R. Murray Schafer's scientific contributions

Citations

... Southworth (1969) defined soundscape as human perception of sounds in the urban built environment. Later Schafer (1977Schafer ( , 1994 identified soundscape as any defined acoustic environment that reflects ecological processes and properties of places. Pijanowski et al. (2011a) suggested a more detailed definition focusing on the sound sources (biophony, geophony and anthrophony) and the spatiotemporal dimension of soundscapes, while the definition provided by ISO 12913-1 series on soundscape uses a more human-centred inquiry i. e. soundscape is an "acoustic environment as perceived or experienced and/or understood by a person or people, in context" (Axelsson, 2012). ...