Stephen Billett's research while affiliated with Griffith University and other places

Publications (37)

Article
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Background To provide high quality services in increasingly complex, constantly changing circumstances, healthcare organizations worldwide need a high level of resilience, to adapt and respond to challenges and changes at all system levels. For healthcare organizations to strengthen their resilience, a significant level of continuous learning is re...
Article
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Introduction Resilience in healthcare (RiH) can be conceptualised as the adaptive capacities of a healthcare system that allow it to maintain the delivery of high-quality care during and after events that challenge, change or disrupt its activities. These adaptive capacities require collaborative learning and working, as the complexities of changes...
Article
Competence in contemporary working life requirements is increasingly aligned with electronically mediated tasks and work roles: ie, the digitalisation of work. This alignment necessitates workers learning and utilising the conceptual knowledge and ways of working needed for this work. This knowledge is often distinct from and displaces workers' exi...
Article
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Successful preparation of newly graduated nurses (NGN) is a critical concern for the healthcare sector. This study explores the learning processes enacted in a transition program with NGNs implemented in hospitals in western Sweden. Group interviews with NGNs and ward managers were conducted, with the data analyzed using qualitative thematic analys...
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Introduction Over the past three decades, extensive research has been undertaken to understand the elements of what constitutes high quality in healthcare. Yet, much of this research has been conducted on individual elements and their specific challenges. Hence, goals other than understanding the complex of factors and elements that comprises qual...
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Introduction Improved quality in clinical supervision and assessment of student nurses in nursing home clinical placements is vitally important to effective recruitment and preparation for this healthcare sector. Knowledge regarding supervision and assessment practices within these settings is limited. Also, knowledge of evolving e-learning tools o...
Chapter
This opening chapter offers an overview of the post-practicum approach to augmenting students’ learning experiences; that is, what constitutes post-practicum experiences, their educational purposes, particular importance in contemporary tertiary education, and their specific roles in achieving the kinds of outcomes being requested of contemporary h...
Chapter
Finding ways of augmenting, enriching and extending university students’ workplace experiences through educational interventions once they have completed those experiences is a key concern for contemporary higher education. This concluding chapter engages, summarises and synthesises the contributions of a set of projects that have sought to underst...
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Introduction Competency based medical education (CBME) requires that educators structure assessment of clinical competence using outcome frameworks. While these frameworks may serve some outcomes well (e.g., represent eventual practice), translating these into workplace‐based assessment plans may undermine validity and, therefore, trustworthiness o...
Article
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Background: Understanding the resilience of healthcare is critically important. A resilient healthcare system might be expected to consistently deliver high quality care, withstand disruptive events and continually adapt, learn and improve. However, there are many different theories, models and definitions of resilience and most are contested and...
Book
This edited volume offers a range of insights about, practices of, and findings associated with, enrichening higher education students’ learning by their engagement in educational processes during and after the completion of their work integrated education experiences. That is, using post-practicum intervention to augment and enrich those learning...
Chapter
Intersubjectivity or the ability to understand and work with others is essential in healthcare. Intersubjective processes include workplace relationships where clinicians seek to make sense of and identify stakeholders’ interests. Students may develop intersubjectivity through group work, structured around classroom activities. However, less well e...
Book
This edited volume offers a range of insights about, practices of and findings associated with enrichening health and social care students’ learning by their engagement in educational processes during and after the completion of their practicum experiences in health and social care settings. That is, using post-practicum intervention to augment and...
Chapter
To graduate occupationally-informed and work-ready graduates, the Australian higher education sector has increasingly incorporated work-integrated learning (WIL) components into its courses. These components take many forms such as practicums, clinical experiences, and internships. They play an essential role in bridging the content studied at univ...
Article
Purpose: Residents are increasingly expected to engage in practice-based research; however, engagement in research whilst also fulfilling clinical duties is often challenging. Evidence suggests that residents require specific developmental experiences, along with clinical practice, to become effective researchers. The authors therefore conducted a...
