Sara Skandrani's research while affiliated with University Paris Nanterre and other places

Publications (48)

Article
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Abstract: Asylum-seekers are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to frequent exposure to trauma. We investigated the coping intentions and lay beliefs about appropriate coping strategies among asylum-seekers from Sub-Saharan Africa in Germany. The study applied a methodological triangulation strategy with a vignette...
Article
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In the current area of social media propagation, the adoptees' search for the birth family is increasingly reversed: more and more adopted adolescents are contacted directly by their birth parents, even if they did not search for them. This study explores the impact of these new forms of contact between adoptive family members and birth family memb...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Diasporic Cameroonians are increasingly leading a transnational life in which family members are sustained through networks of relations and obligations. However, before arriving in Europe, the vast majority of African migrants who take the Mediterranean route are exposed to trauma and hardship. Moreover, the joint occurrence of forced dis...
Article
Résumé Objectif La honte, bien qu’omniprésente en prison, est souvent cachée ou masquée, enfouie derrière les barreaux. Elle reste peu étudiée par la recherche en psychologie. Nos travaux se sont intéressés à ce sentiment dans le cadre carcéral pour tenter d’en éclairer les visages et les cheminements. Méthode Notre recherche qualitative clinique...
Article
The reverse search for origins in internal adoptions The search for origins in adoptive families has mainly played out in fantasy, imagining the history of the child and his biological parents. Today, new questions are emerging in the context of ever more frequent instances where the biological family reaches out to the adoptee on social media. At...
Article
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For the last decade, children are adopted increasingly at an older age. Their pre-adoptive past can bare traumatic experiences consequent to abandonment, violence, or deprivation in birth family or orphanage. The objective of this study is to explore the impact of the child’s traumatic past on parental representations and subsequent parent-child in...
Article
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Background: Epidemiological studies have reported high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among asylum seekers from Sub-Saharan Africa. In order to provide appropriate and culturally sensitive mental health care for this group, further knowledge about treatment preferences might be necessary. Objective: We aimed to provide insights into...
Article
Most children adopted in a foreign country present somatic disorders, which can have an impact on the construction of the bond with the adoptive parents. This potential complication must be taken into account in the adoption procedure and during the post-adoption follow-up, taking on board the trauma of everyone involved. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier...
Article
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Pour se construire, les adultes enfants de migrants doivent concilier les référents culturels de leurs parents ainsi que leur culture d’appartenance française. En nous appuyant sur des entretiens menés auprès de quinze jeunes femmes issues de la seconde génération de Tamouls indiens et sri lankais de France, nous nous intéressons à leur positionnem...
Article
To grow up, adult migrant children have to link the cultural references of their parents as well as their culture of French belonging. Based on interviews with fifteen young women from the second generation of Tamils Indians and Sri Lankans of France, we question their positioning and identity strategies. Qualitative analyzes reveal that young Tami...
Article
Full-text available
Many asylum seekers have been confronted with traumatizing events, leading to high prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within the diagnostic context, clinicians should take into account patients' culturally shaped presentation of symptoms. Therefore, we sought to provide insights into beliefs about causes of PTSD held by Sub-...
Conference Paper
Geflüchtete aus Subsahara Afrika gelten als Hochrisikogruppe für Posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen (PTBS). Für die erfolgreiche Behandlung ist die Kenntnis der subjektiven Erklärungsmodelle wichtig. Diese können im interkulturellen Kontext variieren. So werden in Kulturen Subsahara Afrikas vielfach auch religiös-spirituelle oder übernatürliche E...
Article
Résumé À partir de la présentation d’une situation clinique d’adoption, ce travail décrit le fonctionnement d’une consultation groupale d’adoption internationale. Les questionnements qui y sont déposés par une famille sont analysés à plusieurs niveaux : à un niveau collectif, ils interrogent les représentations parentales des appartenances culturel...
Article
The experience of late international adoptees: a qualitative study This paper seeks to better understand late international adoption by analyzing the interviews of seven teenagers who were adopted between the ages of five and seven. The paper uses Smith’s Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (2008) in order to identify three primary themes: 1)...
