Peter Mooney's research while affiliated with National University of Ireland, Maynooth and other places

Publications (161)

Preprint
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This paper explores Null Island, a fictional place located at 0$^\circ$ latitude and 0$^\circ$ longitude in the WGS84 geographic coordinate system. Null Island is erroneously associated with large amounts of geographic data in a wide variety of location-based services, place databases, social media and web-based maps. While it was originally consid...
Article
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This paper is an Editorial for the Special Issue titled “OpenStreetMap as a multidisciplinary nexus: perspectives, practices and procedures”. The Special Issue is largely based on the talks presented in the 2019 and 2020 editions of the Academic Track at the State of the Map conferences. As such, it represents the most pressing and relevant issues...
Book
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Social innovations are usually understood as new ideas, initiatives, or solutions that make it possible to meet the challenges of societies in fields such as social security, education, employment, culture, health, environment, housing, and economic development. On the one hand, many citizen science activities serve to achieve scientific as well as...
Book
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Europe’s digital transformation of the economy and society is one of the priorities of the current Commission and is framed by the European strategy for data. This strategy aims at creating a single market for data through the establishment of a common European data space, based in turn on domain-specific data spaces in strategic sectors such as en...
Article
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The academic community frequently engages with OpenStreetMap (OSM) as a data source and research subject, acknowledging its complex and contextual nature. However, existing literature rarely considers the position of academic research in relation to the OSM community. In this paper we explore the extent and nature of engagement between the academic...
Conference Paper
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This is the editorial of the Proceedings of the Academic Track at the State of the Map (SotM) 2021 conference, which took place online on July 9-11, 2021. It introduces and describes the abstracts included in the Proceedings and presented at the conference, highlighting the role of a multi-faceted research subject that OpenStreetMap currently plays...
Chapter
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Created by volunteers since 2004, OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a global geographic database available under an open access license and currently used by a multitude of actors worldwide. This chapter describes the role played by OSM during the early months (from January to July 2020) of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which - in contrast to past disasters...
Article
A variety of methods have been applied to the architectural configuration and learning or training of artificial deep neural networks (DNN). These methods play a crucial role in the success or failure of the DNN for most problems and applications. Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) are gaining momentum as a computationally feasible method for the au- to...
Article
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Ireland has a rich history of public engagement with science and the growing number of national citizen science initiatives is in keeping with developments seen in other European countries. This paper explores several aspects of citizen science in Ireland, in order to assess its development and to better understand potential opportunities for the f...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the broad and complex topic of data quality in citizen science – a contested arena because different projects and stakeholders aspire to different levels of data accuracy. In this chapter, we consider how we ensure the validity and reliability of data generated by citizen scientists and citizen science projects. We show that...
Article
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This paper presents the results of an exploratory quantitative analysis of gendered contributions to the online mapping project OpenStreetMap (OSM), in which previous research has identified a strong male participation bias. On these grounds, theories of representation in volunteered geographic information (VGI) have argued that this kind of crowds...
Preprint
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At the time of writing most governments around the whole world are prioritising the limiting of the spread of the Covid-19 epidemic through a series of lockdown measures affecting schools, sports, leisure, commercial and travel activities. The gradual reversal of these measures is being carried out individually by countries and regions based on the...
Preprint
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The 1st National workshop on Smart Farming and Data Analytics took place at Maynooth University in Ireland on June 12, 2019. The workshop included two invited keynote presentations, invited talks and breakout group discussions. The workshop attracted in the order of 50 participants, consisting of a mixture of computer scientists, general scientists...
Preprint
Multiple Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods have been proposed over recent years to create controllers to play multiple video games of different nature and complexity without revealing the specific mechanics of each of these games to the AI methods. In recent years, Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) employing rolling horizon mechanisms have achieved...
Article
Citizen Science (CS) projects involve members of the general public as active participants in research. While some advocates hope that CS can increase scientific knowledge production (“productivity view”), others emphasize that it may bridge a perceived gap between science and the broader society (“democratization view”). We discuss how an integrat...
