Stefan Greiving's research while affiliated with Technische Universität Dortmund and other places

Publications (124)

Article
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Managing climate change is synonymous to managing cities and their growth. To shoulder the challenge of climate change adaptation, informal settlement upgrading in the global south has amounted to the importance of being attuned with the growth of its city and region at large. Changing the paradigm of on-site upgrading to being community-driven and...
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The Rhenish lignite mining region is facing enormous structural changes due to the withdrawal from opencast mining. The current planning of the regional transformation process, however, has so far only insufficiently considered the local impacts of climate change and thus also existing needs for action as well as opportunities in the context of sus...
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This paper addresses the extensive structural changes of the Rhenish coal-mining area in Germany. Coal mining was and still is a relevant economic activity throughout Europe and is the focus of many political and societal debates, as well as research activities in the Rhenish coal-mining area. The project DAZWISCHEN followed the concept of evidence...
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Conventional local public health planning and monitoring are insufficiently addressing the conjugated impact of urban development change and climate change in the future. The existing checklist and index often ignore the spatial-network interaction determining urban public health services in forward-looking aspects. This study offers and demonstrat...
Article
An analysis of the provision and accessibility of urban green infrastructure was carried out and combined with the spatial exposure of social-welfare recipients to noise, air pollution and weather extremes in the city of Bottrop, Germany. We found out that social-welfare recipients tend to live in areas where the exposure to multiple environmental...
Article
In order to reveal the present and future flooding impacts on residential and mixed-use areas, a parallel modelling approach (PMA) was carried out. With the use of geo-information systems (GIS), temporal and spatial impacts can be quantified and visualised, while the results of the proposed method justify adequate regional planning strategies for t...
Technical Report
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Die jüngsten Ereignisse verdeutlichen es drastisch: Wetter-Ausschläge werden extremer. Im Juli 2021 waren es extreme Niederschläge in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Bayern und Sachsen, 2018 und 2019 litt Deutschland unter einer langanhaltenden Trockenheit und Hitze. Jüngere Klimastudien zeigen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit für beide Extreme z...
Article
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The consensus nowadays is that there is a need to adapt to increasingly occurring climate impacts by means of adaptation plans. However, only a minority of European cities has an approved climate adaptation plan by now. To support stakeholder dialogue and decision-making processes in climate adaptation planning, a detailed spatial information and e...
Technical Report
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Die Praxishilfe ist eine Art „Werkzeugkasten“, der entlang zentraler Fragestellungen die unterschiedlichen Aspekte, notwendigen Strategien und möglichen Instrumente systematisch aufbereitet, um den Adressaten Sicherheit im Umgang mit einem strategischen und kontrollierten Siedlungsrückzug zu bieten. Sie richtet sich vor allem an kommunale Akteure,...
Article
The effects of climate change and associated extreme weather events such as heat, storms and heavy rainfall lead to considerable damage to property and personal injury worldwide. To counteract the causes and consequences of climate change, many states, regions and cities worldwide declared the status of climate emergency in 2019. As a result, scien...
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This paper aims to provide a comprehensive picture of risk governance and conceptualize an approach to dealing with multi-risks in the Metropolitan Region of Lima, Peru. We argue that the impacts of extreme events are not solely determined by a given place-based vulnerability and risk profile but are considerably influenced by cascading effects cau...
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With high certainty, extreme weather events will intensify in their impact within the next 10 years due to climate change-induced increases in hazard probability of occurrence and simultaneous increases in socioeconomic vulnerability. Data from previous mega-disasters show that losses from disruptions of critical services surpass the value of direc...
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In Chile and Ecuador, multiple hazards and dynamic processes in vulnerability pose a high risk. Spatial planning and emergency management can contribute to disaster risk management but they follow different goals. However, global goals, such as from UN-ISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction) and UN SDGs (Sustainable...
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The Philippines is argued as the only Southeast Asian country where informal settlers’ communities have been self-organized and produced discernible impacts on the country’s urban policies. As one of the high risk countries, fifty percent of the country’s informal settlements are located in danger and disaster-prone areas. However, informal settlem...
