Simon Boitard's research while affiliated with Université de Montpellier and other places

Publications (121)

Article
Full-text available
Background The interaction of organisms with their surrounding microbial communities influences many biological processes, a notable example of which is the shaping of the immune system in early life. In the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas , the role of the environmental microbial community on immune system maturation — and, importantly, protecti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The interaction of organisms with their surrounding microbial communities influences many biological processes, a notable example of which is the shaping of the immune system in early life. In the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas , the role of the environmental microbial community on immune system maturation – and, importantly, protecti...
Article
Full-text available
The relative contribution of selection and neutrality in shaping species genetic diversity is one of the most central and controversial questions in evolutionary theory. Genomic data provide growing evidence that linked selection, i.e. the modification of genetic diversity at neutral sites through linkage with selected sites, might be pervasive ove...
Article
Full-text available
Sheep farming is a major source of meat in Morocco and plays a key role in the country’s agriculture. This study aims at characterizing the whole-genome diversity and demographic history of the main Moroccan sheep breeds, as well as to identify selection signatures within and between breeds. Whole genome data from 87 individuals representing the fi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The relative contribution of selection and neutrality in shaping species genetic diversity is one of the most central and controversial questions in evolutionary theory. Genomic data provide growing evidence that linked selection, i.e. the modification of genetic diversity at neutral sites through linkage with selected sites, might be pervasive ove...
Article
Full-text available
Inferring the demographic history of species is one of the greatest challenges in populations genetics. This history is often represented as a history of size changes, ignoring population structure. Alternatively, when structure is assumed, it is defined a priori as a population tree and not inferred. Here we propose a framework based on the IICR (...
Article
Full-text available
Gene banks, framed within the efforts for conserving animal genetic resources to ensure the adaptability of livestock production systems to population growth, income, and climate change challenges, have emerged as invaluable resources for biodiversity and scientific research. Allele frequency trajectories over the few last generations contain rich...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inferring the demographic history of species is one of the greatest challenges in populations genetics. This history is often represented as a history of size changes, thus ignoring population structure. Alternatively, structure is defined a priori as a population tree and not inferred. Here we propose a framework based on the IICR (Inverse Instant...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) is a popular domestic poultry species and an increasingly significant model species in avian developmental, behavioural and disease research. Results: We have produced a high-quality quail genome sequence, spanning 0.93 Gb assigned to 33 chromosomes. In terms of contiguity, assembly statistics,...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting genomic regions under selection is an important objective of population genetics. Typical analyses for this goal are based on exploiting genetic diversity patterns in present time data but rapid advances in DNA sequencing have increased the availability of time series genomic data. A common approach to analyze such data is to model the te...
Book
Past events of positive selection leave characteristic signatures in the genetic diversity of a population, which can be detected by genome-wide scans based on present time molecular data. However, determining the adaptive trait or the onset and intensity of selection at a given locus is often difficult from such data. By providing direct access to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Detecting genomic regions under selection is an important objective of population genetics. Typical analyses for this goal are based on exploiting genetic diversity patterns in present time data but rapid advances in DNA sequencing have increased the availability of time series genomic data. A common approach to analyze such data is to model the te...
Article
The Helmeted guinea fowl Numida meleagris belongs to the order Galliformes. Its natural range includes a large part of sub‐Saharan Africa, from Senegal to Eritrea and from Chad to South Africa. Archaeozoological and artistic evidence suggest domestication of this species may have occurred about 2000 years BP in Mali and Sudan primarily as a food re...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) is a popular domestic poultry species and an increasingly significant model species in avian developmental, behavioural and disease research. We have produced a high-quality quail genome sequence, spanning 0.93 Gb assigned to 33 chromosomes. In terms of contiguity, assembly statistics, gene content and chromos...
Article
Full-text available
Species generally undergo a complex demographic history consisting, in particular, of multiple changes in population size. Genome-wide sequencing data are potentially highly informative for reconstructing this demographic history. A crucial point is to extract the relevant information from these very large datasets. Here we design an approach for i...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing amount of genomic data currently available is expanding the horizons of population genetics inference. A wide range of methods have been published allowing to detect and date major changes in population size during the history of species. At the same time, there has been an increasing recognition that population structure can generat...
Article
Full-text available
Ce volume regroupe les textes issus du programme Casdar "Innovation et Partenariat" et "Recherche finalisée et innovation" de 2013. Le colloque de restitution s’est déroulé le 6 février 2019 sous l’égide du GIS Relance Agronomique
Article
Full-text available
In the last years, a wide range of methods allowing to reconstruct past population size changes from genome-wide data have been developed. At the same time, there has been an increasing recognition that population structure can generate genetic data similar to those produced under models of population size change. Recently, Mazet et al. (Heredity 1...
Preprint
Full-text available
Species generally undergo a complex demographic history, consisting, in particular, of multiple changes in population size. Genome-wide sequencing data are potentially highly informative for reconstructing this demographic history. A crucial point is to extract the relevant information from these very large datasets. Here we designed an approach fo...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the last years, a wide range of methods allowing to reconstruct past population size changes from genome-wide data have been developed. At the same time, there has been an increasing recognition that population structure can generate genetic data similar to those produced under models of population size change. Recently, Mazet et al. (2016) show...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The understanding of the biological determinism of meat ultimate pH, which is strongly related to muscle glycogen content, is a key point for the control of muscle integrity and meat quality in poultry. In the present study, we took advantage of a unique model of two broiler lines divergently selected for the ultimate pH of the pectora...
