Qihuang Gong's research while affiliated with Peking University and other places

Publications (728)

Article
We demonstrate chiral photoluminescence and scattering induced by the interaction between chiral phonons and localized plasmon. In the experiment, we constructed a hybrid structure of single gold nanorods and bilayer graphene. The optical chirality was investigated with a helicity-resolved single-particle spectroscopy technique, including the dark-...
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The time delay of photoelectron emission serves as a fundamental building block to understand the ultrafast electron emission dynamics in strong-field physics. Here, we study the photoelectron angular streaking of CO molecules by using two-color ( 400 + 800 nm) corotating circularly polarized fields. By coincidently measuring photoelectrons with th...
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Non-Gaussian states with Wigner negativity are of particular interest in quantum technology due to their potential applications in quantum computing and quantum metrology. However, how to create such states at a remote location remains a challenge, which is important for efficiently distributing quantum resource between distant nodes in a network....
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Quantum interference occurs frequently in the interaction of laser radiation with materials, leading to a series of fascinating effects such as lasing without inversion, electromagnetically induced transparency, Fano resonance, etc. Such quantum interference effects are mostly enabled by single-photon resonance with transitions in the matter, regar...
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The quantum Toffoli gate is one of the most important three-qubit gates, but it is challenging to construct a chip according to the complicated traditional circuit. Using the optimized 3D configuration with an overpass waveguide to reduce the circuit complexity, we successfully fabricate an on-chip path encoded photonic quantum Toffoli gate enabled...
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Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have emerged as the most promising photovoltaics because of the solution processability of the ambipolar perovskite absorber, although the adjacent transporting layers (TLs) generally bring about severe cost and processing consumptions. In this work, we propose an ultrathick solution-processed FAPbI3 (FA: formamidinium...
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Full-text available
Non-Gaussian states with Wigner negativity are of particular interest in quantum technology due to their potential applications in quantum computing and quantum metrology. However, how to create such states at a remote location remains a challenge, which is important for efficiently distributing quantum resource between distant nodes in a network....
Article
Understanding in situ crystallization of perovskite materials is fundamentally important for perovskite‐based materials, components, and devices. Here, in situ crystallization of perovskites in three dimensions is investigated using two‐photon excitation fluorescence microscopy with diffraction‐limited spatial resolution. By taking a perovskite pre...
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The solution of matrix eigenvalues has always been a research hotspot in the field of modern numerical analysis, which has important value in practical application of engineering technology and scientific research. Despite the fact that currently existing algorithms for solving the eigenvalues of matrices are well-developed to try to satisfy both i...
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Controlling and programming quantum devices to process quantum information by the unit of quantum dit, i.e., qudit, provides the possibilities for noise-resilient quantum communications, delicate quantum molecular simulations, and efficient quantum computations, showing great potential to enhance the capabilities of qubit-based quantum technologies...
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Entanglement and topology portray nature at the fundamental level but differently. Entangled states of particles are intrinsically sensitive to the environment, whereas the topological phases of matter are naturally robust against environmental perturbations. Harnessing topology to protect entanglement has great potential for reliable quantum appli...
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Wigner negativity, as a well-known indicator of nonclassicality, plays an essential role in quantum computing and simulation using continuous-variable systems. The conditional preparation of Wigner-negative states through appropriate non-Gaussian operations on an auxiliary mode is common procedure in quantum optics experiments. Motivated by the dem...
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Manipulating plasmon–exciton coupling is a pivotal desire for many potential applications. Here, it is found that the plasmonic phase delay can modulate the interference‐induced asymmetrical spectrum line shape of the plasmon–exciton coupling system considerably. The phase effect in a hybrid system consisting of monolayer WSe2 and an individual gol...
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Kerr soliton microcombs in microresonators have been a prominent miniaturized coherent light source. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate the existence of Kerr solitons in an optomechanical microresonator, for which a nonlinear model is built by incorporating a single mechanical mode and multiple optical modes. Interestingly, an exotic vibratio...
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With the rapid development of femtosecond lasers, the generation and application of optical vortices have been extended to the regime of intense-light-matter interaction. The characterization of the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of intense vortex pulses is very critical. Here, we propose and demonstrate a novel photoelectron-based scheme that can...
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Label-free sensors are highly desirable for biological analysis and early-stage disease diagnosis. Optical evanescent sensors have shown extraordinary ability in label-free detection, but their potentials have not been fully exploited because of the weak evanescent field tails at the sensing surfaces. Here, we report an ultrasensitive optofluidic b...
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Resolving the photonic modes in real space is essential to understand the fundamental process and control of photonic behavior in optoelectric devices. However, the understanding of the photonic modes of semimetal Cd3As2 is still lacking. Herein, the quasicylindrical waves (QCW) on Cd3As2 nanoplates using photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) ar...
