Richard Contreras's research while affiliated with DePaul University and other places

Publications (9)

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Oxford Houses (OHs) are self-help community-based recovery homes that promote abstinence through peer-support and group activities that help residents build a sense of community. However, Latinos remain largely underrepresented in OHs. The purpose of this study is to examine the house environment, particularly activities that may contribute to a po...
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Purpose: The present study explored the effects of length of stay in an Oxford House (a sober living environment) with the number of days attended school/vocational training and days worked in the past 90 days with 292 women and 604 men. Design/methodology/approach: This paper presents quantitative data. Findings: Results indicated that number...
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Research investigations on twelve-step groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) have addressed a number of resources associated with 12-step recovery. However, little is known about the role of wisdom, and whether aspects of 12-step participation might increase this resource among 12-step members. An exploratory analysi...
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The current study compared traditional recovery homes for individuals with substance use disorders with homes that had been modified to feature culturally congruent communication styles. Findings indicated significant increases in employment income, with the size of the change significantly greater in the culturally modified houses. Significant dec...
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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most prevalent chronic blood-borne infection in the United States and the leading cause of chronic liver disease. HCV is transmitted through blood-to-blood contact. New infections remain common among IDUs, prisoners, and others likely to be exposed to infected blood. The purpose of this study was to use qualitative me...
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Background and aims: Wisdom is theorized to be an important construct in recovery from substance abuse. In order to explore the role of wisdom in substance abuse recovery behaviors, the present study had two goals. First, it sought to examine the factor structure of a wisdom scale, the Foundational Value Scale (FVS) in a community sample of women...
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Latinos often do not seek substance abuse services, and this might be correlated to the lack of culturally-modified substance abuse treatment approaches. Oxford House is the largest self-help residential recovery program in the U.S., yet few Latinos are among their current residents. In an effort to change this, bilingual-bicultural recovery homes...
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The present study examined self-regulation, unemployment, and substance use outcomes for individuals with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who had transitioned from substance use treatment centers to the community. Participants, recruited from substance abuse treatment centers, were randomly assigned to an Oxford House self-help com...

Citations

... Recovery residences are residential self-help communal living facilities that contribute to continued abstinence by providing a network of others who share abstinence goals and creating conditions to gain employment skills (Gómez et al. 2014). These residences also encourage social support, civic engagement, and physical health and well-being. ...
... In other words, narcotic drugs can heighten the risks of mortality and early aging. 1,2 As the findings of recent studies indicated vulnerability to addiction is closely related to cultural and social factors as well as family issues. According to the conducted studies, the risk of addiction is higher among juvenile delinquents, street urchins, divorcees, poor people, and populous families. ...
... In our review, we found clinicians could perpetuate misinformation about HCV (Contreras & Jason, 2013;Jordan et al., 2013;Staton-Tindall et al., 2015). In a recent study, researchers found that 40% of people who use drugs avoided seeking healthcare in the last year due to anticipated mistreatment, including anticipated verbal and physical abuse from healthcare providers (Meyerson et al., 2021 HCV. ...
... This recovery factor improvement protects residents from a premature exit from the OH during the high-risk period when most evictions occur. Prior studies have also found positive recovery outcomes among Black and Latinx residents of OH. [8][9][10] It appears that people of color are able to create or access resources better than White residents when living in recovery homes, 11 but the reasons for this differential outcome are not known. ...
... craving), did not assess both outcomes in an outpatient context (e.g. all assessments took place in controlled environments), or reported on subsets of samples from studies not intending to address both aspects of the comorbidity during treatment (e.g., Jason et al., 2011;Park, Cheng, Samet, Winter & Saitz, 2015). 2 We contacted investigators regarding the availability of results from unpublished RCTs identified in trial registries (e.g., Hamblen, personal communication; Vujanovic, personal communication) as well as for information on subsets of participants likely meeting criteria for PTSD/SUD in studies targeting these disorders but allowing a broader spectrum of enrollees (i.e., Brief et al., 2013, personal communication;Haller et al., 2016, personal communication). ...
... Because many do not undergo formal SUD treatment, they may not receive referrals to this recovery resource. Another explanation given is that many recovery houses do not offer their services in the Spanish language or incorporate aspects of Latino culture, making them less attractive to some Latinos with SUDs (Alvarez, Jason, Davis, Ferrari, & Olson, 2004;Contreras et al., 2012). ...
... For instance, Perry et al. (2002) found a three, and Jason et al. (2004) found a seven-factor structure was the best fit. More recently, DiGangi, Jason, Mendoza, Miller, and Contreras (2013) also found a threefactor model was the best fit, although several items were dropped or misclassified during model fit analyses. Nevertheless, Digangi et al. (2013) found that this modified three-factor, 16-item model was associated with excellent fit statistics in a Structural Equation Model (SEM) and predicted higher self-efficacy estimates for both alcohol and drug resistance for women in a substance abuse recovery program. ...