Pierre Chaurand's research while affiliated with Université du Québec à Montréal and other places

Publications (133)

Article
Cholesterol is essential to all animal life, and its dysregulation is observed in many diseases. For some of these, the precise determination of cholesterol's histological location and absolute abundance at cellular length scales within tissue samples would open the door to a more fundamental understanding of the role of cholesterol in disease onse...
Article
Full-text available
The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is a lipid transfer protein responsible for the exchange of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides between lipoproteins. Decreased CETP activity is associated with longevity, cardiovascular health, and maintenance of good cognitive performance. Interestingly, mice lack the CETP-encoding gene and have very...
Chapter
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) remains the reference method to generate molecular images of proteins and lipids within thin tissue sections. However, traditional MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) suffers from low matrix homogeneity and high signal background in low mass range caused by matrix signals. To overcome these issu...
Article
This study aimed to visualize differences in the distribution of citric acid, soluble sugars, and anthocyanins in strawberries at four different maturity stages (green to red strawberries) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF IMS). Results demonstrated citric acid and sugars are evenly d...
Preprint
The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is a lipid transfer protein responsible for the exchange of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides between lipoproteins. Decreased CETP activity is associated with longevity, cardiovascular health, and maintenance of good cognitive performance. Interestingly, mice lack the CETP-encoding gene and have very...
Article
Obesity is associated with numerous comorbidities along with abnormalities of the endocrine system, more commonly manifesting as dysfunctions of the thyroid gland such as Goiter. Changes in weight, especially an increase, could lead to an increase in the incidence of thyroid dysfunction, however its pathophysiology remains to be elucidated. In the...
Article
Full-text available
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and deadly disease affecting roughly 15-60 people per million in Europe with a poorly understood pathology. There are currently no diagnostic tools for early detection nor does a curative treatment exist. The lipid composition of arteries in lung tissue samples from human PAH and control patients were...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has become a mature, widespread analytical technique to perform non-targeted spatial metabolomics. However, the compounds used to promote desorption and ionization of the analyte during acquisition cause spectral interferences in the low mass range that hinder downstream data processing in metabolomics appli...
Article
High correlation of bioanalytes with their corresponding histologies is the landmark feature of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). Lipids are one of the most studied classes of biomolecules, and monitoring lipid distribution and abundance in tissue samples can lead to major inputs in the understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Probiotics can ameliorate diseases of humans and wildlife, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Host responses to interventions that change their microbiota are largely uncharacterized. We applied a consortium of four natural antifungal bacteria to the skin of endangered Sierra Nevada yellow-legged frogs, Rana sierrae, before experimental exposure to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has become a mature, widespread analytical technique to perform non-targeted spatial metabolomics. However, the compounds used to promote desorption and ionization of the analyte during acquisition cause spectral interferences in the low mass range that hinder downstream data processing in metabolomics applications....
Article
Olefins such as cholesterol and unsaturated fatty acids play important biological roles. Silver assisted laser desorption ionization (AgLDI) takes advantage of the strong affinity of silver to conjugate with double bonds to selectively ionize these molecules for imaging mass spectrometry experiments (IMS). For IMS studies, two main approaches for s...
Article
Matrix assisted laser/desorption ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) is an analytical technique for understanding the spatial distribution of biomolecules across a sample surface. Originally employed for mammalian tissues, this technology has been adapted to study specimens as diverse as microbes, cell cultures, food such as strawberri...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatic lipid accumulation, mainly in the form of triglycerides (TGs), is the hallmark of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To date, the spatial distribution of individual lipids in NAFLD-affected livers is not well characterized. This study aims to map the triglyceride distribution in normal human liver samples and livers with NAFLD and c...
Article
Scope Dietary and genetic folate disturbances can lead to non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A common variant in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR 677C→T) causes mild MTHFR deficiency with lower 5‐methyltetrahydrofolate for methylation reactions. Our goal was to determine whether mild murine MTHFR deficiency contributes to NAFLD‐re...
Article
Motivation MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) has been successfully used to image a variety of biomolecules. Imaging of the many classes of biomolecules is often achieved through several incompatible sample preparations. Thus, multiple datasets must be acquired from multiple tissue sections to obtain a total molecular overview of a single sample...
