Stephanie Grace Prost's research while affiliated with University of Louisville and other places

Publications (43)

Article
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The mission of carceral agencies--the pursuit of public safety andsecurity--often conflicts with the primary aim of social justice-oriented scholarship, most notably research objectives related to health promotion in jails and prisons. However, such research is essential to awareness building, policy reformation, and revisions today-to-day practice...
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We aim to expand existing evidence regarding relationships between sexual orientation and mental health among adults incarcerated in U.S. prisons, especially the differences within the LGB +population (i.e., lesbian or gay, bisexual, another orientation). We used Poisson regression models with robust variance to estimate prevalence ratios for menta...
Article
Peer caregivers are incarcerated people who provide adjunct, nonclinical support to other incarcerated people. We described patient-caregiver symptom agreement in prison and correlates of symptom agreement to explore peer caregivers' ability to understand their patients' experience. We found dyads were aligned closely (N = 52; k = .86; αbinary = .8...
Article
Objectives: I sought to identify racial disparities in visitation and health between Non-White and White older adults incarcerated in prison and to examine the contribution of visitation to health among this vulnerable population. Methods: Descriptive and bivariate statistics were calculated to describe the cross-sectional sample and relationshi...
Article
Purpose Incarcerated people often have extensive health needs compared to their community-dwelling peers. This is especially the case among older adults, who represent a sizeable and growing portion of the U.S. prison population with a concomitant health burden. While research has expanded in recent years regarding health-related experiences among...
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The targeted use of standardized outcome measures (SOMs) of mental health in research with older adults who are incarcerated promotes a common language that enables interdisciplinary dialogue, contributes to the identification of disparities and supports data harmonization and subsequent synthesis. This paper aims to provide researchers with ration...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this paper aims to examine differences in measures of and relationships between visitation and quality of life (QOL) among older and younger jailed adults. The authors also explored the contribution of visitation to QOL among adults in this setting. The authors anticipated fewer visits and lower QOL among older adults. Fram...
Article
Psychometric exploration of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire—BREF (WHOQOL-BREF, WHOQOL Group, 1998) is warranted. The role of life satisfaction in health and social outcomes, variations within and across populations surrounding quality of life, and the potential influence of social and political changes since the developm...
Article
Objective: explore the role of law enforcement officers (LEOs) experiences of early adversity on work-related stress. Data/methods: LEOs were invited to participate in a data collection effort connected to a marketed LEO prevention toolkit on domestic violence (n = 247). Linear regression models were run to identify variables associated with work-r...
Article
The current study aimed to identify the correlates of post-traumatic stress among a sample of women on probation and parole with a history of victimization. Community-based sampling was used to recruit 406 women on probation and parole in Jefferson County, Kentucky. The post-traumatic stress diagnostic scale was used to measure three indicators of...
Article
I jumped at the January 2021 invitation to read and review Aging Behind Prison Walls: Studies in Trauma and Resilience, authored by Tina Maschi and Keith Morgen. The day the text arrived, I tore open the packaging and found a glossy, softcover book and, on the cover, a photograph of an older African American man. He is seated on the bottom bunk of...
Article
Measures of well-being have gained importance in criminal justice. Examining the relationship between interpersonal traumatic experiences, post-traumatic stress (PTS), and quality of life (QOL) is thus an essential contribution to existing literature. Using data from interviews conducted with a sample of women incarcerated in a U.S. state prison (n...
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The large and continued growth of the older adult population within United States (US) prisons affects not only criminal justice policy and correctional health practice, but also gerontology. Amidst the unfolding COVID-19 crisis, associated knowledge and skills surrounding older adulthood will be critical to assuring the needs of older adults incar...
Article
Background Efforts to enhance professional quality of life (ProQOL) may prove a promising area for intervention to reducing workforce jettison and maintaining a healthy and resilient workforce necessary for supporting children and families in the child welfare system. Objective The current study aimed to describe the relative contributions of meas...
Article
Compassionate release (CR) is touted as an ethical and cost-effective mechanism for releasing older adults or individuals with life-limiting illness from prison and reducing prison overcrowding. However, little is known regarding the monitoring practices and the numbers of persons eligible, applying for, and being released under CR policies. The cu...
Article
Law enforcement officers who witness or experience abuse in their family of origin are at higher risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol abuse. These trauma effects may, in turn, affect officers’ responses to domestic violence victims who call on them for help. The purpose of this study was to examine how these childhood traumas,...
Article
Quality of life (QOL) is an important area of exploration in U.S. corrections linked closely to well-being and an important indicator of intervention efficacy. Little is known of QOL in U.S. jails despite the admittance of over 10-million people to these settings every year. Research regarding the dimensions, correlates, and gender disparities in Q...
