Patrick T. Terenzini's research while affiliated with Pennsylvania State University and other places

Publications (141)

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1 Background Engineering educators and practitioners increasingly value contextual competence. A psychometrically sound, practical, and useful scale for assessing undergraduate engineering students' contextual competence is needed.2 Purpose/HypothesisThis article provides comprehensive evidence of the content, structural, discriminant, and criterio...
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Studies of between-college effects on students have been constrained by a heavy reliance on conventional institutional descriptors (such as size, type of control, mission, and selectivity) as well as by theoretical models that under-specify the nature of the highly complex processes and factors that influence student learning outcomes. This chapter...
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In 2004, the National Academy of Engineering published Educating the Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century to encourage reform of undergraduate engineering education. That report inspired ???The Engineer of 2020??? project, two interrelated studies supported by the National Science Foundation. Prototype to Production: Conditio...
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Nearly all quantitative analyses in higher education draw from incomplete datasets--a common problem with no universal solution. In the first part of this paper, we explain why missing data matter and outline the advantages and disadvantages of six common methods for handling missing data. Next, we analyze real-world data from 5,905 students across...
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Most of the research on the effects of college on students that examines the influences of institutional characteristics—what Pascarella and Terenzini (How college affects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass 1991) called “between-college” effects—indicate that the descriptors typically used (e.g...
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In reconsidering the three “tiers of institutional intelligence” needed for effective institutional research practice he first offered 20 years ago (Terenzini in Res Higher Educ 34:1–10, 1993), Terenzini suggests that those forms of intelligence retain their overall relevance today, but that they also require some important redefinition. The major...
Chapter
I was among the people John Smart consulted in the early 1980s about his ideas for what became Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. I thought it was a great idea then, as I do now, to provide a source where scholars, administrators, and policy analysts can find a definitive review of the literature on a wide array of important topics...
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Increasingly, engineers must design engineering solutions that consider the contexts in which they are implemented. Examples like China"s Three Gorges Dam, the development of next-generation fusion nuclear power, and the One Laptop per Child program illustrate the complexities and the stakes of current and future engineering projects. The National...
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The belief that engineers cannot solve any problem without understanding its relevant contexts has been widely emphasized by both engineering academia and professions. Based on definitions-in-use and the literature, we defined contextual competence as an engineer's ability to anticipate and understand the constraints and impacts of social, cultural...
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In an effort to identify policies that foster an institutional “culture of teaching,” or encourage use of effective pedagogies, this study uses data from 5,612 faculty members at 45 institutions to examine connections between institutional policies and faculty members’ perceptions and practices related to teaching and learning. A series of multi-le...
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Decades of research demonstrate that college students benefit from positive interaction with faculty members, although that same evidence suggests that those interactions are far from common, particularly outside the classroom. Moreover, relatively little is known about which, when, how, and why faculty members choose to engage with students outsid...
Conference Paper
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This panel discussion will provide preliminary findings from a National Science Foundation funded project, Prototyping the Engineer of 2020: A 360-degree Study of Effective Education (P360). is the study explores how the educational practices of six diverse institutions (Arizona State University, Harvey Mudd College, Howard University, MIT, Univers...
Conference Paper
This work-in-progress paper presents initial findings from Prototype to Production, an NSF-funded, national benchmarking study of engineering education. The sample included 86 program chairs and 1,119 faculty members from six fields on 32 campuses. Surveys asked chairs and faculty how much curricular emphasis their programs and courses place on 25...
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This chapter is reprinted from the Journal of Higher Education, 1989, by permission of Ohio State University Press.
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Research clearly indicates that faculty members have the potential to influence student learning outcomes through their pedagogical practices, but we know less about what influences faculty members’ choices to employ specific pedagogical practices. This study, based on data from 2,853 faculty members who teach courses that serve primarily first-y...
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Studies of change in colleges and universities often consider faculty support a key influence on the success of academic reform efforts. Scholars, however, have given relatively little attention to the role of disciplinary environments (e.g., culture, values, and habits of mind) on educational innovation and change. Using data from 1,272 faculty me...
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Academia clings to several myths about higher education and its effect on students. This article outlines 10 of these popular myths—myths about effective teaching styles, indicators of quality education, and the value of faculty research for undergraduate education, to name a few. The authors cite extensive research calling these myths into questio...
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In this paper, we document our qualitative analysis and its results in search for validation of the proposed design pedagogy framework. In the proposed framework, the design learning environment is dynamic with several actors providing and receiving input/feedback. Within the dynamic learning environment, the teachers and students interact through...
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This session will present preliminary findings from Prototyping the Engineer of 2020: A 360-degree Study of Effective Education (P360), funded by the National Science Foundation. The study is designed to provide empirically based guidance for engineering programs seeking to recruit and retain diverse students and to prepare all new engineers for wo...
