Raffaella Y. Nanetti's research while affiliated with University of Illinois at Chicago and other places

Publications (12)

Chapter
The volume has presented ten chapters divided into four parts looking at different aspects of the dynamics of federalist systems over time. Part IV is represented by this concluding chapter which looks at the recent European experience and how it has changed at the supranational level. We will not discuss what has happened within nation-states beca...
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The thesis of this paper is that the Italian Communists are attempting to implement a top-initiated response to increasing societal demands for government services and the crisis of confidence in local politics in blending together technocratic-efficiency elements in the management of public affairs along with sustained grassroots participation. We...
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This article looks at the ‘region-specific’ economic development strategy which has emerged in Italy during the last fifteen years as a result of the creation of institutionalized regional government. It is argued that the decentralization of decision-making and administrative powers in the areas of territorial, economic and social planning has coi...
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Why do some new representative institutions succeed and others fail? This article tests several hypotheses about the ecology of institutional performance, drawing on a ten-year study of Italian regional governments. Institutional success is greater where socioeconomic development is more advanced, where the political culture is participant and soci...
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This article addresses the alternatives posed by urban decentralization as a new institutional framework within which change in city planning goals and administrative practices can take place. Considering that, traditionally, the professions of city planning and public administration have been haunted by a low level of implementation of plans and a...
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How stable are elite survey responses over time? Scattered previous research casts doubt on the standard assumption that elite political attitudes are significantly more stable than mass attitudes. After a discussion of problems of interpreting and measuring attitude stability, this study presents evidence from a six-year panel survey of Italian re...
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Análisis de los nuevos gobiernos regionales en Italia, que abarca dos décadas -desde la creación de tales instancias en 1970- y muestra la importancia del sentido cívico en el desarrollo de instituciones políticas exitosas. Tras veinte años de examinar la eficacia de estos gobiernos en campos como la agricultura, la vivienda y los servicios de salu...

Citations

... The term social capital is used frequently in various disciplines and attracted particular attention in the social sciences by referring to theories by Pierre Bourdieu (Bourdieu 1986). Understandings and uses of this term depend on the disciplinary context (Jacobs 1961, Putnam et al. 1994). Ostrom's use of the term social capital refers to shared norms and trust within communities, which enable them to manage common pool resources collectively at low monitoring and enforcement costs (Ostrom 1990, Ostrom andAhn 2009). ...
... It is possible to discern two general approaches for measuring social capital. The most common approach stems from the work of political scientists and sociologists (e.g., Dakhli and De Clercq 2004;Inglehart 1997;Putnam et al. 1983) and uses what are sometimes called "proximal" indicators such as the degree of civic engagement of individuals, which can indicate their involvement in social networks, or the degree of the trust they place on institutions and other people (Stone 2001). The alternative approach stems from the work of economists (e.g., Glaeser et al. 2002) and uses what are sometimes called "distal" indicators, since they are not directly related to the key theoretical components of social capital. ...
... Some studies focus on the type or nature of politicians such as Stone et al. (2004) for the US and Muramatsu and Krauss (1984) for Japan. Several papers deal with the ideological stance of politicians, such as Frendreis et al. (2003) considering state politicians in the US and Putnam et al. (1979) in a classic contribution based on a survey of Italian politicians. Finally, two studies elicit answers from politicians in the US as to how they represent voters and organize their tasks (Kurtz et al. (2006) and Harden (2013)). ...
... top-down) oraz oddolne (ang. bottom-up) (Nanetti 1980;Jacobs 1992). Te pierwsze odnoszą się do wszystkich sytuacji, w których partycypacja społeczna jest organizowana przez władze różnego szczebla. ...
... In 1951 Giuseppe Dossetti, the leader of the catholic party "Christian Democracy", presented the "White Paper for Bologna", a policy document that advanced a city renewal model from the perspective of its inhabitants, considered as a "key factor" to generate new identities and thus to turn marginal areas into "real" parts of the city [5]. This issue was tackled ten years later by the Municipality with the institution of decentralization: the city was divided in fifteen neighborhood councils, formed by twenty members appointed by the City Council, with the function of discussing "the problems of the neighborhood in an organic relationship with the general situation of the city and in relation to the city budget and long-range development plans" [6]. ...
... The remaining regions were supposed to receive " ordinary statutes, " but the Italian parliament did not pass enabling legislation for ordinary regions until 1970, and Italy granted more powers to the regions in 1975, 1990, 1993, 1997, and 2001 (Leonardi, Nanetti and Putnam 1987). Ethnoregional parties were virtually absent in ordinary statute regions until the end of the Cold War and Tangentopoli corruption scandals led to the collapse and reformation of the party system. ...
... Performance evaluation is one of the widely studied subjects in politics and public services despite its ambiguous definition Putnam, Leonardi, and Manetti 1988). However, researchers are well conscious of the distinction between democratic performance/quality of democracy and government effectiveness/quality of public services. ...
... As a consequence, since 1972 the management of key components of economic development policies has been due to regional governments. Since then, each regional government has been safeguarding its environmental resources, controlled its physical development and ensured the well-being of its urban and agricultural communities [1]. Therefore, planning in Italy is generally regionally-regulated and administrated. ...
... Robert D. Putnam provided the classical definition of social capital as follows: "The characteristics of social organizations include social trust, social norms, and participation networks that promote cooperative behavior to improve social efficiency." This is the framework for social capital that has been adopted by political and administrative circles (Putnam, 1994) [52]. ...
... Civic behavior often refers to actions aimed at limiting free riding for the benefit of others or the community. Examples of such behaviors include donating blood and organs and volunteerism (Putnam, 1993), but also compiling with taxes and respecting the physical environment. This definition of civicness drowns back from the socialization theory (Durkheim, 1951(Durkheim, [1897; Parsons, 1967), which solves the puzzle of civic engagement by looking at the individuals' level of internalization of norms or other institutional factors such as the social cohesion within a society. ...