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Urban flooding caused by heavy rainfall confronts cities worldwide with new challenges. Urban flash floods lead to considerable dangers and risks. In cities and urban areas, the vulnerability to pluvial flooding is particularly high. In order to be able to respond to heavy rainfall events with adaptation strategies and measures in the course of urb...
Article
Purpose Enhancing the resilience of cities and strengthening risk-informed decision-making are defined as key within the Global Agenda 2030. Implementing risk-informed decision-making also requires the consideration of scenarios of exposure and vulnerability. Therefore, the paper presents selected scenario approaches and illustrates how such vulner...
Article
Climate-change adaptation has become a well-established priority in urban and regional development in Germany since the adoption of the German Adaptation Strategy in 2008. Recently, the socioeconomic aspects and concepts of vulnerability and resilience have received growing attention with regard to climate-change adaptation. This article introduces...
Technical Report
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https://www.espon.eu/sites/default/files/attachments/ESPON%20TITAN_Interim%20Report.pdf
Article
The starting point of our study is the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive 2014/52/EU, which has strengthened the consideration of climate change and “catastrophic events” in environmental assessments, which includes adaptation-relevant local impacts of climate change on projects due to climate change and also the project's impacts on t...
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As negative impacts of climate change tend to increase in the future, densely-populated cities especially need to take action on being robust against natural hazards. Consequently, there is a growing interest from scientists in measuring the climate resilience of cities and regions. However, current measurements are usually assessed on administrati...
Technical Report
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Abstract: Enhancing the resilience of cities and implementing risk-informed sustainable development are defined as key within the Global Agenda 2030, particularly in the Sustainable Development Goals (UN 2015a), the Sendai Framework (UN 2015b), the Paris Agreement (UN 2015c) and UN Habitat III (UN Habitat 2016, UN 2017). Up to now, various risk ass...
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Der Beitrag erläutert Möglichkeiten zur klimagerechten Siedlungs- und Freiflächenentwicklung anhand sequenzieller Realisierung von Planinhalten. Ergebnisse einer kommunalen Klimawirkungsanalyse können genutzt werden, um in der Flächennutzungsplanung Prioritäten der Inanspruchnahme von Bauflächen festzulegen. Dafür ist eine fortlaufende Überwachung...
Article
Currently, potentials of spatial planning in disaster risk mitigation have not yet been fully tapped, especially in the context of managed retreat regarding both inhabitants and infrastructure in hazard prone areas. Retreat as a development opportunity in adjusting spatial patterns, diverging urban growth, reducing risks in pre- and post-disasters,...
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Zusammenfassung Mineralische Rohstoffe finden in nahezu allen Produktionszweigen Verwendung. Die Rohstoffgewinnung steht dabei in einem Wettbewerb mit anderen Flächennutzungen und trifft vielerorts auf wenig Akzeptanz. Der Raumordnung kommt eine wichtige Rolle bei der Flächenvorsorge für die Rohstoffgewinnung wie auch bei der langfristigen Sicherun...
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Zusammenfassung Gegenwärtig besteht der Beitrag der Raumplanung zum Hochwasserrisikomanagement primär darin, überschwemmungsgefährdete Gebiete von Bebauung frei zu halten. Damit ist jedoch keine Risikoreduzierung verbunden, da die wesentlichen Schadenspotenziale die bereits bebauten Gebiete ausmachen. Sollen Risiken also planerisch wirklich reduzie...
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Zusammenfassung Klimawandel und demographischer Wandel hängen miteinander zusammen, denn die Auswirkungen des Klimawandels resultieren nicht allein aus den klimatischen Veränderungen, sondern auch aus gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungsprozessen und deren räumlicher Manifestation. Individuelle Dispositionen in einer ausdifferenzierten Bevölkerungsstruk...
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Any adaptation activity needs a reliable evidence basis for the climate itself as well as for the exposition and sensitivity of the social, economic or ecological system and its elements. This requires an assessment of recent climate impacts as well as potential future climate change impacts in order to select tailor-made adaptation measures. For a...
Chapter
Every year, convective extreme weather events like summer storms, hail and heavy precipitation cause enormous damages to assets, values and human lives, especially in urban areas. Although highly relevant for the field and expertise of spatial planning, so far those events are addressed rather poorly, if at all. This is mainly for two reasons: for...