Article
In 2004, ABET commissioned Engineering Change, a study of the impact of Engineering Criteria 2000 (EC2000) on the preparation of undergraduates for careers in engineering. One legacy of that study is a database of EC2000-specific self-reported student learning outcomes at 40 institutions, including precollege characteristics and engineering program...
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Evidence indicates engineering graduates' skills are misaligned with workforce needs. Are the disjunctions due, in part, to the backgrounds of students' instructors? Using a nationally representative sample of 1,037 faculty and 3,338 students representing 142 programs on 39 campuses, findings indicate that graduates of programs with a higher propor...
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This study examined the unique and joint contributions of engineering students’ classroom and out-of-class experiences on the development of two sets of skills central to students’ successful performance as engineers: analytical and group skills. Although the study focuses on engineering, the conceptual underpinnings and criterion measures are rele...
Conference Paper
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At the time the decision was made to discontinue funding to the NSF engineering education coalitions, data in support of the impact of the coalitions were unavailable. Since then, whether an institution was a member of a coalition has been an important variable in many engineering education studies. In this panel session and paper, we present the r...
Conference Paper
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This Special Session addresses a fundamental question: What changes must we make to ensure that engineering students will become what the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) has referred to as "the engineer of 2020"? These graduates will compete in Friedman's "flat world," a world in which workers from China, India, and the former Soviet Block co...
Article
The available research on first-year college outcomes remains highly segmented (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005) and surprisingly incomplete (Upcraft et al., 2005), particularly as it relates to psychosocial outcomes like social and personal competence. This study, based on data from nearly 6,700 students and 5,000 faculty members on 30 campuses natio...
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This article reports the effects of program characteristics and faculty activities on students’ experiences and, ultimately, the development of students’ analytical and group skills. Data come from nationally representative samples of 4,330 seniors, 1,243 faculty members, and 147 engineering program chairs on 40 campuses nationwide. Findings indica...
Conference Paper
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This panel presents evidence from the Engineering Change study, indicating that implementation of the EC2000 learning criteria has had a positive impact on engineering programs and student learning. Compared to their 1994 counterparts, 2004 graduates report higher ability levels on nine measures of learning. Outcomes are linked to changes in progra...
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GEAR UP (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) emerged in the late 1990s as a comprehensive outreach program seeking to enhance awareness of and readiness for college among low-income middle school students. After controlling for students' preprogram test scores and school characteristics, findings indicate that students...
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Perhaps two-thirds of the gains students make in knowledge and cognitive skill development occur in the first 2years of college (Pascarella, E. T., and Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students Vol. 2. A third decade of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass). A significant proportion of the students entering America’s colleges and univer...
Article
This paper reports the results of a study exploring the unique and joint contributions of engineering students' classroom and out-of-class experiences on the development of two sets of skills central to students' successful performance as engineers: problem-solving and analytical skills, and group skills. Although the study focuses on engineering,...
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The instruments currently available to measure the 11 student learning skills specified in EC2000's Critrion 3 are vulnerable to challenges to their validity and reliability. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a 36-item measure specifically designed to assess student performance on those outcomes. Development followed standard t...
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Longitudinal data from eighteen four-year colleges were analyzed to better understand differences between first-generation and other college students in the experiences and outcomes of postsecondary education. These differences were consistent with theorybased expectations regarding the acquisition of cultural capital during college.
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This paper provides an overview and progress report on a national study of the impact of ABET's EC2000 accreditation criteria on student learning in engineering programs. Sponsored by ABET, the study addresses the question, "Are the engineers who complete undergraduate programs under the EC2000 accreditation criteria better prepared for careers in...
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This paper summarizes the research design, sampling plan, and instrument development for the Engineering Change (EC) Project, a three-year research activity that examines the impact of ABET's EC2000 on engineering education. The project assumes that, if EC2000 has been effective, evidence of change in ABET-accredited programs will be linked to chan...
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Journal of College Student Development 44.3 (2003) 420-429 First-generation college students (i.e., students whose parents have never attended college) are the focus of a growing body of research. The weight of evidence from this research suggests that, compared to their peers, first-generation students are at a disadvantage with respect to: basic...
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This document addresses issues of concern to higher education today, namely student success (particularly of underrepresented students) and accreditation and quality assurance. Regarding research and practice in the area of student success, the report discusses strategies that promote persistence, transfer, and completion throughout the K-16 pipeli...
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Using a sample of 2,050 second-year students at 23 institutions, researchers examined three issues: (a) gender and ethnic differences in terms of preferences towards collaborative learning, (b) the effects of collaborative learning on student outcomes, and (c) determinants of openness to diversity. Results showed that exposure to collaborative lear...
