Robert Schober's research while affiliated with Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg and other places

Publications (808)

Preprint
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This paper investigates the resource allocation algorithm design for wireless systems assisted by large intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) with coexisting enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) and ultra reliable low-latency communication (URLLC) users. We consider a two-time scale resource allocation scheme, whereby the base station's precoders are...
Preprint
Full-text available
A general optimization framework is proposed for simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable surfaces (STAR-RISs) with coupled phase shifts, which converges to the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) optimal solution under some mild conditions. More particularly, the amplitude and phase-shift coefficients of STAR-RISs are optimized alternatively...
Preprint
In this paper, we study the trajectory and resource optimization for lightweight rotary-wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) equipped with a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system. The UAV's mission is to perform SAR imaging of a given area of interest (AoI). In this setup, real-time communication with a base station (BS) is required to facilitate l...
Preprint
Besides improving communication performance, intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) are also promising enablers for achieving larger sensing coverage and enhanced sensing quality. Nevertheless, in the absence of a direct path between the base station (BS) and the targets, multi-target sensing is generally very difficult, since IRSs are incapable of...
Preprint
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In this paper, we investigate the robust resource allocation design for secure communication in an integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) system. A multi-antenna dual-functional radar-communication (DFRC) base station (BS) serves multiple single-antenna legitimate users and senses for targets simultaneously, where already identified targets ar...
Preprint
In this letter, we consider linear precoding for downlink massive multi-user (MU) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. We propose the novel successively-regularized zero forcing (SRZF) precoding, which exploits successive null spaces of the MIMO channels of the users, along with regularization, to control the inter-user interference and t...
Preprint
This paper studies reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) assisted device activity detection for grant-free (GF) uplink transmission in wireless communication networks. In particular, we consider mobile devices located in an area where the direct link to an access point (AP) is blocked. Thus, the devices try to connect to the AP via a reflected l...
Preprint
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In this paper, we propose novel Transmitter (Tx) models for Molecular Communication (MC) systems based on functionalized Nanoparticles (NPs). Current Tx models often rely on simplifying assumptions for the molecule release and replenishment mechanisms. In contrast, we propose a Tx model where the signaling molecule release is controlled by a switch...
Preprint
The line-of-sight (LOS) requirement of free-space optical (FSO) systems can be relaxed by employing optical relays and optical intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs). Unlike radio frequency (RF) IRSs, which typically exhibit a quadratic power scaling law, the power reflected from FSO IRSs and collected at the receiver lens may scale quadratically o...
Article
Recent modifications to the air interface of 5G and beyond networks have improved the support for mixed enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) and ultra-reliable and low-latency (URLLC) traffic. In particular, the concept of mini-slots has been introduced, and URLLC traffic is served at the mini-slot boundaries using superposition or puncturing of eMBB r...
Preprint
This paper investigates the channel impulse response (CIR), i.e., the molecule hitting rate, of a molecular communication (MC) system employing an absorbing receiver (RX) covered by multiple non overlapping receptors. In this system, receptors are heterogeneous, i.e., they may have different sizes and arbitrary locations. Furthermore, we consider t...
Preprint
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In this paper, we propose a novel concept for engineered molecular communication (MC) systems inspired by animal olfaction. We focus on a multi-user scenario where transmitters employ unique mixtures of different types of signaling molecules to convey their messages to a central receiver, which is equipped with an array comprising $R$ different typ...
Preprint
Synaptic communication is studied by communication engineers for two main reasons. One is to enable novel neuroengineering applications that require interfacing with neurons. The other reason is to draw inspiration for the design of synthetic molecular communication systems. Both of these goals require understanding of how the chemical synaptic sig...
Preprint
In this paper, we present a low overhead beam management approach for near-field millimeter-wave multi-antenna communication systems enabled by Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs). We devise a novel variable-width hierarchical phase-shift codebook suitable for both the near- and far-field of the RIS, and present a fast alignment algorithm fo...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we present a low overhead beam management approach for near-field millimeter-wave multi-antenna communication systems enabled by Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs). We devise a novel variable-width hierarchical phaseshift codebook suitable for both the near- and far-field of the RIS, and present a fast alignment algorithm for...
Preprint
div> In this paper, we propose a novel concept for engineered molecular communication (MC) systems inspired by animal olfaction. We focus on a multi-user scenario where several transmitters wish to communicate with a central receiver. We assume that each transmitter employs a unique mixture of different types of signaling molecules to represent i...
