Sofia Sjö's research while affiliated with Turku centre for biotechnology, finland and other places

Publications (31)

Chapter
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The chapter brings together the main insights from the Young Adults and Religion in a Global Perspective (YARG) study, as presented in the current volume. It starts by discussing the sample used in the study and in the chapters of the volume; after this, the findings about worldviews are explored, and the chapter concludes with some observations pe...
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How can we make sense of religion and spirituality in a cross-cultural perspective? Is it at all possible to compare what we are used to calling ‘religion’ across different cultures? In this chapter we use findings from Faith Q-studies (FQS) in 12 different countries to investigate variance of religion and spirituality from an international perspec...
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How can we comprehend contemporary forms of religion? What is an adequate methodological approach? Religion as an object of study has become increasingly evasive and there is an urgent need to address the limitations emerging from previous conceptual bias and limited empirical perspectives. This chapter presents the international research project Y...
Chapter
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The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the basic characteristics of the university students who have participated in the Young Adults and Religion in a Global Perspective (YARG) project, as mirrored in the survey data, and to discuss the findings in light of theoretical assumptions about young adults. The chapter provides an intro...
Chapter
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Research focusing on gender and religion underlines the need to explore how religion is gendered and how religion genders. What is also often called for is an approach that allows for and can register complexity while not ignoring possible gender related differences. In this chapter, we begin with a short overview of the survey results that relate...
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In many studies of young adults, prosocial attitudes and behaviors are on the agenda. The often reported decline in civic engagement among young adults is generally presented as a concern. Prosocial attitudes and behaviors have been linked to aspects of well-being; high scores on some prosocial attitude indicators are seen as a sign of positive adj...
Article
Religious socialization remains a widely used concept amongst scholars who direct attention to the social patterns that underline the formation of religious attitudes. This article presents contemporary conceptualizations of religious socialization and provides an overview of how the concept is used in empirical studies. As the article sets the fra...
Article
Previous research has pointed to the central role of media for the current young adult generation when it comes to finding information about religion, exploring beliefs, and developing a religious identity. This article explores how young adult university students in three different contexts – Ghana, Turkey, and Peru – report using digital media fo...
Chapter
This chapter begins with a presentation of the particular features of the Nordic media systems and their transformations since 1980. The following analyzes three forms of mediatized religion: journalism on religion (in major newspapers), religion in popular media (popular magazines and films), and religious media (religious programs in the public s...
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The article examines how Lutheran pastors are gendered in six well-known Nordic films. Building on the theory of mediatisation of religion, the study argues for the need to look at how media shapes religion and gender for a thorough understanding of viewson religion today. The film analyses show a connection between female pastors and less problema...
Article
The aim of this article is to analyse the social networking site Facebook as a possible platform for inter-religious dialogue. Building on a case study—an attack on a Buddhist temple in Turku, Finland, and the consequent interaction that took place online immediately following the attack—the article investigates the strengths and limitations of soc...
Article
Building on current research into space and film, this article explores the construction of traditional religious spaces in contemporary Nordic films. The focus is on one film, Letters to Father Jacob, and the spaces in the film, which demonstrate how the characters can be comprehended, how the film narrative as a whole is portrayed, and how the mo...
Article
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Religious themes and characters have lately assumed center stage in a number of Scandinavian films. As with films from other parts of the world, so also in Scandinavian films a suspicion of certain religious traditions can be observed. In Scandinavian films this is not only true of traditionally foreign religions, but for some domestic religious gr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The clash of values often appears to be happening on the turf of the study of religions, with terms like “crusade” or “jihad” promptly being pasted across newspaper stands. Religion seems to be an excellent resource for the kinds of pursuits that aim to mobilise individuals in the fight against a perceived injustice, or to change an undesirable sta...
Article
In this article we present the results of an analysis of the role allotted to religion in fifty Nordic films from 1998 to 2008 and ten films from 1988 to 1997 that all include religion as a major theme. We illustrate how the Lutheran majority churches, lay believers, and religious minorities, both Christian and others, are represented; what underst...
Article
Religion and film scholars have long used the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) as a source for material on audience responses, but not much thought has been given to what the material found on the site constitutes. This article highlights possibilities and problems with researching sites such as the IMDb, discussing how studies of Internet communicat...
Book
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This book presents new research on the changing relationship between the media, religion and culture from a Nordic perspective, while engaging with the theory of the mediatization of religion. In contemporary society, news journalism, film and television series, as well as new digital media, provide critical commentary on religion while also enabli...

