Patrick M. Bossuyt's research while affiliated with University of Amsterdam and other places

Publications (97)

Article
Background and aims Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) undergo (procto)colectomy to prevent colorectal cancer from developing. Interestingly, after proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), most patients develop adenomas in the pouch. This is not well described for patients with end ileostomy. We aimed to compare ile...
Article
(Abstracted from Hum Reprod 2022;37:969–979) A main cause of female infertility is tubal pathology, with 11% to 30% of cases resulting from previous surgery, infections (such as sexually transmitted diseases), or endometriosis. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is considered as the first choice for a tubal patency test during fertility workup, but the mo...
Article
Background: Biparametric (bp)-MRI and multiparametric (mp)-MRI may improve the diagnostic accuracy of renal mass histology. Purpose: To evaluate the available evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of bp-MRI and mp-MRI for solid renal masses in differentiating malignant from benign, aggressive from indolent, and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccR...
Article
Full-text available
Background Randomized test-treatment studies aim to evaluate the clinical utility of diagnostic tests by providing evidence on their impact on patient health. However, the sample size calculation is affected by several factors involved in the test-treatment pathway, including the prevalence of the disease. Sample size planning is exposed to strong...
Article
Diagnostic accuracy studies are, like other clinical studies, at risk of bias due to shortcomings in design and conduct, and the results of a diagnostic accuracy study may not apply to other patient groups and settings. Readers of study reports need to be informed about study design and conduct, in sufficient detail to judge the trustworthiness and...
Article
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Background Timely diagnosis of heart failure (HF) is essential to optimize treatment opportunities that improve symptoms, quality of life, and survival. While most patients consult their general practitioner (GP) prior to HF, the early stages of HF may be difficult to identify. An integrated clinical support tool may aid in identifying patients at...
Article
Study question What are the costs and effects of management based on tubal patency testing by HyFoSy compared to HSG in infertile women during fertility work-up? Summary answer Management based on the results of either HyFoSy or HSG leads to similar pregnancy rates with lower costs for management based on HyFoSy. What is known already Traditional...
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Study question Does uninterrupted embryo culture with or without the application of a time-lapse monitoring (TLM) selection algorithm lead to higher (cumulative) ongoing pregnancy rates? Summary answer Uninterrupted embryo culture with or without a TLM selection algorithm and interrupted culture with morphological embryo selection all resulted in...
Article
In explaining why a patient has been struck with disease, health care professionals may turn to arguments from epidemiology, pointing to risk factors from lifestyle, diet, or genetics. Yet many patients build detailed narratives on why and when disease and illness overcame them. They can point to specific behaviors, of themselves or others, to stre...
Article
Whereas diagnostic tests help detect the cause of signs and symptoms, prognostic tests assist in evaluating the probable course of the disease and future outcome. Studies to evaluate prognostic tests are longitudinal, which introduces sources of bias different from those for diagnostic accuracy studies. At present, systematic reviews of prognostic...
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Background: Chest CT displays chest pathology better than chest X-ray (CXR). We evaluated the effects on health outcomes of replacing CXR by ultra-low-dose chest-CT (ULDCT) in the diagnostic work-up of patients suspected of non-traumatic pulmonary disease at the emergency department. Methods: Pragmatic, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised cl...
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Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is an obstetric complication associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Doppler ultrasound can improve perinatal outcomes through monitoring at-risk fetuses and helping time delivery. Aim: To investigate the prognostic value of different Doppler ultrasound measurements for adverse perinatal outcomes....
Article
Background Semi-quantitative bacterial culture is the reference standard to diagnose urinary tract infection, but culture is time-consuming and can be unreliable if patients are receiving antibiotics. Metagenomics could increase diagnostic accuracy and speed by sequencing the microbiota and resistome directly from urine. We aimed to compare metagen...
Article
Objective We aimed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of non-accidental trauma (NAT) in children with polytrauma treated at level-I trauma centres (TC). Summary of background Data 6–10% Of children who present at the emergency department with injuries, sustain polytrauma. Polytrauma may result from either accidental (AT) or NAT, i.e...
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(1) Background: Given the high prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the limitations of liver biopsies, multiple non-invasive tests (NITs) have been developed to identify non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients at-risk of progression. The availability of these new NITs varies from country to country, and little is k...
Article
Background Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a well-established quality indicator for colonoscopy and is inversely associated with the incidence of interval post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer. However, interval post-colonoscopy colorectal cancers frequently develop from serrated polyps, which are not included in the ADR. Therefore, the proximal serra...
Article
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Lower socioeconomic status has been associated with higher colorectal cancer incidence and lower participation in population-based screening with faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) but regional variations in participation may also exist. We analysed differences in participation and yield in colorectal cancer screening by urban density level. Data...
Preprint
Background Timely diagnosis of heart failure (HF) is essential to optimize treatment opportunities that improve symptoms, quality of life, and survival. While most patients consult their general practitioner (GP) prior to HF, early stages of HF may be difficult to identify. An integrated clinical support tool may aid in identifying patients at high...
