Shih-Chang Hung's research while affiliated with National Tsing Hua University and other places

Publications (53)

Article
Disruptive innovation has become a core topic for technology management and indeed a central aspect of the modern industrial revolution. Although considerable attention has been devoted to its emergent properties and selection outcomes, less focus has been given to understand how disruption emerges through evolving and complex interactions that occ...
Article
In this paper, we recognize that technological trajectories can be modeled as a series of problem-solving activities, manifesting the cyclical pattern of divergence–convergence knowledge flow. This recognition is applied to study the technological development of the thermal inkjet print head, using main path analysis and an assignee cross-citation...
Article
Full-text available
Mathews (Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 23(1): 5–27, 2006) argues for the importance of latecomer firms undertaking international expansion through the three pillars of resource linkage, leverage, and learning (LLL). We argue that these pillars can be discussed in terms of an institutional framework that explains how institutions shape resourc...
Article
This paper applies chaos theory to innovation processes, highlighting nonlinear behavior and temporal dynamics in the process of replacing old and established technologies with the newly created ones. We employed the local Lyapunov exponent (LLE) to develop our model of analysis and define the edge of chaos. To illustrate our ideas, we analyzed the...
Article
This study utilized a two-stage approach, including secondary data analysis and the DEcision-MAking Trial and Evaluation Laboratory, to identify and explore the interrelationships of determinants for the performance of the university–industry research collaboration (UIRC) at the National Tsing Hua University, one of Taiwan’s elite universities. Res...
Article
Drawing on a longitudinal, embedded case study, this study explores the origin and evolution of organizational innovative capabilities. We show that capability development is connected to the way organizations exploit and utilize their capabilities and continually renew, develop and transform their capability paths from the exploration of, and inte...
Article
This paper examines how Chinese shan-zhai entrepreneurs draw on various kinds of rhetorical strategies to build legitimacy and advantage. The research period is from 1998 to 2011, a period during which the shan-zhai industry grew from an informal and shattered one to a formal and competitive one. We emphasize three kinds of legitimacy – pragmatic,...
Article
This paper applies chaos theory to innovation processes, highlighting nonlinear behavior and temporal dynamics in the process of substitution of old and established technologies with the newly created ones. We employed two independent but complementary mathematical tools, local Hurst exponent (LHE) and local Lyapunov exponent (LLE), to develop our...
Article
The study investigates Taiwan's sectoral system of innovation in the pharmaceutical industry, which has failed to achieve international competitiveness, despite strong state support. Our investigations were designed and carried out in two stages. In the first stage, we developed a statistical method to measure the institutional drivers in Taiwan's...
Article
In this paper, we develop themes from complexity and chaos theory that help to explain the technological change process. We apply two quantifiers, correlation dimensions and Lyapunov exponents, to examine the signs and degrees of chaotic technological dynamics. To illustrate our ideas, we study the development of electronic displays from 1976 to 20...
Article
This introduction to the guest issue on managing technology–service convergence, considers how service innovation has emerged and changed over time through three distinct eras: technology adopters, technology enabled and technology–service convergence. Convergence is modeled as relating to the linking of some combination of existing technology or s...
Article
Technological change evolves along a cyclical divergent-convergent pattern in knowledge diffusion paths. Technological divergence occurs as a breakthrough innovation, or discontinuity, inaugurating an era of ferment in which several competing technologies emerge and gradually advance. Technological convergence occurs as a series of evolutionary, va...
Article
During the last decade, Chinese shan-zhai mobile phones have steadily and deliberately evolved from an informal economy to a formal one. We draw on institutional entrepreneurship to study this evolution, focusing in particular on how informal Chinese entrepreneurs pursued change and the transition to a formal economy. We emphasize three strategies—...
Article
Entrepreneurship is increasingly recognized as a critical enabling driver to the business enterprises and the economic growth of nations. Accordingly, how to promote entrepreneurship has become a critical concern among academic scholars and business practitioners. The purpose of this study is to investigate how entrepreneurs mobilize their human an...
Article
We explore the micro processes by which actors change established macro- institutional structures. Drawing on the concept of institutional entrepreneurship, we examine how the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI, a Taiwanese statutory agency) transformed R&D management practice in Taiwan¡¦s public research sector between 1987 and 2009. I...
Conference Paper
The purpose of this study is to study how Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI, a Taiwan-based public R&D organization) exploits internal and external resources to speed up the commercialization process of emerging technologies which, in turn, stimulate the development of new technology-based industries. We draw on the perspective of bric...
Article
In this paper, we draw upon the concepts of chaos theory to examine technological change as a pattern of punctuated equilibrium through the alternation of continuity and discontinuity across time. We advocate the application of the chaos mathematical technique of time‐varying local Lyapunov exponents to estimate the rates of change, timing of techn...
Article
Understanding the correlation between the crystal cycle and the business cycle is important, because it can help managers to anticipate change, reduce environmental uncertainty, and formulate operational objectives. To this end, we focused on China and the U.S. in our analysis. We found that the economic indicators that were the most relevant in th...
