Stephanie C. Hofmann's research while affiliated with Institute of Development Studies and other places

Publications (26)

Chapter
This chapter presents major works dealing with supranational political diplomatic actors and action. Regional, international, and global organizations have established their position as major vehicles for producing and implementing public and club goods beyond the state. The proliferation of international organizations (IOs) as well as their increa...
Research
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2020/01/07/is-the-liberal-international-order-in-a-state-of-terminal-decline/
Article
Bilateral relations between France and either Germany or the United Kingdom are the backbone of European security and defence cooperation. From a strategic and cultural point of view, these formalized bilateral relations are not self‐evident. In this article, we track the memory‐framing processes accompanying the creation of major bilateral initiat...
Article
Full-text available
The contemporary global order is widely said to be in crisis. But despite a rapidlyproliferating literature on the subject, there is little clarity or consensus aboutwherein the‘crisis’consist, or what precisely is under threat. We offer arestricted characterization of the post-war global order based on itsfundamental substantive and procedural ord...
Article
Renegotiating the World Order: Institutional Change in International Relations. By Phillip Y. Lipscy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. 341p. $99.99 cloth, $34.99 paper. - Volume 17 Issue 1 - Stephanie C. Hofmann
Article
The proliferation and scope expansion of regional organizations (ROs) is one of the most prominent features in contemporary international politics. In particular, many regional economic organizations (REOs) have expanded into the security realm. This trend has often resulted in an overlap with regional security organizations (RSOs) already in place...
Article
Has the European Commission become an agent of collective securitisation in EU energy policy? We argue that EU energy policy has seen repeated collective and national securitisation moves directed in particular at Russian gas exports to the EU. However, as energy is a commodity which can be framed as a security, market or even environmental issue,...
Article
This paper contributes to theory development about the politics of overlapping organizations. It explains how organizational overlap can affect the execution of organizational mandates. Within the universe of intergovernmental overlapping organizations, I argue that we need to study institutional positions in conjunction with governmental preferenc...
Article
The proliferation of regional economic organizations (REOs) is a prominent feature of the contemporary international environment. Many of these organizations aspire to promote regional peace and stability. Some strive to promote these goals only through economic cooperation, while others have expanded their mandate to include mechanisms that addres...
Article
How do rising powers choose to allocate their finite resources among the multiple global and regional security organizations? Building on the literatures on forum shopping and rising powers, we argue that the different organizational investment choices of rising powers are explained by varying regional ideational affinities. Organizational settings...
Article
France’s so-called exceptionalism in multilateral security policy is often explained with its Gaullist political culture. However, a closer look shows that Gaullism cannot easily capture different French policies, particularly toward NATO. To unearth what can explain policy variance, this paper asks the question of whether French political parties...
Article
How do allies successfully manage their alliance partnership in times of political crisis? We argue that the procedural norm of political contestation and the substantive norm of security consensus set the parameters for non-detrimental disagreement among democratic alliance partners. Rather than interpreting sharp disagreements with the US as sign...
Article
Regional transformation has emerged as a major topic of research during the past few decades, much of it seeking to understand how a region changes into a zone of conflict or cooperation and how and why some regions remain in perpetual conflict. Although the leading theoretical paradigms of international relations have something to say about region...
Chapter
The nature of international cooperation has been at the heart of the debate in international relations (IR) theory since the creation of the field. The various loci of political authority and the role of the state, especially, have received much attention. Many IR theories have been built on the assumption that all actors within a state either impl...
Article
A growing number of scholars argue that the development of the common security and defence policy (CSDP) should be analysed as the institutionalization of a system of security governance. Although governance approaches carry the promise of a sophisticated, empirically grounded picture of CSDP, they have been criticized for their lack of attention t...
Article
The creation and continued existence of CSDP cannot be understood without reference to the institutional environment within which it is located. To explain its emergence and design, one needs to study the institutional architecture into which this additional institution emerged. Once institutional overlap exists, it becomes a crucial independent va...
Article
An increasing number of authors describe the European Union as an advanced form of transgovernmentalism. Whether called Europeanization, supranational intergovernmentalism, multilevel governance, administrative fusion or Brusselisation, the transgovernmentalist thesis states that European politics is shaped by the growing interaction of national go...