Article
Full-text available
Background: White striping (WS) is an emerging muscular defect occurring on breast and thigh muscles of broiler chickens. It is characterized by the presence of white striations parallel to the muscle fibers and has significant consequences for meat quality. The etiology of WS remains poorly understood, even if previous studies demonstrated that t...
Article
Full-text available
Stature is affected by many polymorphisms of small effect in humans1. In contrast, variation in dogs, even within breeds, has been suggested to be largely due to variants in a small number of genes2,3. Here we use data from cattle to compare the genetic architecture of stature to those in humans and dogs. We conducted a meta-analysis for stature us...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing amount of genomic data currently available is expanding the horizons of population genetics inference. A wide range of methods have been published allowing to detect and date major changes in population size during the history of species. At the same time, there has been an increasing recognition that population structure can generat...
Article
Full-text available
Several inferential methods using genomic data have been proposed to quantify and date population size changes in the history of species. At the same time an increasing number of studies have shown that population structure can generate spurious signals of population size change. Recently, Mazet et al. (2016) introduced, for a sample size of two, a...
Article
Detecting genomic footprints of selection is an important step in the understanding of evolution. Accounting for linkage disequilibrium in genome scans increases detection power, but haplotype-based methods require individual genotypes and are not applicable on pool-sequenced samples. We propose to take advantage of the local score approach to acco...
Article
Spatially varying selection triggers differential adaptation of local populations. Here we mined the determinants of local adaptation at the genome-wide scale in the two closest maize wild relatives, the teosintes Zea mays ssp parviglumis and ssp. mexicana. We sequenced 120 individuals from six populations: two lowland, two intermediate and two hig...
Article
Detecting the molecular basis of adaptation is one of the major questions in population genetics. With the advance in sequencing technologies, nearly complete interrogation of genome-wide polymorphisms in multiple populations is becoming feasible in some species, with the expectation that it will extend quickly to new ones. Here, we investigate the...
Article
Full-text available
Inferring the ancestral dynamics of effective population size is a long-standing question in population genetics, which can now be tackled much more accurately thanks to the massive genomic data available in many species. Several promising methods that take advantage of whole-genome sequences have been recently developed in this context. However, t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inferring the ancestral dynamics of effective population size is a long-standing question in population genetics, which can now be tackled much more accurately thanks to the massive genomic data available in many species. Several promising methods that take advantage of whole-genome sequences have been recently developed in this context. However, t...
Article
Reconstructing Past History from Whole-Genomes: An ABC Approach Handling Recombining Data
Article
Full-text available
Most species are structured and influenced by processes that either increased or reduced gene flow between populations. However, most population genetic inference methods assume panmixia and reconstruct a history characterized by population size changes. This is potentially problematic as population structure can generate spurious signals of popula...
Preprint
Most species are structured and influenced by processes that either increased or reduced gene flow between populations. However, most population genetic inference methods ignore population structure and reconstruct a history characterized by population size changes under the assumption that species behave as panmictic units. This is potentially pro...
Article
Full-text available
Most species are structured and influenced by processes that either increased or reduced gene flow between populations. However, most population genetic inference methods ignore population structure and reconstruct a history characterized by population size changes under the assumption that species behave as panmictic units. This is potentially pro...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting genomic footprints of selection is an important step in the understanding of evolution. Accounting for linkage disequilibrium in genome scans allows increasing the detection power, but haplotype-based methods require individual genotypes and are not applicable on pool-sequenced samples. We propose to take advantage of the local score appr...
Article
Full-text available
Medicago truncatula is a model legume species used to investigate plant-microorganism interactions, notably root symbioses. Massive population genomic and transcriptomic data now available for this species open the way for a comprehensive investigation of genomic variations associated with adaptation of M. truncatula to its environment. Here we per...
Conference Paper
Very few causal genes have been identified by quantitative trait loci (QTLs) mapping because of the large size ofQTLs, and most of them were identified thanks to functional links already known with the targeted phenotype.Here we propose to combine selection signature detection, SNP annotation, and expression analyses to identifycausal genes underly...
Article
Full-text available
Very few causal genes have been identified by quantitative trait loci (QTLs) mapping because of the large size of QTLs, and most of them were identified thanks to functional links already known with the targeted phenotype. Here we propose to combine selection signature detection, coding SNP annotation, and cis-expression QTL analyses to identify po...
Conference Paper
Abstract Text: Inferring the ancestral dynamics of effective population size is a long standing question in population genetics, which can now be resolved much more accurately thanks to the availability of massive genomic data in many species, including bovine. We present here a new Approximate Bayesian Computation approach, combining information f...
Conference Paper
Abstract Text: Detecting genomic footprints of selection is an important step in the understanding of evolution. Accounting for haplotype information in genome scans for selection allows increasing the detection power, but haplotype-based methods require individual genotypes and are not applicable when only allele frequencies are available. We pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract Text: Genome scans for selection can be used to identifiy genes and mutations underlying adaptive traits. The classical FST statistic does not account for complex population history. As a single SNP statistic, it is also not modelling linkage disequilibirum. We present two new methods aimed at taking these phenomenons into account. Through...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity of populations in domestic species offers great opportunities to study genome response to selection. The recently published Sheep HapMap dataset is a great example of characterization of the world wide genetic diversity in sheep. In this study, we re-analyzed the Sheep HapMap dataset to identify selection signatures in worldwide sheep...