Stanley Milgram's scientific contributions

Citations

... In a similar vein, a study by Schnall, Haidt, Clore & Jordan (2008) revealed that subjects exposed to a stinking smell and an untidy desk were significantly more severe in their average moral judgements than subjects in the respective control conditions. Stanley Milgram's (1974) well-known and much discussed -and much replicated-experiments on obedience to authority are also revealing of the extent to which behavior may be influenced by situational conditions. In the basic design, subjects who believed to be taking part in a learning and reinforcement experiment were asked to administer electric shocks to an actor-confederate placed in an adjacent room whenever he gave an incorrect answer to a learning task. ...