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Individuals with terminal illness are dying behind bars and many state prison administrators have incorporated on-site hospice and palliative care services. Little is known, however, about these programs since a 2010 study of prison hospice characteristics. We provide an updated description and reflection of current hospice and palliative care prog...
Article
Objectives: This research sought to describe the physical and psychological health and quality of life among older adult men incarcerated in a state prison and to examine the role of age and historical time between age cohorts. Methods: Survey responses from male respondents incarcerated in a medium-security prison (N = 186) were described using fr...
Article
Background Adults age 55 or older represent a large and growing proportion of the U.S. and international correctional populations and more physical and mental health problems than their non-incarcerated peers. Social capital represents the collective cognitive and network structure resources accessible through social relationships and may serve as...
Article
It is essential to identify valid and reliable measurement strategies to enhance accurate, comprehensive, and meaningful health assessment and evaluation to improve health outcomes among justice-involved and incarcerated populations. This article identifies and describes three primary challenges related to measurement in correctional health care an...
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Peer caregivers are specially-trained incarcerated persons who support the needs of patients in correctional health care settings. Their role is of particular importance in light of the growing population of older adult prisoners with complex health problems in U.S. prisons. The purpose of the current study was to examine the disparity between pati...
Article
This study examined the robustness of the proposed factor structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18) in a sample of justice-involved women (N = 406). Efforts to assess accurately and intervene effectively regarding mental health issues (namely, somatization, depression, and anxiety) are critical due to growing proportions of women involved i...
Article
The current conceptual review sought to identify and describe how the end of life was conceptualized and operationalized in top-ranking, peer-reviewed social work journals considering the highly individualized and multidimensional experience of dying put forth by modern scholars and social work practitioners. An iterative content analysis of includ...
Article
The current study aimed to describe financial well-being and physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a convenience sample of incarcerated persons attenuated by gender and minority status. Financial well-being and physical HRQoL are inextricably linked to one another and to successful reentry among incarcerated persons. Survey respondents...
Article
Large and increasing numbers of inmates with chronic and terminal illnesses are serving time, and dying, in U.S. prisons. The restriction of men and women to die in prisons has many ethical and fiscal concerns, as it deprives incarcerated persons of their autonomy and requires comprehensive and costly health-care services. To ameliorate these conce...
Article
Recent hurricanes have focused on lives and properties lost, however, additional mental health concerns may emerge in these post-disaster settings. Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are particularly problematic for minorities due to pre-disaster disparities. Scholars must thus examine the antecedents of PTSS to support these and other vulnerabl...
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Results from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) have indicated that approximately 8% of responding adolescents ages 12–17 engaged in illicit substance use during the past year; the most commonly reported substance used was marijuana (Substance Abuse and Mental Health...
Conference Paper
Quality of life is a multidimensional and highly subjective measure of well-being. Self-assessed quality of life ratings, moreover, are essential in patient-centered care models and offer service providers information critical to guiding intervention. The current lecture details findings related to self-assessed quality of life in patients receivin...
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No national research has examined the effect of law enforcement officer training on the problem of officer-involved domestic violence (OIDV). This study investigated responses of officers (n = 852) to case scenarios of OIDV before and after they participated in the National Prevention Toolkit on OIDV, an online training. Officers were asked how lik...
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Although the perpetration of domestic violence by police officers has received more attention lately, little research has examined the topic. This study investigated common responses of police officers (n = 1108) to officer-perpetrated domestic violence case scenarios and the relationships between officer characteristics and such responses. Common...
Article
Social work students’ post-disaster coping while in the field is an important workforce issue with ethical implications. The current study utilized secondary data collected in a previous study examining post-disaster alcohol and other drug (AOD) use among social work student volunteers (N = 416) in the wake of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (HKR). The...
Article
Purpose It is critical to assess hospice professionals’ discrimination between adaptive and maladaptive reactions to terminal illness in persons at the end-of-life to assure targeted intervention aimed at maintaining quality of life. The proposed measure, the Hospice Professionals Understanding of Preparatory Grief scale (HPPG), contains affective,...
Article
Adult obesity in the United States has risen to epidemic proportions, and mental health professionals must be called to action. The objectives of this article were to (a) synthesize outcomes of behavioral health interventions for adult obesity in recent meta-analyses and systematic reviews (MAs/SRs) as well as randomized controlled trials (RCTs) an...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescent recidivism rates remain high in the United States despite the fact juvenile crime has declined since the 1990’s. Wilderness therapy (WT) is an emerging treatment approach for adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system. This review examines outcome studies utilizing a wilderness therapy program in an effort to reduce adolescent r...
Conference Paper
Background and purpose: Patients report a variety of terminal reactions at the end of life across affective, behavioral, and cognitive domains. Preparatory grief reactions are considered common and may result in a temporary decrease in patient quality of life (QoL). Pathological reactions, in contrast, are considered more dysfunctional and often re...