Article
Emerging technologies have significant implications and profound consequences for firms, markets, government policy, and society as a whole. In emerging markets, however, social uncertainties are as important as technological and market uncertainties, and moreover are somewhat more complex. The papers in this special section offer views of how thes...
Article
This article examines the utility and applicability of chaos theory in technological change. Using data collected from the USPTO, we develop and find a theoretically-based chaotic model of the change process in panel display technology. We draw from our findings a set of propositions, which are tested through a retrospective case study. Based upon...
Article
The existing research contributes to our understanding about the value of social capital in a wide range of social science disciplines however, it does not well address the role of social capital in creativity for research and development (R&D) project teams in a given context. Using a sample of 54 R&D project teams in high-technology firms of Taiw...
Article
This paper draws on a single longitudinal case study of Trend Micro, a leading anti-virus company, to examine its entrepreneurial, value-creating trajectory. Applying and extending an entrepreneurship perspective, the paper manifests positive effect, rather than negative effect, of environmental jolt on entrepreneurial actions including opportunity...
Article
This study examines the determinants of the timing of Taiwanese firms' entry into China. Our empirical findings suggest that this strategic decision is influenced by both economic and institutional concerns. In particular, we found that Taiwanese firms that expected greater benefits from early entry tended to be early entrants in China, while those...
Article
This paper investigates how technology-based firms deploy their R&D and marketing resources for commercializing their technology assets. Specifically, we examine the main effects of R&D intensity, knowledge stocks, and commercialization orientation on firm performance as well as the interaction effects among the above variables. The US patent and f...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to discuss and examine how two Taiwanese firms–TSMC and UMC–who compete in the highly dynamic global semiconductor industry, are able to use their unique strategies to create a new wafer foundry sector. The birth of foundry business gave rise to the vertical disintegration of the IC industry. As the foundry industry evo...
Article
Purpose This paper investigates how a firm's human resource capability can affect the deployment and effectiveness of corporate mergers and acquisitions strategy. Design/methodology/approach Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is treated as a long‐term strategic orientation based on human resource advantage rather than a tactic to pursue short‐term goa...
Article
Stimulating new industries from emerging technologies is central to successful high-tech based economic growth, employment, competition and sustainability in modern market economies. The Taiwanese experiences in developing new technology-based industries (e.g. integrated circuits, personal computers, notebooks, scanners, and TFT LCDs) illustrate so...
Article
This paper examines the plurality of institutional embeddedness as a source of organizational attention differences. Using data collected from seven Taiwanese personal computer firms, we argue that firms differ in the strength and intensity of their social relations. Different degrees of relationship define the extent to which firms are embedded in...
Article
A new model for reconciling the action-structure dichotomy in the innovation process in industry is developed using insights from structuration theory, institutionalism, and resource dependence. It also re-integrates the break between the voluntaristic (action) and deterministic (structure) positions of innovation. Also considered are the implicati...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Creative Problem Solving (CPS) training on managerial problem solving behaviors. The ill-defined nature of managerial problem solving process is modeled by a two-space four-stage search model. Twenty-two mangers solved a managerial case before they received 12 hours of CPS training (control...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to study the strategic technology choices of Taiwan's high-technology-based firms and their impacts on performance. Cluster analyses were used to classify the firms into different groups based on four strategic tradeoffs, including the balance of product mix, the degree of research and development involvement, the bread...
Article
In this paper, we examine the different evolutionary processes and outcomes of the hard disk drive and liquid crystal display industries in Taiwan. To this end, we make two general theoretical claims. First, that an appreciation of the globalization of technology is as important as national institutions in understanding industry development in catc...
Article
This article examines the strategies for achieving differentiation through a network approach. The generic strategies models of positioning and the resource-based view have opened up the possibility of strategic difference, but, drawing on a social network approach, this article argues that, rather than accepting strategy as simply market given or...
Article
By connecting institutions within industrial evolution, this paper develops a set of systems of innovation to explain the innovative performance of Taiwan's personal computer industry. Three major institutional blocks are identified: technology as a paradigm; organizational routines that are historically rooted in the structure of economic dominanc...
Article
This study presents a socially constructed account of industrial advantage as applied empirically to Taiwan's personal computer platform, rigid disk drive and packaged software industries. Our argument is divided into three parts. First, stressing the differentiation and conflict of a society suggests that national institutional structures are not...
Article
In line with systems thinking in the OR/MS field, this paper develops a soft, socialized system of industry based upon recognizing the importance of social constructionist rules and resource in industrial activity. This system concept is then applied empirically to Taiwan's industrial context that is historically rooted in the society. On examinati...
Article
This paper examines the different growth trajectories of the personal computer, hard disc drive, and software sectors in Taiwan since the 1980s. Taking an institutionalist perspective, we emphasize the importance of institutionalized rules of the game in shaping economic behavior within social systems. We explain success and failure in the three se...
Conference Paper
Technology management can be studied at different units and levels. The literature has documented at least a hierarchy of four levels-functional (Chou, 1995), firm (Robertson and Gatignon, 1998), industry (Carlsson, and Stankiewics, 1991) and national analysis (Kitschelt, 1991). This paper concentrates on the industry level with an emphasis on the...
