Rory Horner's research while affiliated with The University of Manchester and other places

Publications (21)

Article
Full-text available
As opposed to the predominant focus of global value chain (GVC) research on export-oriented contexts, this article examines the prospects for development in places where the dominant form of engagement with GVCs is import-oriented. Through the case of South Africa’s pharmaceutical industry, this analysis demonstrates the challenge for local manufac...
Article
Full-text available
Shortages of critical medical supplies during the COVID-19 pandemic have turned global value chains (GVCs) in personal protective equipment (PPE) into a political lightning rod. Some blame excessive outsourcing and foreign dependency for causing shortages, thus urging greater state intervention; others applaud GVCs for their flexibility and scaling...
Article
Full-text available
With the potential for a major geographic shift from international to global development as paradigm for development studies and practice, this paper draws lessons from the closely related field of health as to what a shift from “international” to “global” may involve. The case highlights the potential of such an “international” to “global” shift b...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 accentuates the case for a global, rather than an international, development paradigm. The novel disease is a prime example of a development challenge for all countries, through the failure of public health as a global public good. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the falsity of any assumption that the global North has all the experti...
Chapter
India’s pharmaceutical industry is of considerable economic importance—as one of India’s largest manufacturing industries and a major contributor of exports. Yet, it is perhaps of most significance for health—as a major supplier of generic medicines, for which it is sometimes known as the “pharmacy of the world”. The sector faces a number of challe...
Article
Full-text available
A North–South oriented international development framing is increasingly ill-fitting to a 21st century characterized by interconnected globalized capitalism, the challenge of sustainable development, as well as the blurring of North–South boundaries. While the term global development is increasingly employed, appears more suited, it is used with di...
Article
Book review of "The Rise of the Hybrid Domain: Collaborative Governance for Social Innovation."
Article
Full-text available
Recent claims of 21st century global convergence and the ‘rise of the South’ suggest a profound and ongoing redrawing of the global map of development and inequality. This article synthesizes shifting geographies of development across economic, social and environmental dimensions, and considers their implications for the ‘where’ of development. Som...
Article
An apparent ‘big switch’ in attitudes towards and discourse over economic globalization has occurred since the turn of the Millennium. Economic globalization was formerly widely identified as being orchestrated in the interests of the global North. Sceptics, mostly left - leaning, expressed particular concern for its impacts in the global South. Ho...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research points to the ‘Rise of the South’ and the growth of South–South trade. In this article, we consider the implications of the shifting dynamics of global trade and the greater prominence of Southern actors for the conceptualization of global value chains (GVCs) and global production networks (GPNs). We use trade data analys...
Article
We know less about the structures and processes associated with South–South production networks than about those with a South–North orientation. Using an inductive approach, in this article we explore these differences by analysing the everyday practices that Indian pharmaceutical firms employ to meet production and quality standards, access market...
Article
Designed to break with state-centric approaches to understanding economic development, global commodity chain, global value chain (GVC), and global production network (GPN) analyses have deepened our understanding of the corporate governance of global lead firms and associated development outcomes in an era of globalisation. Although this research...
Article
Although the pharmaceutical industry does not usually feature prominently in overviews of research on development, the sector has considerable significance for both health and economic development. This article reviews research on the pharmaceutical industry in the global South, identifying some broader themes that echo with prominent debates in th...
Article
While South–South development cooperation has “win–-win” aims, it is unclear the extent to which its horizontal, mutually beneficial objectives translate into “South–South” trade and move beyond the asymmetrical nature of North–South trade. Global value chain and global production network research can make progress into an understanding of the dyna...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of, and advocacy for bridging, a divide between economic and development geography has been a focus of considerable recent attention. Yet the practical challenges and opportunities involved in crossing sub-disciplinary boundaries, particularly at postgraduate level, are rarely examined. The processes which together shape various...