Article
What pertinence is there in the concept of cultural identity for adopted children? The notion of cultural identity among children adopted from abroad was studied extensively in the United States but very little in France. It thus seemed pertinent to make a review of Anglo-saxon literature on this topic so as to bring out the main paths of inquiry....
Article
The link between psychological development and cultural identity is central to American literature on international adoption. It is claimed that adopted children's pride in the culture of their country of birth improves their self-esteem and helps them to cope with experiences of racism. Parents are therefore encouraged to teach their adopted child...
Article
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Approximately 30 000 children are adopted across national borders each year. A review of the literature on the cultural belonging of these internationally adopted children shows substantial differences between the literature from English-speaking countries and that from France and Europe in general. The objective of this study is to start from the...
Article
Résumé De nombreuses études anglo-saxonnes se sont focalisées sur la question des appartenances culturelles et de l’identité culturelle des enfants en situation d’adoption internationale, soulignant la corrélation entre identité culturelle positive et forte et meilleur développement psychologique ultérieur de l’enfant. La notion d’identité culturel...
Article
The notion of cultural identity among children adopted from abroad was studied extensively in the United States but very little in France. It thus seemed pertinent to make a review of Anglo-saxon literature on this topic so as to bring out the main paths of inquiry. In spite of a clear bias in favor of the importance for the child of maintaining co...
Book
Les travaux concernant les impacts d'un traumatisme à long terme chez les enfants sont relativement récents. Ils viennent démontrer les effets des violences sur la construction psychique de la subjectivité. C'est avec une intention d'ouverture et de transversalité que cet ouvrage rend compte d'études sur le devenir des traumas d'enfance, c'est-à-di...
Article
American literature on international adoption suggests that adoptees' pride in the culture of their birth country improves their self-esteem and helps them to cope with experiences of racism. Parents are therefore encouraged to teach their adopted children multicultural skills to improve their psychological well-being. French psychologists, on the...
Article
The « international adoption » consultation, a diverse and mixed reading Children and adolescents adopted internationally experience not only a passage from one kinship relation to another, but also from one country, one culture to another. To make sense of what is in play in the here-and-now of family interaction, we must view it from multiple ang...
Article
Full-text available
International adoptions involve approximately 30000 children worldwide each year. Nearly all of the adoptive parents travel to the child's country of birth to meet them and bring them home. The objective of this study is to analyze the adoptive parents' account of their first meetings with their child. The study includes 46 parents who adopted one...
Article
The culture question in international adoption The international literature review concerning international adoption reveals ethnic identity as a recurrent theme in Anglo-Saxon research, while it is absent from French research. This article proposes a critical revue of the ethnic identity concept, relating it to the historical and political context...
Article
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Children adopted abroad, between mother tongue and adopted tongue The migration of children adopted abroad implies a break-off from their cultural environment and especially from their native tongue, whether the adoption takes place before or after the age of language acquisition. These children are exposed successively but not simultaneously to tw...
Article
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In France, the issue of young women of Maghrebine origin has received important media coverage, and even become a political issue. In this context, we have conducted a qualitative research to study (1) the transnational practices, (2) the intergenerational relations, and (3) the identity construction of this population, within the dialogical self t...
Article
The migration of children adopted abroad implies a break-off from their cultural environment and especially from their native tongue, whether the adoption takes place before or after the age of language acquisition. These children are exposed successively but not simultaneously to two languages: the language of their first interactions which is als...
Article
Although the large majority of international adoptions are problem free, some of them involve a certain degree of suffering as much for the children as for the adoptive parents. These stumbling blocks in the relationship need to be studied taking into account the trauma experienced by each of the protagonists.
Article
Full-text available
Interviews conducted with young women of Maghrebine origin in France show that norms of virginity represent a central means by which women negotiate Maghrebine-French identity and handle intergenerational relations. From the legacy of the colonial era to the current interethnic context, notions of virginity have played a significant role, in both o...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé L’adolescence est la période spécifique où remaniements psychiques et questionnements identitaires sont au premier plan. La question de la construction identitaire s’avérerait d’autant plus complexe dans un contexte transculturel. À partir de leurs interrogations cliniques, les auteurs proposent une revue de la littérature sur le processus d...
