Sandro Ruffo's research while affiliated with Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Verona and other places

Publications (12)

Article
A new species of Talitridae, Cryptorchestia garbinii, is here described and illustrated. It was collected in Lake Garda in 1895 and initially identified by Adriano Garbini, one of the first Italian hydrobiologists, as Orchestia littorea; then as O. gammarellus in a second publication, and finally as O. bottae. In 1925, Spandl identified the specime...
Article
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Sampling the freshwater-inhabitants of different localities in Madagascar yielded three new genera and six new species of Amphipoda of the superfamily Crangonyctoidea, showing how little known this zone has been until now. A new family is erected.
Article
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Two small ischyrocerid amphipods were found in quite unusual habitats: one in thermal water of Sardinia, the other in a Sicilian cave 175 m above sea level. As the first is represented by only a single immature specimen, it is illustrated and described, without receiving a name; the second one could be fully described as a new species Jassa trinacr...
Article
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We describe Caledonietta maryae n. gen. n. sp. based on material collected in New Caledonia. The new genus is similar to Phreatogammarus Stebbing, 1989 from New Zealand and distinguishable from it in the gnathopods 1-2 dactylus with 3 strong spiniform processes on disto-posterior margin, gnathopod 2 carpus without ventral lobe, and palmar margin of...
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The bogidiellid amphipod crustaceans Stockigidiella aequimana new genus and species and Omangidiella parvidactyla new genus and species are described from subterranean groundwater habitats in the Sultanate of Oman on the Arabian Peninsula. Stockigidiella is easily distinguished by a row of long, deeply bifid setae on pereopods 5 and 6, whereas Oman...
Article
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The recent discovery in Lake Garda, and in other watercourses of northern Italy, of Dikerogammarus villosus, an amphipod crustacean from the Ponto‐Caspian region, is a worrying confirmation of how it is rapidly spreading in Europe. In Lake Garda, the species is present, with high population density, in the southern basin, where it is the only gamma...
Book
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Italy has a very rich fauna, with more than 57,000 species recorded so far. This high biodiversity is a privilege, but also a responsibility: its protection is one of our challen- ges and is a goal that everybody should take aim at. In fact, Italy together with another 180 countries ratified the Rio de Janeiro Convention on Biodiversity, which in 1...
Article
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Checklist and distribution of the italian fauna. 10,000 terrestrial and inland water species | Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Amphipoda are considered an order of Malacostraca crustaceans: they are widespread in surface and subterranean freshwaters of Italy and are quite well known from the points of view of taxonomy and dist...
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We consider Italian species of the genus Gammarus present in the Apennines and Sardinia. Populations of G. italicus Goedmakers & Pinkster from Apennine lowlands and Sardinia were analysed with a genetic approach by allozyme electrophoresis and were found to be significantly distant from one another (D= 0,43, Nei, 1978). Therefore, since the locus t...

