Saleh Al-Sulaiman's research while affiliated with Kuwait Oil Company and other places

Publications (36)

Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper highlights the importance of online corrosion monitoring methodology (coupons / probes) as a key tool for early detection. In the paper, the online corrosion monitoring data lead to physical inspection, identification of low thickness areas and corrective action to avoid unwanted consequences.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As part of continued efforts by an operating company to address specific corrosion mitigation needs and utilize improved integrity chemicals such as corrosion inhibitor, scale inhibitor, oxygen scavenger, biocides as well as operational chemicals such as antifoam, coagulants, anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes etc. offered by different chemical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paper highlights the importance of not neglecting GnAB / GAB bacteria strain and their role in MIC. In this case, Oil and gas separators faced localized corrosion due to these strains, where the SRB strains were found to be zero.
Conference Paper
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During preventive maintenance survey in one of the Oil & Gas production facility in Kuwait Oil Company (KOC), accumulation of elemental sulfur was observed in the LP gas Knockout drum, which remove moisture from the gas heading to the booster station. The formation and presence of elemental Sulfur (S8) in any gas stream, if found, is concerning, as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Glycol systems are widely used in gas processing plants for the removal of contaminants such as moisture from the gas. Since the majority of the piping and vessels in these plants are fabricated from carbon steel, there is a high potential for corrosion. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the major corrosion mechanisms associated with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the oil and gas industry, internal corrosion of metallic components and piping is caused by the associated water flow onto the surface along with the crude oil. Once established, the corrosion characteristics of the produced water changes due to corresponding change in the fluid properties. By continuously monitoring the corrosion rates and type...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Gas/Gas shell and tube heat exchanger in gas dehydration unit in gathering center of Oil & Gas production company had failed repeatedly over the years. To investigate the cause of this repetitive failure, detailed visual inspection & Non-Destructive testing (NDT) of a piece of shell plate and pieces of tube from an old scrapped gas/gas heat excha...
Article
Full-text available
The causative circumstances for internal corrosion, external corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking phenomena may be dissimilar; but the forms of corrosion are essentially invariant. Inspection and monitoring are the two key processes by which pipeline corrosion can be detected, although online corrosion monitoring, whether using electronic probe...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiologically influenced corrosion is the degradation of a material under the influence of environmental factors complicated by the metabolic activities of microorganisms. Microbiological attack on process equipment used in the petroleum industry results in increased operating expenses and reduced income.
Article
Full-text available
Corrosion products such as iron sulfides, iron oxides, and iron carbonates are the major constituents of black powder observed in the export gas handling facilities of Kuwait Oil Co. Acid gases, such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) together with oxygen (O2), are benign in dry gas but highly corrosive when dissolved in water, eith...
Conference Paper
A 16 km. long, 18” Gas pipeline (HP055) was in service to transport High Pressure Gas from an oil gathering center in West Kuwait (WK) area since 2001. The Pipeline carried wet sour gas. It was inspected in 2008 using high resolution MFL-ILI tool. No significant corrosion was found. In late 2012, a leak developed in the pipeline. The leak was due t...
Article
Full-text available
Internal corrosion monitoring and fluid analysis data from operating plants can provide guidance to asset owners for corrective and/or preventive measures to mitigate corrosion and also determine inspection requirements. Results from these activities can be compared with actual inspection findings during facility shutdown to evaluate the monitoring...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Systematic internal corrosion monitoring, fluid analysis and on-stream inspection of process vessels and associated piping in operating plants at appropriate locations can provide valuable insight into the corrosion status and fitness level of the equipment and components. At the Kuwait Oil Company (KOC), Internal Corrosion Monitoring activities an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Consider a crude oil handling system, with various degrees of water separation/accumulation, which has been experiencing increased corrosion over a period of time. If the trend of increasing corrosion rate versus time parallels the corresponding trend of water separation/accumulation as well as bacteria population density over that same period of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the major challenges that face our national oil company is microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). In spite of biocide treatment in the facilities, the serial dilution results continue to confirm a high proliferation of sessile and planktonic bacteria in all the water handling systems. Planktonic and sessile samples from different gath...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Gathering Centers (GCs) process crude oil from the oil wells to separate out gas and produced water. Some of the GCs handle very sour crude that is flowed from certain sour oilfields. The separated gas in the GC is compressed in multiple stages and then processed in various parallel trains of glycol dehydration units to remove the moisture befo...
