Paolo Giaccone's research while affiliated with Politecnico di Torino and other places

Publications (173)

Article
Tracking people’s flows has become crucial, not only for safety and security, but also for numerous practical business applications and better management of urban spaces, facilities and services. In this paper, we proposed methodologies that, exploiting IoT technology deployed at the edge of the network, allow for the analysis of people’s movement...
Article
While cloud gaming has brought considerable advantages for its customers, from the point of view of cloud providers, multiple aspects related to infrastructure management still fall short of such kind of service. Indeed, differently from traditional cloud-ready applications, modern game engines are still based on monolithic software architectures....
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider a hierarchical edge-cloud architecture in which services are provided to mobile users as chains of virtual network functions. Each service has specific computation requirements and target delay performance, which require placing the corresponding chain properly and allocating a suitable amount of computing resources. Furthermore, chain...
Article
Modern 5G networks are capable of providing ultralow-latency and highly scalable network services by employing modern networking paradigms, such as software-defined networking (SDN) and network function virtualization. The latter enables performance-critical network applications to be run in a distributed fashion directly inside the infrastructure....
Article
Full-text available
With the ultimate goal of replacing proprietary hardware appliances with Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) implemented in software, Network Function Virtualization (NFV) has gained popularity in the past few years. Software switches are widely employed to route traffic between VNFs and physical Network Interface Cards (NICs). It is thus of paramount...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the intrinsically inefficient service provisioning in traditional networks, Network Function Virtualization (NFV) keeps gaining attention from both industry and academia. By replacing the purpose-built, expensive, proprietary network equipment with software network functions consolidated on commodity hardware, NFV envisions a shift towards a...
Article
Programmable data planes recently emerged as a prominent innovation in Software Defined Networking (SDN). They provide support for stateful per-packet/per-flow operations over hardware network switches specifically designed for network processing. Unlike early SDN solutions such as OpenFlow, modern stateful data planes permit to keep (and dynamical...
Preprint
Full-text available
With the ultimate goal of replacing proprietary hardware appliances with Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) implemented in software, Network Function Virtualization (NFV) has been gaining popularity in the past few years. Software switches route traffic between VNFs and physical Network Interface Cards (NICs). It is of paramount importance to compare...
Article
In SDN stateful data planes, switches can execute algorithms to process traffic based on local states. This approach permits to offload decisions from the controller to the switches, thus reducing the latency when reacting to network events. We consider distributed network applications that process traffic at each switch based on local replicas of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Programmable data planes recently emerged as a prominent innovation in Software Defined Networking (SDN), by permitting support of stateful flow processing functions over hardware network switches specifically designed for network processing. Unlike early SDN solutions such as OpenFlow, modern stateful data planes permit to keep (and dynamically up...
Preprint
In SDN stateful data planes, switches can execute algorithms to process traffic based on local states. This approach permits to offload decisions from the controller to the switches, thus to reduce the latency to react to network events. We consider distributed network applications that process traffic at each switch based on local replicas of netw...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Software switches are increasingly used in network function virtualization (NFV) to route traffic between virtualized network functions (VNFs) and physical network interface cards (NICs). Understanding of alternative switch designs remains deficient, however, in the absence of a comprehensive, comparative performance analysis. In this paper, we pro...
Preprint
Content caching on the edge of 5G networks is an emerging and critical feature to quench the thirst for content of future connected cars. However, the tight packaging of 5G cells, the finite storage capacity at the edge, and the need for content availability while driving motivate the need to develop smart edge caching strategies adapted to the mob...
Poster
Full-text available
Interest in software networking has grown significantly since the introduction of Network Function Virtualization (NFV). Software switches are used in NFV to steer traffic between different virtualized network functions and physical Network Interface Cards (NICs). It is becoming more and more important to objectively evaluate and compare the perfor...
Poster
Interest in software networking has grown signifi- cantly since the introduction of Network Function Virtualization (NFV). Software switches are used in NFV to steer traffic between different virtualized network functions and physical Network Interface Cards (NICs). It is becoming more and more important to objectively evaluate and compare the perf...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few years, several software-based solutions have been proved to be very efficient for high-speed packet processing, traffic generation and monitoring, and can be considered valid alternatives to expensive and non-flexible hardware-based solutions. In our work, we first benchmark heterogeneous design choices for software-based packet mon...
