S Arrighi's research while affiliated with University of Milan and other places

Publications (90)

Article
Full-text available
The knowledge about ovarian physiology in small ruminants is still limited, especially when compared to other domestic species. Ovarian function in goats is mainly assessed by ultrasonographic techniques, whereas a quali-quantitative feature of the follicular and luteal structures throughout the reproductive cycle in naturally cycling goats is scar...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, the regression of the müllerian ducts is regulated by the action of the AMH hormone which is produced by testes during embryonic development. The action of this hormone is mediated by the only known receptor AMHR2. Mutations occurring in the AHM hormone and/or in the AMHR2 receptor gene cause the lack of regression of müllerian ducts, w...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, the sex of the embryo depends on the SRY gene. In the presence of at least one intact and functional copy of this genetic factor (XY embryo) undifferentiated gonads will develop as testicles that subsequently determine the male phenotype. When this factor is not present, i.e., in subjects with 2 X chromosomes, an alternative pathway ind...
Article
Ultrasonography is not often used in feline dermatology. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness and applicability of ultrasonography for skin evaluation in 21 clinically healthy cats. Ultrasonographic examination was conducted in 4 cutaneous regions (frontal, dorsal neck, sacral, and abdominal) using an 18-MHz linear-sequential-arra...
Chapter
This chapter presents a descriptive study that aims to evaluate dermoscopic features observed in short coated healthy dogs and compare these findings with those observed in short coated dogs affected by pattern alopecia diagnosed by clinical and dermatopathological examination. This study also aims to validate the use of dermoscopy using histopatho...
Article
Background: Dermoscopic studies evaluating noninflammatory, nonpruritic progressive alopecia attributable to pattern alopecia are currently unavailable. Hypothesis/objectives: To evaluate the dermoscopic features observed in healthy skin of short coated dogs and compare these findings with those observed in dogs affected by pattern alopecia diag...
Article
Full-text available
Puberty is the fulfillment of fertility, a process involving physiological and morphological development. It is well known that the increased hypothalamic secretion of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is essential for the activation of this process, even if the elements coordinating the timing of puberty have not been fully identified1,2....
Article
The presence of Aquaporins 1 (AQP1) and 9 (AQP9), integral membrane water channels that facilitate rapid passive movement of water and solutes, was immunohistochemically detected in the excurrent ducts collected from sexually mature buffalo bulls of proven fertility during the mating (late autumn-winter) and non-mating (late spring to the beginning...
Article
The expression of six different aquaporins (AQP1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 9), integral membrane water channels that facilitate bi-directional passive movement of water, was investigated by immunohistochemistry in the uterine tube of pre-pubertal and adult Saanen goats (Capra hircus), comparing the different phases of the oestrous cycle. Regional morphology...
Article
The aim of this work was to provide, for the first time, a protocol for isolation and characterization of stem cells from porcine amniotic membrane in view of their potential uses in regenerative medicine. From three samples of allanto-amnion recovered at delivery, the amniotic membrane was stripped from overlying allantois and digested with trypsi...
Article
Full-text available
DNA methylation and microRNAs (miRNA) are two important forms of epigenetic modifications that play an important role in gene regulation in animals. Methylation at the carbon 5 position of cytosine residues is a fundamental layer of cellular differentiation through the control of transcriptional potential. MiRNA are small noncoding RNA molecules th...
Article
A thickened and abnormally long soft palate is mostly involved in the pathogenesis of both nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal narrowing, affecting the respiratory activity in virtually all of the brachycephalic dogs suffering from Brachycephalic Airway Obstructive Syndrome (BAOS).The morphology of the soft palate in adult mesaticephalic and brachycep...
Article
The ability to recognize specific events happening in the ovaries during periovulatory time allows optimal management of canine reproduction. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of vaginal cytology and blood progesterone (P4) assay to identify accurately the changes occurring at the ovarian structures, mainly during the fertile p...
Article
Over time, much knowledge has been accumulated about the active role of the urothelium, principally in rodents and human. Far from being a mere passive barrier, this specialized epithelium can alter the ion and protein composition of the urine, is able to sense and respond to mechanical stimuli such as pressure, and react to mechanical stimuli by e...
Article
The ability to recognize specific events happening in the ovaries during periovulatory time allows optimal management of canine reproduction. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of vaginal cytology and blood progesterone (P4) assay to identify accurately the changes occurring at the ovarian structures, mainly during the fertile p...
Article
BACKGROUND: Dermoscopy is a diagnostic tool that can reveal morphological structures not visible upon clinical examination. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness and applicability of dermoscopy for the examination of healthy cat skin. ANIMALS: Twenty-one domestic short-haired cats from a feline rescue association. METHODS: Four regions (h...
