Philipp Alexander Freund's research while affiliated with Leuphana University Lüneburg and other places

Publications (50)

Article
One of the most important factors of maintaining regular and long-term physical activity is the enjoyment an individual experiences from engaging in the activity. If basic psychological needs are fulfilled, the likelihood that someone enjoys being physically active increases. However, it is unclear whether the impact of psychological needs is influ...
Article
Young athletes face mental challenges both in competitive sports and in school. High self-efficacy and self-regulation competence contribute to an individual’s ability to successfully master these challenges. The present study links the domains of competitive sports and academic education by investigating the relationships of self-efficacy and self...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Der individuelle Umgang von Schüler*innen mit Fehlern im Unterricht hängt von der auf Klassenebene etablierten gemeinsamen Kultur im Umgang mit Fehlern zusammen. Der vorliegende Artikel entwickelt theoriegeleitet Skalen zur Messung einer Fehlermanagement - und Fehlervermeidungskultur im Unterricht und untersucht Zusammenhänge der be...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Mit dem Urteil des Bundesverfassungsgerichts vom Dezember 2017 ist es Hochschulen in Deutschland zukünftig untersagt, Bewerber_innen auf einen Studienplatz allein unter Rückgriff auf die Note der Hochschulzugangsberechtigung auszuwählen. Hochschulen stehen daher vor der Herausforderung, Auswahlverfahren zu entwickeln, die die Eignu...
Article
Self-determination theory (SDT) suggests that the degree of autonomous behavior regulation is a characteristic of distinct motivation types which thus can be ordered on the so-called Autonomy-Control Continuum (ACC). The present study employs an item response theory (IRT) model under the ideal point response/unfolding paradigm in order to model the...
Article
Full-text available
Enjoyment is one of the most important factors for the maintenance of regular physical activity. The present study investigated if cooperative games in physical education classes (grades 6–9) can increase students’ enjoyment of physical activity. Data were collected in a quasi-experimental study employing a two-group design with repeated measures a...
Article
This study with 850 students examined the interrelations of students’ own and perceived teacher reference norms in combination with estimating the relations of these constructs to self-concept in the domain of mathematics. All reference norms were positively interrelated. Regression models yielded different results across school tracks: In elementa...
Article
Background: Sports enjoyment is a prerequisite for continued engagement in sports (e.g., Mullen et al., 2011 ; Woods, Tannehill, & Walsh, 2012 ). To date, it is understudied whether perceived stress and personality relate to the experience of sports enjoyment. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between perceived...
Article
Die vorliegende Studie dient der Entwicklung und Validierung eines Messinstruments zur differenzierten Erfassung von Freude am Schulsport im Jugendalter. Basierend auf theoretischen Ansätzen wird das Konstrukt Sport-Enjoyment (Scanlan & Simons, 1992) im Rahmen eines 3-Faktorenmodells (Vergnügen; Flow-Erleben; Erholung) weiterentwickelt. Die psychom...
Article
The Questionnaire for the Assessment of Enjoyment in Physical Education (QUAEPE) is an instrument for the assessment of three specific facets (pleasure, flow, recovery) of students’ enjoyment in physical education. Based on a sample of 1,351 students, the aim of the present study was to examine measurement invariance across different school types a...
Article
Two laboratory studies examined the potential differences in the susceptibility to faking between a construct-oriented Situational Judgment Test (SJT) that measured conscientiousness and a traditional self-report measure of personality (NEO-FFI). In both studies, the mean differences between the honest and faked conscientiousness scores indicated t...
Article
When negotiations are complex and consequential, organizations usually send teams rather than individuals to the negotiation table because teams are expected to provide additional beneficial negotiation processes and, thus, generate superior outcomes. Similarly, theoretical accounts of integrative negotiations assume higher outcomes for teams than...
Article
Freude ist einer der wichtigsten Faktoren zur langfristigen Aufrechterhaltung sportlicher Aktivität. So sollte bereits im Schulsport Freude am Sport vermittelt werden. Ziel der Studie war die Untersuchung der Bedeutsamkeit und Stärke von sieben Einflussfaktoren (Kompetenzerleben, Soziale Eingebundenheit, Sozialer Umgang, Autonomie / Mitbestimmung,...
Article
As part of a multi-study project, this test-retest study seeks to identify the relations between studying abroad and a sojourner's personality as measured by the Big Five personality traits. It thereby attempts to answer the questions of who chooses to study abroad and how study abroad changes personality. A total of 221 students from a German univ...