Article
Full-text available
Wearable devices have become essential in our daily activities. Due to battery constrains the use of computing, communication, and storage resources is limited. Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) and the recently emerged Fog Computing (FC) paradigms unleash unprecedented opportunities to augment capabilities of wearables devices. Partitioning mobile appl...
Article
Autonomous air drones, known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), often accomplish missions with real-time video streaming leveraging the available cellular network. Video streaming is a typical application with stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements, which are not always supported in the whole mission area. In this paper, we address the of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The huge increase of population living in cities calls for a sustainable urban development. Mobile crowdsensing (MCS) leverages participation of active citizens to improve performance of existing sensing infrastructures. In typical MCS systems, sensing tasks are allocated and reported on individual-basis. In this paper, we investigate on collaborat...
Article
Content caching on the edge of 5G networks is an emerging and critical feature to quench the thirst for content of future connected cars. However, the tight packaging of 5G cells, the finite storage capacity at the edge, and the need for content availability while driving motivate the need to develop smart edge caching strategies adapted to the mob...
Poster
Full-text available
Software packet processing is an intriguing approach due to its tremendous flexibility and cost reduction compared with hardware solutions, which have long dominated software performance. However, the emergence of fast packet I/O frameworks challenges hardware supremacy, as software solutions based on commodity hardware manage to process packets at...
Conference Paper
Fog computing has emerged in the recent years as a paradigm tailored to serve geo-distributed applications requiring low latency. Remote Control (RC) applications allow a mobile device to control another device from remote. To enrich Quality of Experience (QoE) of RC applications, in this paper we investigate the use of fog computing as a viable pl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Testing experimental network devices requires deep performance analysis, which is usually performed with expensive, not flexible, hardware equipment. With the advent of high-speed packet I/O frameworks, general purpose equipments have narrowed the performance gap in respect of dedicated hardware and a variety of software-based solutions have emerge...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The unprecedented growth of the population living in urban environments calls for a rational and sustainable urban development. Smart cities can fill this gap by providing the citizens with high-quality services through efficient use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). To this end, active citizen participation with mobile crowdsensin...
Article
Full-text available
We consider an integrated mobile gaming platform, in which the mobile device (e.g., smartphone) of a player can offload some game tasks toward a server as well as some neighboring mobile devices. The advantages of such a platform are manyfold: it can lead to an improved game experience, to a better use of energy resources, and, while offloading tas...
Article
Elastic optical networking (EON) has been proposed as a solution to efficiently exploit the spectrum resources in the physical layer of optical networks. Moreover, by centralizing legacy generalized multiprotocol label switching control-plane functionalities and providing a global network view, software-defined networking (SDN) enables advanced net...
Article
Named data networking (NDN) is an innovative paradigm to provide content-based services in future networks. As compared with legacy networks, naming of network packets and in-network caching of content make NDN more feasible for content dissemination. However, the implementation of NDN requires drastic changes to the existing network infrastructure...
Article
Full-text available
We consider a distributed Software Defined Networking (SDN) architecture adopting a cluster of multiple controllers to improve network performance and reliability. Differently from previous work, we focus on the control traffic exchanged among the controllers, in addition to the Openflow control traffic exchanged between controllers and switches. W...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The logical centralized approach in the control of SDN networks allows an unprecedented level of programmability in the network, but also implies the vulnerability in the case of misbehavior of the controller, due for example to software bugs, hardware problems or hacker attacks. In our work we propose to exploit the diversity offered by multiple c...
Article
Users of Device-to-Device (D2D) communication need efficient content discovery mechanisms to steer their requests toward the node in their neighborhood that is most likely to satisfy them. The problem is further compounded by the lack of a central coordination entity as well as by the inherent mobility of devices, which leads to volatile topologies...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
QUIC has been recently proposed as an alternative transport protocol for web services requiring both low latency and end-to-end encryption. In a different direction, recent kernel-bypass techniques enabling high-speed packet I/O have fostered the development of scalable middleboxes and servers with the introduction of user-space network stacks. Att...
Article
In distributed SDN architectures, the network is controlled by a cluster of multiple controllers. This distributed approach permits to meet the scalability and reliability requirements of large operational networks. Despite that, a logical centralized view of the network state should be guaranteed, enabling the simple development of network applica...