Chapter
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Die Risiken und möglichen Folgen des Klimawandels für Menschen, Produktions- und Ökosysteme sind eng mit sozioökonomischen Entwicklungen und Rahmenbedingungen verflochten. Die Schlüsselbegriffe „Vulnerabilität“, „Risiko“ und „Unsicherheit“ werden näher beleuchtet, um u. a. deutlich zu machen, wie sie im neueren Risikoansatz des Fünften Sachstandsbe...
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Zusammenfassung Das Thema „Zentrale Orte“ erfreut sich sowohl in den Raumwissenschaften wie auch in der Praxis der Raumordnung (wieder) einer wachsenden Bedeutung. Zunehmend wird auf das Erfordernis einer empirischen Validierung von Zentrale-Orte-Konzepten abgestellt, damit die entsprechenden Festlegungen mit Zielqualität in Raumordnungsplänen nach...
Chapter
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Dieses Kapitel präsentiert Ergebnisse einer umfassenden Literaturauswertung zu relevanten Klimawirkungen für Deutschland, die im Rahmen des Projekts „Netzwerk Vulnerabilität“ vorgenommen wurde. Es zeigt auf, dass ein aggregiertes Gesamtbild der Klimawirkungen für Deutschland als Grundlage für Folgenabschätzungen und Anpassungsplanungen noch nicht g...
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The importance of critical infrastructures and strategic planning in the context of extreme events, climate change and urbanization has been underscored recently in international policy frameworks, such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (UNISDR (United Nations/International Strat...
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Critical infrastructures (CIs) are of a dual character: they are a protection good that can be adversely affected by a threat, but at the same time, some infrastructure categories are dangerous in their own right. Because it integrates collaboration and decision-making on how space should be used, spatial planning is an important process in develop...
Chapter
International contributors from academia, research, policy and practice use their experience and knowledge to explore on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predict future trends.
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International contributors from academia, research, policy and practice use their experience and knowledge to explore on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predict future trends.
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International contributors from academia, research, policy and practice use their experience and knowledge to explore on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predict future trends.
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The chapter is about flood risk management through spatial planning in Germany. The first part introduces the concept of spatial planning in Germany. Section two discusses the role of spatial planning for the assessment and management of (flood) risks. The role of the Strategic Environmental Assessment for risk assessment is explained by section th...
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International contributors from academia, research, policy and practice use their experience and knowledge to explore on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predict future trends.
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The conclusion draws up a list of points that could possibly improve the way spatial planning deals with disasters. In this context, the chapter discusses the opportunities and limitations of transferring lessons learned in one country to others. Thus, emphasis is placed on opportunities that can be jointly implemented in each of the participating...
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Zusammenfassung Das vorgestellte Modellvorhaben der Raumordnung „Vorsorgendes Risikomanagement in der Regionalplanung“ befasste sich mit der exemplarischen Entwicklung, Anwendung und Dokumentation eines integrierten Ansatzes zur Risikovorsorge im Rahmen der Regionalplanung am Beispiel der Planungsregion Köln. Dabei waren die Belange kritischer Infr...
Book
Population shifts and an increase in the number of natural (and man-made) disasters are having a profound effect on urban and rural habitats globally. This book brings together for the first time the experiences and knowledge of international contributors from academia, research, policy and practice to discuss the role of spatial planning after sig...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to propose a collaborative approach toward an integrated vulnerability assessment to climate change in Germany that attempts to bridge the gap between scientific output and policy demand. Design/methodology/approach – Conceptually, the approach follows the definition of vulnerability as used by the Intergovernmental Panel...
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Central place concepts are an inherent part of all regional plans of the German federal states (the ‘Länder’). These concepts have become increasingly important because regional plans need to be adapted to recent and future demographic changes in order to ensure an adequate provision of services of general interest. This paper analyses the current...
Technical Report
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The CHANGES network (Changing Hydro-meteorological Risks – as Analyzed by a New Generation of European Scientists) aimed to develop an advanced understanding of how global changes (related to environmental and climate change as well as socio-economical change) will affect the temporal and spatial patterns of hydro-meteorological hazards and associa...