Article
The present study examined whether students experience an increase in their general perceived self-efficacy through international academic mobility. Two hundred and twenty-one students at Leuphana University Lüneburg were enrolled in a test-retest study with two points of measurement including a time interval of approximately six months. Perceived...
Article
Zusammenfassung. In der vorliegenden Studie wird überprüft, ob sich der Fragebogen zur Erfassung multipler Selbstkonzeptfacetten bei Förderschülern (Schwerpunkt Lernen) und Regelschülern der Sekundarstufe I von Weber und Freund (2017) auch für die Erfassung des Selbstkonzepts bei Kindern im Grundschulalter eignet. Die Stichprobe umfasste N = 416 Ki...
Article
Full-text available
One important goal of education is to develop students' self-esteem which, in turn, hinges on their self-concept in the academic, physical, and social domains. Prior studies have shown that physical self-concept accounts for most of the variation in self-esteem, with academic and social self-concepts playing a much lesser role. As pressure toward p...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird die Entwicklung und Validierung eines deutschsprachigen Messinstruments zur Erfassung des Selbstkonzepts bei Jugendlichen der Sekundarstufe I beschrieben. In Anlehnung an die deutsche Version des Self Description Questionnaire I (SDQ I) von Arens, Trautwein und Hasselhorn (2011) wurden 8 Skalen mit insg...
Article
Grid-based measures, where item stems are rated across diverse domains or subjects, represent an economic measure to assess multifaceted constructs such as academic self-concept. Although testing for measurement invariance between groups (e.g., based on gender or age) and within subjects over time (e.g., in longitudinal research) is common practice...
Article
. The current study investigates the behavior of task-specific, current achievement motivation (CAM: interest in the task, probability of success, perceived challenge, and fear of failure) across a variety of reasoning tasks featuring verbal, numerical, and figural content. CAM is conceptualized as a state-like variable, and in order to assess the...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung. Der Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ; Marsh, Richards, Johnson, Roche & Tremayne, 1994) ist ein international bewahrtes Instrument zur Messung des physischen Selbstkonzepts bei Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen. Eine valide deutsche Ubersetzung fur diese Altersklassen (PSK; Stiller & Alfermann, 2007) liegt ebenso vor wie ei...
Article
Gender differences on knowledge tests favoring men are among the most stable gender differences found in cognitive ability measures. Even though several attempts have been made to explain this finding, most studies have not sufficiently considered methodological aspects such as Differential Item Functioning (DIF). The present study investigated whe...
Article
During the past 20 years, Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) have developed into a viable tool in personnel selection. Despite their growing popularity, research examining the extent of measurement error is widely lacking. Using reliability generalization, the aim of this article was twofold: (1) establish an estimate for an average coefficient alph...
Article
Full-text available
This meta-analysis investigates gender differences in economic negotiation outcomes. As suggested by role congruity theory, we assume that the behaviors that increase economic negotiation outcomes are more congruent with the male as compared with the female gender role, thereby presenting challenges for women's negotiation performance and reducing...
Article
Full-text available
Careers today increasingly require engagement in proactive career behaviors; however, there is a lack of validated measures assessing the general degree to which somebody is engaged in such career behaviors. We describe the results of six studies with six independent samples of German university students (total N = 2,854), working professionals (to...
Article
Full-text available
The Adaption-Innovation Inventory (AII), originally developed by Kirton (1976), is a widely used self-report instrument for measuring problem-solving styles at work. The present study investigates how scores on the AII are affected by different response styles. Data are collected from a combined sample (N = 738) of students, employees, and entrepre...
Article
Full-text available
This study applied a microlevel perspective on how within-individual differences in motivational and social-cognitive factors affected the weekly fluctuations of engagement in proactive career behaviors among a group of 67 German university students. Career self-efficacy beliefs, perceived career barriers, experienced social career support, positiv...
Article
The current study employs Mixture Distribution Rasch models to compare the psychometric properties of two rating scale variants (original rating scale with six response categories, N = 806 school students; a variant with four response categories, N = 905 school students) for five specific scales of the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire. In mo...
Article
In order to assess the unique contributions of non-verbal cognitive abilities and attention to young children's emotion understanding, a total of N = 274 four-to-six-year-old children were tested individually. Hierarchical regression results suggest that the children's non-verbal reasoning abilities, their attention performance test scores, and the...