Article
Many pipelines used to transport high pressure gas to long distances are made from carbon steel plates by spiral welding. There are instances in which such pipelines gave a long service in sour atmospheres. But, when they failed, they failed catastrophically and sometimes repeated failures occurred. In one such failure instance, the pipeline in the...
Conference Paper
Managing asset integrity is a complex activity in surface production facilitiesof an oil industry. Process equipment in an oil production facility is exposedto various damage mechanisms that may be active due to the presence ofcontaminants in the process streams. Proper material selection, maintenance programs, inspection monitoring andrepair are...
Article
Kuwait is the 5th largest oil producer in the world with a current crude oil production represents about 9% of the world's oil. The country's goal is to increase the production through the Strategic Plan 2020 and the Strategic Plan 2030. The Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) is the primary national organization responsible for exploration, drilling, product...
Article
Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) is a damage mechanism that may cause extensive damage to the pressure vessels in sour service in crude oil & gas production facilities. HIC damages could occur and further propagate in the pressure vessels with inherent manufacturing defects due to the impurities in the steel plates. The decisions involving continuat...
Article
This paper describes the first implementation of a complete four-step wet gas internal corrosion direct assessment (WG-ICDA) for a high-pressure natural gas transmission pipeline in Kuwait in compliance with NACE SP0110. The preassessment step collected physical and production data, assessed WG-ICDA feasibility and identified pipeline regions. Duri...
Conference Paper
A 41 km. (25.5 mile) long, 508 mm (20″) Fuel Gas pipeline (FG048) was in service to supply Fuel Gas to oil gathering centers (GC) in the West Kuwait area since 1968. It was required to convert the pipeline for reverse flow of HP Gas from a new gas gathering center in West Kuwait. During MFL-ILI survey prior to conversion, several undefined anomalie...
Article
Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC) has started Total Pipeline Integrity Management System (TPIMS) implementation to conduct a major integrity assessment of its operating facilities, equipment, buried plant piping, and pipeline network and to establish a continuing integrity-management program. KOC conducted a differential global positioning survey with submeter...
Article
In the Oil/Gas production facilities, leaks in the Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) is a major threat. The majority of AST construction prior to 1980's, were over bituminous sand mix layer for levelling and to minimize the tank leakage due to the external corrosion of bottom plates. The bituminous sand mix layer partially shields the Cathodic Protect...
Article
In the oil and gas industry non-conformances and lack of quality control such as mix up of metallurgy and the use of non-NACE compliant material are sometimes encountered at the component fabrication or repair stage which may go unnoticed for years till a problem occurs. From a corrosion point of view, some of these non-conformances may not be detr...
Article
The implementation of the 150-mv CSE polarization shift from natural potentials criterion is an appropriate methodology for addressing effective CP of aboveground storage tanks. The implementation of the methodology can also reduce the current to the optimum value, reduce system operating cost, and lead to higher anode life and less oxygen depolari...
Conference Paper
In early 2005, Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) initiated a Total Pipeline Integrity Management System (TPIMS ) implementation in order to carry out a major integrity assessment of its operating facilities, equipment, buried plant piping and pipeline network and to establish a continuing integrity management program. KOC Transit System is a complex infrast...
Conference Paper
More than half of the world’s oil and gas pipelines are classified as non-piggable. Pipeline operators are becoming aware there are increased business and legislative pressures to ensure that appropriate integrity management techniques are developed, implemented and monitored for the safe and reliable operation of their pipeline asset. The Kuwait O...
Article
Nickel Aluminum Bronze (NAB) is frequently the material of choice for the fabrication of equipment such as pumps, valves, etc. for seawater service. In general, the corrosion performance of this alloy material in seawater is very satisfactory and its resistance to cavitation is excellent. However, component failures have been occasionally encounter...

