S. Adil Saribay's research while affiliated with Kadir Has University and other places

Publications (55)

Article
Full-text available
The present research focused on how environmental harshness may affect heterosexual women's preferences of potential male mates’ facial characteristics, namely masculinity-femininity. The evidence on this issue is mixed and mostly from Western samples. We aimed to provide causal evidence using a sample of Turkish women and Turkish male faces. A vid...
Article
Full-text available
Despite intensive research, evolutionary psychology has not yet reached a consensus regarding the association between sexual dimorphism and attractiveness. This study examines associations between perceived and morphological facial sexual dimorphism and perceived attractiveness in samples from five distant countries (Cameroon, Colombia, Czechia, Ir...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Because more attractive women may be better able to attract and/or retain masculine mates, many researchers have proposed that women who consider themselves to be more physically attractive will show stronger preferences for men displaying masculine facial characteristics. Empirical evidence for this putative association between women’s...
Article
Full-text available
Masculine characteristics in men’s faces are often assumed to function as health cues. However, evidence for this assumption from empirical tests is mixed. For example, research on Western women’s face perceptions found that masculinized versions of men’s faces were perceived to be older, but not healthier, than feminized versions. Since research o...
Poster
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Men look different than women, well that is not a big surprise, but we wanted to study the phenomena of sexual dimorphism of human faces more thoroughly. Every human face can be represented as a position in a 144-dimensional space. That is a start. We collected face shapes in 8 different cultures, In Cameroon, Namibia, Brazil, Colombia, Czech Repub...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual selection, including mate choice and intrasexual competition, is responsible for the evolution of some of the most elaborated and sexually dimorphic traits in animals. Although there is sexual dimorphism in the shape of human faces, it is not clear whether this is similarly due to mate choice, or whether mate choice affects only part of the...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past 10 years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence–dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgements of faces. Because this model has primarily been developed and tested in Western regions, it is unclear w...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract What does it mean to be happy? The vast majority of cross-cultural studies on happiness have employed a Western-origin, or “WEIRD” measure of happiness that conceptualizes it as a self-centered (or “independent”), high-arousal emotion. However, research from East�ern cultures, particularly Japan, conceptualizes happiness as including an in...
Article
Full-text available
Many previous studies have investigated the effects of manipulating sexually dimorphic shape characteristics in face images on attractiveness judgments. However, results have been mixed and show considerable cross-cultural variability, particularly for women’s judgments of men’s facial attractiveness. Because very little research has investigated f...
Preprint
Because more attractive women may be better able to attract and/or retain masculine mates, many researchers have proposed that women who consider themselves to be more physically attractive will show stronger preferences for men displaying masculine facial characteristics. Empirical evidence for this putative association between women’s self-rated...
Article
Full-text available
What does it mean to be happy? The vast majority of cross-cultural studies on happiness have employed a Western-origin, or “WEIRD” measure of happiness that conceptualizes it as a self-centered (or “independent”), high-arousal emotion. However, research from Eastern cultures, particularly Japan, conceptualizes happiness as including an interpersona...
Chapter
Recent correlational and experimental studies demonstrate that differences in people’s thinking styles have an impact on their political attitudes. Whereas the dual process model of mind relates social conservative attitudes to intuitive (vs. analytical) thinking style, construal level theory links abstract (i.e., concrete) thinking style to politi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The current exploratory study sought to examine dispositional optimism, or the general expectation for positive outcomes, around the world. Method Dispositional optimism and possible correlates were assessed across 61 countries (N = 15,185; mean age = 21.92; 77% female). Mean‐level differences in optimism were computed along with their r...
Article
Facebook behavior can reflect people’s cultural norms and motivations. Despite being a global platform, there is limited cross-cultural research on self-expression on Facebook. Compared to collectivistic cultures (e.g., Turkey), people from individualistic cultures (e.g., European-Americans) are more likely to have self-enhancement motivation about...