Article
Full-text available
For over one hundred years, the fingerprint reigned as one of the most trusted forensic evidence for suspect identification. In the last few decades, the modernization of chemical analysis technologies led scientists to explore new possibilities to further analyse fingermarks sampled from a crime scene. Indeed, the detection of chemicals a suspect...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) has become a powerful tool to characterise the spatial distribution of biomolecules in thin tissue sections. In the case of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation (MALDI) IMS, homogeneous matrix deposition is critical to produce high quality ion images and sublimation in particular has shown to be an excellent m...
Article
Enhanced ganglioside species detection was achieved for matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF IMS) in negative reflectron mode using a novel sample preparation protocol that involves washing the tissue in ammonium salt solutions followed by spray depositing ammonium salts and waiting 24. h a...
Article
Obesity and the metabolic disorders that constitute metabolic syndrome are a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Nonetheless, the changes in the proteins and the underlying molecular pathways involved in the relevant pathogenesis are poorly understood. In this study a proteomic analysis of the visceral adipose tissue isolated fro...
Article
For over a century, the recovery of latent fingerprints (LFP) from crime scenes has been one of the most important and common methods in forensic investigation. LFP evidences are located and collected from several surfaces by law enforcement officers and fingerprint patterns are revealed and visualized by criminalistics experts using a variety of f...
Article
Silver-assisted laser desorption ionization (AgLDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) has been demonstrated to be a useful technology for fingermark analysis allowing for the detection of several classes of endogenous as well as exogenous compounds. Ideally, in IMS analyses, the fingermarks are deposited under controlled conditions on metallized cond...
Chapter
In the last decade, imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) has been the primary tool for biomolecular imaging. While it is possible to map a wide range of biomolecules using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization IMS ranging from high-molecular-weight proteins to small metabolites, more often than not only the most abundant easily ionisable species a...
Article
Full-text available
In many cancers, the establishment of a patient’s future treatment regime often relies on histopathological assessment of tumor tissue specimens in order to determine the extent of the ‘pathological response’ to a given therapy. However, histopathological assessment of pathological response remains subjective. Here we use MALDI mass spectrometry im...
Article
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter’s disease) mouse model (IdS-KO) was investigated by both imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) performed on the same tissue sections. For this purpose, IdS-KO mice brain sections were coated with sublimated 1,5-diaminonaphtalene and analyzed by high spatial resolution IMS (5 μm) and ant...
Article
Full-text available
The broad diversity of amphibian developmental strategies has been shaped, in part, by pathogen pressure, yet trade-offs between the rate of larval development and immune investment remain poorly understood. The expression of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in skin secretions is a crucial defense against emerging amphibian pathogens and can also indi...
Article
The deposition of sodium salts followed by a sputtered layer of gold has been demonstrated to be a power combination for the analysis of triacylglycerols (TAGs) from tissue sections by laser desorption ionization (LDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). Various sodium salts were tested for their capability to ionize TAGs and their ability to produce...
Article
3D matrix assisted laser desorption/Ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) is a growing branch of IMS still requiring developments in methodology and technology to make the technique routinely accessible. Many challenges are simply a matter of producing 3D reconstructions and interpreting them in a timely fashion. In this aim and using an...
Article
Identification and quantification of proteins in imaging of biological samples is a challenge in today's science. Here, we demonstrate a novel SPRi - MALDI IMS coupled technique competent for the acquisition of multiparametric information by creating a tissue section imprint on a SPRi sensor surface. Correlated images were acquired in SPRi and in M...
Chapter
(Matrix-assisted) laser desorption/ionization ((MA)LDI) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has been driven by remarkable technological developments in the last couple of years. Although molecular information of a wide range of molecules including peptides, lipids, metabolites, and xenobiotics can be mapped, (MA)LDI MSI only leads to the detection of t...
Article
Affinity surfaces: a strategy to increase specificity in IMS is to transfer proteins from a tissue section to an affinity surface in a regiospecific manner. Only proteins with an affinity for the surface chemistry will be retained, therefore the chemical nature of the surface is critical. In the first article on MALDI IMS, Caprioli et al. reported...
Article
Lipid metabolism is fundamental for brain development and function, but its roles in normal and pathological neural stem cell (NSC) regulation remain largely unexplored. Here, we uncover a fatty acid-mediated mechanism suppressing endogenous NSC activity in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We found that postmortem AD brains and triple-transgenic Alzheimer...
Article
Full-text available
For a century, fingermark analysis has been one of the most important and common methods in forensic investigations. Modern chemical analysis technologies have added the potential to determine the molecular composition of fingermarks and possibly identify chemicals a suspect may have come into contact with. Improvements in analytical detection of t...