Citations

... It is also important to learn about the defining failure and success stories of the group (Haslam et al., 2020). In this respect, Hofmann and Mérand (2020) argue that the construction of collective memory frames (i.e., the creation of a community of fate) was and continues to be an important driver of Europeanized cooperation. With a future-facing perspective, identity stewards may identify areas where discrepancies between "who we are" and "who we want to be" exist. ...
... In a globalized society, transformations of intellectual activity constantly generate controversies, especially in the field of the role of intellectual activity in the organization and management of society (Kulikov, 2016a;Ikenberry and Nexon, 2019;Eilstrup-Sangiovanni and Hofmann, 2020;Flockhart, 2020;Kavalski, 2020;Kurki, 2020). The issue of intellectual activity is related to the issue of decision-making. ...
... But when preferences differ over which institutions to keep and which to reform (and how) barriers to restructuring mount. 8 In such conditions, top-down restructuring may either fail altogether or be limited to the creation of crosscutting coordinating institutions alongside existing designs, consistent with notions of "institutional layering" (Fioretos 2017(Fioretos :15-19, 2020Hofmann 2013;Haftel and Hofmann 2019). In this case, ordering effectively goes hand-in-hand with institutional proliferation; the system is growing simultaneously more complex and more ordered. ...
... But even the above-referenced literature paid little attention to divergent securitising preferences within an international organisation. One exception is Hofmann and Staeger's work on the collective securitisation of EU energy policy (Hofmann and Staeger 2019). Their research analysed how member states utilised the conceptual ambiguity between different security frames to push for the direction of EU energy integration according to their own national securitising preferences. ...
... Realist-inspired regime complexity research has argued that becoming members of more than one IO at a time and equipping additional organisations with similar policy competencies is a rational strategy for strong states to pursue. Regime complexity allows powerful states to subsequently influence policies across multiple organisations and thereby pursue their own substantive interests (Alter and Meunier, 2009;Drezner, 2009;Panke, 2020) or use their power to engage in forum-shopping for a broad range of issues (Benvenisti and Downs, 2007;Henneberg and Plank, 2020;Hofmann, 2019). While in individual cases, such as in the intellectual property domain, some small states have also used forum-shopping (Helfer, 2009), it is the powerful states that have the resources to actively engage across multiple arenas at the same time which is key to exert influence across the board. ...
... The aim of the dataset we present in this articlethe International Authority Database (IAD)is to contribute to such an understanding by offering novel data on IO authority. 2 We build on quantitative IO scholarship that has begun to systematically collect data, hence to shed light on various aspects relevant to the authority of IOs, including their organizational autonomy and independence (Haftel, 2013;Haftel and Hofmann, 2017;Haftel and Thompson, 2006), their capability and mandates (Boehmer et al., 2004;Haftel, 2007;Lundgren, 2016), the extent of delegation (Brown, 2010), their voting rules (Blake and Payton, 2015), their openness to civil society actors (Tallberg et al., 2013), or the extent of pooling and delegation in IOs' constitutional and administrative proceedings (Hooghe and Marks, 2015;Hooghe et al., 2017). These contributions have greatly improved our understanding of IOs. ...
... In the African cases above, the un provided additional resources and support once the ros demonstrated the value of preventive action. 34 Regional organizations' greater facility with conflict prevention may be due to three factors. First, the potential conflicts ...
... To capture the link between the power resources of a state and the capacity to effectively make use of them, for example, Volgy and Bailin (2003) introduced the concept of "domestic strength", 16 Schweller (2006: 13) that of "state mobilization capacity", 17 and Zakaria (1998) the concept 15 The disposition to follow by other states in the region is likely to affect the willingness to lead on the part of a regional power (Malamud 2011). Detachment might be also caused by a lack of regional ideational affinity in the view of the regional power, which may lead to engagement in global rather than regional organizations (Hofmann et al. 2016). Conflicts inside or between states within the region might provide opportunities for a regional power to exercise leadership with the objective to bring order to the region, although too much conflict can also lead to a detachment from a troublesome regional context. ...
... While foreign and security policy orientations do not change abruptly, the domestic political context can change, such as the shaping and formation of interests and the diverging preferences of political parties, which can heavily influence states' attitudes, practices and behaviour. An exemplary case is France where political parties have diverging views on NATO and its value for the country's security and defence, and therefore, have different preferences for the transformation of NATO and relations with the EU depending on their policy preference (Hofmann 2017). In addition, the UK's departure from the EU has also altered its position in the EU-NATO relationship as it did not agree on a security and defence cooperation agreement with the EU. ...
... I introduce the concept of institutional elasticity to better understand this phenomenon. While elasticity has been employed (anecdotally by some) in management, sociology, and economics (Watanabe et al., 2004;Hijzen and Swaim, 2010;Awasthi et al., 2020;Knoblach and Stöckl, 2020), few have applied it to institutionalized interstate relations (Hofmann and Mérand, 2012). Elasticity is commonly understood as 'the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after stretching, stress, or compression' (Hofmann and Mérand, 2012). ...