Citations

... Once thought to be monospecific but highly variable (Sexton & Reid 1951), Conlan (1989Conlan ( , 1990) used observations of sex-and age-invariant characters along with mating behaviour and the growth of sexually dimorphic body parts to recognize 19 species within the genus. Since then, five additional species have been described: J. kjetilanna Vader & Krapp, 2005, J. cadetta Krapp et al., 2008, J. trinacriae Krapp et al., 2010, Jassa sp. of Krapp et al., 2010 andJ. mendozai Winfield et al., 2021. ...
... The "high plain" is at the base of the slopes of the Alps and the Apennines (over 100-150 m a.s.l.) and is characterized by very permeable soils whose particles size consists mainly of coarse elements (stones, gravel, and sand). In the "high plain", rainwater penetrates the soil in depth until it reaches waterproof rocks/sediments on which it flows and then resurfaces at lower altitudes (100-80 m a.s.l.), giving rise to resurgences (Toniolo 1933;Minelli et al. 2002;De Luca et al. 2014). The resurgences are located along a large part of Po Plain forming a belt from west to east parallel to the foothills (about 800 km long and 25 km wide) which is known as the "resurgence belt" and which delimits the "high plain" from the "low plain" (Martinis et al. 1976;De Luca et al. 2014). ...
... Syn.: Rivulogammarus pulex danubialis (staMMer, 1932a;KaraMan, 1931); Rivulogammarus pulex danubialis f. subterranea n.f. (KaraMan, 1931) G. fossarum è un complesso di specie ad ampia distribuzione in Europa centrale, che penetra in italia lungo la Pianura Padana (ruFFo & stoch, 2005), ed è frequente alle Sorgenti del Timavo, mentre è sostituito da Echinogammarus pungens nelle sorgenti più settentrionali. Si tratta di una specie di superficie, che può talvolta essere presente in grotta come stigossena. ...
... Since our purpose was to obtain information regarding the current distribution of the species in the study area, the review of bibliographical data was limited to papers published after 1980. Therefore, pre-1980 data stored in the CKmap database [14] were not considered. In addition, a set of unpublished occurrence data is reported herein Decapod specimens collected in the frame of this study were identified according to Williams [15], Froglia [16], González-Ortegón and Cuesta [17], Holdich and Vigneux [18], and González-Ortegón et al. [19]. ...
... The amphibious living Cryptorchestia garbinii Ruffo, Tarocco & Latella, 2014 spreads along the European coasts and is also found in freshwater habitats. Recent studies (Ruffo et al., 2014;Davolos et al., 2018;Rewicz et al., 2020) indicate that the species that has migrated to Europe is Cryptorchestia garbinii, a species formerly called Cryptorchestia cavimana (Heller, 1865). The latter is probably restricted to Cyprus (see also Zettler and Zettler, 2017 Martynov, 1932), and Chelicorophium robustum (G.O. ...
... Subsequently, although 30 years passed since then, these efforts were summarized and critically revised in a series of works by G. Karaman and Pinkster 5-8 , with the result of the revision synonymizing most of the previously described species. Since that time, however, more than a dozen of new species were described from inland waters of Europe and adjacent regions (e.g., [9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] ). Furthermore, during the recent decade, phylogenetic studies based on extensive molecular data sets have entirely altered traditional views on the taxonomy of the family Gammaridae and also on the definition and validity of genera belonging to this family 17-20 . ...
... Studi sui Crostacei Anfipodi I.; l'ultima è del 2014, allorquando lo zoologo veronese è ormai deceduto da tempo. Ad un anno dalla scomparsa, in segno di reverente omaggio, Ruffo viene incluso tra gli autori del contributo sugli anfipodi del Madagascar (Iannilli et al., 2014) nel quale viene descritto il taxon Sandrospinidactylus nuovo genere a lui dedicato. Nel corso della sua carriera, Ruffo descrive taxa di Amphipoda provenienti dall'Italia continentale e dai mari italiani, dal Mar Rosso e Mar Morto, Oceano Atlantico, Oceano Indiano, come anche dall'Africa, Socotra, Oman, Bali, Sumatra, Celebes e fino alla Terra del Fuoco e alla Nuova Zelanda; di rilevante importanza è pure la revisione delle collezioni del Museo di Storia Naturale di Genova. ...
... The family Bogidiellidae Hertzog, 1936 has an intriguing history of study that shaped the systematics of the group (e.g., Hertzog 1933;Holsinger and Longley 1980;Karaman 1981;Stock 1981;Ruffo 1973;Koenemann et al. 1998;Koenemann and Holsinger 1999;Iannilli et al. 2006;Jaume et al. 2007;Vonk and Jaume 2010;Leijs et al. 2011;Senna et al. 2014), but this work has not led to a coherent understanding of relationships within the family (Lowry and Myers 2013). The Bogidiellidae includes 37 genera and 113 described species, with the phylogenetic relationships among the genera discussed by Stock (1981) and a phylogenetic tree produced by Koenemann and Holsinger (1999). ...
... Hijmans et al. 2005) (Table S3). We included localities of all sequenced specimens, plus additional localities for mainland Italy from CKMAP v5.4.1 (Latella et al. 2007), which were considered separately in some specific analyses. To characterize the preferred climatic conditions for each species, we represented the location of the occurrence cells of each of them across the climatic space of the study area. ...