Parneet Paul's research while affiliated with University of East London and other places

Publications (19)

Chapter
This paper proposes the concept design of a novel Localised Rapid Flood Vulnerability Index. This proposed index has been initially tested and applied to a specific locale in Somerset, UK. The early analysis demonstrates that flood vulnerability may be unique to an individual location, despite the flood risk being considered the same for identical...
Article
For the successful completion of a risk analysis process, its foundation (i.e. a baseline study) has to be well established. For this purpose, a baseline study needs to be more integrated than ever, particularly when environmental legislation is increasingly becoming stringent and integrated. This research investigates and concludes that no clear e...
Article
For the successful completion of a risk analysis process, its foundation (i.e. a baseline study) has to be well established. For this purpose, a baseline study needs to be more integrated than ever, particularly when environmental legislation is increasingly becoming stringent and integrated. This research investigates and concludes that no clear e...
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Full-text available
Rapid population increase coupled with urbanization and industrialization has resulted in shortages of water in the Middle East. This situation is further exacerbated by global climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions. Recent research advocates that solutions to the global water security and scarcity crisis must involve water-energy nexus app...
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Advanced wastewater treatment using membranes are popular environmental system processes since they allow reuse and recycling. However, fouling is a key limiting factor and so proprietary systems such as Avanti's RPU-185 Flexidisks membrane bioreactor (MBR) use novel rotating membranes to assist in ameliorating it. In earlier research, this rotatin...
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Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology represents a form of renewable energy that generates bioelectricity from what would otherwise be considered a waste stream. MFCs may be ideally suited to the small island developing state (SIDS) context, such as Trinidad and Tobago where seawater as the main electrolyte is readily available, and economically ren...
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This project work addresses the crucial need to encourage undergraduate civil and environmental engineering students to gain employment skills and training right from the start of their studies so that their overall employability increases; their confidence level in networking with industry and within the workplace increases; and so that they are s...
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Applications of geotextiles within tertiary stormwater treatment systems and for stormwater infiltration can provide a substrate for biofilm formation, enabling biological treatment of contaminants. Geotextiles can serve as an efficient part of stormwater filtration within the urban water environment. The project assessed the applications of three...
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In this study, the solid retention time (SRT) was varied with the ambient temperature for a full-scale municipal activated sludge plant with capacity of 200,000 PE (Population Equivalent) located in a humid sub-tropical environment. The effects of ambient temperature on treatment performance were investigated. Off-line samples were collected and an...
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Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) are now main stream wastewater treatment technologies. In recent times, novel pressure driven rotating membrane disc modules have been specially developed that induce high shear on the membrane surface, thereby reducing fouling. Previous research has produced dead-end filtration fouling model which combines all three cla...
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This research assesses the next generation of permeable pavement systems (PPS) incorporating ground source heat pumps (geothermal paving systems). Twelve experimental pilot-scaled pavement systems were assessed for its stormwater treatability in Edinburgh, UK. The relatively high variability of temperatures during the heating and cooling cycle of a...
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In view of the literature to date as well as anecdotal conversations with practitioners and consultants in various sectors of the built environment industry, it is observed that the term 'obsolescence' is scarcely used or comprehended with its diverse implications. In the context of climate change impacts this term is even more uncommon. This paper...
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This study investigated the application of geotextiles as sustainable urban drainage systems for degradation of organic pollutant load present in stormwater. Three experimental granular filter rigs were used, packed with alternating layers made up of gravel, pea gravel, sand and either an upper layer, an upper and lower layer or no layer of geotext...
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There is growing awareness and public concern about environmental impacts of waste management and disposal. Environmental policy instruments have been strengthened and associated governmental programmes have increased in recent years, resulting in high level strategies for waste management. Risk assessment is now an essential tool in the prioritisa...
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Activated sludge plants are usually designed using formulae based on fixed wastewater temperatures. In some nontemperate zones, these procedures may need altering, particularly for areas that experience large diurnal and seasonal temperature variation such as in desert or high-altitude environments. This study investigates these temperature effects...
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A dead-end filtration model that includes the three main fouling mechanisms mentioned in Hermia (i.e., cake build-up, complete pore blocking, and pore constriction) and that was based on a constant trans-membrane pressure (TMP) operation was extensively modified so it could be used for a sidestream configuration membrane bioreactor (MBR) situation....
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Full-text available
The computer modelling and simulation of wastewater treatment plant and their specific technologies, such as membrane bioreactors (MBRs), are becoming increasingly useful to consultant engineers when designing, upgrading, retrofitting, operating and controlling these plant. This research uses traditional phenomenological mechanistic models based on...
Article
Flux stepping tests were carried out on a novel sidestream MBR pilot plant treating industrial wastewater, and a membrane filtration unit treating tertiary quality municipal effluent. This included offline tests measuring mixed liquor concentrations, as well as soluble microbial product (SMP) levels in the sludge water which is the main irreversibl...
Article
Data was taken from a full scale sidestream membrane bioreactor (MBR) plant that has been treating industrial wash water from a salad processing factory based in Worcestershire. Various online and offline measurements were taken during an intensive sampling period for the complete flow train. Offline tests included measuring extra-cellular polymeri...

