Sang-Yeon Kim's research while affiliated with University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee and other places

Publications (26)

Article
Effect sizes indicate the amount of or level of association, difference, or change associated with some measurement. All statistical measures provide some estimate of quantity of the question under consideration. Researchers typically distinguish between sample estimates of an effect size (which includes a weighting by the size of the sample) versu...
Article
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em>For five decades researchers investigated whether increasing the speed of the delivery of a persuasive message produces more message comprehension and attitude change. The experimental literature on this issue appears inconsistent, with many mediating variables introduced in an effort to reconcile disparate findings. This meta-analysis seeks to...
Article
Extant research has yet to uncover whether cultural differences exist in reactions to family member illness and how observed differences may be explained theoretically. The current project examines the impact of cultural worldview on health assessment and behavior—using inclusive measures capturing a range of health promoting activities—when a fami...
Article
As online surveys have become popular, concerns have emerged about the quality of responses submitted via mobile technology, such as limited text readability, increased distractions, etc. To assess the validity of this concern, this study examines the effect of medium (PC, smartphone) on the response reliability of Big-Five Mini-Markers for persona...
Article
Self-disclosure is a key concept in computer-mediated communication (CMC) theory and research, but disagreement exists about the impact of CMC, relative to face-to-face (FtF) communication, on self-disclosure. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing self-disclosure in CMC and FtF communication to summarize and clarify existing research. W...
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This study demonstrates that NVivo, a popular research tool for content analysis, produces biased Cohen’s kappa as it calculates the reliability statistic at the character level, which is unsuitable for most content-analytic studies adopting a higher unit of analysis (e.g., sentence, paragraph). Based on empirical data and a statistical simulation,...
Article
Since Aristotle, evidence provides a means of support to justify the acceptance of a conclusion. Textbooks used to teach persuasion in courses like public speaking often note the independent importance of speaker credibility, message evidence, and reasoning without necessarily considering the additive persuasive impact of the elements. Advice on ho...
Article
Effectively addressing wicked health problems, that is, those arising from complex multifactorial biological and socio-economic causes, requires transdisciplinary action. However, a significant body of research points toward substantial difficulties in cultivating transdisciplinary collaboration. Accordingly, this article presents the results of a...
Article
Adopting Nisbett’s theory of analytic and holistic thinking, the current study examines cultural influence on perceptions about the health benefits of holistic foods and nutritional elements. Consistent with the theory, Korean older adults (n = 84) tended to believe that consuming whole, natural foods (e.g., honey, aloe vera, green tea) is more hel...
Chapter
Meta-analysis is a set of procedures to synthesize existing quantitative data. The primary goal involves estimation of an average effect across investigations to reduce Type II (false negative) error and identify Type I (false positive) error. Also meta-analysis estimates the variability within the observed findings and evaluates sources for that v...
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We examined the cultural influence on perceived body weight and the level of health practices at a national and individual level. At a national level, we found that Japanese women (n = 80) overestimate body weight more than Korean (n = 82) and American (n = 63) women. At an individual level, individuals with interdependent self-construal were more...
Article
This study examines contributing factors of alcohol misuse among college students in South Korea and the U.S. Exploratory factor analyses (EFA) on measurements of alcohol expectancy, alcohol efficacy, and accommodation resulted in social and personal causes for alcohol misuse. Social causes alone predicted alcohol misuse for both countries. Social...
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This article pilots a study in statistical genre analysis, a mixed-method approach for (a) identifying conventional responses as a statistical distribution within a big data set and (b) assessing which deviations from the conventional might be more effective for changes in audience, purpose, or context. The study assesses pharmaceutical sponsor pre...
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The meta-analysis combines 230 investigations of counterattitudinal advocacy (CAA). The results indicate that CAA efforts are effective [Inline formula]. Effect sizes varied little across four different methods of CAA induction (choice, task commitment, publicity, argument source). However, an additive cues model (ACM) demonstrates that as the numb...
Article
Recently, Kim, Levine, and Allen have successfully demonstrated that the intertwined model of psychological reactance is applicable for message features other than freedom threat (i.e., personal insult, poor argument). The supporting evidence was obtained where resistance prevailed. The current study further extends the utility of the intertwined m...
Article
As a social category ‘immigrant’ can function rhetorically to constitute a line between self and Other. The case study of spousal murder in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century Chicago illustrates that Americans attempted to make sense of these murders by scapegoating immigrants. Statistical data illustrate that immigrants were no more likel...
Article
This study investigates cultural differences in conflict management styles between the U.S. and South Korea (nUS = 157, nKOR = 146). Predictions deduced from the theory of relational holism were consistent with the data. In managing conflicts, Americans preferred styles associated with low concern for others (i.e., competing, avoiding), whereas Kor...
Article
A large number of college smokers refuse to self-identify as smokers, instead referring to themselves as social smokers. With little or no information on how social smokers perceive risks and levels of efficacy related to smoking cessation, designing effective anti-smoking campaigns may be problematic. Based on the theoretical underpinning of the R...
Article
This investigation compares whether an intertwined or a separate process model better explains message failure incurred by threat to freedom. The current project extends the intertwined model proposed by Dillard and Shen (200513. Dillard , J. P. , & Shen , L. ( 2005 ). On the nature of reactance and its role in persuasive health communication . C...
Article
Meta-analyses provide support for the improved persuasiveness of a message including: (a) evidence source qualification, (b) assertive evidence, and (c) statistical over narrative evidence. The current empirical examination seeks to determine whether the persuasiveness of a message represents the additive effect of the individual message elements....
Article
The recently proposed cognitive-emotional theory of esteem support messages (CETESM) posits that sophisticated esteem support messages enhance state self-esteem by promoting cognitive reattribution and reappraisal of esteem-threatening situations and their effects on the self. To test this hypothesis, participants (N = 234) read a hypothetical situ...
Article
Studies on Individualism-Collectivism (IND-COL) have documented results contradicting Hofstede's theory. We attribute these theory-data inconsistencies to construct underspecification. Both IND and COL are confounded with similar yet disparate sub-constructs. In the main, this study illustrates that the West and the East do manifest opposite cultur...
Article
Full-text available
Earlier studies on identity have reported that North Americans and East Asians have very distinct views of self. While North Americans related consistency, stability, and clarity of self to high self-esteem, good social adjustment, and strong true self, East Asians, who tended to contextualize their identity and demonstrate high inconsistency and l...