Article
This study assesses longitudinal effects of different training designs on joint negotiation performance. In so doing, the study experimentally compares (a) bilateral training of both the seller and the buyer within a dyad with both (b) a no-training control condition and 2 conditions with unilateral training of either (c) the buyer or (d) the selle...
Article
Objectives This study aims at providing meta-analytically derived information on the reliability of test scores obtained with the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ). The following research questions are addressed: (1) What is the mean internal consistency reliability (coefficient Alpha) of PSDQ scores across studies to date? (2) Which f...
Article
Objectives The Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ; Marsh, Richards, Johnson, Roche, & Tremayne, 1994) is an internationally established instrument for the measurement of the physical self, featuring a total of 11 scales. So far, assessments of the psychometric quality of the PSDQ have applied CFA and MTMM analyses. In these assessments,...
Article
Virtual worlds (VWs) have become increasingly prominent during the past decade, populated by individual users and more recently, even “real world” firms. To effectively use a VW for business purposes, a relevant question for those firms pertains to why people use VWs and which motivational drivers might influence their participation behavior. This...
Article
Individuals' perceptions of their own level of cognitive ability are expressed through self-estimates. They play an important role in a person's self-concept because they facilitate an understanding of how one's own abilities relate to those of others. People evaluate their own and other persons' abilities all the time, but self-estimates are also...
Article
This article explores the measurement properties of the Questionnaire on Current Motivation (QCM; Rheinberg, Vollmeyer, & Burns, 2001), which measures four factors of current achievement motivation (anxiety, challenge, interest, and probability of success) in the context of taking an abstract reasoning test. Two studies were conducted. In study 1,...
Article
If tests of cognitive ability are repeatedly taken, test scores rise. Such retest effects have been observed for a long time and for a variety of tasks. This study investigates retest effects on figural matrix items in an educational context. A short term effect is assumed for the direct retest administration in the same test session, and a long te...
Article
The interpretation of retest scores is problematic because they are potentially affected by measurement and predictive bias, which impact construct validity, and because their size differs as a function of various factors. This paper investigates the construct stability of scores on a figural matrices test and models retest effects at the level of...
Article
This article examines the role of the BIG 5 and general mental ability (GMA) for the prediction of current achievement motivation (CAM) in an ability testing context. A total of 189 participants took two figural matrices tests, and 90 of them received a training intervention between tests. Separate analyses for both tests showed openness, conscient...
Article
A meta-analysis (34 studies) is reported on the impact of hard- and softline bargaining strategies on economic (135 effect sizes) and socioemotional negotiation outcomes (30 effect sizes) in distributive negotiations. As expected, hardline strategies lead to higher economic outcomes, whereas softline strategies lead to higher socioemotional outcome...
Article
Compared to other psychological constructs, such as intelligence, creativity usually is a less valid predictor for scholastic achievement. The majority of the studies from which these results are derived apply Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) methods that assume random sampling of respondents and, hence, do not take into account the possibility of betw...
Article
Der CFT 20-R ist ein in der psychologischen Praxis häufig eingesetzter Test zur Diagnostik der fluiden Intelligenz. Er dient damit auch zur Diagnose von Hochbegabung. Gegenstand dieses Artikels ist die psychometrische Überprüfung der Kurzform 1 des Grundintelligenztests (CFT 20-R; Weiß, 2006) hinsichtlich der Messäquivalenz des Verfahrens zwischen...
Article
Figural matrix items are a popular task type for assessing general intelligence (Spearman's g). Items of this kind can be constructed rationally, allowing the implementation of computerized generation algorithms. In this study, the influence of different task parameters on the degree of difficulty in matrix items was investigated. A sample of N = 1...
Article
The usability of software products may be evaluated by a large number of differing methods. Formal-analytic measures are available for this purpose, as are questionnaires and usability tests. The present contribution gives at first an overview of instruments for software evaluation. It then discusses the pros and cons of several questionnaires in d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die Organisation und Verfügbarkeit von Informationen stellt eine zentrale Ressource moderner Organisationen dar. Unter Wissensmanagement lässt sich dabei eine Managementstrategie verstehen, die den zielorientierten und optimalen Umgang mit Informationen verspricht. Besonders onlinegestützte Wissensmanagementsysteme erfreuen sich wachsender Beliebth...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Münster: ERCIS - Arbeitsberichte des Kompetenzzentrums Internetökonomie und Hybridität ; 41

Citations

... Academic motivation. Students' academic motivation in math and German was measured with a slightly modified German version (Freund & Lohbeck, 2021) of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS; Vallerand et al., 1992). Each item started with the stem 'I learn math/German…', followed by three items related to each type of motivation (e.g., external regulation: "because I will get into trouble if I don't learn math/ German"; introjected regulation: "because I will feel bad about myself if I didn't learn math/German"; identified regulation: "because math/ German is important for me"; intrinsic motivation: "because math/ German is fun"). ...
