ROGER PATRICK's research while affiliated with RAND Corporation and other places

Publications (12)

Article
Some of the drivers behind the information and treatment technology trends, the technology itself, and some of the issues and considerations associated with use of the technology and their implications for water utilities are described. The fundamental information technology (IT) trends and trends toward improvements in microelectronics are expecte...
Article
Regulations such as the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act pose significant challenges for water utilities. Protecting the public health and environment means adjusting practices to limit contaminants - often detectable at levels beyond our understanding of environmental risk. This process can be costly and...
Article
Scenario planning, a tool, that can be used by strategic planners to frame the future and guide representatives of the public water supply community in planning for future uncertainty, is described. Scenario planning requires an understanding of the driving forces and trends facing an enterprise, that can result in a reasonably accurate prediction...
Article
The increasing pressure on water utilities to meet growing regulatory expectations is well-known. Customers are also clamoring for utilities' attention, demanding service, safety, and taste and creating pressure from a different direction. Utilities' primary competition is the bottled water industry because of a public perception of greater safety...
Article
Over the next quarter century, water utilities in the United States will face a number of developments that will put pressure on their resources, spur them to develop alternative supplies, and necessitate new approaches to how they conduct business. This article, the second in a series, highlights two of these trends - population growth and climate...
Article
This article provides an overview of the top ten water utility future trends identified through an assessment of the literature, interviews with public water supply community leaders, and a futures workshop featuring futurists and scenario planning exercises. Utilities can use the discussion of these trends - including aging infrastructure, advanci...
Article
An overview is given on the findings of the recently completed AWWA Research Foundation project titled A Strategic Assessment of the Future of Water Utilities. The analysis of some of the water quality trends observed in the project is discussed. An attempt is also made to describe how those trends may affect the US water utility community.
Article
This article is part of a continuing series that draws on the findings from the recently completed AWWA Research Foundation project, “A Strategic Assessment of the Future of Water Utilities.” The project team worked in conjunction with water industry leaders to identify internal and external trends expected to influence the water industry, to devel...
Article
The AWWA Research Foundation worked in conjunction with water industry leaders to identify internal and external trends expected to influence the water industry. They developed a set of scenarios for the operating environment that water utilities might face in the future and identified the attributes of the successful utility of the future. This pa...

Citations

... This is mostly intertwined with the reduced public environmental awareness and participation, which are considered crucial factors for successful pollution prevention [12]. Indeed, the public awareness of drinking water safety is relevant to both the promotion of household water treatment and the prevention of water contamination accidents [13][14][15]. Several studies attribute the ineffectiveness of WASH interventions to users' difficulty in choosing safe water behaviors in daily household activities (e.g., chlorinated drinking water, adequate sanitation of drinking water containers) [16,17]. ...
... ASD differs from traditional forms of service delivery because it involves more private sector actors in the delivery process. Furthermore, ASD is considered to be more efficient, cost effective, and accountable because it increases managerial flexibility and introduces new forms of expertise in service delivery processes (Skelly 1996). Three commonly used forms of ASD are contracting out, privatization, and publicprivate partnerships. ...
... For example, increasing annual (net-)precipitation has resulted in several extreme drought and flood events across the country (Schubert et al., 2004;Dong et al., 2011;Peterson et al., 2013;Leng et al., 2016). In addition, the population has increased with an average annual growth of 0.67% between 2010 and 2019, mostly in the south and west parts, and the trend is expected to continue until 2050 (Means III et al., 2005;Potter and Hoque, 2014). Groundwater across the CONUS accounts for almost half of the water consumed for irrigation, livestock, and drinking water (including public domestic water supply) (Dieter , 2018). ...
... This is becoming increasingly important as more and more research is conducted into the effects of minute amounts of pollutants in our ecosystems and on human health. Addressing these regulations can be quite challenging because of the potentially volatile combination of politics, science, engineering, and public concerns involved (Means et al, 2005c). ...
... Rather than relying on predictions of such alternatives, scenarios produced in a collaborative modelling process are purported to enable creative thinking to prepare stakeholders to face an uncertain future events (Schwartz, 1996). Scenarios simulated provide a dynamic view of the prospective events by exploring different trajectories of change (Means, Patrick et al., 2005). Two types of scenarios are often referred in the literature: explanatory and anticipatory scenarios. ...
... Furthermore, a 20% growth in US population by 2020 could mean that providing residential water supply services will continue to be a growing business. This may be especially valid for the southern and western regions of the US where the population growth has been concentrated over the last 30 years (Dixon, 2001). ...
... In water service provision, United Nation (UN) define sustainability in line of life for all living things, it is a medium of transport, a key input in agricultural production, a solvent and a temperature regulator (Aung et al., 2018;Martínez-fernández et al., 2020). This recognition ignited the push for efficiency, public participation, accountability and financial stewardship in the provision of water (Langford, 2005;Means et al., 2005). This could partly explain why it was considered on the global map under the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ...