Snigdha Mishra's research while affiliated with Manipal Academy of Higher Education and other places

Publications (15)

Article
Full-text available
During our dissection classes, we saw a venous collar formed around the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) by the jejunal tributaries of superior mesenteric vein in an adult male cadaver. The jejunal tributaries united themselves to form two common jejunal veins. Upper common jejunal vein crossed superficial to SMA and opened into the SMV in front of...
Article
Full-text available
Shape and position of the stomach can vary greatly with or without any physiological disturbances. However some of its rare shapes may result in the formation of volvulus or may increase the risk of gastric ulcer. Variant shapes of the stomach may be of congenital occurrence or are acquired later on in life. We report here an atypical form of hourg...
Article
Full-text available
We at Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus) have adopted merit based re-arrangement of dissection groups of first year medical students during the second term of their anatomy course. This rearrangement had shown improvement in their anatomy scores in the subsequent examinations of the second term. The above distribution caused uneasiness...
Article
Full-text available
It is quite common to see abnormal peritoneal folds in the abdominal cavity. Some of them might compress or strangulate the viscera and others might determine the direction of the flow of peritoneal fluid, pus or blood. Many unusual clinically important peritoneal folds such as Ladd's band, cysto-gastro-colic fold, omento-cystic fold, and cysto-col...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Creativity is a combination of ones’ capacity to think outside the box, the gained knowledge and the passion for creating something. It very easily and effectively provides the creator a chance to be responsible for his/her creation and acts as a confidence booster for him/her. Creativity is inherent, but needs to be polished and nurt...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of variations of the vessels closely related to the pancreas adds greatly to the success of pancreatic surgery. Splenic vein is one of the vessels that are closely related to the pancreas. Its variations might not only change the haemodynamics in the vein but also cause unexpected bleeding during pancreatic surgery. During our dissection...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of development and various possible positions of the appendix is important in understanding the pathophysiology of appendicitis. In the present case, we report on a lateral pouch type of appendix in a formalin-embalmed male cadaver. The appendix was found to be situated in a space between the caecum and the lateral abdominal wall. A short...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge about the variations of the sciatic nerve (SN) is important for many medical science disciplines. Its compression, entrapment or injury of any kind can result in loss of sensation, pain or motor disabilities in the lower limbs. We observed concurrent neurovascular variations in the gluteal region of an adult female cadaver. The SN had thr...
Article
Full-text available
It is indeed a challenge to teach the cadaveric anatomy of the perineum to the undergraduate medical students. The anatomy teacher often fails to make the student understand the exact arrangement and attachments of the fasciae in the perineum in spite of his/her best attempts in the dissection hall and lecture classes. We prepared a video to demons...
Article
Full-text available
The subhepatic position of the cecum and appendix is a result of embryological reasons. Subhepatic appendicitis can cause diagnostic dilemmas. During the dissection of an adult male cadaver aged approximately 70 years, the subhepatic position of the cecum and appendix was noted. The appendix made a "U"-shaped bend and its tip was located in the par...
Article
Full-text available
Femoral artery is the major artery of the lower limb. It shows some variations in its branching pattern. One of the rare but clinically important variations is the origin of deep circumflex iliac and inferior epigastric arteries from it instead of from external iliac artery. We report here the origin of inferior epigastric and deep circumflex iliac...
Article
Full-text available
Femoral artery is the major artery of the lower limb. It shows some variations in its branching pattern. One of the rare but clinically important variations is the origin of deep circumflex iliac and inferior epigastric arteries from it instead of from external iliac artery. We report here the origin of inferior epigastric and deep circumflex iliac...
Article
Full-text available
A peculiar liver was found in an adult male cadaver during a dissection class for undergraduate medical students. The quadrate lobe and fissure for the ligamentum teres were totally absent. Thus, the cystic notch on the inferior border was very broad and deep, and the fundus and body of the gall bladder popped out through this notch. The cystic duc...
Article
Variation in the origin of long flexor tendons in the anterior compartment of forearm is common. During routine cadaveric dissection at Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), we observed a separate muscle belly and tendon of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) to the fifth digit in the right upper limb of a 60 year-old male cadaver. The...

Citations

... All these aids help to simplify the topic. These kind of audio-visual aids are complementary to the traditional modes of teaching, A digital anatomical teaching tool with the combination of dissection, 2D diagrams and the demonstration of the 3D model adds to the perception of that region [10]. Medical imaging technologies, such as Radiographs, CT, MRI and ultrasound disclose both normal and pathological anatomy. ...
... Anomalous peritoneal folds are common in the upper abdo-men, specifically near the gall bladder. Some of the reported peritoneal folds include cystogastric fold [1], Cystogastrocolic fold [2], omentocystic fold [3], and cysto-duodenocolic fold [4]. Nayak [5], has reported an anomalous peritoneal fold connecting the greater omentum with the liver, gallbladder, right kidney and lesser omentum. ...
... The variation of stomach shape and pylorus may be congenital or acquired later in life. Nayak et al. suggested that a rare case of "hourglass"-shaped stomach with the presence of an unusual incisure at the greater curvature was probably of congenital origin [11]. Rollins et al. found that pyloric stenosis was usually not present at birth and probably develops afterward [12] (Table 1). ...
... The common trunk passed in front of SMA in 21% case and behind SMA in 63% of cases before opening into SMV. In a study by Nayak et al. [3], there were two jejunal venous trunks namely superior and inferior. They made a venous collar around the SMA. ...
... Similar results were concluded by other researchers. [13][14][15][16][17][18] Although some researchers such as Dixit et al. [9] concluded that a low-cost learning intervention formulated to deliver a complex 3D model of tracts passing through various parts of the nervous system by simple materials would show better access and understanding of the tracts with an improvement of 3D visualization skills. [9][10][11][13][14][15][16][17][18][19] In spite of having mixed feelings about online presentations among students and faculty members, the majority of students agreed to have acquired additional information about the topic, with improvement in self-directed learning approach and soft skill development. ...
... In the first case the deep circumflex iliac artery was absent and in the second case the ascending branch of the DCIA had a separate take off Very few studies have been reported in the v literature regarding the variations in the DCIA origin. Satheesha Nayaket al [12] reported a case with bilateral low origin of DCIA and inferior epigastric artery from the femoral artery. ...
... No other variations were observed in the course and termination of other FDS tendon in the forearm. The variation has been shown in Figs.1 & 2. (6).The incidence of accessory head of FDP has been reported to range from 2±9% to 35±2% (7).In most of the cases, these variations go unnoticed as they do not produce any symptoms. But it becomes a surgical problem when it creates symptoms or during surgical operation procedures (6). ...
... It generally divides into two terminal branches that are 1/3 distal from the lower part of the posterior location of the femur. These branches are tibial nerve (TN) (L4-S3) and common peroneal nerve (CPN) (L4-S2) (3,4). ...
... Spriggs and Marxer (1926) observed by radiological examination that 16 out of 51 cases (31.3%) had diverticulum in the horizontal part of duodenum. The present case report showing diverticulum at the junction of the horizontal and the ascending part of the duodenum is also supported by the observations of Bincy et al. (2012). The occurrence of duodenal diverticula is more common in females and the vulnerable age is above 50 years (Saleena et al., 2017). ...
... As a developmental arrest, it could be in a subcecal position along with the caecum. Duplicate appendix [1] left sided appendix [2], horse shoe appendix [3], helical appendix [4], and lateral pouch appendix [5] are some of its reported anomalies. Knowledge of all possible variations of appendix could be useful in diagnostic and surgical procedures. ...