Article
Full-text available
Degarelix is a gonadrotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor (GnRHR) antagonist used in patients with prostate cancer who need androgen deprivation therapy. GnRHRs have been found in extra-pituitary tissues, including prostate, which may be affected by the GnRH and GnRH analogues used in therapy. The direct effect of degarelix on human prostate c...
Article
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors have become valuable analytical sensors for biomolecule detection. While SPR is heralded with high sensitivity, label-free and real-time detection, nonspecific adsorption and detection of ultralow concentrations remain issues. Nonspecific adsorption can be minimized using adequate surface chemistry. For examp...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) is a technique in full expansion used in many clinical and biological applications. A common limitation of the technology, particularly true for protein analysis, is that only the most abundant and/or more easily ionizable molecules are typically detected. One approach to overcome this limitation is to transfer prote...
Article
Characterization of protein adsorption to surfaces has implications from biosensing to protective biocoatings. While research studies have principally focused on determining the magnitude of protein adsorption to surfaces, the proteins involved in the process remains only broadly identified and has not been investigated on several surfaces. To furt...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) is useful for visualizing the localization of phospholipids on biological tissue surfaces creating great opportunities for IMS in lipidomic investigations. With advancements in IMS of lipids, there is a demand for large-scale tissue studies necessitating stable, efficient and well-defined sample handling procedures....
Article
Full-text available
We identified Acyl-Coenzyme A Binding Protein (ACBP) as part of a proteomic signature predicting the risk of having lung cancer. Because ACBP is known to regulate beta oxidation (β-oxidation), which in turn controls cellular proliferation, we hypothesized that ACBP contributes to regulation of cellular proliferation and survival of non-small cell l...
Article
Full-text available
Enriched by a decade of remarkable developments, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) has witnessed a phenomenal expansion. Initially introduced for the mapping of peptides and intact proteins from mammalian tissue sections, MALDI IMS applications now extend to a wide range of molecules including peptide...
Article
Non-specific adsorption of the molecular components of biofluids is ubiquitous in the area of biosensing technologies, severely limiting the use of biosensors in real-world applications. The surface chemistries developed to prevent non-specific adsorption of crude serum are not necessarily suited for sensing in other biosamples. In particular, the...
Article
Nonspecific adsorption of the molecular components of biofluids is ubiquitous in the area of biosensing technologies, severely limiting the use of biosensors in real-world applications. The surface chemistries developed to prevent nonspecific adsorption of crude serum are not necessarily suited for sensing in other biosamples. In particular, the di...
Article
Silver has been demonstrated to be a powerful cationization agent in mass spectrometry (MS) for various olefinic species such as cholesterol and fatty acids. This work explores the utility of metallic silver sputtering on tissue sections for high resolution imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) of olefins by laser desorption ionization (LDI). For this pu...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) represents an innovative tool in the cancer research pipeline, which is increasingly being used in clinical and pharmaceutical applications. The unique properties of the technique, especially the amount of data generated, make the handling of data from multiple IMS acquisitions challenging. This work presents a histo...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) is an emergent and innovative approach for measuring the composition, abundance and regioselectivity of molecules within an investigated area of fixed dimension. Although providing unprecedented molecular information compared with conventional MS techniques, enhancement of protein signature by IMS is still necessary...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry (MS) allows to monitor the spatial distribution and abundance of endogenous and administered compounds present within tissue specimens. Several different but complementary imaging MS technologies have been developed allowing the analysis of a wide variety of compounds including inorganic elementals, metabolites, lipids, pe...
Article
A novel functional imaging mass spectrometry technology is described that utilizes activity-based probes for imaging enzyme active sites in tissue sections. We demonstrate this technology using an activity-based probe (fluorophosphate) that is specific for serine hydrolases. A dendrimer containing multiple mass tags that is attached to the activity...
Article
Ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction often result from the sudden rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. The subsequent arterial thrombosis occluding the vessel lumen has been widely indicated as the crucial acute event causing peripheral tissue ischaemia. A complex cross-talk between systemic and intraplaque inflammatory mediators has been sh...
Article
Matrix sublimation has demonstrated to be a powerful approach for high-resolution matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) imaging of lipids, providing very homogeneous solvent-free deposition. This work presents a comprehensive study aiming to evaluate current and novel matrix candidates for high spatial resolution MALDI imaging mass sp...
