Paulo Janni's scientific contributions

Citations

... However, the most frequent argument, provided by approximately 35% of the subjects, seemed to relate to their personality, since it referred to the general feeling of shyness and embarrassment experienced when speaking (e.g., "Shyness", "I am generally reluctant to speak," "Lack of self-confidence and shyness," "I am not able to speak in public, especially in English," "I feel observed."). The frequency of occurrence of this argument can be considered surprising, taking into account the high level of extroversion and outgoingness ascribed to the Italian nation (e.g., Janni & McLean, 2003). As could be expected, the feeling of shame was also mentioned several times in reference to some FL deficiency (e.g., "I can't speak fluently and I don't know many words, so I feel ashamed," "Feeling embarrassed to say something wrong."). ...