Robert Svensson's research while affiliated with Malmö University and other places

Publications (41)

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This study examines whether unstructured and structured activities interact in their association with delinquency and cannabis use. We hypothesize that unstructured activities are more strongly associated with delinquency and cannabis use for those who are less engaged in structured activities. Data are drawn from three nationally representative se...
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Objectives This study examines the associations between ten family structure types and delinquency, including four groups of symmetrical and asymmetrical living arrangements. We also adjust for attachment to parents and parental monitoring. Methods Data are drawn from four cross-sectional surveys conducted between 2016 and 2019 in southern Sweden....
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Background Previous research on the relationship between social media use and well-being in adolescents has yielded inconsistent results. We addressed this issue by examining the association between various digital media activities, including a new and differentiated measure of social media use, and well-being (internalizing symptoms) in adolescent...
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Background Developing a better understanding of drinking patterns across immigrant generations and how these change over time is important for the development of effective alcohol polices. This study investigates the direction and rate of change in youth alcohol intoxication over time, based on immigrant status, and by family structure and parenta...
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The stay-at-home restrictions to control the spread of COVID-19 led to unparalleled sudden change in daily life, but it is unclear how they affected urban crime globally. We collected data on daily counts of crime in 27 cities across 23 countries in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Asia. We conducted interrupted time series analyses to ass...
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This study examines the declining crime trend among Swedish adolescents between 1999 and 2017 using data from eight repeated cross‐sectional waves of a nationally representative school survey (N = ca. 49,000). We examined to what extent changes in parental monitoring, school bonds, attitudes toward crime, routine activities, and binge drinking were...
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Background Several studies have examined the effect of community interventions on youth alcohol consumption, and the results have often been mixed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a community intervention known as the Öckerö Method on adolescent alcohol consumption and perceived parental attitudes towards adolescent drinki...
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In this study, we examine differences in alcohol drinking between first- and second-generation non-European immigrant and native-Swedish adolescents. We also examine whether parental and peer attitudes toward alcohol are associated with the acculturation of drinking habits among adolescents with an immigrant background. The study is cross-sectional...
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In this article we examine whether different agents of socialization—family, school, and peers—are differentially associated with offending among different immigrant groups. Our expectation is to find that the association between delinquent friends and offending is stronger for first- and second-generation immigrants than for youths of native Swedi...
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Background In this study we examine whether the association between internet use and drinking could be different for different types of internet activities among adolescents. We also adjust for a number of theoretically relevant factors such as peer influence, unstructured activities, impulsivity and parental monitoring. Method The data are drawn...
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This study investigates the direction and rate of change in self-reported crime over time, based on immigrant status and region of origin. The study is based on eight nationally representive school surveys conducted by the National Council for Crime Prevention between 1999 and 2017, with a sample of 50,657 adolescents. Results in this study showed...
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Background: There is a well-documented gender difference in offending, with evidence that boys, on average, are more involved in crime than girls. Opinions differ, however, on whether the causes of crime apply to girls and boys similarly. Aims: Our aim is to explore crime propensity in boys and girls. Our research questions were (1) are there di...
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This work provides an overview of the current state of research on Situational Action Theory (SAT). Studies that have examined core propositions of SAT within the period 2006 to 2015 are reviewed. The principal aim of this narrative review is to answer the following four questions: (1) Which hypotheses of SAT have been put to the test in empirical...
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The present research note studies the interaction between the ability to exercise self-control and extremist moral beliefs with regard to the explanation of violent extremism. Although some evidence exists for the interaction between moral beliefs and self-control in the explanation of adolescent offending, no previous study has studied this intera...
Chapter
Morality, and particularly the capacity to experience shame and/or guilt, may be viewed as sediments of early experiences with the commitment of acts of crime and rule-breaking and the consequences of these acts. This chapter addresses the specific roles of moral beliefs and moral emotions such as shame and guilt and how they are related to crimina...
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In this study we examine to what extent within-individual changes in parental monitoring, bonds with parents and school, and rule-breaking peers can explain within-individual changes in morality. We distinguish between three key dimensions of morality: moral values, anticipated shame, and anticipated guilt. We use data from the SPAN project, a two-...
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Contextual research on delinquency is primarily based on the idea that residential areas provide a major ecological setting that (indirectly) shapes observed differences in delinquency. Just like neighborhoods, schools differ in terms of their level of structural characteristics such as the concentration of immigrant children and children from disr...
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In this study we test an integrative theory that seeks to explain why youth that live in disordered micro-places have an increase likelihood of becoming involved in a violent youth group. The emerging integrative theory is based on the principle of conceptual end-to-end integration and is the result of an attempt to integrate (1) a contemporary ver...
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The present study assesses the relationship between family and educational disadvantage on self-reported offending, victimisation and violent youth group involvement in a Belgian medium-sized city. Many studies have focused on the relationship between family disadvantage (one-parent families, immigrant background) and educational disadvantage (voca...
