Sefika Kumral's research while affiliated with University of North Carolina at Greensboro and other places

Publications (10)

Article
This paper analyses the right‐wing populist rule of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (AKP) in Turkey, focusing on the crisis of capitalism, emerging discontent in the rural populations, and opportunities for and obstacles to a successful left‐wing populist mobilisation. We put forward three arguments. First, through an examination...
Article
This paper provides a critique of perspectives that see the recent global rise of right-wing populism as a direct reaction to the disastrous effects of neoliberalism. By turning attention to the uneven development of capitalism and international competition, in this paper, I present a distinction between ‘offensive’ and ‘defensive’ types of right-w...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses how periods of geopolitical conflict and violence have affected the development of capitalism and class formation in Turkey. We argue that all major episodes of conflict, violence and war—from forced displacement and ethnic cleansing of the non‐Muslims in the late 19th and the early 20th century, to Kurdish secessionist warfar...
Article
Full-text available
There is debate in the literature regarding whether China can become a new world hegemonic power in the 21 st century. Most existing analyses focus on economic aspects of world hegemony-building processes and ignore its macro-political dimensions. This article starts with the premise that reshaping the geopolitical configuration of the interstate s...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter seeks to understand the significance of contemporary radical changes in world income distribution (most notably the recent rapid rise of China, India and a handful of other peripheral countries) by comparing the present with other periods of world-hegemonic transition. The empirical core of the chapter examines the interrelationship bet...
Conference Paper
This paper examines the class structure of the 2013 Gezi uprising in Turkey in comparison with the 2011 wave of global social unrest. Although the Occupy-type movements that took place primarily in North America and Europe were important segments of the movements which created the 2011 wave of social unrest, they were not the only ones. For instanc...
Conference Paper
This paper discusses the global income inequality and stratification of the world economy from 1820 to 2012 with a focus on the transformations that take place during periods of financialization and hegemonic transitions. We argue that in periods of financial expansion and hegemonic transitions, intensification of economic crises, inter-state compe...

Citations

... We analyze this recent reconfiguration as part of a longer process of Hungary's global economic integration since the second half of the state socialist period, which, through different political regimes, has transformed Hungarian class relations as part of the "long downturn" (Brenner 2006) of the post-wwii global capitalist cycle (Arrighi 1990). Similar to Kumral and Karatasli (2020) or Jeffery Webber (2021), we do not approach the Hungarian case from the perspective of an ideological battle between democracy and authoritarianism, but more in terms of a socio-political history of semi-peripheral capitalist development whose typical tensions are exacerbated by its dependent integration into a crisis phase of global capitalism (cf. Gates 2018;Bello 2019). ...
... In the geopolitical sphere, a new global regime of legitimate protection would have to reflect the changing balance of power between East/West and global North/Souththat is, the fact that five centuries of Western military and financial domination of the capitalist world system has come to an end (Karatasli, Kumral, Pasciuti, & Silver, 2017). A new world hegemony (if there is to be one) would thus have to move beyond a project ofin shorthandconsent for the West, coercion for "the rest." ...
... Ancak başta Çin olmak üzere artan üretim kapasitesini otoriter yönetim yapısıyla da birleştirerek büyüme sağlamış bir doğu Asya ülkeleri olgusu, küresel neoliberal varsayımların çökmesine neden olacaktı(Frank, 1998;Weiss ve Wallace, 2021). Liberal dünya düzeninin dış-hegemonik boyutlarını jeoekonomik ve jeopolitik bağlamlarda irdelemek mümkün.Çeşitli teritoryal çelişkilerine rağmen(Karataşlı ve Kumral, 2017) Çin'in yükselişi artık bir mit değil, dünyanın dört bir tarafına doğrudan etki eden jeoekonomik bir olgu. Mao sonrası dönemde Çin'in teknoloji transferinde bulunması, devasa bir ucuz emek piyasasının olması, Mao sonrası ÇKP'nin liberal dünyaya açıklığı gibi etmenler Çin'in içeride sisteme entegrasyonunu kolaylaştıran faktörlere dönüştü. ...
... Obviously, strike incidence at the global level is hard to measure. Based on a systematic examination of coverage in five key newspapers from the Anglophone world, Şahan Savaş Karataşlı et al. (2015) argue that there was a global explosion of social protest from 1991 to 2011, and that labour struggles played a key role in driving up numbers. Similarly, Fernando Cortés-Chirino (2016) asserts that political mass strikes increased significantly between 1919 and 2014 across the world, and that they spread from Europe to the global semi-periphery and periphery. ...