Article
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A proliferation of web-based maps have appeared depicting many different aspects of the spread of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). In this commentary, we consider the usage of web-based mapping during the COVID-19 pandemic and argue that web maps have been widely misused for delivering public information on this fast moving, epidemiologically co...
Preprint
A variety of methods have been applied to the architectural configuration and learning or training of artificial deep neural networks (DNN). These methods play a crucial role in the success or failure of the DNN for most problems and applications. Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) are gaining momentum as a computationally feasible method for the automa...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen Science (CS) projects involve members of the general public as active participants in research. While some advocates hope that CS can increase scientific knowledge production (“productivity view”), others emphasize that it may bridge a perceived gap between science and the broader society (“democratization view”). We discuss how an integrat...
Article
A novel location obfuscation method for online route planning is proposed which is robust to privacy inferences by the service provider regarding route source and destination. This is achieved by performing the task of route computation in a distributed manner. Specifically, the client decomposes the required route into a sequence of shorter routes...
Conference Paper
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This work presents an initial inquiry into the relations between the Academic and Mapping communities in OpenStreetMap, based on a review of recent publications, interviews of colleagues, and self-reflection of the authors. By this, we aim to understand how and when research-community interactions come to be, what is their nature, and how can these...
Book
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State of the Map featured a full day of academic talks. Building upon the motto of SotM 2019 in "Bridging the Map" the Academic Track session was aimed to provide the bridge to join together the experience, understanding, ideas, concepts and skills from different groups of researchers, academics and scientists from around the world. In particular,...
Conference Paper
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Recognising a need to measure the impact of the male participation bias on crowdsourced mapping, this paper presents some preliminary results from an online survey of globally distributed OpenStreetMap users. The survey enabled access to 293 user’s statistics collated on the ‘how did you contribute to OSM’ wiki page which were then analysed by gend...
Presentation
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In recent years, the academic research community have conducted various types of research into trying to understand the motivations, profiles and personalities of contributors to OpenStreetMap (OSM). This research is often completely quantitative - usually by considering ONLY the edits and interactions with the OSM database itself. In August 2017,...
Conference Paper
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Recently a new option that enables contributors to ask for review of their mapping was introduced into the iD editor in OpenStreetMap (OSM). In this paper we analyse changesets containing this review_requested=yes tag. All such changesets that were created in the first two weeks after the option was introduced were analysed. Given that the main rev...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents results from a selected sample of OpenStreetMap (OSM) contributors to the Malawian OSM dataset in response to a need to measure and understand the impact of participation biases in VGI, specifically by gender. Empirical evidence of the causal relationship between data quality and contribution modes in Volunteered Geographic Info...
Chapter
Since OpenStreetMap (OSM) appeared more than ten years ago, new collaborative mapping approaches have emerged in different areas and have become important components of localised information and services based on localisation. There is now increased awareness of the importance of the space-time attributes of almost every event and phenomenon. Citiz...
Chapter
In the face of an exploding range of volunteered data initiatives, it is important to maintain good metadata and quality information in order to ensure the appropriate combination and reuse of the resulting data sets. At the same time, there is increasing evidence that validation and quality assessment of data (whether that data be volunteered or ‘...
Article
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The OpenStreetMap (OSM) geographic data model has three principal object types: nodes (points), ways (polygons and polylines), and relations (logical grouping of all three object types to express real-world geographical relationships). While there has been very significant analysis of OSM over the past decade or so, very little research attention h...
Chapter
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Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) has become a rich and well established source of geospatial data. From the popular OpenStreetMap (OSM) to many citizen science projects and social network platforms, the amount of geographically referenced information that is constantly being generated by citizens is burgeoning. The main issue that continues...
Chapter
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In this final chapter, we speculate on future developments in the field of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI); we focus on how VGI will be affected by future technological developments, but we also consider issues such as VGI 378 Mapping and the Citizen Sensor quality, the relationship of VGI with science and citizens, and the impact of VGI i...
