Sara Ishikawa's research while affiliated with New York State and other places

Citations

... This quote also highlights the aspect of manufacturing that adds to the challenge of building sustainable. Such that elements can be made in a simple process in a suitable format and an accessible material, as described by Alexander et al (1977). ...
... It seems that the idea of patterns is fundamental to human thought. In architecture Alexander et al. (1977) collected a series of 253 patterns of successful environments. The book created a new language, what the authors called a pattern language derived from timeless entities called patterns. ...
Reference: 6. Reuse in A&D
... Thereby, the concept of patterns has played a major role in incorporating the different perspectives of the studies conducted around the various CE challenges. A pattern describes a problem that occurs over and over again in our environment [14]. Following this logic, we have defined circular economy challenge patterns (CECPs) as the core idea of recurring and similar CE challenges. ...
... The concept of pattern comes from Alexander et al. (1977) that define it as "a problem which occurs over and over again in our environment, and then describes the core of the solution to that problem, in such a way that you can use this solution a million times over, without ever doing it the same way twice" (p. x). ...
... p.16). Alexander's structure-life theory was revisited and updated continuously throughout his career, such as "Notes on the Synthesis of Form" (Alexander, 1966), "A Pattern Language" (Alexander, 1977), "A New Theory of Urban Design" (Alexander, 1987) and more recently, "The Nature of Order" (Alexander, 2002), yet its key message remained largely consistent. ...