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Two co-corresponding authors should have been listed in J.lightw technol, vol. 39, no. 20, pp. 6646-6652, Oct. 2021., whilst the footnote on the first page mistakenly listed only one corresponding author. The two co-corresponding authors are Haitan Xu and Guowei Lu.
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Manipulating light dynamics in optical microcavities has been made mainly either in real or momentum space. Here we report a phase-space tailoring scheme, simultaneously incorporating spatial and momentum dimensions, to enable deterministic and in situ regulation of photon transport in a chaotic microcavity. In the time domain, the chaotic photon t...
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Integrated quantum photonics uses classical integrated photonic technologies and devices for quantum applications. As in classical photonics, chip-scale integration has become critical for scaling up and translating laboratory demonstrators to real-life technologies. Integrated quantum photonics efforts are centred around the development of quantum...
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Resonances in optical cavities are used to manipulate light propagation, enhance light-matter interaction, modulate quantum states, and so on. However, the index contrast between the traditional cavities and the host is generally not high, which to some extent limited their performances. By putting dielectric cavities into a host of zero-index mate...
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Plasmon decay via the surface or interface is a critical process for practical energy conversion and plasmonic catalysis. However, the relationship between plasmon damping and the coupling between the plasmon and 2D materials is still unclear. The spectral splitting due to plasmon–exciton interaction impedes the conventional single‐particle method...
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Single-photon source in micro- or nanoscale is the basic building block of on-chip quantum information and scalable quantum network. Enhanced spontaneous emission based on cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) is one of the key principles of realizing single-photon sources fabricated by micro- or nanophotonic cavities. Here we mainly review the spo...
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The perovskite microlaser is a competitive candidate of light source for optical communication and integrated photonic circuits. Understanding the fundamental mechanism of lasing is crucial for the upcoming devices. The ultrafast establishment of lasing modes within a 2D perovskite microplate cavity at room temperature is investigated. The transien...
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Probing and manipulating the electronic motion in the ultrafast laser molecular interaction provides the pathways for quantum imaging and controlling chemical reactions. Recently, the emerging application of attosecond metrology of ultrafast electron dynamics has accessed the time scale of the most fundamental processes in molecular chemical reacti...
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The rapid development of information technology has fueled an ever-increasing demand for ultrafast and ultralow-energy-consumption computing. Existing computing instruments are pre-dominantly electronic processors, which use electrons as information carriers and possess von Neumann architecture featured by physical separation of storage and process...
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We propose a general and experimentally feasible approach to realize simultaneous ground-state cooling of arbitrary number of near-degenerate, or even fully degenerate mechanical modes, overcoming the limit imposed by the formation of mechanical dark modes. Multiple optical modes are employed to provide different dissipation channels that prevent c...
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Time-domain dynamic evolution properties of topological states play an important role in both fundamental physics study and practical applications of topological photonics. However, owing to the absence of available ultrafast time-domain dynamic characterization methods, studies have mostly focused on the frequency-domain-based properties, and ther...
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In article number 2100626, Yan Li, Shumin Xiao and co-workers demonstrate a flexible strategy for encrypting extra vectorial holographic images by controlling the phase distributions of holographic images in far field. Tremendous information can be dynamically revealed from the designed metasurface that encrypts extra vectorial holographic images o...
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Soliton microcombs based on Kerr nonlinearity in microresonators have been a prominent miniaturized coherent light source. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate the existence of Kerr solitons in an optomechanical microresonator, for which a nonlinear model is built by incorporating a single mechanical mode and multiple optical modes. Interesting...
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Quantum communications aim to share encryption keys between the transmitters and receivers governed by the laws of quantum mechanics. Integrated quantum photonics offers significant advantages of dense integration, high stability and scalability, which enables a vital platform for the implementation of quantum information processing and quantum com...
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Ionization of atoms and molecules in laser fields can lead to various interesting interference structures in the photoelectron spectrum. For the case of a superintense extreme ultraviolet laser pulse, we identify a novel petal-like interference structure in the electron momentum distribution along the direction of the laser field propagation. We sh...
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The magnon cat state represents a macroscopic quantum superposition of collective magnetic excitations of large number spins that not only provides fundamental tests of macroscopic quantum effects but also finds applications in quantum metrology and quantum computation. In particular, remote generation and manipulation of Schrödinger cat states are...
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Magnon cat state represents a macroscopic quantum superposition of collective magnetic excitations of large number spins that not only provides fundamental tests of macroscopic quantum effects but also finds applications in quantum metrology and quantum computation. In particular, remote generation and manipulation of Schr\"{o}dinger cat states are...