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The present article examines why Swedes cooperate with the police using the framework of the procedural justice theory. This theory assumes that trust in procedural justice and in the effectiveness of the police are important issues in shaping citizens’ perceptions of police legitimacy. Additionally, perceived legitimacy is necessary for the recogn...
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This study examines whether deterrence and morality interact in the explanation of adolescent offending. On the basis of the Situational Action Theory, the author hypothesizes that deterrence is more effective in preventing offending among individuals with low levels of morality than among individuals with high levels of morality. To test this hypo...
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Purpose: To investigate how parental country of birth and individual gender affect utilisation of psychiatric care in adolescents. Methods: On the basis of data from the Longitudinal Multilevel Analysis in Scania database, the article employs logistic regression to analyse the utilisation of psychiatric care among adolescents aged 13-18 (n = 922...
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Despite the increased interest in female offending trajectories over the last decades, knowledge is still limited. To meet the need for more knowledge on female offending trajectories by studying sex differences in criminal career patterns. Data on 518 female and 2567 male offenders up to age 30 from the Swedish longitudinal Project Metropolitan st...
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Low self-control is an important and stable predictor of offending. Low self-control is often thought of as a multidimensional trait (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990). Key dimensions are impulsivity; aggression and risk-taking behaviour. The aim of this paper is to explain individual differences in low self-control as one latent construct and two of it...
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In this study we examine whether feelings of anticipated shame and anticipated guilt when being caught for an offence mediate the relationship between parental monitoring, bonds with parents and school, deviant peers, moral values and offending. We use data from the SPAN project, a study that collected detailed information about offending, moral em...
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The present study explores the strength of the relationship between offending and victimization among young adolescents. We focus especially on the role background characteristics such as gender, immigrant background and family structure and causal mechanisms such as risky lifestyles and low self-control as many scholars have argued that the correl...
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In the Swedish society, as in many other societies, many children and adolescents with mental health problems do not receive the help they need. As the Swedish society becomes increasingly multicultural, and as ethnic and economic residential segregation become more pronounced, this study utilises ethnicity and neighbourhood context to examine refe...
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This study examines the effects on adolescent offending of lifestyle risk and the individual propensity to offend. It is assumed that lifestyle risk will have a more important effect on offending for those individuals with high levels of individual propensity, whereas for individuals with low levels of individual propensity it is assumed that a ris...
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In this paper we will test one of the key assumptions of Situational Action Theory: that individuals’ (law-relevant) morality is more fundamental to their crime involvement than their ability to exercise self-control. We specifically hypothesize that, for individuals with a strong morality, their capability to exercise self-control plays less of a...
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This study examines whether having delinquent friends interacts with other peer-related variables in the explanation of adolescent offending. We hypothesise that the relationship between delinquent friends and offending might be conditioned by the effect of (1) how much time they spend with their friends, (2) how much time they spend in unstructure...
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This study examines whether morality and self-control have an interactional effect on offending. Drawing from the situational action theory, the authors hypothesize that self-control has a more important effect on offending for individuals with low levels of morality than for individuals with high levels of morality. To test this hypothesis, self-r...
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Propensity to offend is an important and stable predictor of offending. A person’s propensity is often thought of as a multidimensional trait consisting of morality and low self-control. The aim of this paper is to explain individual differences in propensity to offend as one single construct and two of its dimensions, namely morality and low self-...
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In this contribution we want to draw attention to and stimulate the theoretical study of crime causation, i.e. the etiology of crime occurrence and offending. One could argue that there are too many theories on these subjects already. Criminologists are familiar with the ‘classics’ such as Merton’s Anomie Theory or Hirschi’s Control Theory. Yet, de...
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Crime can be studied at different levels of aggregation. This contribution deals with the potential of an analytical criminology; aimed at the development of theories explaining crime at different levels of aggregation. The point of departure in our approach is that science should pursuit "accurate" and "precise" improvement of knowledge, whereby t...
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The aim of this paper is to explain individual differences in lifestyle risk. Lifestyle risk has previously been identified as a key social mechanism which has strong direct effects on juvenile offending. Building on statements derived from the Situational Action Theory (SAT), we test the assumptions that (1) family structure explains individual di...
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The phenomenon of item nonresponse, i.e. missing data, in surveys is well known among methodologists. Item nonresponse is a problem when it is biased to the dependent variables in aetiological research. The occurrence of item nonresponse in self-reported delinquency studies has been associated with the threatening nature of questions about previous...
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Most cross-national studies of crime and violence explore variation in levels of crime without empirically addressing the causes of these variations. Drawing upon the theoretical framework of the situational action theory of crime causation (e.g. Wikström 2006), in this study we aim to explore and test whether the difference in levels of violence a...
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This study focuses on the associations between parental social class, school achievement, and criminality among young people. The study hypothesizes that there is a relationship between class background and school achievement, and between school achievement and crime, and examines whether school achievement is a mediating variable between class bac...
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The principal objectives of this study are to describe trends over time in self‐reported participation in crime or other problem behaviours and in victimization among youths in Sweden. Amongst other things, the article addresses the question of whether the small group that might be labelled high‐frequency offenders has become more active over time....