Preprint
Full-text available
div> In this paper, we propose a novel concept for engineered molecular communication (MC) systems inspired by animal olfaction. We focus on a multi-user scenario where several transmitters wish to communicate with a central receiver. We assume that each transmitter employs a unique mixture of different types of signaling molecules to represent i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Various applications of molecular communications (MC) are event-triggered, and, as a consequence, the prevalent Shannon capacity may not be the right measure for performance assessment. Thus, in this paper, we motivate and establish the identification capacity as an alternative metric. In particular, we study deterministic identification (DI) for t...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we focus on large intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) and propose a new codebook construction method to obtain a set of pre-designed phase-shift configurations for the IRS unit cells. Since the complexity of online optimization and the overhead for channel estimation for IRS-assisted communications scale with the size of the phase...
Preprint
In conventional molecular communication (MC) systems, the signaling molecules used for information transmission are stored, released, and then replenished by a transmitter (TX). However, the replenishment of signaling molecules at the TX is challenging in practice. Furthermore, in most envisioned MC applications, e.g., in the medical field, it is n...
Preprint
In this paper, we consider the precoder design for downlink multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) rate-splitting multiple access (RSMA) systems. The proposed scheme with simultaneous diagonalization (SD) decomposes the MIMO channel matrices of the users into scalar channels via higher-order generalized singular value decomposition for the common me...
Preprint
In molecular communication (MC), combining different types of particles at the transmitter is a degree of freedom which can be utilized for facilitating communication. In this paper, we address the problem of pulse shaping to simplify time synchronization requirements by exploiting and combining the received signal characteristics for particles of...
Preprint
Full-text available
In synaptic molecular communication (MC), the activation of postsynaptic receptors by neurotransmitters (NTs) is governed by a stochastic reaction-diffusion process. This randomness of synaptic MC contributes to the randomness of the electrochemical downstream signal in the postsynaptic cell, called postsynaptic membrane potential (PSP). Since the...
Preprint
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Rate-splitting multiple access (RSMA) has emerged as a novel, general, and powerful framework for the design and optimization of non-orthogonal transmission, multiple access (MA), and interference management strategies for future wireless networks. Through information and communication theoretic analysis, RSMA has been shown to be optimal (from a D...
Article
Most algorithms developed for the optimization of Intelligent Reflecting Surfaces (IRSs) so far require knowledge of full Channel State Information (CSI). However, the resulting acquisition overhead constitutes a major bottleneck for the realization of IRS-assisted wireless systems in practice. In contrast, in this paper, focusing on downlink trans...
Article
In this paper, a deep learning (DL) framework for the optimization of the resource allocation in multi-channel cellular systems with device-to-device (D2D) communication is proposed. Thereby, the channel assignment and discrete transmit power levels of the D2D users, which are both integer variables, are optimized for maximization of the overall sp...
Article
This paper develops mathematical models for molecule harvesting transmitters in diffusive molecular communication (MC) systems. In particular, we consider a communication link consisting of a spherical transmitter nano-machine and a spherical receiver nano-machine suspended in a fluid environment. The transmitter and the receiver exchange informati...
Article
This paper investigates a novel intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-based symbiotic radio (SR) system architecture consisting of a transmitter, an IRS, and an information receiver (IR). The primary transmitter communicates with the IR and at the same time assists the IRS in forwarding information to the IR. Based on the IRSs symbol period, we dist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nanomachines are envisioned for a variety of applications in the industry and health sectors operating as sensors and actuators. Considering their potential mobility, it is relevant to study the capability of nanomachines to cooperate in molecular communication scenarios. To this end, we provide new insights into the leader-follower dynamics when a...
Preprint
Full-text available
A correlated transmission and reflection (T&R) phase-shift model is proposed for passive lossless simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (STAR-RISs). A STAR-RIS-aided two-user downlink communication system is investigated for both orthogonal multiple access (OMA) and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). To...
Article
Full-text available
A novel simultaneously transmitting and reflecting (STAR) system design relying on reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) is conceived. First, an existing prototype is reviewed and the potential benefits of STAR-RISs are discussed. Then, the key differences between conventional reflecting-only RISs and STAR-RISs are identified from the perspect...
Preprint
We consider a multi-link diffusion-based molecular communication (MC) system where multiple spatially distributed transmitter (TX)-receiver (RX) pairs establish point-to-point communication links employing the same type of signaling molecules. To exploit the full potential of such a system, an in-depth understanding of the interplay between the spa...