Preprint
Full-text available
Masculine characteristics in men’s faces are often assumed to function as health cues. However, evidence for this assumption from empirical tests is mixed. For example, research on western women’s face perceptions found that masculinised versions of men’s faces were perceived to be older, but not healthier, than feminised versions. Since research o...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has been hypothesised that the strength of association between sex typicality and attractiveness follows an adaptive pattern across cultures. Such pattern allows for adjustment of individual preferences for facial cues associated with direct (parenting) and indirect (biological quality) benefits from mating with a potential mate according to env...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sexual selection, including mate choice and intrasexual competition, is responsible for the evolution of some of the most elaborated and sexually dimorphic traits in animals. Although there is clear sexual dimorphism in the shape of human faces, it is not clear whether this is similarly due to mate choice, or whether mate choice affects only part o...
Preprint
Many previous studies have investigated the effects of manipulating sexually dimorphic shape characteristics in face images on attractiveness judgments. However, results have been mixed and show considerable cross-cultural variability, particularly for women’s judgments of men’s facial attractiveness. Because very little research has investigated f...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies consistently showed that analytic cognitive style (ACS) is negatively correlated with social conservatism, but there are mixed findings concerning its relation with economic conservatism. Most tests have relied on a unidimensional (liberal-conservative) operationalization of political orientation. Libertarians tend not only to iden...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the perception of faces typically assumes that there are some universal values of attractiveness which are shared across individuals and cultures. The perception of attractiveness may, however, vary across cultures due to local differences in both facial morphology and standards of beauty. To examine cross-cultural consensus in the rati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over the last ten years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence-dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgments of faces. Because this model has primarily been developed and tested in Western regions, it is unclear w...
Article
Full-text available
Mimicry is often cited as a compelling demonstration of the power of natural selection. By adopting signs of a protected model, mimics usually gain a reproductive advantage by minimising the likelihood of being preyed upon. Yet while natural selection plays a role in the evolution of mimicry, it can be doubted whether it fully explains it. Mimicry...
Article
Full-text available
In the present research, we took advantage of geometric morphometrics to propose a data-driven method for estimating the individual degree of facial typicality/distinctiveness for cross-cultural (and other cross-group) comparisons. Looking like a stranger in one’s home culture may be somewhat stressful. The same facial appearance, however, might be...
Preprint
In present research, we took advantage of geometric morphometrics to propose a data-driven method for estimating the individual degree of facial typicality/distinctiveness for cross-cultural (and other cross-group) comparisons. Looking like a stranger in one’s home culture may be somewhat stressful. The same facial appearance, however, might become...
Article
Moral foundations theory (MFT), while inspiring much empirical work, has been the target of both methodological and theoretical criticism. One important criticism of MFT is that, in its attempt to explain variability in political ideology, it only repackages the core motives (resistance to change and opposition to equality) and does not actually pr...
Article
Full-text available
Research into face processing consistently shows an outgroup disadvantage in areas such as recognition memory and emotional identification. Potential ingroup advantage with respect to inferences regarding personality and behavioural outcomes, on the other hand, has not yet been studied. In the present study, we used the faces of male professional m...
Article
Whether there are objective differences in facial morphology among individuals of differing political conviction is largely unknown. Due to its relation to dominance, which is a component of conservative ideology, the facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) could be related to political views of face-bearers. We test several hypotheses regarding the re...
Article
We examined stereotyping and its effect on self-regulation in preparation for inter-ideological interactions. Turkish conservative and liberal students anticipated interacting with a political outgroup (vs. ingroup) member and the accessibility of outgroup and ingroup stereotypes was measured. Conservatives in both outgroup and ingroup interaction...
Article
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In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to P ≤ 0.005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
Article
Full-text available
In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to P ≤ 0.005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
Data
BFD v1 agreement form. The form that must be signed for requesting access to the database. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Many sets of human facial photographs produced in Western cultures are available for scientific research. We report here on the development of a face database of Turkish undergraduate student targets. High-resolution standardized photographs were taken and supported by the following materials: (a) basic demographic and appearance-related informatio...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been increasing research attention to cognitive style differences between liberals and conservatives. While some studies have found a negative relation between conservatism and analytic thinking tendency, others have not observed such a relation. None of these studies has measured the core motives underlying conservative...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to p ≤ .005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
Article
Two central debates within Moral Foundations Theory concern (1) which moral foundations are core and (2) how conflict between ideological camps stemming from valuing different moral foundations can be resolved. Previous studies have attempted to answer the first question by imposing cognitive load on participants to direct them toward intuitive and...