Citations

... Several studies focus on either gender or disability in the media (Epprecht & Clark, 2020;Small, 2017;Women's Coalition of Zimbabwe, 2018). Current research on gender, disability and media, especially new media, has investigated these constructs using mostly the same approach where it is either disability (Bitman, 2022;Dobransky & Hargittai, 2021) or gender (Dinis et al., 2020;Karatsoli & Nathanail, 2020;Svensson et al., 2022). It is from this background that the study seeks to fill a void in literature analysing the role of the media in mainstreaming gender and disability in tourism as intersectional issues. ...
... Recently, many studies have contributed to uncovering the impact of COVID-19 prevention and control on crime. The common conclusions conducted from these studies are that the pandemic-related prevention and control measures induced a reduction in general crime [1,2]. Lately, as more work has focused on this phenomenon, people have found that the crime variation in smaller spatial units is heterogeneous [3][4][5][6]. ...
... As we illustrated in the previous section, routine activities that revolve almost exclusively around academic activities make teenagers stay away from criminal activity either as an offender or a victim in Korea. Put differently, teenagers in Korea do not have much unstructured or unsupervised time, which decreases their chances of becoming involved in criminal activities (Baumer et al., 2021;Osgood & Anderson, 2004;Svensson & Oberwittler, 2021). Schools and hagwons, two main social settings for teenagers, make teenagers spend their time in structured activities, mainly studying, under the supervision of authoritative figures (e.g., school administrators and tutors). ...
... The study is based on secondary data analysis from the Ö ckerö project [32,33], an evaluation of an alcohol prevention program [34]. The project included an annual, anonymously completed, cross-sectional online self-report survey, which was conducted at 17 secondary schools in eight small municipalities in the county of Skåne. ...
... In general, parental attention is the main factor influencing alcohol consumption in adolescents. Parenting strategies and limiting or prohibiting alcohol consumption are important factors in determining alcohol consumption in adolescents (Johnson & Svensson, 2020). Parent-adolescent communication, supervision of the activities, and the presence of adolescents are factors that can reduce or prevent alcohol consumption in adolescents (Hurley et al., 2019). ...
... For instance, some studies based on self-reported delinquency in Europe found that immigrant youths had either similar or lower crime prevalence rates compared to the native population (Junger-Tas, 1997;Torgersen, 2001). Other studies conducted in northern European countries, on the other hand, revealed higher rates of violent delinquency in second-generation immigrants in Germany (Enzmann et al., 2010), Switzerland Ribeaud and Eisner, 2010) and Sweden (Svensson and Shannon, 2020). In Norway, a study found some differences in patterns of selfreported delinquency amongst adolescents with respect to immigrant status, gender and country of origin (Torgersen, 2001). ...
... The study is based on secondary data analysis from the Ö ckerö project [32,33], an evaluation of an alcohol prevention program [34]. The project included an annual, anonymously completed, cross-sectional online self-report survey, which was conducted at 17 secondary schools in eight small municipalities in the county of Skåne. ...
... Furthermore, while numerous studies have investigated the relationship between trends in alcohol use among youth and structural variables such as family structure and parental employment status (see for example, Pedersen & von Soest, 2015 ), little research has examined whether such variables may impact trends in youth drinking differently across 1 It should be noted that the decline in alcohol use among youth in Sweden, as well as in other countries, reflects an overall downward trend in adolscent risk-taking behavior in Western countries, such as delinquency and the use of marijuana and tobacco ( Arnett, 2018 ;Moss, Santaella -Tenorio, Mauro, Keyes, & Martins, 2019 ;Vasiljevic, Svensson, & Shannon, 2020 ). Regarding the decline in youth crime, changes in unstructured activites have been shown to play a particularly important role (e.g., Svensson & Oberwittler, 2021 ). ...
... In dominant criminological theories, such as in social control and bonding theory, in social learning theories, moral judgments are specified in terms of moral beliefs as part of the social bond and belief in the moral validity of the law (Hirschi, 1969), as definitions favorable toward criminal behavior (Sutherland, 1947; see also Akers (1998)). However, the moral belief system deals with much more than cognitive evaluations; it also includes affective, emotional, and motivational features (Svensson et al., 2017). Introducing MFT's theorizing on the essentially intuitive and emotional nature of morality upon which cultures around the world built their moral systems holds promise as a framework for criminological research, although we recognize that in recent years, integrated theories have emerged in criminology that stress the importance of morality in the explanation of crime, such as situational action theory (SAT; Wikström et al., 2012) and social concern theory (SCT; Agnew, 2014). ...
... Research has repeatedly shown that males are more prone to offending than females (e.g., DeLisi and Vaughn 2016 ), but in our study this effect of sex is not substantial. One possible explanation for this is that the effect of sociodemographic variables such as sex may weaken when other variables, such as personal attitudes, values or personality traits, are taken into account when analyzing offending behavior ( Ivert et al., 2018 ). In our study, the effects of the Dark Triad personality traits could have weakened the effect of sex on adult offending, but further research is required to support this claim. ...