Citations

... Generally, the reduction in the cross-sectional area guarantees an increase in sensitivity, but this sacrifices the service life of the probe [10]. Nowadays, ER-probes are used in a wide range of applications and industries, including pipelines, oil and gas, reinforced concrete structures [4,[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30]. ...
... The oil flow in pipelines has the problem of including the mixture of fine particles of different metals and non-metals which is known as black powder. Most pipeline operators are familiar with this problem and with its consequences in all oil treatment stages starting from first step of well's pumps till the last step of oil delivery [1][2][3]. Wet substances, dry substances, and fine powder are all representing different forms of black powder. Any form of this powder can either decelerating the oil rate or reducing the product's quality. ...
... Spiral steel pipe has lower cost and larger size than that of seamless steel pipe. In 2016 [1], China has upgraded the steel grade of gas transmission pipeline from X52 to X80, increased the pressure of gas transmission pipeline from 6.3MPa to 12MPa, and the transmission capacity of single pipeline has reached 30 billion m 3 /a, and the gas explosion test proved that the strength of spiral welded pipe has higher strength than that of straight welded steel pipe [2][3][4]. Therefore, spiral steel pipe occupies a large share in oil and gas pipeline [5][6]. A spiral pipeline is made by welding many sections of spiral pipes, so there are crosspoints of spiral and girth welds between adjacent sections. ...
... r -the refinancing rate of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation,%; t -the duration of the period of restoration of disturbed production, years [61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69]. The advantages of the approach include: a reasonable and documented amount of costs incurred (for agricultural work and biological reclamation) and the correspondence of the amount of losses to the time of their recovery, which is not observed with other approaches (for example, when discounting costs). ...
... Al-Sulaiman 3 suggested the bituminous layer shields the protection current, thus reduces the efficiency of the ICCP. 3 In addition this layer traps moisture and corrosive species between the tank bottom plates and the bituminous pad creating a corrosive environment. 3 Yu 4 on the other hand, found air gaps between the tank bottom plates and the bituminous pad to retard the CP current flow, resulting in reducing the protection of the tank bottom plates. ...
... Many pipelines and pressure vessels have failed by SOHIC mechanism. SOHIC is combination effects of H 2 S and tensile stresses in either applied or residual form (Al-Shamari et al., 2014;Albarran et al., 2002;Azevedo, 2007;Kim et al., 2010;Kobayashi et al., 2014). This type of crack is generally, but not exclusively, found adjacent to a weld. ...
... 3 Additionally, in 2015, 16S ribosomal RNA characterization was commissioned based on a molecular microbiological method (MMM) of quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the enumeration of specific bacteria species that contribute to MIC in the facilities. 4 However, company-wide adoption of the MMM awaits the development of a NACE consensus standard. Meanwhile, the inhouse guideline (Table 2 of reference 2) for quantifying sessile and planktonic bacteria proliferation continues to be based on the serial dilution test method. ...
... Component lifetimes with unknown downtime, for example, may result in a non-linear maintenance resource requirement, as defined in Cahyo et al. (2015). This emphasizes the challenges and variables that may jeopardize asset management's credibility (Al-Sulaiman et al., 2013). It is intertwined with organizational honesty and must be handled in tandem (Al-Sulaiman et al., 2013;Kusumawardhani et al., 2016). ...
... Al-Sulaiman et al. (Al-Sulaiman et al., 2010) found indications of severe internal corrosion on a light crude oil (LCO) pipeline from API 5L-Grade B interconnecting a wet tank to a common header with corrosion depth of more than half of pipeline wall thickness. In spite of its 30-year design life, the pipeline was corroded within 7 years of operation. ...
... Besides SRB, which is the most commonly known corrosion causing bacteria, a number of different types of other bacterial strains under the classification of general aerobic bacteria (GAB) and general anaerobic bacteria (GAnB) have been implicated in the MIC process. 9 These include among others, acid producing bacteria, iron oxidizing bacteria, iron fixing bacteria, sulfur oxidizing bacteria, sulfide generating bacteria, nitrate reducing bacteria and slime forming bacteria. Frequently, the elements for a corrosion cell are present before the bacteria become involved in the corrosion process. ...