Stephan Wassong's research while affiliated with Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln and other places

Publications (84)

Chapter
In ihrer nun über 100-jährigen Geschichte haben sich die Olympischen Spiele zu einem wesentlichen und einflussreichen Bestandteil der Sportwelt entwickelt. Die Bedeutung der Olympischen Spiele und der Olympischen Bewegung geht allerdings weit über den Kontext des 16-tägigen Sportfests hinaus; sie werden geprägt durch eine enorme ideologische, struk...
Article
The International Olympic Committee (IOC)’s Athletes’ Commission (AC) was founded in 1981 following discussions at the XIth Olympic Congress in Baden-Baden. According to protocols, the IOC President decided on the composition of each commission. As to the AC the IOC modified this policy of membership in the mid-1990s. However, since the 1996 Atlant...
Article
In this overview, succinct information is provided on how the recognition of the voices of athletes has developed over decades. Processes of continuity and transformation are outlined, which serve to highlight and create interest in the topics of the full papers connected with this collection. Following this preparation for ‘stepping into the topic...
Book
In the edited collection Dark Sides of Sport, leading international scholars explore multifaceted historical and contemporary challenges for sport. The book includes historical case studies, overviews on specific challenges and conceptual frameworks to explore various threats for sport. Selected topics covered in the book are governance, doping, te...
Article
In this paper, the foundation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)'s Athletes’ Commission (AC) is the focus. A research gap will be filled by analyzing the processes and decisions which led to the establishment of the AC at the meeting of the IOC Executive Board in Sarajevo in December 1981. The study shows that the need to implement an ath...
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The retention of sports referees is a critical factor in the ability of local, state and national sporting organisations to deliver community sport to its clients on a weekly basis. Previous studies have been dedicated to investigating the retention rates of coaches and players, however little work has focused upon the sports referee and why refere...
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Sports coaching philosophy is an area with numerous studies conducted into its origins, development and operation. One under researched concept however, is how a coach’s own values can impact upon their professional practice. This paper presents qualitative data from eight high level performance sport coaches, all from different disciplines, which...
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This paper discusses the educational value and supposed purpose of Physical Education within the National Curriculum. It is suggested from the outset that there is a significant lack of evidence to support the claims made for Physical Education being educational. The paper discusses some of the barriers to, and opportunities for, Physical Education...
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James Edwards has been recognised by the JQRSS Editorial Board for his outstanding research activities, scholarly conduct and valuable contribution to the journal: Edwards, J. and Palmer, C. (2016) Getting home. Journal of Qualitative Research in Sports Studies, 10, 1, 127-156.
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This paper investigates how boxers play mind games to affect their opponent's confidence during the three pre-bout periods of weigh-in, warm-up and ring entrance. Perspectives from four senior male amateur boxers at three boxing gyms in the Greater Manchester region were examined using semi-structured interviews; transcribed verbatim and data coded...
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The Olympic Games domestic sponsorship programme is organised by the organising committees of the Olympic Games (OCOGs) and has a significant importance for the financing of the Olympic Games. However, there has been markedly less research conducted on the TOP programme, the international sponsorship programme of the IOC. This paper looks into the...
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This paper reflects on the author’s experiences of adventure through his life and uses a narrative style to explore personal reasoning for his actions. The ‘rekindling’ of the adventurous spirit in later life points to new motives to engage in adventure. Paradoxically, this is when the author has become not only an adult (inevitable!), but an educa...
Article
As International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Thomas Bach emphasized at the IOC Session in Monaco in December 2014, one of the IOC’s central tasks is the appreciation of the Olympic values to stress the uniqueness of the Olympic Movement. This includes the value of athletic excellence. This paper illustrates how the significance of athletic ex...
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Over the past years I have found myself on a research journey which has encompassed successful completion of my PhD, publication of academic papers and industry reports, the mentoring of fellow staff, and supervising Postgraduate and Undergraduate students conducting their own research deliberations and presentation of data. This paper highlights t...
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Gaining public support for hosting a mega-event like the Olympic Games is of growing importance for acceptance or indeed a ‘welcome’ in a crowded city or urban environment. This need was illustrated by recent referenda in Western European democracies that all failed to report the necessary support for justifying an Olympic bid. Yet, research explai...
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This paper discusses an innovative theory-based didactic scheme to introduce Olympic Education at school level. This will include the implementation of an e-learning approach for Olympic Education within Physical Education. A comprehensive literature review shows that new ideas for developing Olympic Education are needed which could be achieved thr...