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This study investigated relationships among teaching practices, classroom climate, and students' gains in academic and career self-perceptions at seven engineering schools. Findings show that the more instructors interacted with students, gave frequent and detailed feedback, provided opportunities for collaborative learning, and made assignments an...
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Defendants of affirmative action are asked to demonstrate that race-sensitive admissions policies and diversity produce educational benefits for all students. This study indicates that the racial/ethnic composition of a classroom may indeed be related to the development of students' problem-solving and group skills. The nature of that effect, howev...
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Several states are requiring institutions to document changes in student outcomes. Regional and specialized accrediting agencies are also changing their review criteria from measuring inputs to assessing indicators of student learning. This article describes the results of an evaluation project that sought to develop performance indicators of learn...
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This multi-institution, longitudinal study investigated relationships between various experiences in the second and third years of college and students' openness to diversity as well as challenges to their beliefs and attitudes. The strongest positive influences on openness to diversity and challenge were precollege openness to diversity, student p...
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This study examined the extent to which undergraduate engi-neering courses taught using active and collaborative learning methods differ from traditional lecture and discussion courses in their ability to promote the development of students' engineering design, problem-solving, communication, and group participa-tion skills. Evidence for the study...
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The research literature examining the effects of students' out-of-class experiences on academic, intellectual, or cognitive learning outcomes is examined. Those aspects of students ' out-of-class experiences over which student affairs professionals have some control through policy or programmatic interventions are identified.
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This paper identifies some of the most significant -- and counterproductive -- gaps between what research reveals about how college students learn and how to maximize student learning, on the one hand, and, on the other, current academic, pedagogical, and administrative practices and policies. Drawing on research evidence from the cognitive and neu...
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But first we need to be clear about what our function is
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This study examined the impact of prejudice and discrimination on the adjustment of students to college. Results indicated perceived discriminatory behavior negatively affected minority student academic/intellectual development, social experiences, and institutional commitment. Although differential effects were noted for minority and non-minoritie...
Conference Paper
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This paper describes the structure content, and measurement characteristics of a course-level questionnaire designed to gather from students course-specific information that responds to both local assessment needs and ABET requirements. In addition to basic academic and personal background characteristics, the questionnaire gathers information on a...
Conference Paper
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This study investigated the relationships between instructional practices and students' gains in self-perceptions and professional competencies. More than 1200 students from seven ECSEL schools participated in the study. Findings show that the instructional practices of instructor interaction and feedback, collaborative learning, and clarity and or...
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Extends previous research, which investigated relationships between female students' perceptions of a "chilly campus climate" and cognitive outcomes in the first year of college, by examining those relationships through the junior year. Results, implications, and limitations of the study are discussed. (Author/GCP)
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This study sought to determine if the average level of student critical thinking at a college (i.e., the institutional context) influenced individual students' critical thinking skills. Analyses were based on data from 23 highly diverse two- and four-year institutions participating in the National Study of Student Learning with controls for 15 pote...
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Controlling for precollege aptitude and other influences, male intercollegiate football and basketball players tended to have significantly lower levels of second-year writing skills and of third-year critical thinking and reading comprehension than did nonathletes or athletes in other sports. There was little evidence to suggest broad-based negati...
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This longitudinal investigation of 23 colleges and universities sought to estimate the impacts of on- and off-campus work on standardized measures of student cognitive development across three years of college. With controls made for student background characteristics and other experiences of college, there was little evidence to suggest that eithe...
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This study examined possible solutions to the paradox faced by college administrators as they try to increase diversity in the student body while minimizing tensions. The study used 1994 data on 2,050 second-year college students from the National Study of Student Learning, a longitudinal investigation of factors influencing student learning and de...
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This study compared the effects of personal characteristics and teaching practices in the development of professional competencies by undergraduate engineering students. A survey completed by 480 engineering students gathered information concerning students' personal, academic, and demographic characteristics; characteristics of their current engin...
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In this study researchers tested the hypothesis that community college attendance lowers students' precollege plans to obtain a bachelor of arts degree. In the presence of controls for precollege plans, other background factors, and college academic and nonacademic experiences, community college students initially planning to obtain a bachelor of a...
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In this study of 2- and 4-year colleges, the extent to which women students' perceptions of a "chilly campus climate" were related to first-year cognitive outcomes was investigated at 23 institutions. After a variety of potentially confounding influences were controlled for, several negative relationships were found between perceived chilly climate...
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This study sought to determine the extent to which students' development of internal locus of attribution for academic success during the first year of college was influenced by institutional characteristics, students' academic experiences, and their social/nonacademic experiences. The sample was 2,392 first-year students attending 23 diverse two-...