Sara Dolnicar's research while affiliated with The University of Queensland and other places

Publications (42)

Article
The global aspiration to mitigate climate change puts substantial pressure on the tourism sector – one of the most polluting industries – to operate in more sustainable ways. This study reviews intervention experiments in tourism and hospitality aimed at making tourist behaviour more sustainable. The analysis of 53 field experiments reveals the mos...
Preprint
The tourism industry must reduce the negative impacts of its operations on the environment to secure its own prosperity into the future and to contribute to humanity’s collective aim of more sustainable production and consumption. An increasing number of studies in sustainable tourism have attempted to develop and test in the field the effectivenes...
Preprint
Instructional Manipulation Checks (IMCs) are intended to detect inattention, a common occurrence in survey responding. We use eye tracking to empirically assess the attention that survey respondents dedicate to a short and a long IMC. We find that all 21 respondents pass the short IMC. In contrast, six respondents fail the long IMC. Our eye-trackin...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this perspective paper is to draw attention to how the tourism industry can take action to contribute to United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 12 by nudging tourists to behave in more environmentally sustainable ways. Many of the available practical approaches are easy and cheap to implement and therefore can be deploye...
Article
Disease outbreaks can severely disrupt the global tourism sector. New approaches for preventing infectious diseases from emerging and spreading are urgently needed to secure the prosperity of the tourism industry. This conceptual article proposes a comprehensive framework of interrelationships between tourism and emerging infectious disease. The co...
Article
The development of wellbeing during a vacation and immediately afterward is well understood. It remains unclear, however, how eudaimonia and hedonia differ across typical home and vacation contexts. Given that eudaimonia and hedonia drive behavior, understanding contextual differences can guide the development of targeted behavioral change interven...
Article
The tourism industry must reduce the negative impacts of its operations on the environment to secure its own prosperity into the future and to contribute to humanity’s collective aim of more sustainable production and consumption. An increasing number of studies in sustainable tourism have attempted to develop and test in the field the effectivenes...
Preprint
This study investigates a popular theory of tourist motivation – the travel career pattern – and contrasts it against an alternative explanation – that childhood travel habits repeat throughout life. The key distinction is that the travel career pattern predicts change, whereas habit predicts repetition. This study tests competing hypotheses using...
Article
Instructional Manipulation Checks (IMCs) are intended to detect inattention, a common occurrence in survey responding. We use eye tracking to empirically assess the attention that survey respondents dedicate to a short and a long IMC. We find that all 21 respondents pass the short IMC. In contrast, six respondents fail the long IMC. Our eye-trackin...
Article
Full-text available
Air transport challenges the world's net‐zero carbon ambitions. The sector has consistently grown and causes warming as a result of both CO2 and other, short‐lived emissions. Two principal solutions have been proposed to reduce the contribution of aviation to climate change: innovations of technology and the development of interventions to trigger...
Article
Full-text available
The existential need for more sustainable production and consumption has attracted substantial scholarly interest, which has focused on the positive outcomes of corporate sustainability. Negative side‐effects have been largely neglected. This study contributes (1) by synthesizing past research into such negative side‐effects from a diverse set of b...
Article
This study investigates a popular theory of tourist motivation – the travel career pattern – and contrasts it against an alternative explanation – that childhood travel habits repeat throughout life. The key distinction is that the travel career pattern predicts change, whereas habit predicts repetition. This study tests competing hypotheses, using...
Preprint
Multi-site field experimentation is critical to creating practically relevant context-independent and scientifically robust knowledge (Viglia & Dolnicar 2020). Yet, field experimentation is not common in tourism research. When used, it is typically implemented at one specific field site (e.g., Kallbekken & Sælen 2013; Kneževič Cvelbar et al. 2019),...
Preprint
A large proportion of the global population is currently grappling with water shortages. In many countries, the potential implementation of recycled water initiatives has been thwarted because of public opposition towards the notion of using recycled water. The development of effective advertising messages that increase public acceptance and willin...
Article
A large proportion of the global population is currently grappling with water shortages. In many countries, the potential implementation of recycled water initiatives has been thwarted because of public opposition towards the notion of using recycled water. The development of effective advertising messages that increase public acceptance and willin...
Preprint
In 2021, 10,752 refereed tourism, hospitality and event articles appeared in 272 journals. These observations lead to several questions: Do we have too many tourism journals? Are we publishing too many articles? Why are we publishing so many articles? What are the consequences for knowledge development? Is the only solution now individual rebellion...