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Undergraduate and Postgraduate researchers are taught the value of reading through a paper’s abstract in order to determine its worth to their investigation. Very often, methodological issues are glossed over in a few brief sentences indicating the approach taken, and whilst the main body of the text might have an expansive methodology, the reasoni...
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Research on golf club practice and golf habitus evidences male privilege, where the institutional nature of the golf club constrains various non-hegemonic groups including females and young participants. Employing a critical feminist framework, this paper presents creative non-fiction or fictionalised vignettes on golf club culture as told through...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the physical activity habits of rural middle school students and their perceptions of things which influenced their participation. Conducted in the USA, participants for this study were 14 seventh grade students from one Physical Education class. Photovoice was used to gain a deeper understanding of students...
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Book review essay: Body & Soul: Notebooks of an Apprentice Boxer by Loic Wacquant, Oxford University Press, New York, 2004. Body and Soul is a pure ethnographic adventure, depicting the daring and dedication of French sociologist Loic Wacquant in his attempts to further understand the sub cultures of black American ghettos. Being from a white middl...
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The Olympic Games events; Summer, Winter and Youth, the International Olympic Committee and every other committee or governing body associated with the Olympics all need money to survive. In recent decades revenue has come from the commercialisation of the spectacle which, whilst it is a positive outcome to be financially buoyant, may have masked t...
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Chapter review essay Wilkinson, S. (2014) Chicken soup out of chicken poop: not battery farming for champions (Chapter 21, pp. 161-168). In, Palmer, C. (Ed.) The sports monograph: critical perspectives on socio-cultural sport, coaching and Physical Education. SSTO Publications, Preston, UK. ISBN:978-0-9566270-6-3 In this informative and down to ear...
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Chapter review essay Stoszkowski, J., Reece, D. and Hodson, K. (2014) The path to glory (Chapter 6, pp. 79-90). In, Palmer, C. (Ed.) The sports monograph: critical perspectives on socio-cultural sport, coaching and Physical Education. SSTO Publications, Preston, UK. The path to glory is a fictional tale of two boys, Reggie and Brian who find themse...
Book
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Applied qualitative field work and data analysis the major theme of this volume applied to topics from the Olympics to Physical Education and cycling. Narrative writing styles and rich, personal reviews of learning experiences are featured.
Article
In 1932, as a prelude to the Los Angeles Olympics, an international gathering of supporters of ‘Sport for All’ held the first International Recreation Congress. The meeting sought to revive the original connection established during the early decades of the Olympic Movement by the Baron Pierre de Coubertin between the elite sporting spectacles he c...
Book
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At its heart it’s a philosophy book about the ethics of human behaviour; a moral philosophy explored through research and artistic representation about how people [Olympians] felt they ought to act, or not act in certain circumstances. Interestingly, it is the breadth of these circumstances outside of sport; wars, racism, discrimination and other s...
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Wilmazelle Rudolpheminist is based on Wilma Rudolph’s life and portrays why she may be considered an unsung hero. The title is formed from four words merged as two ‘portmanteau’ words, a portmanteau word being a single word coined by combining two or more different words. The new abstracted word may have an inferred meaning through its sound; calle...
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Drug pedaler extraordinaire shows the first three finishers of the 2003 Tour de France, Lance Armstrong leading in the maillot jaune (yellow jersey). Jan Ullrich of Team Bianchi is second and Alexandre Vinokourov of Team Telekom is third. The fact that it is La Grande Boucle is indicated by the background map of France. The 2003 race is featured be...
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Tommie Smith, an African-American, was born on 6th June 1944 in Clarksville, Texas and began his astonishing track career at Lemoore High School, California where he showed great potential in athletics, football and basketball. Whilst at school he set a number of the track records, many of which still remain intact (Smith and Steele, 2007). After g...
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On the 10th May 2002 Queen Elizabeth unveiled the statue of Sir Steve Redgrave in Higginson Park, Marlow where he looks across the river at the finishing post of the annual Marlow regatta (Bates, 2002). The five metre tall bronze celebrates the achievements of the most successful male Olympic rower of all time. The £100,000 cost of the statue was m...
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The word ‘hero’ is derived from the Greek hërös, meaning a person who is ‘admired for their courage or outstanding achievements’ (Soanes, 2001: 600). Smith notes that in antiquity, a hero was strong, noble and brave, a mythical or legendary figure who served a ‘valuable function as a medium through which culture was transmitted from generation to g...