Citations

... However, we can question the relevance of the 'buyer-driven' framework of governance in analysing South-South value chains, given the considerable diversity of firms and relational configurations in such socio-spatial contexts (e.g. Horner, 2021). ...
... Looking at three scenarios after COVID-19 ('good, bad and ugly'), the 'bad' scenario (business as usual) is identified as the most likely outcome (Hulme and Horner, 2020). With currently hollowed-out state sectors, there will be disastrous consequences if we return to the excessive consumption of business as usual, driven by poorly-regulated markets, out-of-control outsourcing, private equity, shell companies, offshore tax havens, money laundering and organised crime. ...
... Innerhalb der EU wird die wirtschaftspolitische Reaktion auf die COVID-19 Pandemie unter dem Begriff "strategische Autonomie" diskutiert. Dieses aus der Verteidigungspolitik stammende Konzept soll in Sektoren wie etwa Energie oder Gesundheit Anwendung finden, um bestehende Importabhängigkeiten zu verringern (Anghel et al. 2020), allerdings bleibt insbesondere die Rolle von Reshoring in der EU-Wirtschaftspolitik noch relativ unklar (Raza et al. 2021 Eine genauere Bestimmung der Robustheit einer GWK ermöglicht die von Dallas et al. (2021) in die Literatur eingeführte Differenzierung zwischen "adaptation" und "effectiveness". Eine GWK zeigt eine erfolgreiche "Adaptation", wenn es zu einer dynamischen und flexiblen Anpassung auf Nachfrageschocks kommt, d.h. ...
... The economic shockwaves caused by the COVID-19 pandemic immediately affected tourism as a consequence of imposed travel bans. Attempting to prevent the spread of the disease, the closure of borders has left firms and regions decoupled from global networks (Dallas et al., 2021;Oldekop et al., 2020). This disruption caused profound repercussions on regional and local economies, especially in rural areas with vulnerable social-economic structures and a high dependency on tourism (e.g. ...
... Thus, the 'secondary effects' of the crisis are more evident in the Global South, although many countries, as of mid-2020, have now lifted their lockdowns. These countries are also particularly vulnerable to systemic, structural effects (Hulme and Horner, 2020) and their amplification through interaction with wider contradictions and tendencies. ...
... Per the projections of scholars regarding economic performance and job opportunities, the world unemployment rate will increase by more than 10% at the end of 2020, compared to 5.2% seen in 2019 [4]. Since the very beginning of this pandemic, governments around the world have been focused on managing the spread of the disease and building awareness among the public [5][6][7][8]. However, livelihood and food security concerns generally emerged later, when people began to suffer social and economic hardship. ...
... 44 There also remains a substantial gap in our knowledge and understanding of the motivations and practices of manufacturers of medical products, from large multi-national companies to small 'back-street' operations. 45 There are significant barriers to carrying out meaningful research with manufacturers; even those fully compliant with Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) have been wary when two of the authors requested interviews. There are obvious fears about protecting intellectual property and the risk of any reputational damage that may come from the scrutiny of even the most compliant practices. ...
... Some parents will not want their personal information out there. (DE2) In general, our findings reveal that in algorithmic governance, the multiplication of contexts involves not only global solutionist (Madianou, 2019) and developmentalist (Horner, 2020) ideals but also attracts concerns about potential technical or physical harms, as expressed by data experts and parents, respectively. Thus, dislocated algorithmic governance may not always be subject to algorithmic abstraction and may occur neither deterministically nor universally. ...
... It seeks to be more attentive to development challenges in all (Northern and Southern) countries, as well as to collective challenges that transcend nation-state boundaries. This includes a questioning of former, problematic and poorly defined categories such as 'developed' and 'developing' countries, which underpinned much thinking that has occurred under the conceptual umbrella of 'international development' (Horner and Hulme 2019). ...
Reference: INTRODUCTION
... A lot of these ICTD programmes are actually classified as innovation projects, that often aim to use new methods (through the use of technology) to tackle known problems. The concept of innovation itself has been argued to having emerged as a means to counter the hegemony of markets, and even of the state in some cases [46]. However the succession to any successful innovation is to transition to a scale-up of the innovation, which can come only from either the markets or the state. ...