Citations

... There are a number of elements that are needed to be integrated to form a holistic framework of the baseline study to support risk assessments more effectively. The information can be categorised into eight modules as follows: (1) geology; (2) hydrology; (3) hydrogeology; (4) topography; (5) meteorology; (6) geography; (7) site management; and (8) human influences [21]. Current baseline study approaches for risk assessments are found not to have included all of these eight aspects in an integrated manner. ...
... According to the Environment Agency (2008), lack of information increases uncertainties in identifying and assessing hazards, which leads to poor communication between stakeholders, and it is possible that different suitable qualified stakeholders could form different conclusions even when presented with the same information. However, excessive detail should be avoided, and the level of detail should be no more than is needed for robust decisions to be taken (Butt et al., 2006;Butt et al., , 2017. Another challenge in the assessment of brownfield sites is commonly required expertise and knowledge from many disciplines, ranging from geotechnical engineers to geochemical scientist to provide an independent professional report about the risks to human health and the built environment, by identifying actual or potential hazards of the site (Nathanail and Bardos, 2005;Nathanail et al., 2011). ...
... Such a high burden of diseases has been attributed in part to changes in diet and lifestyle habits, whereby western types of diets and sedentarity are increasingly being adopted in the country, while consumption of healthy dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean is low [32,33]. Amid its health concerns, the UAE is also facing significant environmental challenges as a water-stressed country situated in a hyper-arid zone within the Arabian Peninsula that is marked by a very low rainfall and high temperatures [34]. In fact, concomitant with its rapid economic development, the high pace of population growth, the increase in the demand for energy and water and the fast-paced urban development in the UAE places additional strains on the environmental resources of the country [35]. ...
... The use of membrane bioreactor (MBR) systems becomes a growing interest due to tighter environmental regulations, water scarcity and the rising need of water reuse (Judd 2016;Paul & Jones 2016). The MBR system offers the ability to achieve high nutrient removal efficiency and complete biomass retention at a small footprint (Hoinkis et al. 2012;Meng et al. 2017). ...
... The advent of air-cathode MFCs has rendered the technology more practical for treating effluent as well as generating power [28]. Many investigations, including some pilot studies [29] have found that home wastewater [30], industrial wastewater, [31] landfill leachate, [27], and swine wastewater [32] generate significant amounts of electricity. The expensive price of electrodes or the reduced energy at greater sizes, however, are two primary problems restricting the commercialization of MFCs at the large-scale level [28]. ...
... Temperature has also an important impact on AS activity and on fluid viscosity, DO, and on the settling of biomass. Some studies reported the lower treatment performance during hotter months (Alisawi 2020; Moazzam et al. 2015). Increase in toxicity during drier seasons was also reported (Vasquez and Fatta-Kassinos 2013). ...
... In Japan, the snowmelting system used underground geothermal as heat sources in winter and had a heat storage reservoir for solar heat collected in the summer. Recently, researchers found that the use of geothermal heat pumps combined with permeable pavement had the benefit of improving stormwater quality [47]. ...
... As for the hydraulic conductivity is the highest without the use of geotextile. Conversely, the integration of geotextile at the top and bottom layers had a statistically significant difference [55] and outperform the others with and without a single geotextile layer in terms of filter effectiveness [56]. Using a nonwoven geotextile layer increases pollutant removal efficiency but causes clogging potential in the long term [57]. ...
... It help interns to gain professional work experience with employers of their choice despite their location, potential disabilities that may place limits on their mobility and other (family or employment) obligations (Eric Feldman, 2021). According to Parneet Paul, it is a cost effective way of letting students gain an insight into the workplace whilst improving their employability skills (Parneet Paul, 2015). The growth and acceptance of online education, advancement in remote work technologies and student experience with such technologies are the key reasons for the success of virtual internship during COVID pandemic (Khushwant K.S. Pittenger, 2021). ...
... As green buildings become mainstream in the office market, the conventional older office buildings may depreciate faster and be less desirable [16,17]. New environmental attributes may impact the system's inbuilt environment, triggering obsolescence that has yet to be realized [18]. Sustainable obsolescence should be considered in the built environment widely since it is gaining significant momentum due to the changing nature of buildings, society, and increased importance from investors' and stakeholders' perspectives [19]. ...