Article
Basal cells are present in the columnar pseudostratified epithelium covering the epididymis of all mammalian species, which regulates the microenvironment where the functionally incompetent germ cells produced by the testis are matured and stored. Striking novelties have come from investigations on epididymal basal cells in the past 30–40 years. In...
Article
Four different aquaporins (AQP1, 2, 5 and 9), integral membrane water channels that facilitate rapid passive movement of water, were immuno-localized in the excurrent ducts collected from sexually mature cats during orchiectomy. Aquaporins 1, 2 and 9, were immuno-localized at distinct levels, whereas AQP5 was undetectable all along the feline genit...
Article
The glycoprotein pattern was investigated by lectin histochemistry in the urothelium lining the urinary bladder of the donkey Equus asinus. Tissue sections were stained with a panel of twelve lectins, in combination with saponification and sialidase digestion (K-s). The urinary bladder urothelium has three distinct layers from the basal zone to the...
Article
To describe the histological changes of fetal adnexa throughout the physiological pregnancy, canine samples were obtained during natural delivery and caesarean section, as well as during ovariohysterectomy performed at any stage of undesired pregnancies (N=12). The first period of pregnancy (multiple samples collected at 10, 12, 14days) was consist...
Article
The jelly-like gubernaculum testis (GT) is a hydrated structure consisting of a concentric sheath of dense connective tissue around a loose mesenchymal core, with two cords of skeletal muscle cells asymmetrically placed alongside. Expansion of the GT occurs during the transabdominal phase of testicular descent, linked to cell proliferation together...
Article
Occurrence of a solitary cilium was an unexpected discovery while studying the ultrastructure of epididymal epithelium in equidae. Primary cilia were detected in epididymal basal cells of all individuals of the equines studied - horses, donkey and mules - independently from age and tract of the duct, emerging from the basal cell surface and insinua...
Article
There is no published information about follicular-fluid leptin concentrations or the presence of leptin and leptin receptor in the equine ovary or oocyte. Three groups of mares – adult draft mares, draft fillies and adult Standardbred mares – were included in the study. Leptin and leptin receptor were detected in all immature oocytes by immunofluo...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of at least 13 integral membrane proteins expressed in various epithelia, where they function as channels to permeate water and small solutes. AQP5 is widely expressed in the exocrine gland where it is likely involved in providing an appropriate amount of fluid to be secreted with granular contents. As regar...
Article
Mammalian aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of at least 13 integral membrane proteins expressed in various epithelia, where they function as channels to permeate water and small solutes. AQP5 is widely expressed in the exocrine gland where it is likely involved in providing an appropriate amount of fluid to be secreted with granular contents. As regar...
Article
Full-text available
This work aimed at giving a deeper insight into peculiar cases of intersexuality occurring in dogs and known as XX true hermaphrodism due to the existence of both testicular and ovarian tissue in one or both gonads in the presence of an XX chromosome constitution. Clinical, histological and genetic approaches were used in the study of an 8-month-ol...
Article
The gross anatomy and overall structure of the soft palate has been described in the average dog's head, however, no descriptive microanatomical studies of the dog soft palate are available, despite their possible utility in view of the manifold and important repercussions of this organ physiology. This is the first of two companion papers, dealing...
Article
In brachycephalic dogs, the skull bone shortening is not paralleled by a decreased development of soft tissues. Relatively longer soft palate is one of the main factors contributing to pharyngeal narrowing during normal respiratory activity of these dog breeds, which are frequent carriers of the brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BAOS), wh...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of this investigation was to determine the nature of a visible spotting defect on the slice of dry-cured ham and assess environmental and genetic causes of this frequent problem. A group of 233 pigs from commercial cross-breeding lines, progeny of ten boars and forty seven sows, was raised in a single herd to obtain the “Italian Heavy Pig”,...
Article
This study was carried out to evaluate the usefulness of a pre-maturation step in improving the coordination between cytoplasmic and nuclear maturation of horse compact cumulus oocytes by the addition of roscovitine (ROSC). Oocytes were collected by scraping and pre-cultured for 18 h in a maturation medium TCM199 supplemented with pyruvate, LH, FSH...
Article
Expression of aquaporin water channels (AQPs) in the male excurrent ducts, is of major importance for local water movements. To study the influence of pre- and postnatal undernutrition on AQP-expression in the adult male genital tract, 4 pregnant female rats were fed ad libitum (control group) and 4 with 33.5% of gestational feed requirements (unde...
Article
New diagnostic approaches are required to recognize early canine hypofertility or infertility. We suggest that the identification of different cytologic types, cellular aspects, and nuclear features of the endometrial epithelial cells may be suitable for this purpose. This study was performed on the bitch (Canis familiaris) during the physiologic r...