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Pierre de Coubertin (1863-1937) was born on 1st January, 1863 as the fourth child of Baron Charles de Coubertin (1821-1908) and Marie-Marcelle (née de Crisenoy, 1823-1907). The main residences of the Coubertin family were the town house in Paris and the Château de Mirville in Normandy which Coubertin valued as a retreat in his childhood and early a...
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In the summer of 1976 a twelve year old boy sat watching transfixed to a black and white TV set that showed an epic battle of superhuman endeavour. Two of the greatest gymnasts on the planet; Nikolai Andrianov and Alexander Dityatin formed part of the Soviet Team that were dominating the World and producing gymnastic moves way before the advent of...
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In 1896 the 1st Modern Olympic Games were held in Athens. Since that date the Olympic Games have developed continuously and become the most important international sporting event globally. The truth of this claim was visibly demonstrated by the success of the Games of the 30th Olympiad, held in London in August, 2012. Without doubt, each manifestat...
Chapter
Pierre de Coubertin (1863-1937) was born on 1st January, 1863 as the fourth child of Baron Charles de Coubertin (1821-1908) and Marie-Marcelle (née de Crisenoy, 1823-1907). The main residences of the Coubertin family were the town house in Paris and the Château de Mirville in Normandy which Coubertin valued as a retreat in his childhood and early a...
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The paper attempts to discuss cultural education and aesthetic production using technologies that do not limit or over-influence them. It is part of the collaborative activities of Technological Educational Institute of Greece with European Schools of Design through Socrates/Erasmus programmes. The unique feature of this project and the case study...
Book
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Reporting on an international conference held at Liverpool Hope University 5th – 8th June 2007. This was a wide-ranging inter-disciplinary conference which encouraged submissions from three general strands of study including; those subjects which have enjoyed a substantial history of involvement in the field such as Theology and Philosophy, those r...
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More and more these days it is asked whether aesthetics is still possible. A question that, given the context and phrasing, seems to direct us towards its answer. Conferences and meetings, books and journal specials examine the issue of aesthetics, talk about rediscovery or return of aesthetics. Well known philosophers and aestheticians underscore...
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The themes of this keynote lecture were presented through a set of images, questions and commentary. This paper is therefore offered, not as an academic paper, but annotations on elements of the visual presentation. A reading list of texts which informed the lecture is included. The focus of the keynote lecture was my personal experiences as a teac...
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On first encounter, the relationship between management and aesthetics might seem somewhat tenuous. After all, management is concerned with strategy, projects, trajectories, staff; with marketing and sales, with accounting and the control of budgets. Business schools, it seems, deal with business analysis and with the functional aspects of manageme...
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Playing with aesthetics This paper will propose that Theatre for Development (TfD) needs a radical overhaul of its aesthetics of participation if it is to make an effective, resistant response to the world of neoliberal instrumentalism in which it currently operates. It is further contended that the required change of direction must be guided by a...
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There is an expression in Persian culture saying that “truth is bitter” and by truth in this expression they mean the underlying reality before it is modified by effects of anticipation, pretence, or politeness. Due to its bitter taste, one can imagine that truth can hardly be described as beautiful. In addition, the concept of beauty is commonly a...
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Since the mid-1990s there has been a development towards acknowledging the value of practical knowledge and individual experience in archaeology in recent years. With the aim of gaining an understanding of individual agency and experience of the past, some theorists have begun to appropriate contemporary art practice and aesthetics. This calls for...
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The notion of repatriation, which serves here as a metaphor for the general argument I wish to defend, is bound up with a few basic implications. First, there must be such a thing like a ‘homeland’. In the present context, this homeland is obviously the environment as the sum of whatever surrounds us. This includes not only natural surroundings, bu...
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This paper is divided into two sections: the first section discusses how the Olympic Art Competitions were created by Baron Pierre de Coubertin at the beginnings of the Modern Olympic Movement. The second section discusses the reasons for the International Olympic Committee to set an end to the Art Contests. Furthermore it displays which ideas the...
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This file contains the preliminary information in the 2008 book publication supporting the conference The Turn to Aesthetics in June 2007 including: Cover art details - Book Prelims - Contents - Acknowledgements - Notes on Contributors… Appendix - Conference Poster - Conference schedule: speakers and abstracts (June 2007)
Book
Conference proceedings: chapters and papers from an international conference held at Liverpool Hope University 5th–8th June 2007. This was a wide-ranging inter-disciplinary conference which encouraged submissions from three general strands of study including; those subjects which have enjoyed a substantial history of involvement in the field such a...
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In this essay we are talking about the style of Christian visual art that is commonly called conographic. This is a living tradition. It has been strongly preserved in the Eastern tradition of the Church of which there are a number of different, authentic styles, still produced today and all of which correspond essentially to what might be broadly...
