Ronald L. Simons's research while affiliated with Iowa State University and other places

Publications (4)

Article
Full-text available
To evaluate a model of social contextual influences on risk for adolescent pregnancy, 368 target adolescents (52% female, 48% male) and their mothers, fathers, and closest age siblings were assessed 6 times over a 7-year period beginning when the target adolescents were in 7th grade. Two pathways were found to increase risk for involvement in a pre...
Conference Paper
This study of 388 adolescents found a significant covariation between the elevated depressive symptoms and conduct problems. Observer ratings of family interaction indicate that(a) parents of 10th graders with and without later adjustment problems differed in their parenting behaviors when the adolescents were in 7th, 8th, and 9th grades; (b) paren...
Article
In family research, changes in attitudes and behaviors, and processes of interaction in close relationships, are inherently reciprocal. Yet models with reciprocal effects are rightfully viewed with suspiction. This article removes some of the mystery surrounding these models by carefully examining the simple two-wave, two-variable contemporaneous m...

Citations

... Whether active renunciation of support or lack of access to support opportunities, individual disadvantage is reinforced by such relationship effects: for single parents with little education, in precarious employment and poverty situations, the support they need most is least available (Brown & Moran, 1997;Harknett, 2006). This lack of support is in turn closely related to mental illness (Simons et al., 1993). ...
... In such environments, conjugality and motherhood appear to be acceptable-and sometimes imperative-life goals to adolescent girls, instead of pursuing an academic or professional career. It is also noteworthy that school achievement affects reproductive health outcomes: increased school achievement is related to older age at first sexual intercourse and more effective use of contraception, which decrease the risk for adolescent pregnancy (Jaccard, Dodge, & Dittus, 2003;Scaramella, Conger, Simons, & Whitbeck, 1998). ...
... The nine items comprised by the maternal warmth subscale were summed to derive a total maternal warmth score, where higher scores indicate a more supportive and nurturing relationship. The maternal warmth scale has been found to be negatively associated with depression and conduct disorder in samples of adolescents (Ge, Best, Conger, & Simons, 1996). Mean scores on the maternal warmth scale were used in the current study and showed good internal consistency ( .90) at the 6-month assessment. ...
... Importantly, the strength of these cross-lagged effects (b2 and b3) depends on the strength of the stabilities (b1 and b4). For a more detailed discussion on how cross-lagged effects in CL-AR models are influenced by correlations among the four variables comprising the model, see Lorenz, Conger, Simons, and Whitbeck (1995). ...