Article
Data centers provision industry and end users with the necessary computing and communication resources to access the vast majority of services online and on a pay-as-you-go basis. In this paper, we study the problem of energy proportionality in data center networks (DCNs). Devices are energy proportional when any increase of the load corresponds to...
Article
We analyze the power-delay trade-off in a Network-on-Chip (NoC) under three Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) policies. The first rate-based policy sets frequency and voltage of the NoC to the minimum value that allows to sustain the injection rate without reaching saturation. The second queue-based policy uses a feedback-loop approach t...
Article
Scheduling multicast traffic in input-queued switches to maximize throughput requires solving a hard combinatorial optimization problem in a very short time. This task advocates the design of algorithms that are simple to implement and efficient in terms of performance. We propose a new scheduling algorithm, based on message passing and inspired by...
Article
We propose, implement, and evaluate a bandwidth aggregation service for residential users that allows to improve the upload throughput of the asymmetric digital subscriber line connection by leveraging the unused bandwidth of neighboring users. The residential access gateway adopts the 802.11 radio interface to simultaneously serve the local home u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We consider a distributed Software Defined Networking (SDN) architecture adopting a cluster of multiple controllers to improve network performance and reliability. Differently from previous work, we focus on the control traffic exchanged among the controllers, in addition to the Openflow control traffic exchanged between controllers and switches. W...
Article
Software Defined Networking (SDN) is a powerful approach that enhances network control and management, and provides a flexible way to develop network applications. However, scalability of SDN networks is an important concern for many network operators. The main peculiarities of SDN when applied to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) network are the...
Technical Report
We consider a distributed Software Defined Networking (SDN) architecture adopting a cluster of multiple controllers to improve network performance and reliability. Besides the Openflow control traffic exchanged between controllers and switches, we focus on the control traffic exchanged among the controllers in the cluster, needed to run coordinatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Power consumption is a primary concern for cloud computing data centers. Being the network one of the non- negligible contributors to energy consumption in data centers, several architectures have been designed with the goal of improv- ing network performance and energy-efficiency. In this paper, we provide a comparison study of data center archite...
Article
Optical switching is a promising technology to scale the performance of data centers. We address two scenarios: hybrid data centers, in which an optical circuit switching network operates in parallel to an electronic packet switching network that interconnect the servers, and full optical data centers, in which all the traffic is switched in the op...
Conference Paper
In this paper we propose, implement and evaluate a bandwidth aggregation service for residential users that enhances the throughput of their Internet broadband connection through the aggregation of available capacity at neighboring broadband links. Network resources are aggregated by the residential access gateway using the 802.11 radio interface t...
Article
Full-text available
To assess the performance of caching systems, the definition of a proper process describing the content requests generated by users is required. Starting from the analysis of traces of YouTube video requests collected inside operational networks, we identify the characteristics of real traffic that need to be represented and those that instead can...
Article
Full-text available
Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers (ROADMs) are key elements in operators’ backbone networks. The breakthrough node concept of architecture on demand (AoD) permits us to design optical nodes with higher flexibility with respect to ROADMs. In this work, we present a five-step algorithm for designing AoD instances according to some given tr...
Article
Full-text available
The added value of Device-to-Device (D2D) communication amounts to an efficient content discovery mechanism that enables users to steer their requests toward the node most likely to satisfy them. In this paper, we address the implementation of content-centric routing in a D2D architecture for Android devices based on WiFi Direct, a protocol recentl...
Article
We focus on a deterministic opportunistic network in which the mobility of the nodes is exploited to carry the information and the contact times between nodes are known in advance or can be predicted. We consider specifically two classes of traces collected in real life: public transportation system and human mobility. Our contribution mainly consi...
Article
Advances in statistical physics relating to our understanding of large-scale complex systems have recently been successfully applied in the context of communication networks. Statistical mechanics methods can be used to decompose global system behavior into simple local interactions. Thus, large-scale problems can be solved or approximated in a dis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cooperative caching schemes let to improve the performance of multi-hop networks based on device-to-device (D2D) communications. Indeed, each node does not only share its transmission capabilities to physically extend the network, but it also shares its storage to cache copies of contents for the sake of other nodes. It results an increased network...