Article
Full-text available
STUDY QUESTION Does hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) lead to similar pregnancy outcomes, compared with hysterosalpingography (HSG), as first-choice tubal patency test in infertile couples? SUMMARY ANSWER HyFoSy and HSG produce similar findings in a majority of patients and clinical management based on the results of either HyFoSy or HSG, l...
Article
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Artificial intelligence (AI) research is transforming the range tools and technologies available to pathologists, leading to potentially faster, personalized and more accurate diagnoses for patients. However, to see the use of tools for patient benefit and achieve this safely, the implementation of any algorithm must be underpinned by high quality...
Article
Background: Despite the nearly ubiquitous reported use of peer review among reputable medical journals, there is limited evidence to support the use of peer review to improve the quality of biomedical research and in particular, imaging diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) research. Purpose: To evaluate whether peer review of DTA studies published by...
Article
Background Combination therapy with infliximab and anti-metabolites is a standard option for patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). The implications of long term use of combination therapy may lead patients and clinicians to contemplate treatment de-escalation once steroid-free remission has been achieved. The aim of our study was to assess the relaps...
Article
Background Risankizumab (RZB), a selective interleukin-23 inhibitor, demonstrated superior efficacy over placebo (PBO) as induction and maintenance therapy in patients with moderate to severe Crohn’s disease (CD). Here we compared the efficacy and safety of RZB in inducing and maintaining clinical remission and clinical response in patients with CD...
Article
Background Fatigue is highly prevalent in patients with IBD independent of the disease status but treatment options remain limited. A potential mediator in the pathophysiology of fatigue is tryptophan (Trp), a precursor of serotonin. Recently, reduced serum Trp levels have been linked to fatigue in patients with clinically and endoscopically inacti...
Article
Background Upadacitinib (UPA), an oral selective and reversible JAK inhibitor, demonstrated significantly greater efficacy compared to placebo (PBO) as treatment for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC), in phase 3 induction (U-ACHIEVE and U-ACCOMPLISH) and maintenance (U-ACHIEVE Maintenance) studies. We evaluated UPA efficacy on histologic o...
Article
Background In recent phase 3 trials, risankizumab (RZB), a humanised monoclonal IgG1 antibody targeting the interleukin 23 p19 subunit, proved to be superior to placebo in inducing and maintaining clinical remission and endoscopic response in patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and...
Conference Paper
Background Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is an uncommon inflammatory disorder that may accompany inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The clinical relevance of AIP-IBD coexistence, therapeutic strategies, and long-term outcomes are scarcely known. Methods In this ECCO COllaborative Network For Exceptionally Rare case reports project (ECCO-CONFER) we...
Article
Background The efficacy and safety of risankizumab (RZB) as induction and maintenance therapy for patients with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease (CD) has been documented. Steroid-free clinical remission is an important additional treatment goal in CD. The efficacy of RZB by baseline steroid use during induction and steroid-free outcome...
Article
Background Ozanimod was approved by the FDA to treat patients (pts) with moderately to severely active Ulcerative Colitis (UC) based on the results from the 52-week (wk) phase 3 True North (TN) study. We sought to evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of ozanimod. Methods We examined data from an interim analysis of pts in the TN parent study who...
Article
Background In Crohn’s disease (CD), disease location affects treatment outcomes.1 This post hoc analysis assessed the efficacy of risankizumab (RZB), an interleukin 23 p19 inhibitor, by disease location. Methods In ADVANCE (NCT03105128) and MOTIVATE (NCT03104413), patients with moderately to severely active CD and intolerance or inadequate respons...
Article
Background Subcutaneous (SC) formulations of CT-P13 and vedolizumab (VED) are currently available as new treatment option for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The decision to switch requires a shared decision making based on adequate education of the patient, to avoid negative outcomes due to a nocebo effect. The aims of this study w...
Article
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Desmoid tumours (DT) are one of the main causes of death in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Surgical trauma is a risk factor for DT, yet a colectomy is inevitable in FAP to prevent colorectal cancer. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the available evidence on DT risk related to type, approach and timin...
Article
Background Preferential publication of studies with positive findings can lead to overestimation of diagnostic test accuracy (i.e. publication bias). Understanding the contribution of the editorial process to publication bias could inform interventions to optimize the evidence guiding clinical decisions. Purpose/Hypothesis To evaluate whether accu...
Article
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Background Polygenic risk scores (PRS) could potentially improve breast cancer screening recommendations. Before a PRS can be considered for implementation, it needs rigorous evaluation, using performance measures that can inform about its future clinical value. Objectives To evaluate the prognostic performance of a regression model with a previou...
Article
Background Commonly used estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equations include a Black race modifier (BRM) that was incorporated during equation derivation. Race is a social construct, and a poorly characterized variable that is applied inconsistently in clinical settings. The BRM results in higher eGFR for any creatinine concentration, imp...
Article
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The prevalence and severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing, yet adequately validated tests for care paths are limited and non-invasive markers of disease progression are urgently needed. The aim of this work was to summarize the performance of Pro-C3, a biomarker of active fibrogenesis, in detecting significant fibrosis...