Chapter
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While there is now a considerable variety of sources of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) available, discussion of this domain is often exemplified by and focused around OpenStreetMap (OSM). In a little over a decade OSM has become the leading example of VGI on the Internet. OSM is not just a crowdsourced spatial database of VGI; rather, it...
Chapter
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The role of citizens in mapping has evolved considerably over the last decade. This chapter outlines the background to citizen sensing in mapping and sets the scene for the chapters that follow, which highlight some of the main outcomes of a collaborative programme of work to enhance the role of citizens in mapping.
Chapter
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Today almost any kind of User Generated Content (UGC) can be situated within a geographic context. Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) can include many types of UGC, such as georeferenced photographs, social media and text, geographic data themselves, etc. There are legal, privacy and ethical issues raised by VGI, and at present these are not...
Conference Paper
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While there is an ever increasing amount of research attention into Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) there has been little work carried out into comparing different regions or areas in VGI. Previous work has concentrated on comparing VGI with other sources of spatial data. Given two regions A and B from a given VGI project how can we use th...
Article
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Public bike renting is more and more popular in cities to incentivise a reduction in car journeys and to boost the use of green transportation alternatives. One of the challenges of this application is to effectively plan the resources usage. This paper presents some analysis of Dublin bike renting scheme based on statistics and data mining. It pro...
Article
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In Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) projects, the tagging or annotation of objects is usually performed in a flexible and non-constrained manner. Contributors to a VGI project are normally free to choose whatever tags they feel are appropriate to annotate or describe a particular geographic object or place. In OpenStreetMap (OSM), the Map F...
Article
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A protocol for the collection of vector data in Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) projects is proposed. VGI is a source of crowdsourced geographic data and information which is comparable, and in some cases better, than equivalent data from National Mapping Agencies (NMAs) and Commercial Surveying Companies (CSC). However, there are many dif...
Article
The concept of crowdsourcing is nowadays extensively used to refer to the collection of data and the generation of information by large groups of users/contributors. OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a very successful example of a crowd-sourced geospatial data project. Unfortunately, it is often the case that OSM contributor inputs (including geometry and att...
Article
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Volunteered geographical information (VGI) and citizen science have become important sources data for much scientific research. In the domain of land cover, crowdsourcing can provide a high temporal resolution data to support different analyses of landscape processes. However, the scientists may have little control over what gets recorded by the cr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the most popular contemporary implementations of the Voluntary Geographic Information (VGI) paradigm is OpenStreetMap (OSM). OSM is a very popular project worldwide and is based on a large mapping community. The number of mapped objects and the level of details with which these objects are represented depends on a number of factors including...
Article
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Citizens are increasingly becoming an important source of geographic information, sometimes entering domains that had until recently been the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies. This activity has a very diverse character as it can, amongst other things, be active or passive, involve spatial or aspatial data and the data provided can be varia...
Article
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OpenStreetMap (OSM) is an extraordinarily large and diverse spatial database of the world. Road networks are amongst the most frequently occurring spatial content within the OSM database. These road network representations are usable in many applications. However the quality of these representations can vary between locations. Comparing OSM road ne...
Article
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We discuss an OpenStreetMap (OSM) mapping party organised during the Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Europe 2015 conference held in Como, Italy in July 2015. While primarily the mapping party was organised as a conference social event, there was also the serious goal of collecting and adding geographic data to the OSM database...
Conference Paper
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This paper proposes a method for automatically inferring semantic type information for a street network from its corresponding geometrical representation. Specifically, a street network is modelled as a probabilistic graphical model and semantic type information is inferred by performing learning and inference with respect to this model. Learning i...
Conference Paper
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Online collaborative mapping projects, such as OpenStreetMap (OSM), have been developed not only to provide public and free information about many types of geo-spatial features, including communication and transportation networks such as roads, trails and railways, but also to give its users the chance to contribute with their local knowledge about...