Article
Full-text available
Ultrastructural and biochemical features of efferent ducts (EDs) are indicative of an intense absorptive activity towards the luminal fluid. This function was investigated by 1) the immunohistochemical localization of different aquaporins, integral membrane water channels that facilitate rapid passive movement of water, and 2) the histochemical loc...
Article
Some morphometric parameters of the buffalo gonad and epididymis were compared in the mating (late autumn-winter) versus non-mating (late spring to the beginning of autumn) seasons. Organs from mature bulls of proven fertility were collected at slaughtering in February and September and used for this study. Testicular and epididymal diameters and w...
Article
Background: The identification of the adipocyte-derived obesity gene product, leptin (Ob), and subsequently its association with reproduction in rodents and humans led to speculations that leptin may be involved in the regulation of oocyte and preimplantation embryo development. In mice and pigs, in vitro leptin addition significantly increased mei...
Article
Full-text available
Insulin-like 3 (INSL3) plays a prominent role in male development and is supposed to induce the growth of the gubernaculum testis (g.t.), thus being directly involved in testicular descent in humans and rodents. This happens through activation of the RXFP2 receptor (GREAT or LGR8). The INSL3-RXFP2 complex is reputed to play an additional paracrine...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to give an evidence of the likely presence of interstitial cells in the canine lower urinary tract and to study their possible interactions with the musculature and the intramural innervation. Cryosections of normal canine bladder and urethra were immunofluorescently labelled with c-kit, a transmembrane, tyrosine kinase gro...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of the adipocyte-derived obesity gene product, leptin (Ob), and subsequently its association with reproduction in rodents and humans led to speculations that leptin may be involved in the regulation of oocyte and preimplantation embryo development. In mice and pigs, in vitro leptin addition significantly increased meiotic resumpt...
Article
Fluid movement through uterine cell membranes is crucial, as it can modulate the tissue imbibition pattern in the different phases of the estrous cycle. To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying steroid-controlled water handling, the presence and distribution of aquaporins (AQPs), integral membrane channel proteins permitting rapid passive wat...
Article
Pathological and immunohistochemical investigations were carried out on the middle intestine of uninfected and parasitized brown trout, Salmo trutta L., from the Ceresone Channel in North Italy. Eighty-six brown trout were sampled by electrofishing, and 32 (37.2%) were infected with Cyathocephalus truncatus Pallas, 1781 (Cestoda). The intensity of...
Article
Immunohistochemical studies were performed on male and female bladder and urethra collected from 4 adults dogs and 10 foetal specimens with crown-rump length from 53 to 155 mm (medium-sized breeds, presumptive 38 days of gestation to term). A panel of antisera was tested, including PGP 9.5 to describe the general intramural innervation, ChAT and TH...
Article
This report details a case of SRY-negative XX sex reversal in a mixed breed dog and surveys affected dogs of several breeds for mutations in RSPO1 coding regions. Genomic DNA from the mixed breed case was evaluated for mutations in candidate genes. Sequencing identified a homozygous G to A transition in RSPO1 exon 4 that changes a highly conserved...
Article
The ovaries and uterus were collected after ovariohysterectomy from a 16-month-old Labrador bitch in diestrus that never mated. Discrete swellings were found in the uterine horns, with the macroscopic appearance of normal early pregnancy. At histologic examination, the endometrium, devoid of any conceptus and chorion, showed a marked proliferation,...
Article
Morphological, histochemical and immunohistochemical data are presented to demonstrate that the enteric nervous system of the sturgeon is in part composed and arranged differently from other fish. It is composed of neurons which distribute both to the tunica propria-submucosa and tunica muscularis. Nerve cell bodies are small and nerve terminals ru...
Article
The arrangement and innervation of lateral muscle and adductor mandibulae (AM) complex were examined histochemically and immunohistochemically in the sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus. Lateral muscle was arranged in myotomes in which the superficial slow-red muscle layer and the deep fast-white muscle layer were separated by an intermediate layer of...
Article
Full-text available
Weaning piglets were fed an L-glutamine-supplemented diet with the aim of monitoring the effects on gut mucosal turnover and barrier function, to elucidate the potential preventive or therapeutic roles of glutamine as a nutraceutical or 'functional food'. Sixteen female weaning piglets were divided into two groups, which were fed a control diet (Ct...
Article
Full-text available
The correct functional development of the gastrointestinal tract is of special importance during the neonatal and weaning phases of reared piglets. Nutrition is obviously a critical determinant in the growth of the gut in the young swine. The mucosal epithelium of the small intestine is reputed anatomically and functionally immature in neonatal pig...