Preprint
To contribute to the global effort of making production and consumption more sustainable, the tourism industry must reduce the provision of non-essential service components with negative environmental consequences. This study (1) identifies unsustainable non-essential accommodation services, (2) determines their comparative importance, (3) pinpoint...
Preprint
While the current Russian conflict in Ukraine is not the only international arena of conflict, its global visibility has triggered a movement for peace among ordinary people globally, including –most courageously– Russia and Belarus. People going to the streets and demanding peace played no minor part in pushing their elected leaders to commit to a...
Preprint
Survey measurement scales are expected to be stable – to generate the same values across two measurements and under unchanged conditions. In scale development, stability is assessed by calculating a scale’s test-retest reliability – a prerequisite to validity. Yet, a systematic review indicated that test-retest reliability values are reported for o...
Preprint
The global aspiration to mitigate climate change puts substantial pressure on the tourism sector – one of the most polluting industries – to operate in more sustainable ways. This study reviews intervention experiments in tourism and hospitality aimed at making tourist behaviour more sustainable. The analysis of 53 field experiments reveals the mos...
Preprint
Tourists bite off more than they can chew at hotel breakfast buffets. Food waste from hotel buffets means unnecessary food cost for hotels as well as an unnecessary burden on the environment. The present study measured food waste at a hotel breakfast buffet and identified the following guest and breakfast characteristics as being significantly asso...
Article
Most practical interventions the tourism industry deploys to make tourists behave in more environmentally sustainable ways when they are at their premises or destination – such as the request to reuse towels to protect the environment – rely on attention and cognitive processing. We propose that focusing instead on habit, as the key construct, will...
Preprint
Appeals to people’s pro-environmental values have been shown to trigger pro-environmental behavior across a range of contexts. The present study tests the potential of such interventions in a hedonic context where behavioral change does not generate utilitarian benefits (tourism). Results from a field experiment in a four-star hotel in Slovenia ind...
Preprint
Vacations are assumed to be characterised by enjoyment. More specifically, the level of enjoyment on vacation is assumed to be substantially higher than that of a normal day at home. Yet, this assumption has never been empirically tested. This study provides initial empirical evidence for the fact that all enjoyment-related constructs at the core o...
Preprint
Demand for tourist accommodation offered on peer-to-peer networks is skyrocketing. In such networks tourists can only book if the accommodation provider (host) gives their permission. Needing permission to book accommodation is radically new in tourism. No hotel, motel or B&B assesses a booking inquiry in detail before accepting their booking. But...
Preprint
Low survey participation from online panel members is a key challenge for market and social researchers. We identify 10 key drivers of panel members’ online survey participation from a qualitative study and then determine empirically using a stated choice experiment the relative importance of each of those drivers at aggregate and segment levels. W...
Preprint
Vaccine hesitancy is one of the main obstacles facing the tourism industry in its recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Many people are sceptical about the COVID-19 vaccine and decide not to get vaccinated. Our research aims to test the effectiveness of using travel-related incentives to overcome vaccine hesitancy. We investigate (1) whether travel-...
Preprint
Tracking respondents’ eyes while they complete a survey reveals that (a) they do not read instructions, survey questions, and answer options carefully enough, investing only as little as 32% of the required time; (b) their attention diminishes over the course of the survey; and (c) their self-reports of the survey experience do not reflect actual s...
Preprint
We test how different presentations of cause-related corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives affect the choice of holiday accommodation bookings. Results of a stated choice experiment indicate that – for the tourist population as a whole – information about CSR initiatives affects choice only minimally. One market segment emerges, however...
Preprint
This paper investigates heterogeneity of preferences for disability services within the theoretical framework of consumption values. We conducted interviews with people with a disability and disability service providers to develop survey items, then conducted a survey with 2000 adult Australian residents who either had a disability or were carers o...
Preprint
Paid peer-to-peer accommodation networks, including Airbnb, have been accused of excluding people with impairments. This study analyses host and guest posts on the Airbnb hosting community to (1) reveal key barriers preventing people with impairments from fully participating in peer-to-peer accommodation trading, and (2) identify solutions to overc...
Preprint
This study investigates – using a quasi-experimental field design – whether eco certification of tourism services affects tourists’ choices of service providers. Results indicate that, in times of high tourism demand, eco certification is unlikely to offer a competitive advantage. In times of low tourism demand, however, the niche segment of touris...