Citations

... statements; Gayle et al., 1998); sexual content (vs. non-sexual; Lull and Bushman, 2015); sidedness (one-sided vs. two-sided; O'Keefe, 1999); speaking rate (faster vs. slower; Preiss et al., 2014); "that's not all" (included vs. omitted; Lee et al., 2019); threat appeal strength (strong vs. weak; White and Albarracín, 2018); victim description (identifiable vs. non-identifiable; Lee and Feeley, 2016); visual material (text-plusvisual vs. text-only; Seo, 2020, andSeo andKim, 2018); and vividness (vivid vs. pallid; Blondé and Girandola, 2016). ...
... Even though rhetorical scholars have only begun to systematically engage with medicines and health issues within the last two decades (Reed 2016;Segal 2005), recent such studies reveal the utility and value of rhetorical engagement with issues of medicines communication (Teston et al. 2014;Graham and Herndl 2011;Graham et al. 2018;Segal 2018). Like the case study provided in this chapter, this research highlights the need for closer examination and evaluation of the communication processes by which the public is involved in formal dialogues about medicines and risk. ...
... While there was no moderating effect of the communication channel on the mediation process of intimacy, those who interacted over FtF reported higher perceived partner responsiveness than those who interacted over CMC. One possibility is that participants in the FtF condition disclosed more intense personal information than those in the CMC condition (see, Ruppel et al., 2017). To examine this possibility, we looked at the data where participants reported the perceived intensity of their own self-disclosure (ranging from 1 to 7). ...
... Inter-coder reliability or inter-coder agreement is a measure of the extent to which independent judges make the same coding decisions in evaluating the characteristics of the keywords (Lombard et al., 2002). The Kappa coefficient is used to check coding consistency between coders in qualitative research and is a widely used measure of Inter-coder reliability (Kim et al., 2016). The value of Kohen's kappa was 0.82 for our study, which indicated the reliability and consistency of coding (92 codes) among the two researchers. ...
... Our study has shown that speakers with an FCOI are also more likely to provide a positive testimony regarding the drug. Having an FCOI does not prevent these speakers from providing testimony, which may sway voters in favor of approval for a drug that may not have otherwise been approved, due to factors such as limited efficacy or trial data [15]. This research is particularly important for scenarios in which drug evidence may not be as clear or as beneficial. ...
... The first assumption has been answered affirmatively by a meta-analysis reaffirming that various forms of instruction (e.g. public speaking, competitive debate, and argumentation classes) improve critical thinking (Allen, Berkowitz, Hunt, & Louden, 1999;Kim, Allen, & Cole, 2016). The second assumption receives some support from the present findings, as well as from research involving dyads where untrained participants would accept valid arguments (Jacobs, Allen, Jackson, & Patrell, 1985). ...
... This is particularly important in collaborative approaches to science, as definitions can become commonplaces that collaborators come back to repeatedly to create and negotiate meanings (Blythe et al., 2008;Walsh, 2017). In this context, an approach like knowledge mapping can foster collaborative discussions by posing questions to help guide these negotiations (Wilson and Herndl, 2007;Graham et al., 2017). Scholars have also drawn from stasis theory to attend to how definitions shape arguments about contentious science issues. ...
... Contrary to our hypothesis, the present study noted that resilience did not play a role in reducing the negative effect of stress on alcohol misuse. While alcohol misuse can be a consequence of stress [14], resilience did not moderate the relationship between perceived stress and alcohol misuse, which could be attributed to the lower alcohol misuse among the student cohort in the present study during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to previous studies [36,[90][91][92][93]. In the present study, most students reported either reduced or no change in alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to before. ...
... Posting these reflections of intentions to change and body appreciation may have facilitated a state of cognitive dissonance as participants publicly and voluntarily entered into statements of counter-attitudinal advocacy toward body appreciation and self-compassion [31,76]. The process of cognitive dissonance is in line with evidence within the literature for supporting health behaviour change related to body dissatisfaction and eating disorder prevention [30,31] and broader public health targets [55,77,78]. Additionally, collective rejection of the thin-ideal through social norms, peer support, and validation was likely to be a facilitator of change, highlighting the importance of social support when making attitudinal and behaviour change in the context of body image [79]. ...
... Harris and Kim (2015) have shown that immigrants are more likely to be scapegoated and framed as a violent "other" in historical context, despite the evidence that immigrants were no more likely to engage in spousal homicides than anyone else. ...