Ruba Rum's research while affiliated with University of South Florida and other places

Publications (3)

Article
Full-text available
Optimal functioning after psychopathology is understudied. We report the prevalence of optimal well-being (OWB) following recovery after depression, suicidal ideation, generalized anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, and substance use disorders. Using a national Canadian sample ( N = 23,491), we operationalized OWB as absence of 12-month psychopatho...
Preprint
Optimal functioning after psychopathology is understudied. We report the prevalence of optimal well-being (OWB) following recovery after depression, suicidal ideation, generalized anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, and substance use disorders. Using a national Canadian sample (N = 23,491), we operationalized OWB as absence of 12-month psychopathol...
Article
Full-text available
Quality contact with other people serves as a reliable mood enhancement strategy. We wondered if the emotional benefits of socializing are present even for those with a psychological disorder defined by social distress and avoidance: social anxiety disorder (SAD). We conducted two ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies and analyzed 7,243 tot...

Citations

... Effect sizes for t-tests were estimated using Cohen's d. Suicide attempt survivors are at an increased likelihood to report current and past mental health symptoms (e.g., depression, problematic alcohol use, suicidal thoughts; Nichter et al., 2021aNichter et al., , 2021b which are negatively associated with PWB (e.g., Devendorf et al., 2022). Thus, to account for mental health difficulties known to reduce PWB, hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted to examine the associations between suicide attempt status and PWB, controlling for past and current self-reported mental health symptoms (i.e., history of depression, history of problematic alcohol use, history of psychiatric treatment, current depression symptoms, current suicidal ideation). ...
... Given the overall unknown impact of social anxiety on COVID-19 vaccination attitudes and the rapidly shifting climate regarding COVID-19 vaccination in the U.S., the characterization of relationships between social anxiety and patterns of COVID-19 vaccination adoption may prove to be important in the development and dissemination of public health messages for individuals at high risk for adverse outcomes during quarantine. Furthermore, in light of prior work indicating that isolation leads to increased mental health difficulties and that individuals with SAD may be at a unique risk to have amplified impacts of isolation on anxiety and stress levels (Goodman et al., 2021;Meltzer et al., 2013;Teo et al., 2013), characterization of emotional and behavioral responses (e.g., anxiety, depression, coping responses) among individuals with SAD during the COVID-19 pandemic may prove to be important to future work seeking to mitigate adverse physical and mental health sequelae among this diagnostic group. Accordingly, the aims of the present study were: (1) to characterize anxiety, depression, and coping responses to stress during and (2) to determine attitudes toward receiving the COVID-19 vaccine among adults with SAD. ...