Robert B. Coates's research while affiliated with Saint Catherine University and other places

Publications (20)

Chapter
Restorative justice mediated dialog is a conceptual frame that has utility for grouping and describing efforts at resolving conflict by engaging persons in face‐to‐face exchange. These approaches to conflict resolution have evolved out of the process of working with victims and criminal offenders. Today, these approaches are used at community level...
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Restorative justice in the 21st century is a social movement that has moved far beyond its humble and rather marginal beginnings in North America and Europe more than a quarter of a century ago. Today restorative justice policies and practices are developing throughout the world in diverse cultural and national settings, with recent endorsements by...
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Hate promotes violence. Dialogue among conflicting parties and groups is one way to decrease hate and help prevent bias-motivated crimes. Restorative justice has emerged in the last three decades as a means of giving all who are stake-holders in a crime—victims, offenders, and the community to which they belong—a voice in how harm can be repaired a...
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A small but growing number of jurisdictions across the U.S. offer victims of severe violence, including homicide, the opportunity to meet in a mediated dialogue session with their offender if they so desire. Such meetings are victim initiated and involve extensive preparation of the parties. This article reports on an intensive qualitative five-yea...
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While Paul McCold’s intent to clarify the compatibility of restorative justice and community justice conceptual frameworks is laudable, his effort provides as much confusion as clarity (McCold, 200411. McCold , P . (2004). Paradigm muddle: The threat to restorative justice posed by its merger with community justice. Contemporary Justice Review, 7:...
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The field of victim-offender mediation, now in its third decade, has grown extensively throughout North America and Europe, with programs in more than twelve hundred communities. This article reports on results from three related studies on the consequences of participating in victim-offender mediation, including programs in four of the United Stat...
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"The hell you say. I won't stand for it. " Banging the table with his fist, the black store owner shouted, "You're not gonna get off that easy!" The Native American teen shoplifter cowered in silence. She worked hard at keeping her lips from trembling and her stare fixed on an old pi,picture hanging on the wall to the right of the black man. With c...
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Full-text available
Both restorative justice in general and victim offender mediation specifically continue to be identified with primarily, if not exclusively, addressing non-violent property crimes, and perhaps even minor assaults. This article will challenge such assumptions by providing empirical evidence that suggests that many of the principles of restorative ju...
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This article reports on the first cross-site analysis of victim-offender mediation programs in the United States, working with juvenile courts in Albuquerque, Austin, Minneapolis, and Oakland. A total of 1,153 interviews were conducted with victims and offenders. These included pre- and postmediation interviews and the use of two comparison groups....
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This article presents the findings of an analysis of victim offender mediation programs working with the juvenile courts in Albuquerque (NM), Minneapolis (MN) and Oakland (CA). The study is based upon 868 interviews with crime victims and offenders, including pre- and post-mediation interviews and two different comparison groups. The data that emer...

Citations

... The dataset was further scaled down on a case-by-case basis by including only regulations whereby there was comprehensive reference to RJ and avoiding duplications. In a limited number of cases, statutes and policy documents with no use of the expression 'restorative justice' were considered, due to their historical role in paving the way for the development of RJ, as acknowledged by literature [20,29]. Four international documents on RJ for the very same reason were also considered [73: 44-48] (n = 38). ...
... Case studies have the ability to add depth and context to the understanding of how and why restorative justice policies are considered and adopted. When Washington County Court Services in Minnesota undertook a systemic shift toward restorative justice, the organization asked the Center for Restorative Justice and Peacemaking at the University of Minnesota to document their change process (Coates, Umbreit, & Vos, 2004). The authors found that reform was not prompted by any particular event or crisis, but was rather seen as a slowly evolving process within the context of a long-time progressive government ideology. ...
... To "conceptualize" is to form new ideas or concepts. The first-line supervisor is in the best position to identify and resolve conflict between specialized police units by employing conceptualization techniques and utilizing mediation skills (Umbreit & Coates, 2000). Key ambient factors of conceptualization involve the identification, prioritizing, and solving of problems. ...
... Research shows that restorative justice programs, compared to traditional criminal justice processed, may provide more opportunities for crime victims to have their voices heard, receive answers to questions about the offense from the offender, and obtain restitution payments from offenders [64,67]. Furthermore, where crime victims and offenders work together in restorative processes they are more likely to reach agreements on reparations and offender compliance with those agreements are substantially higher than with imposed sanctions under traditional justice processes [8,[60][61][62][63][64]. Restorative justice programs have also been shown to increase perceptions of safety and empowerment among crime victims. ...
... While restorative justice generally includes victims, in many countries these programs evolved from probation services, and as a result, restorative justice is generally not victim-centred (Wemmers 2002;Dünkel et al. 2015). Restitution is common in restorative justice programs where it is used to help an offender gain awareness of the wrong committed and to take responsibility for repairing the harm caused, which includes compensating the victim for any losses (Umbreit et al. 2001;Hoskins et al. 2015). Much like restitution orders, this too is an offender-centred approach to reparation. ...
... The outcomes studies have been carried out in family group conferencing in Australia which treats the issue of forgiveness and changes in victim"s perception of the offender in major and minor crimes (Strang, 2002) and VOMD (Victim Offender Mediated Dialogue) in Ohio and Texas (Umbreit et al,2003). The issue of satisfaction in VOM (Victim Offender Mediation) was shown in some programs in North America and Europe which has some data on forgiveness constructs which can set tone for healing (Umbreit, Coates, & Vos, 2002). ...
... Indeed, the use of pre-coded measurements of participant satisfaction levels (Bazemore, Elis, & Green, 2007;M. S. Umbreit, Coates, & Vos, 2002) has been replicated in a vast proliferation of publications on the subject that all repeat the same discussions, as well as many of the growing list of criticisms, leading to a now famous assertion by McCold (2003) that 'research on Restorative justice is a mile long but only an inch deep' (Walgrave, 2008). ...
... La JR privilégie la participation active des différentes parties concernées et facilite les communications entre elles pour trouver une solution au préjudice causé par le crime (Umbreit, Vos, Coates et Armour, 2006 ;Van Ness et Heetderks Strong, 1997 ;Zehr et Mika, 1998). Ce dernier étant alors considéré comme un tort causé aux personnes et non seulement comme une offense commise à l'endroit de l'État, les besoins, les préoccupations et les émotions des parties concernées prennent ainsi une place importante dans le processus de JR. ...
... selon Strang et al. (2006), Tufts (2000), Wemmers et Canuto (2002). Les recherches révèlent que les personnes victimes, y compris celles de crimes violents, sont généralement très satisfaites de la JR (Umbreit, Bradshaw et Coates, 1999 ;Van Hecke et Wemmers, 1992 ;Wemmers et Canuto, 2002 ;Van Camp, 2014). Ainsi, l'Office des Nations Unies contre la drogue et le crime (ONUDC) note que : ...
... Each mediator has the obligation to be neutral towards the victim and the offender (Levi, 1997;Jackson, 1998;Cohen, Harley, 2003Wemmers, Cyr, 2006;Moore, 2014). The scope and the function of social control agencies regarding youth delinquency should address the interests and the needs of all parties participating in the mediation (delinquents, victims, community) and no one have to benefit at the price of the others (Umbreit, Coates, 2013). ...