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The network vulnerability, an association of 16 federal public authorities and a scientific consortium, has developed a national vulnerability assessment for the 15 sectors of the German National Adaptation Strategy. The results for the human health sector show that climate change, especially heat events, already significantly threatens human healt...
Article
The Hyogo Framework for Action established disaster risk reduction as a clear goal. Among other points, it clearly refers to the importance of the availability and quality of risk information, because information about hazards and vulnerability is a prerequisite for the implementation of purposeful risk reduction measures. Spatial planning has to b...
Chapter
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The MOVE framework was used in order to assess vulnerability toward heat waves, floods, and earthquakes in an urban area. It focused mainly on the social dimension of vulnerability for the smallest administrative unit within the City of Cologne (city quarters) with respect to heat waves and floods using specifically designed indicators. Reference i...
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Adaptation to complex and unforeseen events requires enhancing the links between planning and preparedness phases to reduce future risks in the most efficient way. In this context, the legal-administrative and cultural context has to be taken into account. This is why four case study areas of the CHANGES1 project (Nehoiu Valley in Romania, Ubaye Va...
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The core element of spatial planning is to prepare and make decisions about future land use. Thus, disaster risks have to be taken into consideration when deciding about the usability of a plot of land. In doing so, planning is able to mitigate risk by e.g. keeping hazard threatened areas free of further development and taking care for the protecti...
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Risk culture expresses a variety of factors such as attitudes, believes, values, goals, and practices, shared by an institution, organization or group that influences the way risk is handled in a particular setting. The cultures of risk vary considerably among Europe and often even between regions within a particular country as well as between diff...
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The need for continuous adaptation to complex and unforeseen events requires enhancing the links between planning and preparedness phases to reduce future risks in the most efficient way. In this context, the legal-administrative and cultural context has to be taken into account. This is why four case study areas of the CHANGES1 project (Nehoiu Val...
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Risk levels or ‘thresholds’ presents a standard for determining lower and upper thresholds above and below which risks are either negligible and unacceptable respectively. Between these two thresholds there is a region where risks are tolerated. Nevertheless as people do not necessarily share the same risk perceptions the acceptability thresholds w...
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This introductory chapter discusses key issues related to aspects of hazards and risks of natural processes in Mountain area's and discusses the framework of risk governance, which aims to integrate these elements. Hazard assessment intends to make an estimate of the spatial and temporal occurrence and magnitude of dangerous natural processes. The...
Book
This book offers a cross disciplinary treatment of the rapidly growing field of integrated approaches in risk assessment in mountainous areas. All major aspects related to hazard and risk assessment, risk management, and governance are illustrated with a wide range of case studies. The first part of the book focuses on new techniques for assessing...
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There is a political demand towards a territorial response to climate change. Since the development of territorially differentiated adaptation strategies calls for an evidence basis, a cohesive approach to developing an integrated vulnerability assessment is introduced. Although the European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohes...
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Case studies of the ESPON Climate project require an integrated twofold approach: an analytical approach and an explorative approach. Seven case studies were chosen that cover all five types of climate change regions identified in the exposure cluster analysis, but also different legal-administrative families. These studies not only provide an in-d...
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Climate change exposure refers to the nature and degree to which a system is exposed to climatic variations. This chapter describes the exposure analysis carried out by the ESPON Climate project in order to determine patterns of climate change across Europe and its regional variations. The analyses are based on the outputs of a regional climate mod...
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At the level of the EU as whole, compared with other major economic regions in the world, Europe will be less affected by climate change. This is particularly the case for the economic core of Europe, which also has, as shown in the ESPON Climate project, a high level of mitigative and adaptive capacity. If this capacity is capitalised, it will cer...
Book
European Climate Vulnerabilities and Adaptation: A Spatial Planning Perspective analyses the impacts climate change might have on regions and their local economies. Regions clearly differ in view of the complex patterns of climate change impact, but also regarding the given vulnerability and coping capacity. Impacts of climate change can have a mar...
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This chapter deals with the sensitivities to and impacts of climate change-and how they vary across Europe. For this it needs to first be clarified, based on existing research, which particular elements of Europe's regions are potentially sensitive to climate-related stimuli. Due to the great physical, environmental, social and cultural variety of...