Article
Immunohistochemical examination of the galaninergic and the diffuse endocrine systems of the alimentary canal of three catfish species, Ameiurus melas, Silurus glanis and Clarias gariepinus showed the presence of galanin-like immunoreactive endocrine cells in the stomachs and the proximal intestines and a galanin-like immunoreactivity within the en...
Article
Full-text available
Mucus secreted onto the surface of the intestine forms a physical barrier to invading parasites so that a possible attachment of helminths to the surface is prevented and their expulsion by peristalsis facilitated. In mammals, intestinal parasites induce hyperplasia and hypertrophy of intestine goblet cells and provoke changes in the mucus composit...
Article
Full-text available
Immunohistochemical tests were applied to sections of intestine of uninfected and Pomphorhynchus laevis Muller-infected chub, Leuciscus cephalus (L.) using 15 different antisera. Nerve cell bodies and fibres immunoreactive (IR) to the anti-bombesin, -Cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), -galanin, -Gastrin-Releasing Peptide (-GRP), -Nitric Oxide Synthase (-NO...
Article
At hatching the gut of sole Solea solea was a primitive epithelial tube which showed vigorous cellular proliferation but only initial regionalization, and no secretory cells. By contrast, at this stage lateral muscle already consisted of a clearly distinct superficial monolayer of parvalbumin-negative fibres, and a deeper layer of parvalbumin-posit...
Article
Conventional histochemical methods as well as lectin-binding techniques were used to study glycoconjugates that are present in the alimentary canal of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). Specimens from pharynx, oesophagus, stomach and intestine were collected from adult ("silver eel" stage) females. Alcian Blue pH 2.5/PAS and High Iron Diamine/Al...
Article
Several neurohormonal peptides of the gastrointestinal system of fish have been revealed by immunohistochemical methods. Among salmonids, the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) is the most studied species, whereas the informations about other species of the taxonomic group are lacking. The regional distribution and relative densities of c...
Article
Galanin is a brain-gut neuropeptide present in the central and peripheral nervous systems of vertebrates. In the present survey, the galaninergic and the diffuse endocrine systems of the alimentary canal of the river lamprey, Lampetra fluviatilis, and the white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus, were studied by immunohistochemistry. The results sho...
Article
Specimens of testis, excurrent duct including the male accessory glands and urethra, were studied in boars, bulls, horses and donkeys, in order to localize endocrine/paracrine cells. Silver impregnation methods were used to test the argentaffinity and/or argyrophilia of cells. Immunoreactivities to chromogranin A, 5-hydroxytryptamine, somatostatin,...
Article
Full-text available
The small and large intestine of adult horses were histochemically and immunohistochemically investigated in order to evidence components of the intramural nervous system. The general structural organization of the intramural nervous system was examined by using Nissl-thionin staining as well as the anti-neurofilament 200 (NF200) immunoreaction, wh...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine whether the administration of four different solid feeds would influence selected morphological and morpho-functional aspects of the rumen mucosa in veal calves. The fibrous supplementation of the liquid diet of veal calves has been provided by recent EU formulation (EC Council Directive 91/629/1991; EC Counci...
Article
The presence of intestinal helminths in the alimentary canal of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., can alter the number of cells that synthesize modulatory peptides. A total of 167 brown trout were collected from tributaries of the River Brenta (northern Italy), of which 119 (71.3%) specimens were infected with enteric helminths, 28 with the acanthoceph...
Article
In this study, the distribution of IGF-I, IGF type I receptor (IGF-IR), and IGF-binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) was investigated during larval and post-larval developmental stages of the shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa) by immunohistochemistry using antisera raised against Sparus aurata IGF-I and IGF-IR, and against mouse IGFBP-2. Immunoreactivity of the mit...
Article
The occurrence of runt sturgeons is not an unusual event in rearing Acipenser transmontanus. The aim of this study was to describe morphological and histochemical features of the alimentary canal in both feeding and runt fish in order to identify specific structural changes that characterize the differences resulting from the nutritional status of...
Article
Full-text available
The gut of Pantex, a sparid hybrid fish (Pagrus major x Dentex dentex) with a great potential importance for the Italian aquaculture, was histochemically and immunohistochemically investigated in order to evidence components of the intramural nervous and diffuse endocrine systems. The general structural aspects of the intramural nervous system were...
Article
Electron-microscopic examinations of the sturgeon gut were performed. Oesophageal goblet cells were abundant in the stratified epithelium. The ultrastructural features of the secretory granules of the oesophageal and intestinal goblet cells were quite similar to those of other vertebrates. Lobules of multilocular adipose tissue were observed in the...