Article
Debriefing is routinely used in pilot training. Limited empirical studies, however, have investigated what aspects of debriefing contribute to learning outcomes across professions. In this investigation, we focus on the learning of pilots flying large commercial aircraft in a multi-crew flight deck. The researchers observed, recorded and analysed o...
Chapter
Much of what we learn arises through direct experiencing, and the kinds of learning required for work are no exception here. Yet, some of the knowledge needing to be learnt for contemporary work cannot be directly experienced. It is opaque, hidden or abstracted in some way and, therefore, cannot be directly experienced. A feature of work requiremen...
Chapter
The role of workers’ agency and intentionality in mediating their work-life learning is key basis for understanding how that learning occurs through and across their working lives. This proposition arises, in part, from the realisation that much of individuals’ learning and development across working life required for effective work and employabili...
Chapter
Many kinds of workers need to both work and learn in socially isolated circumstances (i.e. in the absence of others who can provide guidance and support). Such circumstances require particular kinds of agency and agentic action by these worker-learners, and they might be described as requiring particularly agentic personal epistemologies. These epi...
Article
This paper discusses experiences of racism and racial discrimination of seven refugee immigrants attending different courses at two Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutes in South East Queensland, Australia. In doing so, the paper draws from two studies that focused on resettlement of refugee immigrants in Australia. A transformative psy...
Chapter
Workplace experiences for international students undertaking higher education programmes are important aspects of their university experience. This is because many of the programmes in which they are enrolled are directed towards particular occupations. Nevertheless, these workplace experiences can be both engaging and daunting for all, but perhaps...
Chapter
Despite junior doctors having an occupational preparation that includes extensive practice-based experiences, they often struggle to effectively transition to clinical practice. In particular, junior doctors often lack the competence and confidence to prescribe safely and effectively in the clinical setting. This chapter focuses on the development...
Article
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La principale hypothèse de travail exposée par Stephen Billett au cours de cet entretien est fondée sur la constante prise en compte des contributions du monde social et culturel, mais également de celles des individus tout au long de leur histoire de vie. C’est dans sa propre histoire de vie professionnelle que l’auteur puise ses tout premiers que...
Chapter
The origins of, changes to and transformations of national vocational education systems arise through country-specific combinations of social and economic imperatives and changes, and the Dutch vocational education system is no exception. Like others, its formation and initial form arose from industrialisation but shaped by a specific complex of fa...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the Dutch vocational education system and aims to foster an understanding of how it currently works. It describes and discusses the features of this system and the foundational issues that underlie it. Patterns of participation show the crucial position of vocational education in the overall education system in the Netherlan...
Book
This book discusses how the Dutch vocational education system has undergone significant waves of reform driven by global imperatives, national concerns and governmental policy goals. Like elsewhere, the impetuses for these reforms are directed to generating a more industry-responsive, locally-accountable and competence-based vocational education sy...
Article
The competency-based approach to vocational education is premised on narrow and dated conceptions of human functioning, performance and development. Its adoption is more driven by administrative concerns about measurable outcomes than educational processes and outcomes. Informed by educational science and earlier debates, this article discusses the...
Article
Higher education students are increasingly engaging in work experiences, often directed towards enriching their study and promoting employability. Considerable institutional and personal resources are directed towards these experiences. It is important, therefore, to identify how to utilise them in achieving particular educational purposes. An earl...
Article
How home care workers (HCWs) adapt their classroom training to their workplaces is central to their own safety and that of their care recipients. A case study approach was adopted for this inquiry into HCW training in Australia, where new workers were directly observed and interviewed in their workplaces following classroom training. Findings from...
Article
Purpose – Apprenticeships are now usually seen as a model of education focused on occupational preparation, albeit manifested in different ways across nation states. However, throughout human history, the majority of occupational preparation has been premised upon apprenticeship as a mode of learning. That is, a preparation arising mainly through a...

Citations

... Furthermore, only a few studies focus on strengthening resilient capacities in a team setting [43][44][45]. Recent studies have, therefore, indicated that to advance the field of resilience in healthcare there is a need to develop collaborative learning tools that aid healthcare organizations in strengthening their resilience performance through collaborative efforts that helps create awareness of what goes right, and understanding the underlying factors contributing to the desired outcome [15,46,47]. ...
