Sara Ruddick's scientific contributions

Citations

... Stereotypical masculine traits largely reflect agentic or instrumental attributions, such as assertiveness, forcefulness, and self-reliance, while stereotypical feminine traits mostly reflect communion or expressiveness, such as sympathy, affectionateness, and warmth (Bem, 1981;Judd et al., 2005;Wood & Eagly, 2015). As Goldstein (2001) suggests, we believe that gender differences in traits, roles, and values, whether partially resulting from biological determinism or not (see Caprioli, 2000;Elshtain, 1995;Gilligan, 1982;Ruddick, 1989), are heavily influenced by social construction. ...