Article
The “conservatism as motivated social cognition” approach posits two core ideological motives underlying political conservatism across cultures. However, there is a scarcity of tests from non‐Western cultures, and much research has failed to distinguish between social and economic conservatism. Using a relatively large undergraduate sample from a n...
Article
Full-text available
The present research investigated the reason for mixed evidence concerning the relationship between analytic cognitive style (ACS) and political orientation in previous research. Most past research operationalized ACS with the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), which has been criticized as relying heavily on numeracy skills, and operationalized polit...
Article
Motivated by the dual-process model of the mind, recent research has tested the relationship between cognitive variables and sociopolitical attitudes. There are reasons to believe that religiosity and conservatism may be differentially predicted by analytic cognitive style (ACS) and cognitive ability (CA), respectively. We collected data with three...
Article
Previous research revealed that inducing an intuitive thinking style led people to adopt more conservative social and economic attitudes. No prior study, however, has shown a causal effect of analytic cognitive style (ACS) on political conservatism. It is also not clear whether these cognitive-style manipulations influence stable or contextualized...
Article
Faces provide cues about an individual's social, economic, and reproductive success. Here we examined the relationship between perceived trustworthiness, dominance, attractiveness, and position within a corporate hierarchy in mid- to top-level managers. Position in a hierarchy was operationalized as the difference in the number of subordinates and...
Article
Political ideology is often characterized along a liberal–conservative continuum in the United States and the left–right continuum in Europe. However, no study has examined what this characterization means to young Turkish voters or whether it predicts their approach to morality. In Study 1, we investigated in two separate samples the relation betw...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies relating low-effort or intuitive thinking to political conservatism are limited to Western cultures. Using Turkish and predominantly Muslim samples, Study 1 found that analytic cognitive style (ACS) is negatively correlated with political conservatism. Study 2 found that ACS correlates negatively with political orientation and with...
Article
Honor means " high respect; esteem, " but it has different associations for different cultures. In honor cultures (Turkey), esteem depends on one's own perception of self-worth and on other people's opinions. In those cultures, honor is easily lost and difficult to regain. In dignity cultures (northern America), esteem mainly depends on the individ...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we describe our theory of the relational self grounded in the social-cognitive phenomenon of transference. Relational selves embody the cognitive, emotional, motivational, and behavioral tendencies exhibited in relation to significant others. We argue that relational selves are stored in memory and are linked to significant other r...
Article
Full-text available
Three decades of research on spontaneous social inferences, particularly traits, have settled some questions and generated more. We describe that research in terms of these controversies and questions. If you think you know the story, read on because it continues to surprise all of us. It deals with such broader issues as automatic and controlled p...
Article
Full-text available
"Initial impressions" bring together personality and social psychology like no other field of study-"personality" because (1) impressions are about personalities, and (2) perceivers' personalities affect these impressions; and "social" because (3) social cognitive processes of impression formation, and (4) sociocultural contexts have major effects...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The effects of culture on impression formation are widely documented but poorly understood. Priming independent and interdependent self-construals, and focusing on particular stages of impression formation, could help remedy this because such self-construals differ across cultures. In three experiments, participants’ were primed with independent or...
Article
This paper reviews literature on relationships and draws a link to social identity using an integrative model that has implications for cooperative behavior within and between groups, and for establishing cultures of peace. For example, the group-value model suggests that how communications are delivered (e.g., through conveying respect) matters fo...
Article
Full-text available
People make social inferences without intentions, awareness, or effort, i.e., spontaneously. We review recent findings on spontaneous social inferences (especially traits, goals, and causes) and closely related phenomena. We then describe current thinking on some of the most relevant processes, implicit knowledge, and theories. These include automa...
Article
Social perception is known to be affected by the social-cognitive process of transference-that is, by a new person bearing a minimal resemblance to a significant other, which activates the significant-other representation and indirectly the relational self. We examined relational processes in social identity and intergroup bias in two studies testi...
Article
The notion that people hold mental representations of significant others--individuals who have been influential in their lives--in memory is not conceptually new. In some respects, it has been present in psychology since the field arose as a separate discipline. It is also central to theories of personality and clinical psychology of historical imp...