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Poetry is, arguably, the most aesthetic of literary forms. To a greater degree than the prose writer, the poet engages with and manipulates the aesthetic and linguistic possibilities associated with syntagmatic and paradigmatic axes - that is, the way in which words are structured on the page and the selection of words from a set of all its inflect...
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This paper will consider the role of the arts in a hospital context through an investigation of their aesthetic, psychological, affective and physical effects. It may be useful as an introduction to provide a summary of the context in which the arts for health movement operates through an investigation of changes taking place in both the art world...
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Quite by coincidence the timeliness of this theme has been brought home to me on several occasions over the past weeks. It wasn’t so long ago that a hairdressing saloon opened just up the road from where I live in York. It is an up-market establishment with the unlikely name of “Face, Etc”. What is striking, though, is that it has in big letters on...
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Lee Miller’s photographs of the liberation of the concentration camps taken at Dachau and Buchenwald in April 1945 not only stand as historical records of the Holocaust, documenting the horrors and atrocities of the Second World War, they also contain a sense of aestheticism that makes them comparable to the war art of artists such as Pablo Picasso...
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It is my intention in this paper to present a point of theological conversation with the literature of Virginia Woolf, yet one which, significantly, is enacted through, is made possible through, a shared sense of the aesthetic dimension of human experience; our desire to interpret and create meaning for the world we live in, and our awareness of th...
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We were very fortunate to have Neil perform his music live during the conference and I know it was very well received by all. For those in the audience who are interested in all things aesthetical there are many lines of debate concerning the appreciation of live performance, composition and style – in music and poetry. For these reasons David Tore...
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Spiritual exercises which have been explicitly linked to philosophy have played a role in the formation of Western selves since early Greek culture. ‘Spiritual’ here denotes a concern with the entirety of one’s existence rather than a specifically religious concept, and this is not philosophy understood as confined to ‘academic’ purposes in a narro...
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The conference is over, the book is written, now the work of thinking aesthetics anew begins. Before the conference it seemed obvious that aesthetics would be a slippery word since it tended to shift unpredictably between academic, professional and everyday uses. As an academic discipline aesthetics stretches from the dawn of Greek philosophy to th...
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At the end of the conference that spawned this volume, the editors expressed to me the hope that the volume would accurately reflect that conference which, as they rightly noted, had been marked by a willingness to look optimistically across one’s disciplinary fences, and commitment to engaging with the concerns of others, while recognising the com...
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To avoid misunderstandings, I will begin (by way of preface) with three notes, commenting briefly on two topics — central to the key concepts of this conference — on which this presentation does not bear. First, I recognise the importance of (broadly) aesthetic consideration in many areas outside art (and perhaps outside the scope of philosophical...
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Art and social critic Hal Foster (2002) once suggested that much cultural autonomy — Kraus’s (1912) ‘running room’ (Spielraum) — has collapsed into a world where “everything from jeans to genes seems to be regarded as so much design” (17). For Foster, this ‘total design’ has co-opted the semi-autonomy of art and architecture and placed society in a...
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Sport has been a subject for visual artists from the representation of athletes on Greek vases to contemporary public sculpture. For example, with regard to the latter, The Spirit of Sport is a recently completed piece of public art dedicated to the sporting community of the northern UK town of Bolton. A 30 meters high stainless steel structure, it...
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Poetry written and performed by John Lindley: THE THIS AND THAT RANT it’s mobile phones and mobile phones in the cot, in the car, in the grave, in our bones it’s Millennium Bugs and Millennium Domes it’s replicate, duplicate, send in the clones. EARLYS AND LATES As a kid I never really understood what Dad did, leaving early on a 3-speed Raleigh,...
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At a certain point in the late 20th century the word “aesthetics” withdrew from active service in the theoretical vocabulary of art. It had become both too universal and too particular. Too universal in that everything had become aesthetic, sport, management, theology, and so nothing was more aesthetic than anything else, not even art. Too particul...
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The most interesting part of this paper falls at the close where I have set down a poem written by Edmund Cusick. Until his untimely death in January of this year, Edmund taught ‘imaginative writing’ at John Moores University in Liverpool, so he was a Liverpudlian of a kind. My aim in this paper is to provide a context in terms of which we can read...
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This paper is divided into two sections: the first section discusses how the Olympic Art Competitions were created by Baron Pierre de Coubertin at the beginnings of the Modern Olympic Movement. The second section discusses the reasons for the International Olympic Committee to set an end to the Art Contests. Furthermore it displays which ideas the...