Preprint
This paper analyzes the channel impulse response of an absorbing receiver (RX) covered by multiple non-overlapping receptors with different sizes and arbitrary locations in a molecular communication system. In this system, a point transmitter (TX) is assumed to be uniformly located on a virtual sphere at a fixed distance from the RX. Considering mo...
Article
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have found widespread commercial, civilian, and military applications. Wireless communication has always been one of the core technologies for UAV. However, the communication capacity is becoming a bottleneck for UAV to support more challenging application scenarios. The heavily-occupied sub-6 GHz frequency band is n...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper provides a theoretical framework for understanding the performance of reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) with zero-forcing (ZF) detectors under imperfect channel state information (CSI). We first propose a low-overhead minimum mean square error (MMSE) channel estimator, and then d...
Article
Wireless communication is an essential technology to unlock the full potential of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in numerous applications and has thus received unprecedented attention recently. Although technologies such as direct link, WiFi, and satellite communications are still useful in some remote scenarios where cellular services are unavail...
Preprint
In conventional molecular communication (MC) systems, the signaling molecules used for information transmission are stored, released, and then replenished by a transmitter (TX). However, the replenishment of signaling molecules at the TX is challenging in practice. Furthermore, in most envisioned MC applications, e.g., in the medical field, it is n...
Article
Over the last decade, simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) has become a practical and promising solution for connecting and recharging battery-limited devices due to significant advances in low-power electronics technology and wireless communications techniques. To realize the promised potentials, advanced resource allocatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over the last decade, simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) has become a practical and promising solution for connecting and recharging battery-limited devices, thanks to significant advances in low-power electronics technology and wireless communications techniques. To realize the promised potentials, advanced resource alloc...
Preprint
Most algorithms developed so far for the optimization of Intelligent Reflecting Surfaces (IRSs) require knowledge of full Channel State Information (CSI). However, the resulting acquisition overhead constitutes a major bottleneck for the realization of IRS-assisted wireless systems in practice. In contrast, in this paper, focusing on downlink trans...
Article
The novel concept of simultaneously transmitting and reflecting (STAR) reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) is investigated, where the incident wireless signal is divided into transmitted and reflected signals passing into both sides of the space surrounding the surface, thus facilitating a full-space manipulation of signal propagation. Based...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper proposes an integrated sensing, jamming, and communications (ISJC) framework for securing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-enabled wireless networks. The proposed framework advocates the dual use of artificial noise transmitted by an information UAV for simultaneous jamming and sensing of an eavesdropping UAV. Based on the information sense...
Preprint
Full-text available
A simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable intelligent surface (STAR-RIS) aided communication system is investigated, where an access point sends information to two users located on each side of the STAR-RIS. Different from current works assuming that the phase-shift coefficients for transmission and reflection can be independently...
Article
Wireless communication is an essential technology to unlock the full potential of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in numerous applications and has thus received unprecedented attention recently. Although technologies such as direct link, WiFi, and satellite communications are still useful in some remote scenarios where cellular services are unavail...
Article
Free-space optical (FSO) systems are able to offer the high data-rate, secure, and cost-efficient communication links required for applications such as wireless front- and backhauling for 5G and 6G communication networks. Despite the substantial advancement of FSO systems over the past decades, the requirement of a line-of-sight connection between...
Preprint
Full-text available
In synaptic molecular communication, the activation of postsynaptic receptors by neurotransmitters (NTs) is governed by a stochastic reaction-diffusion process and, hence, inherently random. It is currently not fully understood how this randomness impacts downstream signaling in the target cell and, ultimately, neural computation and learning. The...
Article
Full-text available
The direct measurement of distance-dependent information between wireless units represents a challenge for wireless locating systems, because it requires the exact time synchronization of separate wireless units. To avoid these synchronization efforts, many wireless locating systems only evaluate phase difference of arrival (PDOA) measurements. Whi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Extremely large antenna array for wideband communications is a promising technology to achieve a Tbps data rate for next-generation communications. However, due to the extremely large bandwidth and antenna array aperture, the near-field beam split effect will severely decrease the actual transmission rates, which has not been investigated in existi...
Article
Full-text available
We consider the uplink of firefly ultra dense networks which combine the promising features of ultra dense deployment and centralized processing. In these networks, a large number of remote radio units which we denote as firefly nodes (FNs) are spatially distributed over an area. The mobile devices (MDs) in the coverage area are simultaneously conn...