Citations

... Besides, in Cameroonian females, the skin lightness was positively correlated with perceived femininity. Skin lightness in the Cameroonian, Iranian, and Turkish male faces was negatively correlated with masculinity [141]. Hence, in non-European populations, the facial shape dimorphism may be in certain association with skin color. ...
... The role of ecological [25,26] [27,28] in the emergency of population variations in facial and body sexual dimorphism in humans has been also an object of intensive discussions [3,8,29]. Cranial (facial) form and robusticity demonstrate substantial variation related to climate and ecology (geography) [30], and sexual dimorphism varies between races and ethnics [31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38]. ...
... Consistent with a learning account, there are systematic cultural differences in first impressions (Chen, Jing, Lee, & Bai, 2016;Jones et al., 2021;Lakshmi, Wittenbrink, Correll, & Ma, 2021;Over, Eggleston, & Cook, 2020a;Sofer et al., 2017;Sutherland et al., 2018;Walker, Jiang, Vetter, & Sczesny, 2011;Zebrowitz et al., 2012). For example, in so-called WEIRD cultures (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic), straight white teeth are associated with attractiveness, social status, and a host of other positive characteristics (Dion et al., 1972;Eagly et al., 1991). ...
... The epidemiology, as well as research, training, and practice philosophies related to MSK conditions have a wide range of variations across the globe (Mody & Brooks, 2012;Safiri et al., 2021). To address this heterogeneity a combined etic-emic approach of acknowledging these differences with careful examination of regional determinants of MSK-related prevalence as well as research and practice methodologies is needed (Gardiner et al., 2020). I-MESH could serve as a hub of knowledge for experts across the globe while simultaneously evaluating the regional MSK healthcare and research needs. ...
... Changing the system is undesirable even though maintaining the status quo will inevitably lead to inequality. Therefore, addressing conservatism as both resistance to change and anti-egalitarian attitudes provides a helpful focus (Jost, 2020;Alper et al., 2021). Psychological barriers may also affect individuals" resistance to changing the status quo despite all its inequality and injustice. ...
... This is precisely one of the strongest points of psychological assessment. In this sense, there are some initiatives that aim at building cross-cultural, global measurements, such as the International Situations Project (Baranski et al., 2017(Baranski et al., , 2021Guillaume et al., 2016;Lee et al., 2020). ...
... European-Americans are more likely to submit accomplishment updates than Turkish users, and optimistic attitudes and self-improvement desire are positively connected with European-Americans' propensity to publish accomplishment updates. (Günsoy, Olcaysoy Okten, Cross, & Saribay, 2020). ...
... This may be because the masculinity of male faces implies good genetic health (Apicella et al., 2007;Fink et al., 2007;Little et al., 2011;Puts, 2005;Rhodes et al., 2005;Thornhill & Gangestad, 2006). Other studies suggest that feminine male faces are perceived as more attractive (Alharbi et al., 2020;Burriss et al., 2014;DeBruine et al., 2010;Barra et al., 2013;Jones et al., 2018;Little et al., 2001;Little & Hancock, 2002;Perrett et al., 1998;Penton-Voak et al., 2003;Rhodes et al., 2000). This may be because feminized male faces are more likely to convey the characteristics of affinity, warmth, and honesty, thus affecting the evaluation of attractiveness (Alharbi et al., 2020;Perrett et al., 1998). ...
... It may also be worthwhile to rigorously investigate hormonal correlates of fWHR in women, as this is an area which has been relatively understudied in comparison to men. Of course, it is possible that fWHR is not associated with behavioral or hormonal variation in women, and the fWHR-trait judgments also may be byproducts stemming, for example, from facebased assessments of age, sex-typicality, body size, or other assessments that might influence attractiveness perceptions (Coetzee, Chen, Perrett, & Stephen, 2010;Fiala et al., 2020). ...
... Apart from overall height, many physical differences between the sexes manifest themselves in the facial area. Sexual dimorphism in facial morphology has been widely studied (Kleisner et al., 2021;Komori et al., 2011;Mitteroecker et al., 2015;O'Toole et al., 1998), in part possibly because it is directly influenced by differing hormone levels in men and women (Fink et al., 2005;Johnston et al., 2001;Thornhill & Gangestad, 1999). In fact, facial morphology has been used to define sex typicality. ...