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Neil Campbell is a classical guitarist, multi-instrumentalist and composer. As a solo guitarist he has produced three albums of original music; Through the Looking Glass, Night Sketches, and Fall. During postgraduate studies in musical composition at Liverpool Hope University, he began to develop a body of generative music compositions. His group T...
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The conference is over, the book is written, now the work of thinking aesthetics anew begins. Before the conference it seemed obvious that aesthetics would be a slippery word since it tended to shift unpredictably between academic, professional and everyday uses. As an academic discipline aesthetics stretches from the dawn of Greek philosophy to th...
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Full-text available
Poetry written and performed by John Lindley: THE THIS AND THAT RANT it’s mobile phones and mobile phones in the cot, in the car, in the grave, in our bones it’s Millennium Bugs and Millennium Domes it’s replicate, duplicate, send in the clones it’s Star Wars 12 at the Multiplex it’s unspecial films sold on special effects it’s physical jerks and...
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This paper will consider the role of the arts in a hospital context through an investigation of their aesthetic, psychological, affective and physical effects. It may be useful as an introduction to provide a summary of the context in which the arts for health movement operates through an investigation of changes taking place in both the art world...

Citations

... During the XI Olympic Congress in 1981, the participants discussed the possibility of making eligibility rules flexible to enable an observation role for athletes and coaches. 54 Later, the IOC formed a Tripartite Commission with the advisory competencies towards the Executive Board of the IOC. As a result, the Athletes' Commission (AC) was formed, where members, appointed by the IOC President, played advisory roles. ...
... Just like Coubertin, whose intention was to form a sport movement that also acted as a social movement to promote amateurism and internationalism (Segrave, 2013(Segrave, , 2016, Edström vehemently defended ethics and moral principles during his presidency; in which he influenced the politics of the Federation heavily. Two examples for this include his major involvement in the creation of the first international doping regulations in the IAAF and the IOC (Hunt, 2011;Krieger & Wassong¸ 2012Vettenniemi, 2010 and his strict application of the amateur regulations in athletics (Gleaves & Llewellyn, 2016;Yttergren, 2007;Yttergren, 2008). Edström stayed in office for a total of 34 years until 1946, which was when he became IOC President. ...
... The main problem to be solved in the sports image analysis and processing module, according to literature [21], is how to realize effective sports image analysis processing and extract more framework information that can help find out the sports system from the original image data. Literature [22] proposes that sports pictures are introduced into the image analysis system to mark each joint point of the moving human body through manual marking method and automatic marking method to obtain two groups of two-dimensional information. In literature [23], with the help of big data analysis method, computer technology, and image processing technology, various useful and intuitive information can be extracted from the original complex data, and these information can be analyzed comprehensively, so that the analysis level can be greatly improved based on the current sports image analysis equipment. ...
... No baby: the Olympic Arts Competition used to be a medalled event, for entrants in Fine Arts, music, literature, sculpture, architecture and the like, but was rejected in 1948 (Wassong, et al., 2008). If the Olympic experience had anything special to claim it may be that this educative and artistic dimension of human endeavour was recognised formally in its rewards and status. ...
... Around his upper body the scaffolding is largely removed permitting Busby to emerge as rebuilt and restored, new in some way as his true exterior form is again recognisable as 'the man'. Thombs and Palmer (2008) discuss the scaffold analogy as it may be applied by the sports psychologist whilst athletes are rehabilitating after injury or embarking upon restorative coaching in their bid to return to athletic form. In this case the scaffold of support may be the social, psychological and physical rebuilding of a person or a team, until they can stand independently and present themselves and their performance to the world. ...
... This is a refreshing reminder of the pedagogical value of publishing students' arts-based research as part of their learning. Within the Sporting Image Series (2009 to date) over 250 students have published their work across sports poetry (Palmer, 2009), creative short stories (), abstracted art in sport (Palmer, 2011), morals in Olympic sport through pictures, poems and stories (Palmer, 2013) and in the Sports Monograph (Palmer, 2014) there are over 60 chapters of creative, reflective and 'scientific' interpretations of sport from learners spanning ages between 6 months to 60 years old – a real community of learning evidenced through literacy. All of these publications are part of a growing body of creatively inspired products that feed back into teaching as resources to support student-centred learning (Lea, Stephenson and Troy, 2003) and Research Informed Teaching in sport (Jenkins, Healey and Zetter, 2007; Healey and Jenkins, 2009)… in addition to over 100 articles in the Journal of Qualitative Research in Sports Studies (2007-to date). ...