Article
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Background Abdominal computed tomography (CT) is the standard imaging method for patients with suspected colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) in the diagnostic workup for surgery or thermal ablation. Diffusion-weighted and gadoxetic-acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the liver is increasingly used to improve the detection rate and char...
Article
Uvod: Preporučene smjernice za izvještavanje u sustavnim pregledima i metaanalizama (engl. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses, PRISMA) prvi su put objavljene 2009. godine kako bi autorima sustavnih pregleda omogućile transparentno izvještavanje o predmetu istraživanja, korištenim metodama i dobivenim rezultatima. Tij...
Article
Background and aims Standardized registration and evaluation of adverse events (AEs) are essential to assess the safety of endoscopic procedures. We propose a novel classification system: Adverse events in GastRointEstinal Endoscopy (AGREE), adapted from a widely accepted surgical tool. Methods The Clavien-Dindo classification for surgical AEs was...
Article
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Introduction Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) excluding inclusion body myositis (IBM) are a group of heterogeneous autoimmune disorders characterised by subacute-onset and progressive proximal muscle weakness, which are frequently part of a multisystem autoimmune disorder. Reaching the diagnosis can be challenging, and no gold standard for...
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Background & Aims Serum microRNA (miRNA) levels are known to change in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and may serve as useful biomarkers. This study aimed to profile miRNAs comprehensively at all NAFLD stages. Methods We profiled 2,083 serum miRNAs in a discovery cohort (183 NAFLD cases representing the complete NAFLD spectrum and 10 po...
Conference Paper
Objectives There is an unmet need to improve accurate detection of malignancy in patients with pelvic masses. Our objective was to obtain summary estimates of HE4 accuracy for diagnosing malignancy and to compare performance with CA125, in different clinical settings. Methods We searched PubMed, Ovid and Scopus using terms for ‘pelvic masses’ and...
Article
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Background Prognosis for the occurrence of relapses in individuals with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), the most common subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS), could support individualized decisions and disease management and could be helpful for efficiently selecting patients for future randomized clinical trials. There are only three p...
Article
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Background and aims: Characteristic MRI features associated with long-term perianal fistula closure are still being discussed. This study evaluated the predictive value of degree of fibrosis and disease activity (MAGNIFI-CD index) at MRI for long-term clinical closure of Crohn's perianal fistulas. Methods: Crohn's disease (CD) patients treated w...
Article
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Background: Imaging tests are one of the most frequently used diagnostic modalities in healthcare, but the benefits of their direct impacts on clinical decision-making have been countered by concerns that they can be overused. Assessing the relative value of imaging tests has largely focused on measures of test accuracy, which overlooks more compr...
Article
Analytical performance specifications (APS) for measurands describe the minimum analytical quality requirements for their measurement. These APS are used to monitor and contain the systematic (trueness/ bias) and random errors (precision/ imprecision) of a laboratory measurement to ensure the results are “fit for purpose” in informing clinical deci...
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Laboratory medicine in the European Union is at the dawn of a regulatory revolution as it reaches the end of the transition from IVDD 98/79/EC (https://eur-lex.eur-opa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31998L0079&qid=1628781352814) to IVDR 2017/746 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/746. Without amendments and contingency plans, implementati...
Article
Introduction: Many women with benign pelvic masses, suspected of ovarian cancer, are unnecessarily referred for treatment at specialized centers. There is an unmet clinical need to improve diagnostic assessment in these patients. Our objective was to obtain summary estimates of the accuracy of human epididymis protein (HE4) for diagnosing ovarian...
Article
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Early detection of liver fibrosis is crucial to select the correct care path for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Here, we systematically review the evidence on the performance of FibroMeter versions in detecting different levels of fibrosis in patients with NAFLD. We searched four databases (Medline, Embase, the Cochrane li...
Article
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Background An assessment of the validity of individual diagnostic accuracy studies in systematic reviews is necessary to guide the analysis and the interpretation of results. Such an assessment is performed for each included study and typically reported at the study level. As studies may differ in sample size and disease prevalence, with larger stu...
Preprint
Objective: We developed a research usefulness tool collating published criteria and examined if randomised controlled trials (RCTs) addressing preterm birth were useful. Search Strategy: Cochrane library. Selection Criteria: Published RCTs within 56 preterm birth Cochrane reviews. Data Collection and Analysis: A usefulness tool was developed with e...
Article
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Introduction Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Study (STARD) was developed to improve the completeness and transparency of reporting in studies investigating diagnostic test accuracy. However, its current form, STARD 2015 does not address the issues and challenges raised by artificial intelligence (AI)-centred interventions. As such, w...
Article
The risk of having colorectal cancer (CRC) or its precursors vary with age and sex. Yet, most CRC screening programs using the quantitative faecal immunochemical test (FIT) use a uniform FIT cut-off. We aimed to calculate individualized FIT cut-offs based on age and sex. Data from a study of 1,112 asymptomatic average-risk screening participants un...