Preprint
Some Airbnb host communities display the characteristics of neo-tribes. The neo-tribe literature offers rich insights into the life of a neo-tribe, but their formation and ongoing functioning remain under-researched. This paper investigates these issues using a netnographic approach that explored the formation and practices of a Tasmanian Airbnb Ho...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates heterogeneity of preferences for disability services within the theoretical framework of consumption values. We conducted interviews with people with a disability and disability service providers to develop survey items, then conducted a survey with 2000 adult Australian residents who either had a disability or were carers o...
Preprint
Data-driven market segmentation is heavily used by academic tourism and hospitality researchers to create knowledge, and by data analysts in tourism industry to generate market insights. The stability of market segmentation solutions across repeated calculations is a key quality indicator of a segmentation solution. Yet, stability is typically igno...

Citations

... Rebuilding strategies of destinations and their effects on recovery from a natural/social disaster have traditionally been analysed from an economic point of view and with quantitative secondary data (see Cheng & Zhang, 2020). Recently, Zhu and Dolnicar (2022) asked whether the tourism industry could take advantage of the opportunities provided by natural or social disasters. They thus conducted a content analysis to identify messages about recovery guidelines during the Covid-19 pandemic issued by tourism industry associations. ...
... This suggests the need for stronger policies supporting society-wide lifestyle changes in key domains. These include, but are not limited to, reducing car dependence (Mattioli et al 2020) and improving conditions for walking, cycling, and public transportation, increasing taxes and removing subsidies in aviation (Gössling and Dolnicar 2022), promoting plant-based diets, changing the subsidies and taxes related to meat production, and subsidizing investments in the energy efficiency of buildings. Overall policies should support consumption of goods and services with low carbon intensity, and, vice versa, taxation and other tools available for the decision-makers should be utilized to increase the prices of carbon-intensive goods and services, and to decrease the prices of the lowintensity options. ...
... The sustainability of park management has been investigated in numerous studies showing the conflicting tendency between tourism development and ecological protection, i.e., [7][8][9][10], and attempted to find solutions [11]. There is therefore a clear need for proper management of the tourist flow and an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) following this flow [12][13][14][15][16]. ...
... Therefore, simply portraying the outcomes as being temporally close may not boost outcome efficacy necessarily. In fact, if consumers believe that the benefits of sustainable consumption occur over time, the framing of these benefits as being immediate may be contrary to their expectations and possibly even backfire (Acuti et al., 2022). ...
... Literature on war tourism has discussed tourism as a means of peace and solidarity (e.g., Butler & Suntikul, 2013;Dolnicar & McCabe, 2022) and memory (e.g., Carbone, 2022;Fyall et al., 2006). However, there is little research about individuals who seek the thrills of active war sites. ...
... In this viewpoint, we offer a response to McKercher and Dolnicar's (2022) research note by exposing the disturbing reality of academic publishing and how it is detrimental to tourism scholarship. We begin with a brief discussion about the origin of the "publish or perish" phrase and how the phrase fosters a toxic and problematic culture of quantity over quality. ...
... Arguably, the role of tourism journals is becoming even more complex, as a balance needs to be struck between what we understand as knowledge (the issues of epistemology and underrepresented areas reported above) with the journal's role of quality checking, and this in an increasingly (and perhaps overly) crowded space (McKercher & Dolnicar, 2022). Journals must also find a balance between theory-driven research and applied research. ...
... However, the extant literature has yet to investigate the role of place solidarity in any context, including tourism. Articulating this dearth of research on solidarity related to the war in Ukraine, Dolnicar and McCabe (2022) have called for scholars to address the issue of solidarity tourism. Against this background, we set out to examine the question whether place solidarity matters in the tourism sphere, by introducing and testing this concept in a nomological model. ...
... Greaves et al., 2013;Lam, 2006;Yuriev et al., 2020). However, its applicability in tourism has been questioned because of the enjoyment-focused nature, and the multiple goals and other contextual complexities that characterize tourism contexts which arguably make the TPB too general to predict behaviour (MacInnes et al., 2022). ...
... Authors are expected to describe in detail the target population, the sampling method, research constructs, and measurement scales. Considering the low reliability of categorical ordinal responses (Dolnicar, 2021), alternative measurement scales should be adopted whenever possible. This is particularly important to empirical research aiming at developing actionable guidelines for policy makers. ...