Robert Raskin's research while affiliated with Oklahoma State University - Tulsa and other places

Publications (10)

Article
Warning signs of decompensation, also known as prodromal symptoms, and problems related to poor recognition of warning signs were examined in a sample of 370 adult outpatients with severe mental illness. Clinicians' ratings, client interviews, and eight months of client service records revealed that poor recognition of warning signs was a prevalent...
Article
This study concerns the relationship between knowledge of "drug culture" and substance use. Results from a sample of 2,635 middle and high school students indicate that (1) knowledge of drug culture is positively correlated with substance use; (2) drug knowledge is more reliable and coherent in older youth; (3) drug knowledge is unrelated to other...
Article
This paper makes four points: (1) There is substantial substance use among adolescents in our large rural southwestern sample. (2) Adolescents explain their drug use with five kinds of reasons (i.e., Belonging, Coping, Pleasure, Creativity, and Aggression). (3) Different reasons for using drugs are related to frequency of substance use. (4) There a...
Article
This study examined the relationship between narcissism and the use of daydreams and fantasy in samples of 129 and 193 subjects. In sample 1, it was found that (1) narcissistic individuals experience achievement, heroic, sexual, hostile, self-revelation, and future-oriented daydreams; and (2) these six types of daydreams represent a coherent "narci...
Article
This study examines the relationships among hostility, grandiosity, dominance, narcissism, and self-esteem in samples of 84, 57, and 300 Ss. The intercorrelations among various self-report and observer ratings of these constructs suggest that (1) hostility, grandiosity, dominance, and narcissism are substantially intercorrelated and form a coherent...
Article
This study investigates the relationships among narcissism, self-esteem, and defensive self-enhancement in samples of 60, 84, 300, and 57 subjects. Using various self-report indices of these constructs we found that (a) defensive self-enhancement is composed of two orthogonal components: grandiosity and social desirability; (b) grandiosity and soci...
Article
This study developed a Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI) description of the narcissistic personality in a nonclinical population. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the MMPI were administered to two samples of 57 and 173 subjects. A correlational analysis produced a cross-validated positive relationship between narciss...
Article
In this study we explored the relationship between narcissism and the individual's use of personal pronouns during extemporaneous monologues. The subjects, 24 males and 24 females, were asked to talk for approximately 5 minutes on any topic they chose. Following the monologues the subjects were administered the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, t...
Article
We examined the internal and external validity of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI). Study 1 explored the internal structure of the NPI responses of 1,018 subjects. Using principal-components analysis, we analyzed the tetrachoric correlations among the NPI item responses and found evidence for a general construct of narcissism as well as...
Article
this paper is intended to make three points: (1) there is a systematic relationship between personality and managerial competence, (2) there is a systematic relationship between personality and managerial incompetence, (3) certain kinds of people with identifiable personality characteristics tend to rise to the tops of organizations and these peopl...

Citations

... One previously posited explanation is that people who use other drugs tend to perceive less stigma surrounding drug use and may be less susceptible to reporting bias as a result (5,38,39). A second and potentially complementary explanation is that more experienced drug users may be more knowledgeable about drugs and hence more likely to answer correctly on drug surveys and are less likely to respond discordantly due to information bias (5,40,41). ...
... The difference found concerning pleasure is confirmed in the literature (Lowe, 1999), according to which subjects of more mature age groups still have a better quality of life and find pleasure in activities such as family life, work or some passions that over the years have "Selected" (sport, dance, driving and so on), therefore considering these as "compensators" of pleasure, which therefore only partially seek in substance. Regarding the use of the substance to relax, several studies have reported the use of the substance in this direction (Atwoli et al., 2011;Novacek, Raskin and Hogan, 1991) in samples of adolescent students and young adults. ...
... However, narcissistic people can manifest changes in the effort they put in at work or in a certain task if the opportunities for personal glory are more salient (Roberts et al., 2019). The increased motivation to appear socially desirable in order to gain the acceptance of others and the need to achieve power and fame describe the characteristic interpersonal style of individuals with narcissistic tendencies (Raskin, Novacek & Hogan, 1991). Thus, we aim to investigate whether the relationship between communal narcissism and work effort can be explained by self-leadership, desire for fame, and power-seeking. ...
... In line with this notion, destructive forms of leadership are one of the most emotionally salient and disturbing affective events in the area of business and working life (Hogan et al., 1990), and early organizational climate research showed that 60% to 70% of all employees reported that the worst aspect of their job was the immediate supervisor (Hogan & Kaiser, 2005). In the same vein, 50% to 80% of all workplace bullying and harassment cases seem to involve a superior in the role of the alleged perpetrator (Zapf & Vartia, 2020). ...
... Many of the warning signs of mental health decompensation experienced by patients in PES (e.g., feeling depressed, overwhelmed, fearful, suicidal, violent) are associated with chronic stress [55]. The results of our study suggest that measuring AL provides an objective biological corollary to indicators of decompensation. ...
... These regulation strategies include some of NPD's most recognizable and maladaptive behaviors. Classic "grandiose" responses include being aggressive or devaluing toward others (20,21), fixating on grandiose fantasies (22), or engaging in self-serving bias (23). Classic "vulnerable" responses include alienating and isolating themselves (24) by avoiding situations that may threaten self-esteem (25), relentlessly criticizing themselves (26)(27)(28), or engaging in suicidal behaviors and fantasies (29,30). ...
... The Dark Triad: The Dark Triad includes three constructs describing individuals with tendencies toward "self-promotion, emotional coldness, duplicity, and aggressiveness" . The formation of the Dark Triad emerged from work on Machiavellianism , psychopathy (Hare, 1985), and narcissism (Raskin & Hall, 1979;Raskin et al., 1991). It is important to note that the Dark Triad measures are capturing subclinical traits. ...
... The theoretical lenses supporting this study consider the body as an important capital (Goldenberg, 2009), while also acknowledging the historical intersection between race and beauty in Brazilian culture. We consider that sacrifices can be made aimed at the cult of body image and that the changes and improvements performed by an individual characterize the body as an object to be sacralized (Raskin and Novacek, 1989). Concomitantly, this phenomenon is paralleled by the fluidity of appearance supported by aesthetic patterns imposed in our consumption society, in which the ephemerality of fashion, media, and advertising, infiltrates the changes amid different rituals of hair aesthetics (Lipovetsky, 2009). ...
... The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is a 40-item, forced-choice, self-report measure of grandiose narcissism (Raskin & Terry, 1988). Participants chose between one of two options for 40 pairs (sample item: "The thought of ruling the world frightens the hell out of me v. ...
... Employees with grandiose narcissism possess a strong sense of entitlement and need for self-focus (Raskin & Shaw, 1988). Customers and coworkers may find such employees arrogant, aggressive, and destructive (Paulhus & Williams, 2002). ...