R.A. Krueger's scientific contributions

Publications (5)

Article
Every methodology in social science research includes a set of recommended procedures intended to minimize abuse and error. Because these standards are still evolving for focus groups, the methodology is prone to abuses, both intentional and unintentional. For example, many disparate group situations are labeled ‘focus group interview’; researchers...

Citations

... It usually involves six to eight participants from similar backgrounds, or shared experiences, related to a specific area under research (Hennik, 2014;Liamputtong, 2011). Through a carefully planned series of discussions, researchers gather rich, contextual data to gain an in-depth understanding of consumers' perceptions, attitudes, and habits, in a permissive, nonthreatening environment (Krueger and Casey, 2015). Unlike quantitative approaches, focus groups provide many opportunities to probe the question Why?, which is essential for understanding in-depth participants' reasoning and corresponding actions. ...
... As Krueger and Casey (2000) have noted, focus groups are intended to promote a comfortable atmosphere of disclosure in which people can share their ideas, experiences and attitudes about a topic. Hence, the aim of this focus group was to explore the perception of the participants vis-à-vis the usefulness of the method of assigning short video recordings in increasing their English language fluency. ...
... Choosing participants for a focus group is not random, thus for achieving good group conformation some tips should be planned very well. However, if the subject is not simple, Krueger (1994) acclaimed that the researcher should not have more than 7 members in the focus group (Casey& Krueger, 1994;Vanderstoep & Johnson, 2008). Furthermore, as explained by , the focus group offers a more ordinary environment to compare with individual interviews. ...
... The PBA framework provides a rigorous approach for analyzing the attitudes, needs, and challenges of potential participants to guide the development of intervention components (Yardley et al., 2015). Audio files were transcribed verbatim, coded, and analyzed with NVivo11 (QSR International, Doncaster, Australia) using a directed qualitative content analysis with both an inductive and deductive approach (Bingham & Witkowsky, 2021;Hsieh & Shannon, 2005;Krueger & Casey, 2002). Specifically, a deductive approach was used to organize the data into PBA framework concepts (e.g., motivators, barriers, recommendations) which formed the initial coding structure (themes), then an inductive approach was used to view the data without preconceived notions of what might emerge (categories). ...
... Transcripts were read multiple times by three research team members to understand the essence of each focus group. The authors began with the classic analysis strategy (Krueger and Casey 2015) to facilitate case comparison followed by Key-Words-in-Context analysis to identify key adolescent expressions, patterns, emotionally supported responses, word specificity and extensiveness (Bernard et al. 2017). Next, first cycle coding methods were employed followed by second cycle coding (Miles et al. 2020). ...