... More specifically, Bay-Hinitz et al. (1994) compared competitive and cooperative games and found an increase in cooperative behavior stemming from cooperative games and an increase in aggressive behavior after engaging in competitive games for four-to five-year-old children. Also, Engels and Freund (2020) showed that cooperative games led to a higher perceived enjoyment in physical education classes, increased the feeling of how strong students felt related to each other, and facilitated feelings of perceived competence. In addition, social relatedness and perceived competence partly mediated the effect of cooperative games on enjoyment. ...
... As seen in response to COVID-19, the disease will spread to other people. Knowledge, in general, contributes to understanding, so more information is equal to awareness (Dunker et al., 2020). A similar study found a statistically significant correlation between awareness and knowledge, awareness and preparedness, awareness, and related behaviors of COVID-19 using Pearson's correlation coefficient (Nindrea et al., 2020). ...
... For the former, a one-year longitudinal study of 6 th graders in the U.S.A. illustrates the importance of student reflective appraisal of their teachers in the development of mathematics self-concept as well as track/strand with those in the "honors" track showing increased self-concept. For the latter, Lohbeck and Freund (2021), mathematics, self-concept and track/strand are studied also but in German elementary and high school students. Among the findings, they show that students' own and perceived teacher reference norms not only converge across grades but also are related positively to their mathematics self-concept with these relations varying across school tracks. ...
... Likewise, it can be viewed as a consequence of regular physical activity (Biddle & Fuchs, 2009): The more often a person engages in physical activity, the more enjoyment he or she derives from it. According to Engels and Freund (2019), enjoyment of physical activity is defined by a positive evaluation of the experiences in physical activity, and is expressed subjectively as frequently experienced perceptions such as pleasure, flow, and recovery. These three facets cannot be considered independent of each other. ...
... For more information about the sample distribution, see Table 1. [39,40]). Pleasure is related to the affective experience in physical education (e.g., "Physical education is fun"). Flow experience describes the optimal perceived process during physical education lesson (e.g., "In physical education, I feel optimally strained"). ...
... This claim can be transferred to SJTs when trying to understand how and why SJTs work in a selection context (Christian et al., 2010). Furthermore, recent approaches have shown that SJTs developed to measure concrete constructs have higher validity than SJTs with heterogeneous composite scores (Christian et al., 2010) and minimize the effects of faking compared to a self-report of personality (Kasten et al., 2018). Specifically, Christian et al. (2010) found that SJTs measuring constructs such as teamwork skills have higher validities for overall job performance, as well as for contextual performance, than SJTs assessing other applied social skills, heterogeneous composites, or job knowledge. ...
... lessons per week, highly efficient and intensive training methods are required. In order to create a lasting motivation for endurance training, these training programs need to increase students' perceived level of competence by causing desirable effects on individual performances in a relatively short time [13,19]. ...
... Teams are widely assumed to be better at unlocking integrative solutions than individuals (Hüffmeier et al., 2019;Morgan & Tindale, 2002;Thompson et al., 2006) because they hold greater information processing capacity and suffer from fewer reasoning errors (Cohen et al., 2014). However, interactions between teams also introduce another set of challenges . ...
... For example, positive associations between explicit liking and trait disinhibition have been found [36,37], whereas associations of explicit wanting and explicit liking with trait measures of binge eating were heterogenous [34,38]. Given that most psychological constructs include both stable, dispositional trait components and fluctuating, situational state components [39], it is notable that food-related wanting and liking have not been operationalized as traits. A number of self-report questionnaires or subscales cover single trait aspects of wanting and liking, for example, craving (e.g., Food Cravings Questionnaires) [40,41] or reward-based eating (e.g., Power of Food Scale [42]; Reward-based Eating Drive 13 [43,44]), most of which are lengthy and do not offer a joint operationalization. ...