Article
A novel method for extracting linear streets from a street network is proposed where a linear street is defined as a sequence of connected street segments having a shape similar to a straight line segment. Specifically a given street network is modeled as a Conditional Random Field (CRF) where the task of extracting linear streets corresponds to pe...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a framework for considering quality control of volunteered geographic information (VGI). Different issues need to be considered during the conception, acquisition and post-acquisition phases of VGI creation. This includes items such as collecting metadata on the volunteer, providing suitable training, giving corrective feedback...
Article
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In the last number of years there has been increased interest from researchers in investigating and understanding the characteristics and backgrounds of citizens who contribute to Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) and Citizen Science (CS) projects. Much of the reluctance from stakeholders such as National Mapping Agencies, Environmental Mini...
Article
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This paper describes a simple comparison of the distributions of land cover features identified from volunteered data contributed by different social groups – in this case comparing two groups of Geo-Wiki campaigns. Understanding the impacts on analyses of citizen science data contributed by different groups is critical to ensure robust scientific...
Article
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In crowdsourced cartographic projects, mappers coordinate their efforts through online tools to produce digital geospatial artefacts, such as maps and gazetteers, which were once the exclusive territory of professional surveyors and cartographers. In order to produce meaningful and coherent data, contributors need to negotiate a shared conceptualis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
OpenStreetMap (OSM), the most popular VGI crowdsourcing project, is an excellent example of an open-license spatial database. But what is the quality of OSM road network datasets compared to authoritative counterparts? Several comparisons of this kind are detailed in literature but these cannot be easily adapted to other scenarios. Developing a gen...
Article
OpenStreetMap (OSM) represents one of the most well-known examples of a collaborative mapping project. Major research efforts have so far dealt with data quality analysis but the modality of OSM's evolution across space and time has barely been noted. This study aims to analyze spatio-temporal patterns of contributions in OSM by proposing a contrib...
Chapter
This volume has presented “OpenStreetMap in GIScience: experiences, research and applications” with a collection of experiences and research carried out with OpenStreetMap as the central and core theme. The volume has sought to build a firm foundation to highlight research work focused on OpenStreetMap. This was one of our original goals when we se...
Chapter
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Land use (LU) maps are an important source of information in academia and for policy-makers describing the usage of land parcels. A large amount of effort and monetary resources are spent on mapping LU features over time and at local, regional, and global scales. Remote sensing images and signal processing techniques, as well as land surveying are...
Chapter
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Recent years have seen new ways of collecting geographic information via the crowd rather than organizations. OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a prime example of this approach and has brought free access to a wealth of geographic information—for many parts of the world, for the first time. The strong growth in the last few years made more and more people con...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recent years have seen new ways of collecting geographic information via the crowd rather than organizations. OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a prime example of this approach and has brought free access to a wealth of geographic information – for many parts of the world, for the first time. The strong growth in the last few years made more and more people c...
Article
OpenStreetMap (OSM) represents one of the most well-known examples of a collaborative mapping project. Major research efforts have so far dealt with data quality analysis but the modality of OSM's evolution across space and time has barely been noted. This study aims to analyze spatio-temporal patterns of contributions in OSM by proposing a contrib...
Book
Full-text available
This edited volume presents a collection of lessons learned with, and research conducted on, OpenStreetMap, the goal being to promote the project’s integration. The respective chapters address a) state-of-the-art and cutting-edge approaches to data quality analysis in OpenStreetMap, b) investigations on understanding OpenStreetMap contributors and...
Article
In this paper we examine three geographic crowdsourcing models, namely: volunteered geographic information (VGI), citizen science (CS) and participatory mapping (PM) (Goodchild, 2007; Audubon Society, 1900; and Peluso, 1995). We argue that these geographic knowledge producing practices can be adopted by governments to keep databases up to date (Bud...
Article
Volunteered geographic information (VGI), as a special subset of crowdsourcing, has provoked interest from many scientific disciplines and industry in the past few years. OpenStreetMap (OSM) is the most famous and well supported example of a VGI project on the Internet today. As a technology, Digital Earth (DE) offers immediate access to enormous q...