Article
Adolescence is the specific stage during which psychological changes and identity searching are at the forefront of preoccupations. The identity construction proves to be particularly complex in a transcultural context. Starting from their clinical questioning, the authors propose a literature review of the process of identity construction in a pop...

Citations

... Faith has been shown to counter the adverse effects of adversity and trauma among African-origin populations [123] and to contribute to positive mental health outcomes [124]. Moreover, seeking comfort in religion has been found to be a major coping strategy for refugees from Sub-Saharan Africa [125] and intrinsic religiosity was associated with lower depression among caregivers of people living with HIV in Namibia [126]. Not surprisingly, religion is seen as a main pillar of African resilience and psychological health [124]. ...
... Ambiguities, miscommunication (Hertlein, 2012;Black et al., 2016) and concerns about potential intrusion by birth family members into the adoptive private family lives (Neil, 2009;Goldberg and Smith, 2011;Black et al., 2016) can be consequences of social media contacts. This is even more a concern, when adoptive families are directly contacted by adoptees' birth relatives without having themselves reached out for them (Skandrani et al., 2020). This contact initiated by the birth family doesn't fall into the category of what could have been an open adoption. ...
... While maternal or caregiver behaviour and nursing are possible ways by which the effects of adversity can be transferred to children [25][26][27], transmission via gametes is another possible route [28,29]. The likely involvement of the parental germline is supported by adoption studies in humans [30] and cross-fostering in animals [31,32], and implies that the offspring may be affected independently of parental care. ...
... The perceived quality of health care can also be diminished by divergent expectations and frustrations can arise on both sides (32). Sub-Saharan refugees tend to seek help from religious treatments including prayer and religious authorities (28,30,33,34) and traditional treatments such as herbal teas, natural remedies, or offerings (28,34). Social support also plays a major role and Sub-Saharan refugees prefer to utilize the support from family and friends (28,31,(33)(34)(35). ...
... Très peu d'études explorent les processus psychiques mobilisés par les adultes de seconde génération en situation d'interculturalité lors de leurs choix maritaux. Pourtant, le mariage apparaît comme une préoccupation majeure chez les femmes tamoules de France qui oscillent entre des représentations multiples (Vijayaratnam et al., 2017 ;Vijayaratnam et Moro, 2018 ;Vijayaratnam et al., 2019). ...
... Within many countries in the Global North, the bio-psycho-social model prevails in the conventional mental health care system, and thereby mainly focusses on individualized experiences caused by predominantly biological or psychosocial factors. This contrasts the attention for social, supernatural and religious factors in more collectivist cultures (19,(24)(25)(26)(27). The latter might implicate a preference for indigenous practices of healing rather than those provided by medical institutions (26). ...
... Some adoptees will ask questions directly concerning their birth mother or birth family, others will address them indirectly through an interest in the culture of origin (Harf et al., 2015;Benoit et al., 2018). Other adoptees will take a trip to the country of origin, visit the orphanage or the location of their abandonment; or just plan the trip and always postpone it (Mazeaud et al., 2019). The quest of origin can thus only be fantasized, without never taking place through direct action. ...
... Thus, the ties that adolescent immigrants have to their families and their countries of origin are sometimes ambivalent, sometimes conflicting (34,35). Moreover, in a cross-cultural situation, the adolescent does not always find figures with whom to identify in the host country, either in his or her peer group or in society. ...
... These unusual situations dissolved their professional self-confidence, leaving them passive and helpless in the face of this experience. The puzzlement expressed in their answers on the topic of school refusal by youths from transcultural backgrounds might thus mirror the traumatic experience of their encounter with otherness, perhaps recalling the concept of vicarious traumatization (31). Thus, the non-standard practices subsequently developed by some participants for dealing with these situations might be seen as defensive strategies to enable them to again become an active participant, thus recovering their professional identity. ...
... Furthermore, most of these children adopted from abroad are transracial adoptees; accordingly, they do not share a cultural and ethnic identity with their adoptive families. They may also experience feelings of loss of their birth cultural heritage, and this may have implications on the construction and integration of their bicultural identity (Ferrari et al., 2015;Harf et al., 2015;Juffer and Tieman, 2009). However, research studies on international adoption have pointed to pre-adoption factors that may affect the emotional development of adopted children. ...