Article
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) tissue imaging mass spectrometry is particularly promising among the numerous applications of mass spectrometry. It is used for probing and analyzing the spatial arrangement of a wide range of molecules, including proteins, peptides, lipids, drugs, and metabolites, directly in thin slices of tissu...
Article
Full-text available
A simple anion metathesis in diluted aqueous carbonate at room temperature affords 1-(12-mercaptododecyl)-3-methyl-imidazolium carbonate (MDMI-HCO(3)) from MDMI salts self-assembled on gold films and nanoparticles. The properties of MDMI-SAM differ from MDMI in solution, for which the anion exchange reaction does not proceed.
Article
The identification and quantification of proteins and lipids is of major importance for the diagnosis, prognosis and understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in disease development. Owing to its selectivity and sensitivity, mass spectrometry has become a key technique in analytical platforms for proteomic and lipidomic investigations. Usi...
Article
Since the advent of the new proteomics era more than a decade ago, large-scale studies of protein profiling have been exploited to identify the distinctive molecular signatures in a wide array of biological systems spanning areas of basic biological research, various disease states, and biomarker discovery directed toward therapeutic applications....
Article
Full-text available
Significant progress in instrumentation and sample preparation approaches have recently expanded the potential of MALDI imaging mass spectrometry to the analysis of phospholipids and other endogenous metabolites naturally occurring in tissue specimens. Here we explore some of the requirements necessary for the successful analysis and imaging of pho...
Article
A biomarker signature to identify individuals at-risk for lung cancer would be of great clinical value. We hypothesized that the bronchial epithelium expresses a subset of proteins that once increased confer an elevated risk for lung cancer. We have therefore developed a proteomic approach to assess the risk for lung cancer. From our previous studi...
Article
The determination of the localization of various compounds in a whole animal is valuable for many applications, including pharmaceutical absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) studies and biomarker discovery. Imaging mass spectrometry is a powerful tool for localizing compounds of biological interest with molecular specificity a...
Article
Human tissues are an important source of biological material for the discovery of novel biomarkers. Fresh-frozen tissue could represent an ideal supply of archival material for molecular investigations. However, immediate flash freezing is usually not possible, especially for rare or valuable tissue samples such as biopsies. Here, we investigated t...
Article
The northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens or Lithobates pipiens) is historically found in most of the provinces of Canada and the northern and southwest states of the United States. In the last 50 years, populations have suffered significant losses, especially in the western regions of the species range. Using a peptidomics approach, we show that the...
Article
In an effort to further our understanding of lung cancer biology and to identify new candidate biomarkers to be used in the management of lung cancer, we need to probe these tissues and biological fluids with tools that address the biology of lung cancer directly at the protein level. Proteins are responsible of the function and phenotype of cells....
Article
A tissue preparation protocol for MALDI (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization) imaging mass spectrometry of integral membrane proteins was developed using ocular lens and retinal tissues as model samples. Frozen bovine and human lenses were cryosectioned equatorially or axially at -20 degrees C into 20 mum-thick tissue sections. Lens section...
Article
A novel method for high-throughput proteomic analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue microarrays (TMA) is described using on-tissue tryptic digestion followed by MALDI imaging MS. A TMA section containing 112 needle core biopsies from lung-tumor patients was analyzed using MS and the data were correlated to a serial hematoxylin a...
Article
Imaging mass spectrometry is becoming a key technology for the investigation of the molecular content of biological tissue sections in direct correlation with the underlying histology. Much of our work has been done with fresh-frozen tissue sections that has undergone minimal protein degradation between the time a tissue biopsy is sampled and the t...
Article
MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) has become a valuable tool for the investigation of the content and distribution of molecular species in tissue specimens. Numerous methodological improvements have been made to optimize tissue section preparation and matrix deposition protocols, as well as MS data acquisition and processing. In particular for...
Article
Full-text available
Mass spectrometry-based tissue profiling and imaging are technologies that allow identification and visualization of protein signals directly on thin sections cut from fresh frozen tissue specimens. These technologies were utilized to evaluate protein expression profiles in the normal mouse prostate during development (1-5 weeks of age), at sexual...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
MS imaging of serine hydrolase in situ is realized by combining Click chemistry and an activity based probe strategy. – Amplification system based on the dendrimer chemistry was successfully used. Conclusions In the last decade, the development of molecular imaging using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization MS (MALDI MS) has provided a promi...