Article
Drawing on institutional analysis of politics, this paper proposes a concept of policy system that is then applied empirically to Taiwan's industrial context of 1986–95. Contemporary political sciences now identify the institutionalization of state-business relations. Accounts differ, but generally they retain a strong sense of conventional rules i...
Article
Full-text available
The 'new institutionalism' had led to increasing emphasis on the 'embeddedness' of organizations in local social systems. In this journal, Sorge (1991) and Whitley (1994) have shown, in particular, how the dominant forms of organization within countries or sectors are shaped by distinct national systems. The liability of these institutionalist appr...
Article
In this paper, we examine the impact of actor-network field on value creation by integrating the concepts of actor-network and organizational field. In electronic business and commerce, researchers have emphasized the various sources of value creation, yet little attention has been paid to examine the issue from a cognitive or "field" perspective....

Citations

... The drops are generated by localized heating using a resistance that causes a vapor bubble in the nozzles. This technology was developed simultaneously by Canon under the name Bubble jet (Peng et al., 2022) and by Hewlett Packard under Thinkjet (Hung, Lai, & Liu, 2022). ...
... We assume that pathway 1 is dominant in the case of the introduction of digital platforms. Platforms bypass established institutions and render existing intermediaries superfluous, making them almost inevitably in conflict with regulations (Edelman and Geradin 2015;Tseng, Hung, and Chan 2017). The associated 'permissionless innovation' rhetoric puts a large emphasis on the institutional work activities of the platform, acting as an assertive 'institutional entrepreneur' (Battilana, Leca, and Boxenbaum 2009). ...
... Studies have leveraged the strategy tripod to generate interesting insights (Gao et al., 2010;Krull et al., 2012;Lahiri et al., 2020;Lu et al., 2010;Su et al., 2016;Yamakawa et al. 2008). Being theoretically eclectic and inclusive, the institution-based view has thrived by integrating a number of theories (Gaur et al., 2014;Hung & Tseng, 2017;Kostova & Hult, 2016;Lin et al., 2009;Mahlich, 2009;Meyer & Peng, 2005, 2016Shi et al., 2012;Yi et al., 2019;Zoogah et al., 2015). ...
... Granted patents are accepted by USPTO and they are more reliable than patent applications. Besides, instead of granted date, we use the application date as it is a good factor for the time of invention [27]. (iii) We arrange all patents and assign DNA codes according to years, striving for the most influential system level. ...
... In recognition of the role of research collaboration in the knowledge-based economy, research collaboration has been studied from several angles including types of collaboration such as university-industry research collaboration and international research collaboration (Perkmann and Walsh 2009;Melber 2015), collaborating partners (Hughes et al. 2011;Hughes and Kitson 2012), determinants (Hu et al. 2016), costs and benefits/purpose (Lee 2000;D'Este and Perkmann 2011) and economic impact (Robin and Schubert 2013;Cheah and Yu 2016). It is noteworthy that these previous studies have focused on one or few dimensions of research collaboration and have had to rely on one or a combination of relevant theories such as network theory and institutional theory. ...
... Granted patents are accepted by USPTO and they are more reliable than patent applications. Besides, instead of granted date, we use the application date as it is a good factor for the time of invention [27]. (iii) We arrange all patents and assign DNA codes according to years, striving for the most influential system level. ...
... A impossibilidade de previsão em longo prazo se dá em virtude da dependência e sensibilidade às condições iniciais. Mesmo flutuações microscópicas, ou pequenas variações, em um sistema dinâmico e complexo, podem levar a grandes mudanças, podendo chegar a mudanças súbitas ou rupturas(Hung & Tu, 2009). Essas mudanças súbitas ou rupturas, segundo Matos, Matos e Almeida (2007), são provenientes de uma instabilidade maior no sistema, provenientes de pequenas perturbações aleatórias, amplificadas pelo efeito de feedback, que leva o sistema até um limite denominado ponto de bifurcação. ...
... Predicting technological development necessitates understanding and modeling it [2]. Once a model for technological development exists, one can use that model to forecast to aid strategic decisions [3] [4] [5]. The pay-off of having a model to forecast with sufficient accuracy is significant; however, constructing such models is difficult due to the considerable heterogeneity and the complexity of the technological landscape [6] [7] [8]. ...
... As much as it would be convenient for high tech to finally have a settled definition, it is still inconsistent and relative (Steenhuis and de Bruijn, 2006) despite the long history. Some high tech definitions have very high inclusivity ranges, revealing that high tech industries are about innovation and entrepreneurship (Hsiao et al., 2013). Considering the broadness of definitions of high tech throughout the literature, it can be determined that deep tech is a subset of the high tech ecosystem. ...
... y Silveira-Pérez, Cabeza-Pullés y Fernández-Pérez (2016). Los trabajos realizados por Hsiao, Lee y Chen (2016) yHsiao, et al. (2013) indican que el capital humano constituye un instrumento clave para la creación de pequeñas y medianas empresas, como el capital social para la movilización de recursos e instauración de emprendimientos exitosos.Los trabajos de Huggins, Prokop y Thompson ...