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Quantum topological photonics is a new research field bridging the two different areas of quantum optics and topological photonics. Combining the advantages of topological protection and topology degree of freedom with quantum information processing, novel physical laws and effects could be expected, which improves the process of fundamental resear...
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On-chip bright quantum sources with multiplexing ability are extremely high in demand for the integrated quantum networks with unprecedented scalability and complexity. Here, we demonstrate an ultrabright and broadband biphoton quantum source generated in a lithium niobate microresonator system. Without introducing the conventional domain poling, t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plasmon decay via the surface or interface is a critical process for practical energy conversion and plasmonic catalysis. However, the relationship between plasmon damping and the coupling between the plasmon and 2D materials is still unclear. The spectral splitting due to plasmon-exciton interaction impedes the conventional single-particle method...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial features of a light field, such as in the form of the optical singularities, provide a new degree of freedom for the application of light fields in different areas of science and technology. However, although the exploration of structured light is growing rapidly, the investigation of strong-field photoionization using such light fields...
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Metasurfaces achieving arbitrary phase profiles within ultrathin thickness, emerge as miniaturized, ultracompact, and kaleidoscopic nanophotonic platforms. However, it is often required to segment or interleave independent subarray metasurfaces to multiplex holograms in a single nanodevice, which in turn affects the device's compactness and channel...
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Encircling exceptional points in an anti–parity-time- (anti–PT) symmetry system is known to provide a new platform to realize information processing. Dynamically enclosing an exceptional point can lead to chiral mode switching, where eventual modes are determined by the direction of the path. Dynamical chiral mode conversion of multiwaveguide syste...
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Coupled plasmonic systems are of great interest and have many applications such as information processing and sensing. By choosing proper geometric configurations of coupled plasmonic systems, one can obtain various optical properties. However, some interesting and important effects could not be described by earlier methods. We develop an improved...
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A surrounding electromagnetic environment can engineer spontaneous emissions from quantum emitters through the Purcell effect. For instance, a plasmonic antenna can efficiently confine an electromagnetic field and enhance the fluorescent process. In this study, we demonstrate that a photonic microcavity can modulate plasmon-enhanced fluorescence by...
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Full-text available
Entanglement and topology both portray nature at the fundamental level but in different manners. Entangled states of quantum particles are intrinsically sensitive to environment, whereas topological phases of matters represent natural robustness against environmental perturbations. Harnessing topology physics to protect entanglement thus has a grea...
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All-optical switches are among the most important parts of integrated photonics. Ultrahigh speed and ultralow energy consumption are two necessary indexes of all-optical switches. Traditionally, all-optical switches are based on concepts such as micro-ring resonators, surface plasmon polaritons, photonic crystals, and metamaterials. However, such p...
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We study multiphoton ionization of Kr atoms by circular 400-nm laser fields and probe its photoelectron circular dichroism with the weak corotating and counterrotating circular fields at 800 nm. The unusual momentum- and energy-resolved photoelectron circular dichroisms from the P21/2 ionic state are observed as compared with those from P23/2 ionic...
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Microlasers in near-degenerate supermodes lay the cornerstone for studies of non-Hermitian physics, novel light sources, and advanced sensors. Recent experiments of the stimulated scattering in supermode microcavities reported beating phenomena, interpreted as dual-mode lasing, which, however, contradicts their single-mode nature due to the clamped...
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Dissipative Kerr soliton (DKS) featuring broadband coherent frequency comb with compact size and low power consumption, provides an unparalleled tool for nonlinear physics investigation and precise measurement applications. However, the complex nonlinear dynamics generally leads to stochastic soliton formation process and makes it highly challengin...
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Famous double-slit or double-path experiments, implemented in a Young's or Mach-Zehnder interferometer, have confirmed the dual nature of quantum matter, When a stream of photons, neutrons, atoms, or molecules, passes through two slits, either wave-like interference fringes build up on a screen, or particle-like which-path distribution can be ascer...
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Phase-change materials (PCMs) are important photonic materials that have the advantages of a rapid and reversible phase change, a great difference in the optical properties between the crystalline and amorphous states, scalability, and nonvolatility. With the constant development in the PCM platform and integration of multiple material platforms, m...
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Bohr’s complementarity is one central tenet of quantum physics. The paradoxical wave-particle duality of quantum matters and photons has been tested in Young’s double-slit (double-path) interferometers. The object exclusively exhibits wave and particle nature, depending measurement apparatus that can be delayed chosen to rule out too-naive interpre...
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Quantum topological photonics is a new research field with great potential that is based on developments in both quantum optics and topological photonics. Topological photonics offers unique properties, including topological robustness and an anti‐backscattering property, and these advantages are strongly required in quantum optics. Quantum technol...