Salla Annala's research while affiliated with Lappeenranta – Lahti University of Technology LUT and other places

Publications (32)

Article
Full-text available
Demand Response (DR) is a potential tool to help reduce the network and market stress with the ever-increasing renewable energy in the electricity system. This study aims to measure the different motivators of residential consumers towards Direct Load Control (DLC) DR to identify the influence of socioeconomic and demographic characteristics on the...
Article
Residential demand response is increasingly recognized as a valuable tool to increase power-system flexibility and to improve integration of renewable energy sources in the sustainable energy transition. However, low customer participation and engagement is one of the barriers hindering widespread implementation of residential demand response. To i...
Article
Sharing local co-owned photovoltaic (PV) energy in multifamily residential buildings is inefficient. Energy produced and consumed within the same building may be considered purchased energy, of which the customer must pay the purchase price, the network service fee, and taxes. As PV typically does not allow self-sufficiency in the Nordic countries,...
Article
Full-text available
Shared energy resources and energy communities are being widely studied and pilots are being implemented in various locations around the world. However, laypeople may find the concepts regarding energy and electricity in general difficult to grasp, and the issue is made more complex by introducing new aspects like demand response and shared photovo...
Article
Full-text available
The transition toward more renewable-based energy systems increases the need for new flexible resources, such as demand response (DR). Previous literature has found various barriers for DR utilization, but much of this research has focused on the initiation of DR operations or barriers in national markets and not on factors that hinder market upsca...
Article
Full-text available
Demand response (DR) is an innovation emerging at the intersection of the energy and information and communications technology sectors. This paper aims to investigate the drivers of—and differences in—business model innovation (BMI) behaviours of firms operating in these two interacting industries. Results from 22 semi-structured interviews with re...
Article
Full-text available
To enter a market and scale up, entrant firms often need to cooperate with their incumbent competitors, so they are in coopetition with them. Our goal is to increase the understanding of the antecedents of coopetition and the ways in which new entrant firms navigate coopetitive tensions with incumbents. Moreover, we are interested in the impacts th...
Article
Full-text available
Peer-to-peer (P2P) electricity sharing or trading can empower consumers and prosumers, incentivize the balancing of generation and demand locally, increase system resilience and reliability, and help in achieving societal goals, such as increasing renewable energy penetration. Nevertheless, the development of P2P trading in actual environments has...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents an overview of the present technical barriers and triggers on the utilization of small active resources in demand response (DR) market and suggests requirements to novel technical solutions enabling extensive penetration of such services. The paper describes the present status of the DR in the Finnish power system. The key techni...
Article
The reduction of environmental impacts of electricity use and the transition to renewable power generation crucially depend on demand response (DR). This article takes the political commitment to DR as a starting point and empirically examines Finnish stakeholders’ views on barriers to the utilization of DR and the ways in which these barriers coul...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Neo-Carbon Energy is the largest renewable energy research in the Finnish history. We are creating a completely new energy system where the produced energy is emission-free, cost-effective and independent. We are solving renewable energy’s flexible use, storage and distribution. This will revolutionise the entire energy field. The project is carrie...
Article
Full-text available
Energy service companies (ESCOs) are often seen as a focal mechanism to improve energy efficiency. However, ESCOs have not met all the expectations which have been loaded on them and their diffusion has been slower than expected. This paper focuses on analysing the development of the ESCO sector in Finland and identifying the key factors—both drive...
Conference Paper
Demand response could facilitate efficient use of electricity network and generation infrastructure. This paper reviews demand response policies and incentives for large and small electricity users in Australia and Europe. A special focus is on how Australian distribution system operators and retailers utilize the new pricing opportunities when sma...
Article
Energy industries are a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to promoting cleaner electricity generation, increasing attention is paid to households' energy use. This paper investigates how different campaigns, regulations and technological solutions aim to impact households' energy use and what kinds of challenges such initia...
Article
Full-text available
More flexible demand side would benefit the electricity markets, networks and sustainable power generation in many ways. The success of demand response programs, however, relies on consumer acceptance. This paper reviews previous studies about acceptability of different kinds of residential demand response programs. Furthermore, it discusses whethe...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to study the rationality of residential electricity customers' decision-making based on their behavior in liberalized electricity markets. Design/methodology/approach – Finnish residential customers' saving opportunities from supplier switching are studied by using price data obtained from the Finnish Energy Market Author...
Conference Paper
More active demand side participation is promoted as a solution to various problems in the electricity markets and networks. Perhaps the most discussed option of increasing consumer participation is demand response. However, getting consumers to join programs that involve variable prices and/or direct control of consumer appliances may prove challe...
Conference Paper
Electricity companies have traditionally seen customers only as consumers but with the introduction of new metering technology the situation is about to change. As customer participation increases with the development of the Smart Grid environment, new concerns about privacy arise. In this article we introduce an architecture offering a clear, info...
Article
The Russian power sector reform initiated in 2001 endeavored to introduce competition into major segments of the Russian electricity market. This paper examines how far the reforms have advanced in the retail electricity market and discusses social, political and technological barriers to market liberalization. Market shares of retailers are used a...
Conference Paper
Demand response is a widely discussed option for facilitating connection of intermittent generation and making the use of energy resources more efficient. Previous studies have shown that the use of demand response enabling technologies leads to higher reductions during peak hours than only giving price signals to customers who can then decide whet...
Conference Paper
Retail electricity market models applied in different countries vary; the differences are related to for example regulation concerning invoicing and metering arrangements. Retail market model has an influence on competition in the market, since the unbundling arrangements may have an effect on how customers understand their opportunity to switch su...
Conference Paper
The Finnish retail electricity market has been fully open for the past ten years. However, it has been estimated that still about 70 per cent of household customers buy electricity from their local incumbent supplier. The Finnish customers have been less active than their Norwegian and Swedish counterparts, although the retail markets were opened a...

