Robert Axelrad's research while affiliated with United States Environmental Protection Agency and other places

Publications (2)

Article
As society continues to focus on the importance of academic achievement, the physical environment of schools should be addressed as 1 of the critical factors that influence academic outcomes. The School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) 2006 provides, for the first time, a comprehensive look at the extent to which schools have health-promo...
Chapter
This chapter discusses indoor air quality (IAQ) in schools. IAQ in schools can have an important impact on health. Four factors determine IAQ in schools: sources of indoor air pollution; heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems; pollutant pathways; and the people themselves. The EPA's Tools for Schools program can be used to identify IAQ...

Citations

... School facilities provide not only a physical environment but also social environment that is a functional and complicated space where students, teachers, parents, education curriculum, local community, and other ecological factors interact (Hu et al. 2004). Since students who have a weak resistance to external stimuli spend a great number of hours in school, it is necessary to pay attention to maintaining a pleasant indoor environment in school facilities (Axelrad R. 2006). In the classroom, however, there are various teaching materials and audiovisual tools such as computers, projection televisions as well as air conditioning and heating systems that interact with synthetic resin products used for interiors. ...
... Short-time exposure of human body to highly toxic pesticide substance leads to the acute effect and can be observed as dermal, inhalation, and ingestion toxicity (Rao 2018). The acute pesticide toxicity is responsible for the symptoms like headache, lack of decision and coordination, redness and itching of eyes, skin allergies, depression, loss of appetite, diarrhea, shortness of breath, fatigue, slow pulse rate, sweating, vomiting and nausea, and sometimes coma (Jones et al. 2007;Eddleston 2020). On the other hand, the ignorance of acute toxicity and long-term exposure to low pesticide doses are responsible for the chronic effects (Koureas et al. 2012;Thongprakaisang et al. 2013;Nieder et al. 2018). ...