Patricia Sawyer Baker's research while affiliated with University of Alabama at Birmingham and other places

Publications (13)

Article
Full-text available
The authors examined epidemiology and sociodemographic predictors of spousal, non-spousal family, and friendship bereavement among African American and White community-dwelling older adults using longitudinal data from 839 participants of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging, a prospective cohort study of a random sample of Alabam...
Article
Two dementia patterns have been described: 'type 1' dementia is characterized by executive function impairment and posterior cortical impairment, and 'type 2' dementia is characterized by executive impairment and relatively preserved posterior cortical function. The Executive Clock Drawing Task (CLOX) has been used to discriminate between type 1, t...
Article
To quantify the associations between sociodemographic factors and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in dentate and edentulous community-dwelling older adults. Cross-sectional study using a 54-item OHRQoL questionnaire. Five counties in central Alabama: Jefferson and Tuscaloosa (urban), and Hale, Bibb, and Pickens (rural). Two hundred eig...
Article
We examined gender differences in frequency and sociodemographic predictors of spousal, non-spousal family, and friendship bereavement events among community-dwelling older adults using data from the UAB Study of Aging. Analysis involved a 30-month observation period of 893 subjects. There were significant differences between women and men for all...
Article
We examined the prevalence and correlates of recent nonspousal family loss among older adults using data from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging, a stratified random sample of community-dwelling older adults living in central Alabama. Twenty-three percent of participants reported a recent nonspousal family loss. African American...
Article
The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging Life-Space Assessment (LSA) is a relatively new instrument to measure mobility. The purpose of this report is to describe the relationships between LSA and traditional measures of physical function, sociodemographic characteristics, depression, and cognitive status. Subjects were a strati...
Article
To determine prevalence and correlates of fecal incontinence in older community-dwelling adults. A cross-sectional, population-based survey. Participants interviewed at home in three rural and two urban counties in Alabama from 1999 to 2001. The University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging enlisted 1,000 participants from the state Medicare b...
Article
This study examines the relationships that exist between social isolation, support, and capital and nutritional risk in older black and white women and men. The paper reports on 1000 community-dwelling older adults aged 65 and older enrolled in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging, a longitudinal observational study of mobil...
Article
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Article
To define racial similarities and differences in mobility among community-dwelling older adults and to identify predictors of mobility change. Prospective, observational, cohort study. Nine hundred and five community-dwelling older adults. Baseline in-home assessments were conducted to assess life-space mobility, sociodemographic variables, disease...
Article
To evaluate the validity and reliability of a standardized approach for assessing life-space mobility (the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging Life-Space Assessment (LSA)) and its ability to detect changes in life-space over time in community-dwelling older adults. Prospective, observational cohort study. Five counties (three rural a...
Article
Mobility represents a critical component in the functional and disability assessment of older adults because it is related significantly to the maintenance of elder autonomy and independence. The authors' primary purposes are to raise the consciousness of geriatric social workers about the need to consider mobility as an important aspect of older p...

Citations

... Higher scores indicate a higher number of comorbidities. Community mobility was quantified through an assessment of life-space using the self-report University of Alabama's Life Space Assessment (LSA) [18]. The LSA composite score, with a maximum 120 points, has excellent reliability and correlation with function and health [18]. ...
... Our results on the frequency of loss experiences (29.7%) were comparable to the results of a previous study [33] that found that 23% of participants reported a recent loss. However, comparison of results is possible only to a limited extent because these authors only focused on nonspousal loss experiences in a much younger sample compared to our study (65+ vs. 75+ years). ...
... Mobility, as described by the World Health Organization (WHO), is movement in all its forms, powered by the body or a vehicle [2]. Life-space mobility is a construct that refers to the movement of a person within their environment, extending from their home to the community and beyond [3][4][5]. A recent commentary presents a framework for comprehensive mobility measurement [6]. ...
... Religion's effects on mental well-being vary by group (Lee & Zhang, 2018;Seomun et al., 2018;Sun et al., 2012). There is evidence that spirituality prompts older adults to engage in coping strategies (Roff et al., 2004), particularly dementia patients (Agli et al., 2015). ...
... While most articles (165 / 171) did not examine patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and/or less than 50 % of their items assessed mobility, some articles (13 / 171) were excluded due to multiple reasons. Finally, data for only two outcome measures fulfilling the in-and exclusion criteria were included: Walk-12 G [30] and the UAB Life-Space Assessment [31,32]. While the higher the Walk-12 G, the worse the functional mobility, the opposite is true for the UAB Life-Space Assessment. ...
... To date, there is inconsistent evidence regarding the association between hearing loss/hearing impairment and life-space mobility among older adults. Two studies (Allman et al., 2004;Polku et al., 2015) reported a significant correlation between self-reported previously diagnosed hearing difficulties and poorer life-space mobility among participants in their studies. However, adjustment for other health conditions rendered the association nonsignificant in one study (Allman et al., 2004). ...
... Theoretically, social isolation/loneliness can lead to poor dietary habits (Delerue et al., 2021;Kobayashi et al., 2018;Locher et al., 2005;Umberson et al., 2010). High stress (Hawkley et al., 2010;Umberson et al., 2010), failure of smoking cessation (Kobayashi et al., 2018), poor medical adherence (Holt-Lunstad et al., 2016), less frequent tooth brushing (Mathur et al., 2016), and less frequent dental visits (Mathur et al., 2016;Vozikaki et al., 2017), which can lead to poor oral health, which is one form of frailty. ...
... Chronic constipation and fecal incontinence are functional defecation disorders that affect people of all ages and are associated with a reduced quality of life [1,2]. Together, they have a pooled prevalence of 16% in the general population, with higher rates observed in women and the elderly [3][4][5]. These disorders also represent a significant economic burden, including increased healthcare utilization and costs [6]. ...
... Participants will perform two trials of the Timed Up-and-Go Test to assess functional mobility [43]. Community mobility will be assessed using the Life Space Questionnaire [44]. ...
... Background Late life spousal bereavement is predominantly experienced by women (Hesselberg Lauritzen, 2014;Williams et al., 2006), and about 30% of women aged between 60 and 74 are widowed (Martin-Matthews, 2011). Average age of the widowed women is shown to be 75 years, and they typically live another 15 years after the loss of their spouse (Moss et al., 2010). ...