Citations

... This concept pursues the optimization of the resources available in the community, with the end of increasing the welfare of the group [6]. In this way, concepts like peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading gain importance to exploit surplus renewable energy in rooftop photovoltaic (PV) panels, so that other prosumers can be benefited [7,8]. In this context, IPLs may help to further increase the efficiency and economy of the community, which can exploit the set of EVs as a collective energy storage system. ...
... In LEMs, the implementation of the MO role depends on how the balance responsibility is distributed and the settlement of imbalances is managed. Repo et al. (2020) discuss three concepts, which could be applied in P2P schemes. ...
... This transition paves the way towards creating new businesses which ultimately improves the social welfare and, if implemented correctly, facilitates the operation of legacy power grid infrastructure [4,5]. Despite notable breakthroughs in developing P2P trading mechanisms, the primary focus has been on trading power and incorporation of ancillary services, like flexibility, is relatively underscored [6]. ...
... Finland is a part of the Nordic electricity market, with HHI (Herfindahl-Hirschman Index) 875-900 [16] indicating a competitive market. The residential sector is characterised by high electricity consumption (7800 kWh/year/dwelling in contrast with the EU average of 3700 kWh/year/dwelling [17], with almost half (47 %) of that going to space heating (EU average is 13 %) [18]). However, power prices have remained relatively low in Finland, being 0.1773 €/kWh in 2020, in contrast to the EU average of 0.2134 €/kWh [15], which is a result of the access to Nordic hydro-reserves but also of substantial competition in electricity retailing [19]. ...
... Recent research shows that the expected role of energy end-users in demand response remains open [4]. Discussion on smart grids suggests that energy end-users who are technologically savvy follow economic rationalities [5] and adjust their electricity demand based on fluctuating market prices. ...
... With the widespread adoption of smart meters by residential consumers (Energy Authority, 2017) there have been many pilot studies within the Nordics to explore the residential demand flexibility (Söyrinki et al., 2018;Fjae stad and Svensen, 2021;Ruwaida et al., 2022). Water heaters are an example of the loads for which flexibility potential can be sold to the ancillary services market while providing some electricity bill reductions for the consumer (Annala et al., 2018). ...
... Finland: Finland is regarded as an innovator in the use of smart meters and a leader among European nations with a DR system [215][216][217]. The network's functionality is managed by Helsinki, Finland-based transmission company Fingrid Ltd., which also responds to customer demand using the market's established processes [218,219]. ...
... The European Commission defined Demand Response as 'voluntary changes by end-consumers of their usual electricity use patterns -in response to market signals' [4]. The market for Demand Response contains various stakeholders. ...
... Although methods such as questionnaire surveys, interviews, and case studies are common approaches in the construction industry's studies, Delphi is considered a suitable tool to prioritize issues to the extent that several scholars collected experts' viewpoints through Delphi rather than traditional surveys (Hallowell and Gambatese 2009). However, it is best suited in fields where there are data unavailability, complexity, uncertainty, various viewpoints, and insufficient established quantitative documents (Linstone and Turoff 1975;Orndoff 2005;Skulmoski et al. 2007;Lucko and Rojas 2010), such as energy efficiency (Pätäri et al. 2016), public health insurance (Zhao et al. 2015), software development (Nakatsu and Iacovou 2009), and quality assurance (Heiko 2012). ...
... Top-down experiments, led by central governments, include devolving powers from national to local levels, and seeking to incorporate local knowledge into decisionmaking (Sturzaker & Gordon 2017: 1326. Such approaches often aim to support evidence-based development of governance and legislation (Annala et al. 2016), and hold appeal in their ability to test policies and participatory approaches under real-world conditions (Laakso et al. 2017). Bottom-up approaches, led by civil society, incorporate novel forms of social organisation, often led by citizen groups and local non-governmental organisations (Hegger et al. 2007;Seyfang & Smith 2007). ...