... L'observation des situations de travail s'est faite de manière longitudinale sur quatre années, par l'enregistrement de situations de travail in situ effectuées par les formateurs eux-mêmes, suivi d'entretiens de groupe, comportant une dimension d'autoconfrontation et d'entretiens individuels semi-directifs. Nos référents théoriques sont issus du champ de l'apprentissage en situation de travail notamment la notion de pratiques participatives (Billett, 2016), de l'apprentissage situé avec la théorie des communautés de pratique (Wenger, 2005) Le projet d'universitarisation ........................................................................................... 15 Dans la plupart des cas, la mission d'un institut de formation qui forme à un métier pourrait se résumer à préparer les futurs professionnels à développer leurs compétences en situation de travail. Tant il est vrai que l'obtention d'un diplôme correspond plus à une autorisation d'exercer, une licence, qu'à un niveau d'expertise dans les compétences nécessaires à son exercice. ...
... Creating reflexive spaces for stakeholders across different system contexts and levels could therefore potentially create higher awareness and understanding among different stakeholders related to how local adjustments could have systemic implications a in a complex adaptive healthcare system. Our findings support others that learning processes to a higher degree are embedded in the healthcare professionals every day work activities [25,63]. Integrating reflexive spaces and awareness of what goes right in healthcare provision and why, as a part of healthcare professionals everyday work practice could potentially increase learning potentials within and across different levels in the healthcare system, and as a result contribute to strengthen resilient performance. ...
... As novice nurses are anticipated to display high level of performance, the shift from being an undergraduate to being a new graduate nurse is difficult and demanding (Eklund et al., 2021). The majority of fresh graduates struggle with role transition and need support in settling into their new positions. ...
... Stakeholders have reported challenges with the assessment of students' competence in clinical nursing education [2,[17][18][19]. RN mentors report that they have trouble providing feedback and assessing student competence because of the absence of clear guidelines and assessment criteria [17,20]. ...
... Debriefing and reflection are used extensively in WIL as a teaching and learning strategy in a range of disciplines (Winchester-Seeto & Rowe, 2019). Post-practicum interventions such as these take place after a WIL experience and are designed to augment and enrich the learning experience to enable deeper insights through facilitated discussions or activities (Billett et al., 2020). While there is some research into the role of supervisors and students in workplace feedback and the evaluation of post-placement activities, there remains a paucity of literature on students' perceptions overall on their support for feedback from educators in other forms of non-placement WIL activities. ...
... Recently, these complexities and constant changes have become more frequent and are of greater amplitude, such as illustrated by the Covid-19 pandemic. This implies the ability to enact adaptions and address these changes while continuing high quality service provision [3][4][5][6]. Resilience in healthcare is defined as the capacity to adapt to challenges and changes at different system levels, to maintain high quality care [7]. For healthcare organizations to strengthen their ability for resilient performance, a significant level of continuous learning is required [7,8]. ...
... [1][2][3][4][5] While the high-stake decision to let a trainee graduate to independent practice is highly dependent on the assessment of performance in the (clinical) workplace, the validity and reliability of supervisor judgement is not always known. 6,7 In this study, quantitative and qualitative research methods were combined to investigate the validity, reliability, and impact of summative performance evaluations (SPEs) on decision making in postgraduate community pharmacy specialization in the Netherlands. ...
... This implies the ability to enact adaptions and address these changes while continuing high quality service provision [3][4][5][6]. Resilience in healthcare is defined as the capacity to adapt to challenges and changes at different system levels, to maintain high quality care [7]. For healthcare organizations to strengthen their ability for resilient performance, a significant level of continuous learning is required [7,8]. ...
... However, Billettet al (2019) stated that the purpose of debriefing is to enhance students' clinical skills through reflection on action to increase understanding of actions behavior and experience as well as improve students' theoretical knowledge and decision making [28]. The relative agreement between the present study and previously mentioned studies could bring to light the efficacy of debriefing strategy on students' clinical performance. ...