Citations

... The FQS helped us depart from the more one-sided bird's-eye view and dig more deeply into the variations. In another study we extracted prototypes from each country case separately (Nynäs et al. 2022b). In some countries we could identify only three prototypes (Finland, Peru, and Sweden), whereas in others (China, India, and Israel) the internal diversity was more apparent, and we could identify up to six or eight prototypes (Table 4). ...
... We should therefore by no means presume that the attitudes and sensibilities expressed by our university student respondents would be more broadly representative or reflective of those of their non-university student peers (for more on this issue, see e.g. Sjö et al., 2020). ...
... Other studies focus on detailing religious commitment and its relationship with civic and social values and with attitudes towards other groups [19,20]. Finally, there are studies that explore beliefs and religious identity development through the media [21]. ...
... Attempts to understand this heterogeneity divide nones into subcategories on the basis of belief as atheists, agnostics, and nothing in particular (Frost & Edgell, 2018), spirituality, such as those who are spiritual but not religious (Lindeman et al., 2019), and affiliation patterns in the recent past, comparing liminal with stable affiliates (Hout, 2017;Lim et al., 2010). Although socialization in childhood is one of the strongest predictors of religious outcomes in adulthood (Klingenberg & Sjö, 2019;Stolz, 2009;Wilkins-Laflamme, 2020), few empirical studies have explored this factor when investigating heterogeneity of religiosity among the nones. Socialization, whether intentional, a function of parental modeling (Zuckerman, 2012), or through social networks (Adams et al., 2020;Cheadle & Schwadel, 2012), is highly significant in determining religious choices later in life. ...
... One-fourth of Australian residents are born overseas and come from more than 300 cultural and 100 religious heritages (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017). While Christianity remains dominantly represented at 52 per cent (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017), growth in minority religions, no religion and minority Christian denominations have contributed significantly to increasing social and religious complexity (Bouma and Halafoff 2017;Lundby et al. 2018). Further, the accelerated mobility of new migrants, asylum seekers, transient workers and international students has contributed to demographic changes in Australia, such that it is arguably a 'superdiverse' nation, culturally and religiously (Bouma and Halafoff 2017;Meissner and Vertovec 2015). ...
... This was followed in the 1990s with websites, mailing lists, and even online parishes [14, 17]. Yet it is only in recent years that the topic earned some more interest in the academic field with a couple of forerunners that provided comprehensive introductions into the topic, e.g.,17181920, especially concerning mobile technologies. Although the Internet is still the basic backbone of information, the new, mobile technologies provide the opportunity to gain access virtually everywhere and at any time. ...
... With the intention of understanding the relationship between media and institutional Christianity, Moberg and Sjö (2012) conceptualized how the transformation of Church communication can be a means for institutions to "re-enter or find new ways of entering" the mediated sphere and adapting while doing so. According to them, the Lutheran Church actively engages with the "present-day media environment in order to perpetuate and increase its presence in today's mediated public sphere". ...
... Even though the central role of parents in the socialization process is still supported, contemporary debates on socialization also highlight the increasingly central role played by other socialization agents, such as peers (Klingenberg, 2014), media, and popular culture (Moberg & Sjö, 2015). More recent studies have also suggested that media has developed into one of the principal arenas where young people most frequently encounter religion (Lövheim, 2012). ...
... Thus narrative considerations as well as other genre-specific demands are important factors in determining how religion is represented. As part of the NOREL project, religion in Nordic films between 1988 and 2008 was analysed Sjö and Daníelsson, 2013). One of the things this study focused on was what kind of role religion plays in the film narrative, categorized after whether religion was constructed as being helpful, a hindrance or indecisive. ...
... Specifically, this case study approach focuses on the Religious Zionist community in Israel through an analysis of the attitudes of its community's elite towards these emergent technologies. The Religious Zionist community is particularly well suited to this type of investigation since it historically espouses the integration of religiosity and modernity as well as an intermingling between the worldly and otherworldly, where symbolic and mystical significance are closely ascribed to deeds (Fischer-Nielsen 2012). The Religious Zionist community views religious study as a way of life and rabbis often head educational institutions (e.g., religious schools, seminaries, youth movements). ...