Article
This review summarizes the impact of hospice and palliative end-of-life care on the self-assessed quality of life (QoL) in terminally ill persons. Articles were included if researchers utilized at least two observations post–hospice admission and were published in English between January of 2000 and December 2012. Findings from included studies syn...

Citations

... This assessment instrument allows for a subjective evaluation focused on the respondent's perceived QOL [12]. The WHOQOL-BREF instrument was selected for this study as it has been widely used in various populations [13,[15][16][17], including in previous studies looking at the overall QOL of students in medical school or medical residencies [18][19][20][21]. ...
... Indeed, COVID-19 risk mitigation strategies in carceral settings have largely relied on the same practices recommended for non-congregate living spaces such as social distancing (World Health Organization, 2020), despite stark differences in these environments. Studies on the longer-term effects of COVID-19 on the mental health of older adults specifically, who comprise a growing proportion of the incarcerated population (Prost et al., 2021), are also limited, despite acknowledgment that many older adults do not have adequate material, social, physical or cognitive resources to deal with the stress of the pandemic (Vahia et al., 2020). Research has shown that, compared with their younger counterparts, mental health conditions are already common for older incarcerated adults, especially anxiety and depression (Lane et al., 2020;Skarupski et al., 2018). ...
... This was not the case in this study, as avoidance of internal and external reminders was not frequently endorsed. Notably, one study by Prost and Middleton (2020) documented STS as a significant predictor of turnover for female child welfare workers, suggesting that sex, job type, and levels of STS may interact to jettison women from the workplace (a potential form of avoidance). Additional attention to the way avoidance is assessed in professionals should consider the ecological validity to low endorsement and the alternative ways that individuals may enact avoidance in the workplace. ...
... The majority of compassionate release policies require "extraordinary and compelling" circumstances to grant an applicant with early release; however, these circumstances are not explicit and vary depending on the state (Murphy, 2012). Incarcerated individuals especially have revealed a limited comprehension of medical terminology, in addition to the normal and abnormal biological processes related to aging (Holland et al., 2021;Mahon, 1999;Maschi, 2016). Moreover, incarcerated individuals expressed uncertainty regarding which questions to ask and felt there were time limits in regards to interactions with medical staff to acquire clarity regarding their eligibility for compassionate release (Mitchell and Williams, 2017). ...
... 293). To draw upon an example outside of healthcare, a study by Prost et al. (2020) suggested that police officers who witnessed interpersonal violence or experienced child abuse and had not resolved this trauma were less likely to aid victims of domestic violence compared to officers who had resolved such trauma. ...
... The impacts that COVID-19 has had on older adults should spur policy makers to partner with medical professionals in geriatrics and palliative care to optimize these statutes, which are often written in ways that are at odds with medical science, minimizing their utility. 46,47 Although our study could not address all aspects of the pandemic's impact on incarcerated older adults, it is the first to our knowledge to describe the adverse impacts that COVID-19 had on one large state's incarcerated older adult population and to examine vaccination and population reduction. Our findings should be considered by policy makers as they weigh the ample evidence demonstrating how advanced age is associated with far lower rates of recidivism against the risk for adverse health outcomes among older adults who are incarcerated during a respiratory pandemic. ...
... Among violent offenders, depression, stress, guilt, and shame are frequently reported [11,12]. In addition, both victims and offenders reported low satisfaction with their lives [13,14]. Satisfaction with life corresponds to «individual's overall experience with life» [15] and it affects individuals' academic outcomes, social connectedness, selfefficacy and the actual accomplishment of life's purposes [15,16]. ...
... The majority of prison EOL care programming follows the standards of practice and guidelines proposed by The National Prison Hospice Association (NPHA) and the Guiding Responsive Action for Corrections in End of Life (GRACE) project (Loeb et al., 2013;National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, 2009;Ratcliff & Craig, 2004). Despite reports of the following standards, very few facilities are accredited through larger institutions such as the National Commission on Correctional Healthcare, Joint Commission for the Accreditation of HealthCare Organizations, or even state Health Departments (Prost et al., 2020). ...
... In another study, roughly 27% of adults aged 45 and older self-reported issues with drug or alcohol use . However, older adults who are incarcerated tend to report lower levels of substance use disorder than their younger peers (Gates et al., 2017;Prost et al., 2021). ...
... On the opposite end is the notion of social capital, which "refers to the socio-structural resources (e.g., emotional or instrumental support) that accrue through shared norms and values within durable relationships […]. Social capital may be cognitive (e.g., trust) or linked to network structure (e.g., network size and composition)" ( [22], p. 25). This concept has been explored thoroughly and presented vastly in the recent literature [23]. ...