Patrick S. Cooper's research while affiliated with Monash University (Australia) and other places

Publications (4)

Preprint
Selection bias in information-search contributes to the formation of polarized echo-chambers of beliefs. However, the role of valence in information source selection remains poorly understood. In Experiment 1, participants won financial rewards depending on the outcomes of a set of lotteries. They were not shown these outcomes, but instead could ch...
Article
Full-text available
Apathy and fatigue have distinct aetiologies, yet can manifest in phenotypically similar ways. In particular, each can give rise to diminished goal-directed behaviour, which is often cited as a key characteristic of both traits. An important issue therefore is whether currently available approaches are capable of distinguishing between them. Here,...
Article
Visualization of complex data is commonplace in neurophysiology research. Here, we highlight specific perceptual issues related to the ongoing misuse of variations of the rainbow colour scheme, with a particular emphasis on time-frequency decompositions in electrophysiology as an illustrative example. We review the risks of biased interpretation of...
Article
Full-text available
Curiosity pervades all aspects of human behaviour and decision-making. Recent research indicates that the value of information is determined by its propensity to reduce uncertainty, and the hedonic value of the outcomes it predicts. Previous findings also indicate a preference for options that are freely chosen, compared to equivalently valued alte...

Citations

... In approximately 20% of healthy individuals, fatigue is chronic and has a major impact on everyday functioning 9,10 . So, both apathy and fatigue manifest in difficulty in starting or maintaining the usual or desired activities, and evidence suggests that for both there is a perturbation in effort-based decision-making, which results in lower willingness to engage in effortful behavior [11][12][13] . Scientific definitions of apathy include a "lack of energy" and, conversely, fatigue is sometimes described as a "lack of motivation, " indicating a conceptual overlap between the two. ...
... There has been some work on query formation in Library and Information Science (LIS) [70,96], much conceptual in nature. There is some empirical work asking participants to generate queries in response to a stated information need (e.g., [57]), the work is limited to artificial information needs, an approach that results in less user curiosity about the results and therefore likely changed behavior [54]. A handful of test collections were created that examine query variations [9,23], but that research has focused on the impact of the variation on search results, rather than a query's origin. ...