Sharona Hoffman's research while affiliated with Case Western Reserve University and other places

Publications (3)

Article
According to many experts, a public health emergency arising from an influenza pandemic, bioterrorism attack, or natural disaster is likely to develop in the next few years. Meeting the public health and medical response needs created by such an emergency will likely involve volunteers, health care professionals, public and private hospitals and cl...

Citations

... Cross-border and interoperable electronic health-record systems make confidential data more easily and more rapidly accessible to a wider audience. However, by enabling greater access to a compilation of personal data concerning one's health and genetic information from different sources, and spanning a lifetime, they increase the risk that personal health data could accidentally be disclosed or distributed to unauthorised parties (Hoffman 2010). There is broad agreement that it is individuals who should not only control their own data but also have the right to make decisions about access to their data, and be informed about how they will be used (Kaye et al. 2011;Brent D Mittelstadt et al. 2012;Solove 2013;Sterckx et al. 2015). ...
... The professional would therefore be exempted from any compensation obligation pursuant to Articles 1218 and 1256 of the civil code. These laws are more easily applied within the context of personal liability as opposed to the liability of facilities, which are obliged to demonstrate their inability to fulfill their duties due to (objectively) unpredictable and unavoidable causes [29,30], to a crisis and to an inability to ensure the standard of care previously delivered [31][32][33][34][35]. To that end, Article 2236 of the civil code may be invoked, which sanctions that "If performing the service requires the solution to particularly difficult technical problems, the service provider is not liable for damages in the absence of malicious misconduct or gross negligence." ...