Shannon McGinnis's research while affiliated with Temple University and other places

Publications (9)

Article
Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are known contributors of human fecal pollution in urban waterways. Exposure to these waterways occurs during recreational activities, including swimming, wading, and fishing. This study used quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) to estimate the risk of acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) due to recreation d...
Article
As the spread of COVID-19 continues to significantly impact daily life in the United States and globally, there is a need for a clear understanding of disease prevalence in communities. Traditional methods that rely on counting individual cases often result in underreporting due to limited access to testing or healthcare. This issue is further exac...
Article
In the United States approximately 48 million people are served by private wells. Unlike public water systems, private well water quality is not monitored and there are few studies on the extent and sources of contamination of private wells. We extensively investigated five private wells to understand the variability in microbial contamination, the...
Article
Full-text available
A lack of sanitation infrastructure is a major contributor to the global burden of diarrheal disease, particularly in low-income countries. Access to basic sanitation was identified as part of the 2015 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. However, current definitions of “basic” sanitation infrastructure exclude community or shared sanitati...
Article
Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are a known source of human fecal pollution and human pathogens in urban water bodies, which may present a significant public health threat. To monitor human fecal contamination in water, bacterial fecal indicator organisms (FIOs) are traditionally used. However, because FIOs are not specific to human sources and do...
Article
Full-text available
Young adults have a higher risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than other age groups. This risk may be mediated by their social and cultural setting which can impact young adults’ awareness of, beliefs in, and risk of contracting STIs (including HIV/AIDS). In order to understand how these factors vary among young adults of di...
Data
Supplementary Materials Appendices for the manuscript.
Article
Full-text available
Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing...

Citations

... The researchers' systematic approach to breaking down this complex question is a strength of the study, he adds. Shannon McGinnis, an epidemiologist who led a recent study at Temple University evaluating GI illness resulting from recreational exposure to sewer overflow-impacted waters, 9 concludes that overall "the paper highlights combined sewer overflows as a source of enteric pathogens in an urban environment. The authors suggest that recreation may not be the primary route of exposure that explains these relationships. ...
... Well-functioning OWMS can provide a high degree of domestic waste treatment (Robertson et al., 2019), yet in areas with high-densities of OWMS, their discharges can contribute to groundwater and surface water degradation (Rakhimbekova et al., 2021). OWMS discharges also contain microbial contaminants, which can pose risks to drinking-water quality of water pumped from shallow aquifers (Bremer and Harter, 2012;Murphy et al., 2020). ...
... as possible avenues or routes of pathogen transmission. The observation that the cistern handle, floor, latch of toilet, door handle, and tap handle were the most contaminated surfaces corroborates with other studies(Abiose, 2019;De Alwis et al., 2012;Fankem et al., 2006;Flores et al., 2011;McGinnis et al., 2019;Sabra, 2013;Verani et al., 2014) ...
... The health risks associated with exposure to urban stormwater runoff contaminated with Noroviruses, Enteroviruses, Campylobacter, Salmonella, E. Coli, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium have been previously established in high-income countries, including the USA, Switzerland, Holland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom (Yeah-King 2009;McBride et al. 2013;Medema 2014, 2015;Schoen et al. 2017;Van Abel et al. 2017;Abia et al. 2018;Allafchi et al. 2019;Taguchi et al. 2020). Despite the fact that there is an increasing number of publications regarding pathogen concentrations in stormwater runoff (Sidhu et al. 2013;Ahmed et al. 2018Ahmed et al. , 2019McGinnis et al. 2018;Steele et al. 2018), there is very little information on this issue in low-income countries, most of them located in tropical zones. Tropical zones often show high precipitation and temperatures (Gilarranz et al. 2022;Lembrechts et al. 2022) thus favoring pathogen presence. ...
... A ocorrência de IST é maior entre jovens de 14 a 29 anos em comparação às demais faixas etárias, pois foi observado que o início da atividade sexual e o número elevado de parcerias sexuais resulta em maior exposição aos agentes infecciosos nessa faixa etária. A população universitária constitui um grupo que apresenta alta exposição aos agentes dessas doenças, uma vez que o número elevado de parcerias sexuais está relacionado à maior vulnerabilidade [3][4] . ...
... Though international organizations and programs have been attempting to improve infrastructure as well as access to better sanitation and hygiene services focusing on schools [75,76], it remained to be a key area of intervention [77] in reducing typhoid risk among children. Besides, insufficient funding and budgeting have been cited as major barriers to successfully integrating and maintaining WASH programs in school settings [78]. Involving the community by increasing user responsibility for program management and maintenance was one of the most crucial strategies to improve sustainability once funders or private financiers were no longer involved. ...
Reference: Thyphoid