background: Rapamycin is a potent inhibitor of the highly conserved TOR kinase, the nutrient-sensitive controller of growth and aging. It has been utilised as a chemotherapeutic agent due to its anti-proliferative properties and as an immunosuppressive drug, and is also known to extend lifespan in a range of eukaryotes from yeast to mammals. Howev...
Article
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Mathematical models that combine predictive accuracy with explanatory power are central to the progress of systems and synthetic biology, but the heterogeneity and incompleteness of biological data impede our ability to construct such models. Furthermore, the robustness displayed by many biological systems means that they have the flexibility to op...